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PubMed Journal Database | NMR in biomedicine RSS

07:57 EDT 24th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 217 from NMR in biomedicine

Characterizing valve dynamics in mice by high-resolution cine-MRI.

In calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD), progressive valvular sclerosis and calcification cause narrowing of the orifice and an impairment of the valve's function. We applied high-resolution cine-MRI to perform quantitative analysis of the dynamics of the aortic valve in a mice model of CAVD.

Detection of lung transplant rejection in a rat model using hyperpolarized 1- C pyruvate-based metabolic imaging.

The current standard for noninvasive imaging of acute rejection consists of X-ray/CT, which derive their contrast from changes in ventilation, inflammation and edema, as well as remodeling during rejection. We propose the use of hyperpolarized [1- C] pyruvate MRI-which provides real-time metabolic assessment of tissue-as an early biomarker for tissue rejection. In this preliminary study, we used μCT-derived parameters and HP C MR-derived biomarkers to predict rejection in an orthotopic left lung transplan...

Imaging of cancer lipid metabolism in response to therapy.

Lipids represent a diverse array of molecules essential to the cell's structure, defense, energy, and communication. Lipid metabolism can often become dysregulated during tumor development. During cancer therapy, targeted inhibition of cell proliferation can likewise cause widespread and drastic changes in lipid composition. Molecular imaging techniques have been developed to monitor altered lipid profiles as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis and treatment response. For decades, MRS has been the dominant non...

Assessing the effect of hypoxia on cardiac metabolism using hyperpolarized C magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Hypoxia plays a role in many diseases and can have a wide range of effects on cardiac metabolism depending on the extent of the hypoxic insult. Noninvasive imaging methods could shed valuable light on the metabolic effects of hypoxia on the heart in vivo. Hyperpolarized carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HP C MRS) in particular is an exciting technique for imaging metabolism that could provide such information. The aim of our work was, therefore, to establish whether hyperpolarized C MRS can be us...

Cross-relaxation parameters in cortical bone assessed with different MR sequences.

This study aimed to show evidence of MR cross-relaxation effects in cortical bone and to compare different MR sequences for the quantification of cross-relaxation parameters. Measurements were performed on bovine diaphysis samples with spectroscopic methods (inversion-recovery, off-resonance saturation) and with a variable flip angle (VFA) UTE imaging method on a 4.7 T laboratory-assembled scanner. Cross-relaxation parameter assessment was carried out via a two-pool model simulation with a matrix algebra a...

Free-breathing quantification of regional ventilation derived by phase-resolved functional lung (PREFUL) MRI.

To test the feasibility of regional fully quantitative ventilation measurement in free breathing derived by phase-resolved functional lung (PREFUL) MRI in the supine and prone positions. In addition, the influence of T * relaxation time on ventilation quantification is assessed.

Histologically derived fiber response functions for diffusion MRI vary across white matter fibers-An ex vivo validation study in the squirrel monkey brain.

Understanding the relationship between the diffusion-weighted MRI signal and the arrangement of white matter fibers is fundamental for accurate voxel-wise reconstruction of the fiber orientation distribution (FOD) and subsequent fiber tractography. Spherical deconvolution reconstruction techniques model the diffusion signal as the convolution of the FOD with a response function that represents the signal profile of a single fiber orientation. Thus, given the signal and a fiber response function, the FOD can...

Localized MRS reliability of in vivo glutamate at 3 T in shortened scan times: A feasibility study - Efforts to improve rigor and reproducibility.

Localized MRS reliability of in vivo glutamate at 3 T in shortened scan times: A feasibility study; methodological and statistical issue to avoid misinterpretation and mismanagement.

Magnetic resonance elastography of skeletal muscle deep tissue injury.

The current state-of-the-art diagnosis method for deep tissue injury in muscle, a subcategory of pressure ulcers, is palpation. It is recognized that deep tissue injury is frequently preceded by altered biomechanical properties. A quantitative understanding of the changes in biomechanical properties preceding and during deep tissue injury development is therefore highly desired. In this paper we quantified the spatial-temporal changes in mechanical properties upon damage development and recovery in a rat mo...

Intra- and inter-site reproducibility of human brain single-voxel proton MRS at 3 T.

Clinical trials that involve participants from multiple sites necessitate standardized and reliable quantitative MRI outcomes to detect significant group differences over time. Metabolite concentrations measured by proton MRS ( H-MRS) provide valuable information about in vivo metabolism of the central nervous system, but can vary based on the acquisition and quantitation methods used by different MR sites. Therefore, we investigated the intra- and inter-site reproducibility of metabolite concentrations mea...

Diffusion-weighted MRI with intravoxel incoherent motion modeling for assessment of muscle perfusion in the thigh during post-exercise hyperemia in younger and older adults.

Aging is associated with impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation that leads to muscle perfusion impairment and contributes to organ dysfunction. Impaired muscle perfusion may result in inadequate delivery of oxygen and nutrients during and after muscle contraction, leading to muscle damage. The ability to study the relationship between perfusion and muscle damage has been limited using traditional muscle perfusion measures, which are invasive and risky. To overcome this limitation, we optimized a diffus...

Diffusion-weighted MRI of the prostate without susceptibility artifacts: Undersampled multi-shot turbo-STEAM with rotated radial trajectories.

The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a clinically feasible approach to diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI of the prostate without susceptibility-induced artifacts. The proposed method relies on an undersampled multi-shot DW turbo-STEAM sequence with rotated radial trajectories and a multi-step inverse reconstruction with denoised multi-shot phase maps. The total acquisition time was below 6 min for a resolution of 1.4 × 1.4 × 3.5 mm and six directions at b = 600 s mm . Studies of eight hea...

In situ postmortem ethanol quantification in the cerebrospinal fluid by non-water-suppressed proton MRS.

Determination of the ethanol concentration in corpses with MRS would allow a reproducible forensic assessment by which evidence is collected in a noninvasive manner. However, although MRS has been successfully used to detect ethanol in vivo, it has not been applied to postmortem ethanol quantification in situ. The present study examined the feasibility of the noninvasive measurement of the ethanol concentration in human corpses with MRS. A total of 15 corpses with suspected alcohol consumption before demise...

Partial volume mapping using magnetic resonance fingerprinting.

Magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF) is a quantitative imaging technique that maps multiple tissue properties through pseudorandom signal excitation and dictionary-based reconstruction. The aim of this study is to estimate and validate partial volumes from MRF signal evolutions (PV-MRF), and to characterize possible sources of error. Partial volume model inversion (pseudoinverse) and dictionary-matching approaches to calculate brain tissue fractions (cerebrospinal fluid, gray matter, white matter) were c...

Continuous prospectively navigated multi-echo GRE for improved BOLD imaging of the kidneys.

The objective of this study is to develop improved methods for renal blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) imaging. T2* mapping of the kidneys, or renal BOLD imaging, may depict renal oxygen levels and may be valuable as a noninvasive means of following the progression of renal disease. Current renal BOLD data is limited by imaging in a single breath hold, which results in low resolution and low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). We compare a new free-breathing renal BOLD method with conventional breath-hold B...

Fast quantitative susceptibility reconstruction via total field inversion with improved weighted L norm approximation.

Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a meaningful MRI technique owing to its unique relation to actual physical tissue magnetic properties. The reconstruction of QSM is usually decomposed into three sub-problems, which are solved independently. However, this decomposition does not conform to the causes of the problems, and may cause discontinuity of parameters and error accumulation. In this paper, a fast reconstruction method named fast TFI based on total field inversion was proposed. It can accele...

Optimal repetition time for free breathing myocardial arterial spin labeling.

The aim of this study was to improve the scan efficiency of ASL in the myocardium. Free breathing FAIR-ASL scans with different TRs were compared, while keeping the acquisition time constant. Scans were named by the trigger pulse that started each acquisition: every two (TP1), four (TP2) and six (TP3) cardiac cycles. TP2 offered the best alternative with a coefficient of variation of 17.15% intrasession and 36.85% intersession. Mean MBF increased by 0.22 ± 0.41 ml/g/min with mild stress.

A faster PISTOL for H MR-based quantitative tissue oximetry.

Quantitative mapping of oxygen tension (pO ), noninvasively, could potentially be beneficial in cancer and stroke therapy for monitoring therapy and predicting response to certain therapies. Intracellular pO measurements may also prove useful in tracking the health of labeled cells and understanding the dynamics of cell therapy in vivo. Proton Imaging of Siloxanes to map Tissue Oxygenation Levels (PISTOL) is a relatively new oximetry technique that measures the T of administered siloxanes such as hexamethyl...

Imaging of the region of the osteochondral junction (OCJ) using a 3D adiabatic inversion recovery prepared ultrashort echo time cones (3D IR-UTE-cones) sequence at 3 T.

The purpose of this study is to develop a 3D adiabatic inversion recovery prepared ultrashort echo time Cones (3D IR-UTE-Cones) sequence for high resolution and contrast imaging of the region of osteochondral junction (OCJ) of human knee joint using a clinical 3 T scanner. A feasibility study on direct imaging of the OCJ region was performed on a human patellar cartilage sample and on eight cadaveric knee joints using T -weighted, proton density (PD)-weighted and short-T -weighted 3D IR-UTE-Cones sequences...

Fat suppression for ultrashort echo time imaging using a single-point Dixon method.

In ultrashort echo time (UTE) imaging, fat suppression can improve short T * contrast but can also reduce short T * signals. The conventional two-point Dixon (2p-Dixon) method does not perform well due to short T * decay. In this study, we propose a new method to suppress fat for high contrast UTE imaging of short T tissues, utilizing a single-point Dixon (1p-Dixon) method.

In vivo H MRS of human gallbladder bile in understanding the pathophysiology of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC): Immune-mediated disease versus bile acid-induced injury.

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) has been considered to be either an "autoimmune disease" or a "bile acid-induced injury." In vitro MRS studies on PSC patients have limitations due to the contamination of bile with contrast agent (commonly administered during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography) and/or the use of patient cohorts with other diseases as controls. The objective of this study was to quantify biliary metabolites using in vivo H MRS and gain insight into the pathogenesis of PSC. B...

Diffusion tensor distribution imaging.

Conventional diffusion MRI yields voxel-averaged parameters that suffer from ambiguities for heterogeneous anisotropic materials such as brain tissue. Using principles from solid-state NMR spectroscopy, we have previously introduced the shape of the diffusion encoding tensor as a separate acquisition dimension that disentangles isotropic and anisotropic contributions to the observed diffusivities, thereby allowing for unconstrained data inversion into diffusion tensor distributions with "size," "shape," and...

The quest for high spatial resolution diffusion-weighted imaging of the human brain in vivo.

Diffusion-weighted imaging, a contrast unique to MRI, is used for assessment of tissue microstructure in vivo. However, this exquisite sensitivity to finer scales far above imaging resolution comes at the cost of vulnerability to errors caused by sources of motion other than diffusion motion. Addressing the issue of motion has traditionally limited diffusion-weighted imaging to a few acquisition techniques and, as a consequence, to poorer spatial resolution than other MRI applications. Advances in MRI imagi...

Neurite atrophy in dorsal hippocampus of rat indicates incomplete recovery of chronic mild stress induced depression.


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