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PubMed Journal Database | Nanoscale RSS

16:38 EDT 20th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,400+ from Nanoscale

A rationally designed Fe-tetrapyridophenazine complex: a promising precursor to a single-atom Fe catalyst for an efficient oxygen reduction reaction in high-power Zn-air cells.

The development of low-cost and highly efficient single-atom oxygen reduction catalysts to replace platinum for fuel cells and metal-air cells is highly desirable but remains challenging. Herein, we report the fabrication of isolated single-atom Fe anchored on porous nitrogen-doped carbon from the pyrolysis of a well-designed solely Fe-tetrapyridophenazine coordination complex. The N-rich bridging ligand, tetrapyridophenazine (tpphz) is first employed as a spatial isolation agent of Fe that suppresses its a...

Penta-PtN: an ideal two-dimensional material for nanoelectronics.

Since the discovery of graphene, two-dimensional (2D) materials have paved new ways to design high-performance nanoelectronic devices. To facilitate applications of such devices, there are three key requirements that a material needs to fulfill: sizeable band gap, high carrier mobility, and robust environmental stability. However, among the most popular 2D materials studied in recent years, graphene is gapless, hexagonal boron nitride has a very large band gap, transition metal dichalcogenides have low carr...

Ultra-compact branchless plasmonic interferometers.

Miniaturization of functional optical devices and circuits is a key prerequisite for a myriad of applications ranging from biosensing to quantum information processing. This development has considerably been spurred by rapid developments within plasmonics exploiting its unprecedented ability to squeeze light into subwavelength scale. In this study, we investigate on-chip plasmonic systems allowing for synchronous excitation of multiple inputs and examine the interference between two adjacent excited channel...

High-performance, color-tunable fiber shaped organic light-emitting diodes.

In recent years, extensive research has been undertaken to develop fiber-shaped optoelectronic devices, because they are aesthetically pleasing, light in weight, and exhibit superior light emitting properties when compared with conventional planar analogues. In this work, we have successfully developed hollow-fiber shaped organic light emitting diodes (HF-OLED) with an exceptionally high luminance and facile color tunability. The HF-OLED device was fabricated by hierarchically depositing amorphous indium-do...

Size-controlled electron transfer rates determine hydrogen generation efficiency in colloidal Pt-decorated CdS quantum dots.

Semiconducting quantum dots (QDs) have been considered as promising building blocks of solar energy harvesting systems because of size-dependent electronic structures, e.g. QD-metal heterostructures for solar-driven H2 production. In order to design improved systems, it is crucial to understand size-dependent QD-metal interfacial electron transfer dynamics, picosecond processes in particular. Here, we report that the transfer rates of photogenerated electrons in Pt-decorated CdS QDs can be varied over more ...

Diffusion controlled multilayer electrocatalysts via graphene oxide nanosheets of varying sizes.

Controlling the architecture of hybrid nanomaterial electrodes is critical for understanding their fundamental electrochemical mechanisms and applying these materials in future energy conversion and storage systems. Herein, we report highly tunable electrocatalytic multilayer electrodes, composed of palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) supported by graphene sheets of varying lateral sizes, employing a versatile layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly method. We demonstrate that the electrocatalytic activity is highly tun...

Single gold bipyramids on a silanized substrate as robust plasmonic sensors for liquid environments.

Sensitive, robust and stable sensors are required to bring biosensing techniques from the forefront of research to clinical and commercial settings. To this end, we report on the development of new robust plasmonic sensors consisting of gold nano-bipyramids (BPs) grafted to a glass substrate via silanization, associated with a novel setup based on Spatial Modulation Spectroscopy allowing the measurement of the optical response of individual nano-objects in a liquid environment. We thereby show that changes ...

Harnessing magnetic dipole resonance in novel dielectric nanomaterials.

Photonic manipulation with plasmonic materials is typically associated with high ohmic losses, which has triggered interest in alternative strategies based on low loss dielectric materials. Here we describe a novel dielectric nanomaterial capable of supporting strong Mie resonances from the visible to IR regimes. The fundamental block of this metamaterial is based on nanopillars in a core-shell configuration, with a large refractive index (RI) contrast between the (low RI) core and the (high RI) shell. The ...

Atomic layer oxidation on graphene sheets for tuning their oxidation levels, electrical conductivities, and band gaps.

Graphene sheets that can exhibit electrical conducting and semiconducting properties are highly desirable and have potential applications in fiber communications, photodetectors, solar cells, semiconductors, and broadband modulators. However, there is currently no efficient method that is able to tune the band gap of graphene sheets. This work adopts an efficient atomic layer oxidation (ALO) technique to cyclically increase the oxidation level of graphene sheets, thus, tuning their electrical conductance, b...

Bioinspired fiber-like porous Cu/N/C electrocatalyst facilitating electron transportation toward oxygen reaction for metal-air batteries.

Laccase is one of the most effective biocatalysts for oxygen reduction under physiological conditions. Its unique Cu- and N-based active sites with direct electrical pathways for electrons can guarantee rapid oxygen exchange and reduction. Inspired by this specific structure, we designed and fabricated porous fiber-like Cu/N/C based on MOFs as an ORR catalyst. Precision morphology control of fibers contributed to an increase in the electron transport rate compared with that of Cu/N/C nanoparticles, which co...

In situ study of nucleation and growth dynamics of Au nanoparticles on MoS nanoflakes.

Two-dimensional (2D) substrates decorated with metal nanoparticles offer new opportunities to achieve high-performance catalytic behavior. However, little is known on how the substrates control the nucleation and growth processes of the nanoparticles. This paper presents the visualization of dynamic nucleation and growth processes of gold nanoparticles on ultrathin MoS2 nanoflakes by in situ liquid-cell transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The galvanic displacement resulting in Au nuclei formation on MoS...

Semiconductor SERS of diamond.

In this work, we report a favorable diamond substrate to realize semiconductor surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) for trace molecular probes with high sensitivity, stability, reproducibility, recyclability and universality. The boron-doped diamond (BDD) with surface hydrogenation or oxygenation has matched energy levels corresponding to the target molecules and plays a critical role in achieving SERS. The enhancement factor based on BDD substrates can reach 104-105, which approaches those obtained w...

Ionic liquids plus microwave irradiation: a general methodology for the retro-functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes.

One of the most important objectives nowadays in the field of chemical modification of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is to control the degree of functionalization, since excessive modification can disrupt the π-conjugated system and adversely affect their useful properties. Covalent functionalization is one of the most common methods for the modification of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). However, only a few examples have appeared in the last few years regarding the control of the functionalization degr...

In situ gold nanoparticle growth on polydopamine-coated 3D-printed scaffolds improves osteogenic differentiation for bone tissue engineering applications: in vitro and in vivo studies.

In this study, we designed scaffolds coated with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) grown on a polydopamine (PDA) coating of a three-dimensional (3D) printed polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold. Our results demonstrated that the scaffolds developed here may represent an innovative paradigm in bone tissue engineering by inducing osteogenesis as a means of remodeling and healing bone defects.

In situ study of the precursor conversion reactions during solventless synthesis of CoS, NiS, Co and Ni nanowires.

Synthesis of Co9S8, Ni3S2, Co and Ni nanowires by solventless thermolysis of a mixture of metal(ii) acetate and cysteine in vacuum is reported. The simple precursor system enables the nanowire phase to be tuned from pure metal (Co or Ni) to metal sulfide (Co9S8, Ni3S2) by varying the relative concentration of the metal(ii) acetate. The growth environment facilitates new insights through in situ characterization using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and thermogravimetric analysis with gas...

Giant enhancement and facile tuning of photoluminescence in a soft anisotropic magneto-gel.

A soft photoluminescent composite, prepared using a nematic liquid crystal and a fluorescent gelator, exhibits a nearly two orders of magnitude increase in fluorescence on addition of superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The internal magnetic field generated leading to an increase in the population of singlet excitons which affects the radiative efficiency, and enhanced ordering of the LC environment are proposed to be responsible for the large increase seen in fluorescence. Also, the nematic nature of the host...

Cu dimer anchored on CN monolayer: low-cost and efficient Bi-atom catalyst for CO oxidation.

By means of density functional theory (DFT) computations, we systemically investigated CO/O2 adsorption and CO oxidation pathways on a bi-atom catalyst, namely, a copper dimer anchored on a C2N monolayer (Cu2@C2N), and we compared it with its monometallic counterpart Cu1@C2N. The Cu dimer could be stably embedded into the porous C2N monolayer. The reactions between the adsorbed O2 and CO via both bi-molecular and tri-molecular Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) and Eley-Rideal (E-R) mechanisms were comparably studi...

Mitochondria-targeting nanoparticles for enhanced microwave ablation of cancer.

Although microwave ablation is widely used in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma, it is only recommended for the therapy of cancer with a diameter of 3 cm or less because of the limited heat transmission radius. Mitochondria play an important role in the apoptotic events of tumor cells. Here, we developed mitochondria-targeting zirconia (ZrO2) complex nanoparticles (MZCNs) as nanoagents for efficient cancer therapy by microwave ablation. The MZCNs are composed of ZrO2 nanoparticles encapsulating the ...

Visible light induced electron transfer from a semiconductor to an insulator enables efficient photocatalytic activity on insulator-based heterojunctions.

Photogenerated electrons play a vital role in photocatalysis as they can induce the formation of radicals participating in the reaction or recombine with holes preventing them from the subsequent redox reaction. In this work, we explore an Earth-abundant insulator coupled with a semiconductor and construct insulator-semiconductor heterojunctions to effectively realize the efficient electron transfer from the semiconductor to the insulator and thus the enhanced charge carrier separation on the semiconductor....

Highly crumpled nanocarbons as efficient metal-free electrocatalysts for zinc-air batteries.

The rational design of an efficient and robust oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalyst is vital for energy conversion and storage systems, especially for metal-air batteries. Herein, we report a highly nanocrumpled and nitrogen, phosphorus-codoped nanocarbon (NC-NPC) synthesized by direct pyrolysis of melamine and triphenylphosphine. With the rich nano-crumpled structure and codoping of heteroatoms, this low-cost catalyst exhibits an excellent ORR performance, and possesses a half-wave potential of ...

Atomic-engineered gold@silvergold alloy nanoflowers for in vivo inhibition of bacteria.

The problems of multidrug-resistant bacteria and environmental pollution associated with the abuse of antibiotics call for effective antibiotic alternatives. Here, gold@silvergold alloy nanoflowers (Au@AgAu ANFs) with distinct atomic structures are first fabricated and then demonstrated for in vivo inhibition of bacteria. The Au@AgAu ANFs display high antibacterial activity against the model Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli, with a minimum inhibitory concentration value of 4.8 μg mL-1, which is 3.1...

Extended photo-induced endosome-like structures in giant vesicles promoted by block-copolymer nanocarriers.

Upon irradiation, the photosensitizer pheophorbide-a causes dramatic morphological transitions in giant unilamellar lipid vesicles. This endocytosis-like process occurs only when the photoactive species are encapsulated in a copolymer nanocarrier and strictly depends on the chemical nature of the copolymer. Altogether, these results open up new perspectives in the field of photo-chemical internalization mediated by nanoassemblies.

Graphene-based dual-band independently tunable infrared absorber.

In this paper, we theoretically demonstrate a dual-band independently tunable absorber consisting of a stacked graphene nanodisk and graphene layer with nanohole structure, and a metal reflector spaced by insulator layers. This structure exhibits a dipole resonance mode in graphene nanodisks and a quadrupole resonance mode in the graphene layer with nanoholes, which results in the enhancement of absorption over a wide range of incident angles for both TE and TM polarizations. The peak absorption wavelength ...

Systemic siRNA delivery to tumors by cell-penetrating α-helical polypeptide-based metastable nanoparticles.

Systemic, non-viral siRNA delivery for cancer treatment is mainly achieved via condensation by cationic materials (e.g., lipids and cationic polymers), which nevertheless, suffers from poor serum stability, non-specific tissue interaction, and unsatisfactory membrane activity against efficient in vivo gene knockdown. Here, we report the design of a metastable, cancer-targeting siRNA delivery system based on two functional polymers, PVBLG-8, a cationic, helical cell-penetrating polypeptide, and poly(l-glutam...

High-performance broadband heterojunction photodetectors based on multilayered PtSe directly grown on a Si substrate.

Two-dimensional group-10 transition metal dichalcogenides have recently attracted increasing research interest because of their unique electronic and optoelectronic properties. Herein, we present vertical hybrid heterojunctions of multilayered PtSe2 and Si, which take advantage of large-scale homogeneous PtSe2 films grown directly on Si substrates. These heterojunctions show obvious rectifying behavior and a pronounced photovoltaic effect, enabling them to function as self-driven photodetectors operating at...


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