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PubMed Journal Database | Nanoscale RSS

21:24 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,400+ from Nanoscale

An in situ study of chemical-mechanical polishing behaviours on sapphire (0001) via simulating the chemical product-removal process by AFM-tapping mode in both liquid and air environments.

Chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) has drawn significant attention as one of the most advanced techniques for achieving an atomic-level smooth surface. However, the mechanism of CMP is still unclear, and the in situ characterization of CMP behaviors at the nanoscale has been a challenge for decades. In this study, we, for the first time, report an in situ study of CMP behaviors on sapphire (0001) via simulating the chemical product-removal process by using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in tapping mode. Thr...

Unique features of the generation-recombination noise in quasi-one-dimensional van der Waals nanoribbons.

We describe the low-frequency current fluctuations, i.e. electronic noise, in quasi-one-dimensional ZrTe3 van der Waals nanoribbons, which have recently attracted attention owing to their extraordinary high current carrying capacity. Whereas the low-frequency noise spectral density, SI/I2, reveals 1/f behavior near room temperature, it is dominated by the Lorentzian bulges of the generation-recombination noise at low temperatures (I is the current and f is the frequency). Unexpectedly, the corner frequency ...

Protein-modified conjugated polymer nanoparticles with strong near-infrared absorption: a novel nanoplatform to design multifunctional nanoprobes for dual-modal photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging.

Engineering conjugated polymer nanoparticles (CPNs) with an easily-modified surface is essential to construct multifunctional nanoprobes as contrast agents for dual-modal photoacoustic (PA) and fluorescence imaging, which can take advantages of the complementary information from a single modality. In this study, an abundant protein with plenty of functional groups was introduced for the first time to produce easily-modified CPNs, leading to a robust nanoplatform to engineer PA-based multifunctional nanoprob...

Geometric modulation of induced plasmonic circular dichroism in nanoparticle assemblies based on backaction and field enhancement.

Chiral cysteine-directed assemblies of Au@Ag core-shell nanocrystals (CSNCs) and Au/Ag nanorods with end-to-end (ETE) and side-by-side (SBS) configurations are fabricated and used to explore the definitive factors affecting the chiral response. The interaction between cysteine and metallic nanoparticles leads to intense and widely tunable plasmonic circular dichroism (PCD) ranging from a near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV) regime. More importantly, it was observed that, in Ag nanorod and CSNC samples wi...

Cross-plane conductance through a graphene/molecular monolayer/Au sandwich.

The functionalities offered by single-molecule electrical junctions are yet to be translated into monolayer or few-layer molecular films, where making effective and reproducible electrical contact is one of the challenging bottlenecks. Here we take a significant step in this direction by demonstrating that excellent electrical contact can be made with a monolayer biphenyl-4,4'-dithiol (BPDT) molecular film, sandwiched between gold and graphene electrodes. This sandwich device structure is advantageous, beca...

A double-helix-structured triboelectric nanogenerator enhanced with positive charge traps for self-powered temperature sensing and smart-home control systems.

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have been in spotlight for their excellent capability to drive miniature electronics. Herein, we report a sophisticated double-helix-structured triboelectric nanogenerator (DHS-TENG) enhanced with positive charge traps for self-powered temperature sensing and smart-home control system. The DHS-TENG increases the charge density on the contact surfaces by taking advantage of the ferroelectric characteristics of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF). In addition, the flexible doub...

Lifetime and nonlinearity of modulated surface plasmon for black phosphorus sensing application.

Black phosphorus surface plasmon (BPSP) is a new promising candidate material for electromagnetic field confinement at the subwavelength scale. Here, we theoretically investigated the light confinement, second-order nonlinearity and lifetimes of tunable surface plasmons in nanostructured black phosphorus nanoflakes with superstrates. The grating structure can enhance the local optical field of the fundamental wave (FW) and second harmonic wave (SHW) due to the surface plasmon resonance. Based on the coupled...

Plasmon induced magneto-optical enhancement in metallic Ag/FeCo core/shell nanoparticles synthesized by colloidal chemistry.

The combination of magnetic and plasmonic materials and their nanostructurization have revealed a prominent pathway to develop novel photonic materials for the active control of the light polarization using a magnetic field. Until now, physical growth methods have been the only exploitable approach to prepare these types of nanostructures. Here, we demonstrate the chemical synthesis of magneto-plasmonic core/shell nanocrystals with enhanced magnetic control of optical properties comparable to the best resul...

Chemical vapor growth and delamination of α-RuCl nanosheets down to the monolayer limit.

The 2D layered honeycomb magnet α-ruthenium(iii) chloride (α-RuCl3) is a promising candidate to realize a Kitaev spin model. As alteration of physical properties on the nanoscale is additionally intended, new synthesis approaches to obtain phase pure α-RuCl3 nanocrystals have been audited. Thermodynamic simulations of occurring gas phase equilibria were performed and optimization of synthesis conditions was achieved based on calculation results. Crystal growth succeeded via chemical vapor transport (CVT)...

Flexible ITO films with atomically flat surfaces for high performance flexible perovskite solar cells.

We report high performance flexible Sn-doped In2O3 (ITO) films prepared by in-line type vertical plasma arc ion plating for high performance flexible perovskite solar cells. Even at room temperature deposition, the ion-plated ITO film showed a low sheet resistance of 15.75 Ohm per square, a high average optical transmittance of 85.88% and a small outer bending radius of 5 mm because energetic ITO ions accelerated to the substrate led to better crystallinity and adhesion than sputtered ITO films. In addition...

Magnetic field-oriented ferroferric oxide/poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) hybrid membranes for anion exchange membrane applications.

Concentrating on the ion conductivity of anion exchange membranes (AEMs), we present a magnetic-field-oriented strategy to address the insufficient ion conductivity and the lifetime problem of AEMs used in alkali membrane fuel cells (AMFCs). Magnetic ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4) is functionalized with quaternary ammonium (QA) groups to endow the QA-Fe3O4 with ion-exchange ability. A series of aligned QA-Fe3O4/poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) hybrid membranes were fabricated by doping QA-Fe3O4 in a ...

Holey single-walled carbon nanotubes for ultra-fast broadband bolometers.

Although carbon nanotubes have already been demonstrated to be a promising material for bolometric photodetectors, enhancing sensitivity while maintaining the speed of operation remains a great challenge. Here, we present a holey carbon nanotube network, designed to improve the temperature coefficient of resistance for highly sensitive ultra-fast broadband bolometers. Treatment of carbon nanotube films with low-frequency oxygen plasma allows fine tuning of the electronic properties of the material. The temp...

Weak anti-localization of two-dimensional holes in germanium beyond the diffusive regime.

Gate-controllable spin-orbit coupling is often one requisite for spintronic devices. For practical spin field-effect transistors, another essential requirement is ballistic spin transport, where the spin precession length is shorter than the mean free path such that the gate-controlled spin precession is not randomized by disorder. In this letter, we report the observation of a gate-induced crossover from weak localization to weak anti-localization in the magneto-resistance of a high-mobility two-dimensiona...

Bortezomib-catechol conjugated prodrug micelles: combining bone targeting and aryl boronate-based pH-responsive drug release for cancer bone-metastasis therapy.

The treatment of metastatic tumors is highly desirable in clinics, which has also increased the interest in the design of nanoscale drug delivery systems. Bone metastasis is one of the most common pathways in the metastasis of breast cancer, and it is also an important cause for tumor recurrence and death. The aryl boronate group, as an acid-labile linker, has been introduced into nano-assemblies in recent years. Especially, as a proteasome inhibitor anticancer drug with a boric acid group, bortezomib can f...

Ternary confined-functional sulfur composite with a host-sulfur-container architecture for lithium/sulfur batteries.

In this work, a ternary confined-functional sulfur composite with a Host-Sulfur-Container structure is designed and synthesized for high performance lithium sulfur batteries. The host in this unique architecture is porous carbon, which contains interconnected macropore tunnels and meso/micropores on the macropore tunnel walls. These hierarchical pores exhibit a synergistic effect to adsorb sulfur in their spaces and provide more nucleation sites to direct the uniform coating of sulfur. Moreover, the interco...

Serial hole transfer layers for a BiVO photoanode with enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting.

In this paper, a high-performance BiVO4 photoanode deposited with serial hole transfer layers was fabricated for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting in order to overcome the shortcomings of pure BiVO4 electrodes in terms of poor charge transport properties and undesirable surface water oxidation kinetics. The hole transfer layer of Fe2O3 was first deposited on the surface of pure BiVO4 to promote the hole transfer from the bulk of the semiconductor to the electrode surface (bulk/surface transfer proc...

A small heterobifunctional ligand provides stable and water dispersible core-shell CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs).

We describe a simple method to prepare water dispersible core-shell CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) 1 by capping QDs with a new thiol-containing heterobifunctional dicarboxylic ligand 4 (DHLA-EDADA). This ligand, obtained on a gram scale through a few synthetic steps, provides a compact layer on the QDs, whose hydrodynamic size in H2O is 15 nm ± 3 nm. The colloidal stability is dramatically enhanced with respect to the well-known (±) α-lipoic acid (DHLA). The ligand affinity towards QDs and the water dispers...

Synergetic effects of ligand exchange and reduction process enhancing both electrical and optical properties of Ag nanocrystals for multifunctional transparent electrodes.

In this work, we introduce a low cost, room-temperature and atmospheric pressure based chemical method to produce highly transparent, conductive, and flexible nano-mesh structured electrodes using Ag nanocrystals (NCs). Sequential treatments of ligand exchange and reduction processes were developed to engineer the optoelectronic properties of Ag NC thin films. Combinatorial analysis indicates that the origin of the relatively low conductivity comes from the non-metallic compounds that are introduced during ...

Iron-oxide-based twin nanoplates with strong T relaxation shortening for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.

Iron oxide nanomaterials have been intensively investigated over the past few decades as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents (CAs) due to their favorable magnetism and excellent biocompatibility. However, commercial iron-oxide-nanoparticle-based CAs suffer from low T2 relaxivity, which significantly limits their applications in the biomedical field. Herein, we report a new type of iron oxide nanoplate (IOP) with an interesting twinning plane, which is fabricated via seed growth. Compared with t...

Molecular structure and multi-body potential of mean force in silica-polystyrene nanocomposites.

We perform a systematic application of the hybrid particle-field molecular dynamics technique [Milano, et al., J. Chem. Phys., 2009, 130, 214106] to study interfacial properties and potential of mean force (PMF) for separating nanoparticles (NPs) in a melt. Specifically, we consider Silica NPs bare or grafted with Polystyrene chains, aiming to shed light on the interactions among free and grafted chains affecting the dispersion of NPs in the nanocomposite. The proposed hybrid models show good performances i...

Correction: Solid-state nanopore analysis on conformation change of p53TAD-MDM2 fusion protein induced by protein-protein interaction.

Correction for 'Solid-state nanopore analysis on conformation change of p53TAD-MDM2 fusion protein induced by protein-protein interaction' by Hongsik Chae et al., Nanoscale, 2018, DOI: 10.1039/c8nr06423g.

Multiplexed detection of cancer biomarkers using a microfluidic platform integrating single bead trapping and acoustic mixing techniques.

It is critical to reliably and rapidly detect multiple disease biomarkers in tiny liquid samples with high sensitivity to meet the growing demand for point-of-care diagnostics. This paper reports a microfluidic platform integrating magnetic-based single bead trapping in conjunction with acoustic micromixing for simultaneous detection of multiple cancer biomarkers within minutes. Individual beads retained by permalloy (NiFe81/19) microarray were used to capture biomarkers and facilitate the fluorescence iden...

Probing Lewis acid-base interactions in single-molecule junctions.

A novel strategy to regulate the tunneling mechanism for charge transport through an organoborane wire via Lewis acid-base interactions has been developed. A change from LUMO- to HOMO-dominated charge transport upon the addition of the fluoride is verified both experimentally and theoretically.

Protic additives determine the pathway of CdSe nanocrystal growth.

The formation of semiconductor nanocrystals by hot-injection synthesis follows complex reaction mechanisms that are not yet fully understood. In particular the occurrence of intermediate species indicated by sharp, stationary spectral lines poses an important deviation from the predictions of classical nucleation theory. We show that trace amounts of water and other protic additives strongly impact the structure of these reaction intermediates, forming either coordination polymers under dry conditions or sm...

Low-temperature nanospectroscopy of the structural ferroelectric phases in single-crystalline barium titanate.

We optically investigate the local-scale ferroelectric domain structure of tetragonal, orthorhombic, and rhombohedral barium titanate (BTO) single crystals using scattering-type scanning near-field infrared (IR) optical microscopy (s-SNIM) at temperatures down to 150 K. Thanks to the precisely tunable narrow-band free-electron laser FELBE, we are able to explore the spectral fingerprints and IR resonances of these three phases and their domain orientations in the optical IR near-field. More clearly, every s...


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