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11:10 EDT 23rd July 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 996 from Nature biotechnology

Repair of double-strand breaks induced by CRISPR-Cas9 leads to large deletions and complex rearrangements.

CRISPR-Cas9 is poised to become the gene editing tool of choice in clinical contexts. Thus far, exploration of Cas9-induced genetic alterations has been limited to the immediate vicinity of the target site and distal off-target sequences, leading to the conclusion that CRISPR-Cas9 was reasonably specific. Here we report significant on-target mutagenesis, such as large deletions and more complex genomic rearrangements at the targeted sites in mouse embryonic stem cells, mouse hematopoietic progenitors and a ...

Reversal of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-mediated cancer immune suppression by systemic kynurenine depletion with a therapeutic enzyme.

Increased tryptophan (Trp) catabolism in the tumor microenvironment (TME) can mediate immune suppression by upregulation of interferon (IFN)-γ-inducible indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) and/or ectopic expression of the predominantly liver-restricted enzyme tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO). Whether these effects are due to Trp depletion in the TME or mediated by the accumulation of the IDO1 and/or TDO (hereafter referred to as IDO1/TDO) product kynurenine (Kyn) remains controversial. Here we show that adm...

Comprehensive multi-center assessment of small RNA-seq methods for quantitative miRNA profiling.

RNA-seq is increasingly used for quantitative profiling of small RNAs (for example, microRNAs, piRNAs and snoRNAs) in diverse sample types, including isolated cells, tissues and cell-free biofluids. The accuracy and reproducibility of the currently used small RNA-seq library preparation methods have not been systematically tested. Here we report results obtained by a consortium of nine labs that independently sequenced reference, 'ground truth' samples of synthetic small RNAs and human plasma-derived RNA. W...

Multiplexed identification, quantification and genotyping of infectious agents using a semiconductor biochip.

The emergence of pathogens resistant to existing antimicrobial drugs is a growing worldwide health crisis that threatens a return to the pre-antibiotic era. To decrease the overuse of antibiotics, molecular diagnostics systems are needed that can rapidly identify pathogens in a clinical sample and determine the presence of mutations that confer drug resistance at the point of care. We developed a fully integrated, miniaturized semiconductor biochip and closed-tube detection chemistry that performs multiplex...

A genetically encoded fluorescent acetylcholine indicator for in vitro and in vivo studies.

The neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) regulates a diverse array of physiological processes throughout the body. Despite its importance, cholinergic transmission in the majority of tissues and organs remains poorly understood owing primarily to the limitations of available ACh-monitoring techniques. We developed a family of ACh sensors (GACh) based on G-protein-coupled receptors that has the sensitivity, specificity, signal-to-noise ratio, kinetics and photostability suitable for monitoring ACh signals in...

Meganuclease targeting of PCSK9 in macaque liver leads to stable reduction in serum cholesterol.

Clinical translation of in vivo genome editing to treat human genetic diseases requires thorough preclinical studies in relevant animal models to assess safety and efficacy. A promising approach to treat hypercholesterolemia is inactivating the secreted protein PCSK9, an antagonist of the LDL receptor. Here we show that single infusions in six non-human primates of adeno-associated virus vector expressing an engineered meganuclease targeting PCSK9 results in dose-dependent disruption of PCSK9 in liver, as w...

Enhancing T cell therapy through TCR-signaling-responsive nanoparticle drug delivery.

Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) with antigen-specific T cells has shown remarkable clinical success; however, approaches to safely and effectively augment T cell function, especially in solid tumors, remain of great interest. Here we describe a strategy to 'backpack' large quantities of supporting protein drugs on T cells by using protein nanogels (NGs) that selectively release these cargos in response to T cell receptor activation. We designed cell surface-conjugated NGs that responded to an increase in T cell...

Golden Rice is safe to eat, says FDA.

Erratum: California voters and CIRM-will lightning strike twice?

First migraine-prevention antibody approved.

CRISPR gene therapy trial on hold.

Reportage from the gut.

Wanted: a reward for antibiotic development.

Public biotech in 2017-the numbers.

Corrigendum: Assisted reproductive technologies to prevent human mitochondrial disease transmission.

KBase: The United States Department of Energy Systems Biology Knowledgebase.

Drug designers embrace cryo-EM.

Gates unveils biotech-within-a-charity.

Erratum: Random access in large-scale DNA data storage.

A new route to synthetic DNA.

As life sciences sector's positive momentum continues, so do executive compensation levels.

The 160K Natural Organism Library, a unique resource for natural products research.

Merck vaccine heads Ebola countermeasures.

Cardiomyocytes remuscularize the heart.

Clinical trials go virtual, big pharma dives in.

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