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High peritoneal transport is associated with high mortality and technical failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Baseline peritoneal solute transport rate (PSTR) as measured by the peritoneal equilibration test (PET) within 6 months after PD initiation varies between patients. Sodium is reported to be stored in the skin or muscle of dialysis patients. This study investigated whether excessive salt intake in uremic mice caused peritoneal alterations without exposure to PD fluid.
Crescentic glomerulonephritis (cGN) comprises three main types according to the pathogenesis and immunofluorescence patterns: anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody cGN, vasculitis-associated cGN and post-infectious immune complex cGN. In this brief review of the immune-pathogenesis of cGN, the focus is mainly on the role of CD8+ T cells in the progression of cGN. Under control conditions, Bowman's capsule (BC) provides a protected immunological niche by preventing access of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells to Bo...
Dialysis patients manifest both an increased thrombotic risk and a haemorrhagic tendency. A great number of patients with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis have cardiovascular comorbidities (coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation or venous thromboembolism) and different indications for treatment with antithrombotics (primary or secondary prevention). Unfortunately, few randomized controlled trials deal with antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant therapy in dialysis. Therefore cardiology and nephrol...
Residual kidney function (RKF) is thought to exert beneficial effects through clearance of uremic toxins. However, the level of native kidney function where clearance becomes negligible is not known.
Among the severe complications of preeclampsia (PE), acute kidney injury (AKI) is problematic if features of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) are present. Although a haemolysis enzyme liver low-platelets syndrome is considerably more frequent, it is vital to rule out a flare of atypical haemolytic and uraemic syndrome (aHUS). Our objective was to improve differential diagnosis procedures in post-partum AKI.
Hypertension is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is related to extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion. Arterial stiffening is another implication of CKD that can be caused by ECFV expansion. In this study, we hypothesized that CKD patients with uncontrolled hypertension are more likely to be fluid volume expanded than normotensive patients, which in turn is associated with increased arterial stiffness.
Statins and ezetimibe effectively reduce the burden of cardiovascular (CV) disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Unfortunately, many subjects still die or have CV events despite cholesterol-lowering therapy. This is particularly true in patients with more advanced CKD. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a serine protease that induces the degradation of the low-density lipoprotein receptor by targeting it for lysosomal destruction. Its inhibition causes a dramatic fall ...
SGLT-2 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists for nephroprotection and cardioprotection in patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. A consensus statement by the EURECA-m and the DIABESITY working groups of the ERA-EDTA.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major problem of public health. Currently, many of these patients experience progression of cardiovascular and renal disease, even when receiving optimal treatment. In previous years, several new drug classes for the treatment of type 2 DM have emerged, including inhibitors of renal sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. Apart from reducing glycaemia, these classes were reported...
Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) experience substantial survival benefit compared with dialysis patients. However, their mortality and graft failure risk remain high. KTRs are often low in micronutrient status, including vitamins D and K. We investigated the association of both vitamins D and K status, and vitamin D treatment with all-cause mortality and death-censored graft failure.
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) was defined as a mesangiopathic disease, since the primary site of deposition of IgA immune material is the mesangium, and proliferation of mesangial cells and matrix excess deposition are the first histopathologic lesions. However, the relentless silent progression of IgAN is mostly due to the development of persistent proteinuria, and recent studies indicate that a major role is played by previous damage of function and anatomy of podocytes. In IgAN, the podocytopathic ...
To estimate the direct and indirect costs of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the first and second years of initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD), hospital-based haemodialysis (HD) and nocturnal home HD.
There is no ideal lock solution that prevents hemodialysis (HD) catheter loss due to catheter-related thrombosis (CRT) and catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI). Catheter loss is associated with increased hospitalization and high inpatient costs. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) demonstrates anti-infective and anticoagulation properties with a good safety profile, making it an ideal lock solution development target. The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of using sodium bic...
Renal dysfunction is a serious late complication after liver transplantation (LTX), but there are no studies addressing the early changes associated with this complication.
The utility of the Columbia classification (Col-class) for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has not yet been fully proven.