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PubMed Journal Database | Nucleic acids research RSS

14:41 EST 14th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+ from Nucleic acids research

miRBase: from microRNA sequences to function.

miRBase catalogs, names and distributes microRNA gene sequences. The latest release of miRBase (v22) contains microRNA sequences from 271 organisms: 38 589 hairpin precursors and 48 860 mature microRNAs. We describe improvements to the database and website to provide more information about the quality of microRNA gene annotations, and the cellular functions of their products. We have collected 1493 small RNA deep sequencing datasets and mapped a total of 5.5 billion reads to microRNA sequences. The read m...

dbPTM in 2019: exploring disease association and cross-talk of post-translational modifications.

The dbPTM (http://dbPTM.mbc.nctu.edu.tw/) has been maintained for over 10 years with the aim to provide functional and structural analyses for post-translational modifications (PTMs). In this update, dbPTM not only integrates more experimentally validated PTMs from available databases and through manual curation of literature but also provides PTM-disease associations based on non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs). The high-throughput deep sequencing technology has led to a surge in the da...

IRES-dependent ribosome repositioning directs translation of a +1 overlapping ORF that enhances viral infection.

RNA structures can interact with the ribosome to alter translational reading frame maintenance and promote recoding that result in alternative protein products. Here, we show that the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) from the dicistrovirus Cricket paralysis virus drives translation of the 0-frame viral polyprotein and an overlapping +1 open reading frame, called ORFx, via a novel mechanism whereby a subset of ribosomes recruited to the IRES bypasses 37 nucleotides downstream to resume translation at the ...

Deducing putative ancestral forms of GNRA/receptor interactions from the ribosome.

Stable RNAs rely on a vast repertoire of long-range interactions to assist in the folding of complex cellular machineries such as the ribosome. The universally conserved L39/H89 interaction is a long-range GNRA-like/receptor interaction localized in proximity to the peptidyl transferase center of the large subunit of the ribosome. Because of its central location, L39/H89 likely originated at an early evolutionary stage of the ribosome and played a significant role in its early function. However, L39/H89 sel...

The MemProtMD database: a resource for membrane-embedded protein structures and their lipid interactions.

Integral membrane proteins fulfil important roles in many crucial biological processes, including cell signalling, molecular transport and bioenergetic processes. Advancements in experimental techniques are revealing high resolution structures for an increasing number of membrane proteins. Yet, these structures are rarely resolved in complex with membrane lipids. In 2015, the MemProtMD pipeline was developed to allow the automated lipid bilayer assembly around new membrane protein structures, released from ...

Trypanosomes can initiate nuclear export co-transcriptionally.

The nuclear envelope serves as important messenger RNA (mRNA) surveillance system. In yeast and human, several control systems act in parallel to prevent nuclear export of unprocessed mRNAs. Trypanosomes lack homologues to most of the involved proteins and their nuclear mRNA metabolism is non-conventional exemplified by polycistronic transcription and mRNA processing by trans-splicing. We here visualized nuclear export in trypanosomes by intra- and intermolecular multi-colour single molecule FISH. We found ...

Single-nucleotide-resolution sequencing of human N6-methyldeoxyadenosine reveals strand-asymmetric clusters associated with SSBP1 on the mitochondrial genome.

N6-methyldeoxyadenosine (6mA) is a well-characterized DNA modification in prokaryotes but reports on its presence and function in mammals have been controversial. To address this issue, we established the capacity of 6mA-Crosslinking-Exonuclease-sequencing (6mACE-seq) to detect genome-wide 6mA at single-nucleotide-resolution, demonstrating this by accurately mapping 6mA in synthesized DNA and bacterial genomes. Using 6mACE-seq, we generated a human-genome-wide 6mA map that accurately reproduced known 6mA en...

The neurodegenerative diseases ALS and SMA are linked at the molecular level via the ASC-1 complex.

Understanding the molecular pathways disrupted in motor neuron diseases is urgently needed. Here, we employed CRISPR knockout (KO) to investigate the functions of four ALS-causative RNA/DNA binding proteins (FUS, EWSR1, TAF15 and MATR3) within the RNAP II/U1 snRNP machinery. We found that each of these structurally related proteins has distinct roles with FUS KO resulting in loss of U1 snRNP and the SMN complex, EWSR1 KO causing dissociation of the tRNA ligase complex, and TAF15 KO resulting in loss of tran...

ChEMBL: towards direct deposition of bioassay data.

ChEMBL is a large, open-access bioactivity database (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chembl), previously described in the 2012, 2014 and 2017 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issues. In the last two years, several important improvements have been made to the database and are described here. These include more robust capture and representation of assay details; a new data deposition system, allowing updating of data sets and deposition of supplementary data; and a completely redesigned web interface, with enhanced sear...

InterPro in 2019: improving coverage, classification and access to protein sequence annotations.

The InterPro database (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/) classifies protein sequences into families and predicts the presence of functionally important domains and sites. Here, we report recent developments with InterPro (version 70.0) and its associated software, including an 18% growth in the size of the database in terms on new InterPro entries, updates to content, the inclusion of an additional entry type, refined modelling of discontinuous domains, and the development of a new programmatic interface and ...

MitoMiner v4.0: an updated database of mitochondrial localization evidence, phenotypes and diseases.

Increasing numbers of diseases are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. This is unsurprising given mitochondria have major roles in bioenergy generation, signalling, detoxification, apoptosis and biosynthesis. However, fundamental questions of mitochondrial biology remain, including: which nuclear genes encode mitochondrial proteins; how their expression varies with tissue; and which are associated with disease. But experiments to catalogue the mitochondrial proteome are incomplete and sometimes contr...

CATH: expanding the horizons of structure-based functional annotations for genome sequences.

This article provides an update of the latest data and developments within the CATH protein structure classification database (http://www.cathdb.info). The resource provides two levels of release: CATH-B, a daily snapshot of the latest structural domain boundaries and superfamily assignments, and CATH+, which adds layers of derived data, such as predicted sequence domains, functional annotations and functional clustering (known as Functional Families or FunFams). The most recent CATH+ release (version 4.2) ...

BRENDA in 2019: a European ELIXIR core data resource.

The BRENDA enzyme database (www.brenda-enzymes.org), recently appointed ELIXIR Core Data Resource, is the main enzyme and enzyme-ligand information system. The core database provides a comprehensive overview on enzymes. A collection of 4.3 million data for ∼84 000 enzymes manually evaluated and extracted from ∼140 000 primary literature references is combined with information obtained by text and data mining, data integration and prediction algorithms. Supplements comprise disease-related data, protein ...

VFDB 2019: a comparative pathogenomic platform with an interactive web interface.

The virulence factor database (VFDB, http://www.mgc.ac.cn/VFs/) is devoted to providing the scientific community with a comprehensive warehouse and online platform for deciphering bacterial pathogenesis. The various combinations, organizations and expressions of virulence factors (VFs) are responsible for the diverse clinical symptoms of pathogen infections. Currently, whole-genome sequencing is widely used to decode potential novel or variant pathogens both in emergent outbreaks and in routine clinical pra...

RNAcentral: a hub of information for non-coding RNA sequences.

RNAcentral is a comprehensive database of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) sequences, collating information on ncRNA sequences of all types from a broad range of organisms. We have recently added a new genome mapping pipeline that identifies genomic locations for ncRNA sequences in 296 species. We have also added several new types of functional annotations, such as tRNA secondary structures, Gene Ontology annotations, and miRNA-target interactions. A new quality control mechanism based on Rfam family assignments iden...

The European Nucleotide Archive in 2018.

The European Nucleotide Archive (ENA; https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena), provided from EMBL-EBI, has for more than three decades been responsible for archiving the world's public sequencing data and presenting this important resource to the scientific community to support and accelerate the global research effort. Here, we outline ENA services and content in 2018 and provide an overview of a selection of focus areas of development work: extending data coordination services around ENA, sequence submissions through ...

Cdk1 gates cell cycle-dependent tRNA synthesis by regulating RNA polymerase III activity.

PlantPAN3.0: a new and updated resource for reconstructing transcriptional regulatory networks from ChIP-seq experiments in plants.

The Plant Promoter Analysis Navigator (PlantPAN; http://PlantPAN.itps.ncku.edu.tw/) is an effective resource for predicting regulatory elements and reconstructing transcriptional regulatory networks for plant genes. In this release (PlantPAN 3.0), 17 230 TFs were collected from 78 plant species. To explore regulatory landscapes, genomic locations of TFBSs have been captured from 662 public ChIP-seq samples using standard data processing. A total of 1 233 999 regulatory linkages were identified from 99 regu...

RegulonDB v 10.5: tackling challenges to unify classic and high throughput knowledge of gene regulation in E. coli K-12.

RegulonDB, first published 20 years ago, is a comprehensive electronic resource about regulation of transcription initiation of Escherichia coli K-12 with decades of knowledge from classic molecular biology experiments, and recently also from high-throughput genomic methodologies. We curated the literature to keep RegulonDB up to date, and initiated curation of ChIP and gSELEX experiments. We estimate that current knowledge describes between 10% and 30% of the expected total number of transcription factor- ...

Enzyme cycling contributes to efficient induction of genome mutagenesis by the cytidine deaminase APOBEC3B.

OrthoDB v10: sampling the diversity of animal, plant, fungal, protist, bacterial and viral genomes for evolutionary and functional annotations of orthologs.

OrthoDB (https://www.orthodb.org) provides evolutionary and functional annotations of orthologs. This update features a major scaling up of the resource coverage, sampling the genomic diversity of 1271 eukaryotes, 6013 prokaryotes and 6488 viruses. These include putative orthologs among 448 metazoan, 117 plant, 549 fungal, 148 protist, 5609 bacterial, and 404 archaeal genomes, picking up the best sequenced and annotated representatives for each species or operational taxonomic unit. OrthoDB relies on a con...

Haemopedia RNA-seq: a database of gene expression during haematopoiesis in mice and humans.

During haematopoiesis, haematopoietic stem cells differentiate into restricted potential progenitors before maturing into the many lineages required for oxygen transport, wound healing and immune response. We have updated Haemopedia, a database of gene-expression profiles from a broad spectrum of haematopoietic cells, to include RNA-seq gene-expression data from both mice and humans. The Haemopedia RNA-seq data set covers a wide range of lineages and progenitors, with 57 mouse blood cell types (flow sorted ...

UniProt: a worldwide hub of protein knowledge.

The UniProt Knowledgebase is a collection of sequences and annotations for over 120 million proteins across all branches of life. Detailed annotations extracted from the literature by expert curators have been collected for over half a million of these proteins. These annotations are supplemented by annotations provided by rule based automated systems, and those imported from other resources. In this article we describe significant updates that we have made over the last 2 years to the resource. We have gre...

The PRIDE database and related tools and resources in 2019: improving support for quantification data.

The PRoteomics IDEntifications (PRIDE) database (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/pride/) is the world's largest data repository of mass spectrometry-based proteomics data, and is one of the founding members of the global ProteomeXchange (PX) consortium. In this manuscript, we summarize the developments in PRIDE resources and related tools since the previous update manuscript was published in Nucleic Acids Research in 2016. In the last 3 years, public data sharing through PRIDE (as part of PX) has definitely become t...

Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides a large suite of online resources for biological information and data, including the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database and the PubMed database of citations and abstracts published in life science journals. The Entrez system provides search and retrieval operations for most of these data from 38 distinct databases. The E-utilities serve as the programming interface for the Entrez system. Augmenting many of the web applications are custo...


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