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09:05 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 368 from Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)

Effects of glutamine and alanine supplementation on muscle fatigue parameters of rats submitted to resistance training.

Although glutamine and alanine have properties that could delay fatigue, recent evidence showed that these amino acids impaired central fatigue markers. Nevertheless, the effect of this intervention on muscle fatigue is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of glutamine and alanine supplementation on muscle fatigue parameters in rats submitted to resistance training (RT).

Beneficial effects of intermittent fasting on steatosis and inflammation of the liver in mice fed a high-fat or a high-fructose diet.

Intermittent fasting (IF) is a nutritional intervention with significant metabolic effects on the liver that are not yet fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of IF on body mass, lipid profile, glucose metabolism, liver lipogenesis, β-oxidation, and inflammation.

Adherence to a Mediterranean Dietary Pattern status and associated factors among Portuguese older adults: Results from the Nutrition UP 65 cross-sectional study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and its associated factors in older Portuguese adults.

Household food insecurity but not dietary diversity is associated with children's mean micronutrient density adequacy in rural communities across Ghana.

The aim of this study was to examine predictors of household food insecurity, dietary diversity, and children's mean micronutrient density adequacy and the relationship among these dietary measures.

Dietary total antioxidant capacity in relation to depression and anxiety in Iranian adults.

Although several studies are available that link individual dietary antioxidants to the risk of psychological disorders, data about the association of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with depression and anxiety are scarce. This study was conducted to investigate the association between dietary TAC and odds of depression and anxiety among Iranian adults.

Dietary vegetable intake is inversely associated with ATP-binding cassette protein A1 (ABCA1) DNA methylation levels among Japanese women.

Dietary intake of vegetables is one of the key lifestyle factors associated with preventing cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although previous studies have provided evidence that dietary factors can alter global DNA methylation levels in humans, little work has been conducted on dietary factors influencing methylation levels of specific genes associated with CVD. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of vegetables was associated with adenosine triphosphate-binding membrane cass...

Effect of teduglutide on restoring oral autonomy for magnesium in two patients with short bowel.

It is not known whether Teduglutide can allow patients with Short bowel syndrome, previously dependent on continuous or periodic intravenous (IV) magnesium, to attain oral autonomy with or without supplementation. Here, we report on two patients previously dependent on continuous or intermittently administered IV magnesium to achieve autonomy from IV, one with and one without oral supplementation that was previously ineffective in both patients.

Fetal and postnatal zinc restriction: Sex differences in metabolic alterations in adult rats.

Intrauterine and postnatal micronutrient malnutrition may program metabolic diseases in adulthood. We examined whether moderate zinc restriction in male and female rats throughout fetal life, lactation, or postweaning growth induces alterations in liver, adipose tissue, and intermediate metabolism.

Variations in practice patterns for adult cancer patients on home parenteral nutrition in Canada.

Cancer has become a major indication for home parenteral nutrition (HPN). However, the use of HPN in adult cancer patients is highly variable between countries and may also differ within each country. The aim of the present study was to characterize regional variations in practice patterns for cancer patients on HPN using data from the Canadian HPN Registry.

In search of nutritional anti-aging targets: TOR inhibitors, SASP modulators, and BCL-2 family suppressors.

In pursuit of developing anti-aging or age-delaying strategies, nutritional interventions have long been considered promising candidates. However, emerging advances in the understanding of the causes and effects of senescence per se have enhanced the prospects of a more focused approach in the exploration of therapies aimed at the modulation of aging. The aim of this study was to review recent developments on the molecular basis of aging and provide evidence that regulation of the mechanistic target of rapa...

Polyunsaturated fatty acids and sepsis.

The effect of single-nucleotide polymorphisms at the ADIPOQ gene locus rs1501299 on metabolic parameters after 9 mo of a high-protein/low-carbohydrate versus a standard hypocaloric diet.

Some adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been related to basal and adiponectin levels and metabolic parameters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the genetic variant rs1501299 ADIPOQ gene on biochemical changes after weight loss secondary to a high-protein and low-carbohydrate diet versus a standard severe hypocaloric diet over 9 mo as the primary endpoint.

Fucoidan and galactooligosaccharides ameliorate high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia in rats by modulating the gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism.

Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Fucoidan (FUC) is a polysaccharide extracted from brown marine algae with various biological activities. Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) are important prebiotics that exert benefits on the intestinal microbiota. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of FUC and GOS on dyslipidemia in rats by modulating the gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism.

Associations among Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index, bone mineral density, body composition and handgrip strength in patients receiving hemodialysis.

Malnutrition occurs as a complication of hemodialysis (HD) and has been identified as a risk factor for osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and low physical performance. The aim of this study was to assess the associations among nutrition, bone mineral density (BMD), body composition, and handgrip strength (HGS) in patients receiving HD.

Reproducibility and relative validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire in European preschoolers: The ToyBox study.

The aim of this study was to examine the reproducibility and relative validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in assessing food group estimates.

Organic beet leaves and stalk juice attenuates HDL-C reduction induced by high-fat meal in dyslipidemic patients: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

Beet leaves and stalks are rich in polyphenols; however, their effect on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in humans, to our knowledge, has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the acute effect of beet leaves and stalk juice, containing different concentrations of polyphenols, on lipemia, glycemic control, nitric oxide concentration, and blood pressure in patients with dyslipidemia after a high-fat meal.

Chocolate and chocolate constituents influence bone health and osteoporosis risk.

Bone loss resulting in increased risk for osteoporosis is a major health issue worldwide. Chocolate is a rich source of antioxidant and antiinflammatory flavonoids and dietary minerals with the potential to benefit bone health. However, other chocolate constituents such as cocoa butter, sugar, and methylxanthines may be detrimental to bone. Human studies investigating the role of chocolate consumption on serum bone markers and bone mineral density (BMD) have been inconsistent. A contributing factor is likel...

Empirically derived food-based inflammatory potential of the diet, irritable bowel syndrome, and its severity.

To our knowledge, no studies have examined the association between the empirically derived food-based dietary inflammatory index (FDII) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the FDII score and IBS in a large sample of Iranian adults.

Probiotic food consumption is associated with lower severity and prevalence of depression: A nationwide cross-sectional study.

It has been suggested that probiotics have beneficial effects on a variety of health problems including immunologic diseases and metabolic disorders, however, the effects on brain function are yet to be fully studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between probiotic food consumption and depression status through a cross-sectional analysis of a nationwide, large population-based data.

Randomized study of the effects of cocoa-rich chocolate on the ventricle-arterial coupling and vascular function of young, healthy adults.

The aim of this study was to evaluate and explore the benefits of long-term dark chocolate intake in young, healthy adults by measuring cardiovascular function.

Supplementation with Bifidobacterium longum Bar33 and Lactobacillus helveticus Bar13 mixture improves immunity in elderly humans (over 75 years) and aged mice.

Aging induces several physiologic and immune changes. The usefulness of probiotics in ameliorating age-related disorders remains largely unexplored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Bifidobacterium longum Bar33 and Lactobacillus helveticus Bar13 mixture in improving the physiologic status and immunity of older adults (over 75 years). Furthermore, the possible role of such mixture in ameliorating gut immunity in aged mice was investigated.

Dietary patterns and their relationships to sarcopenia in Portuguese patients with gastrointestinal cancer: An exploratory study.

The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify the main dietary patterns of a Portuguese population of patients with gastrointestinal cancer and to analyze their association with sarcopenia.

Unidentified cachexia patients in the oncologic setting: Cachexia UFOs do exist.

Cachexia is an important outcome-modulating parameter in patients with cancer. In the context of a randomized controlled trial on cachexia and nutritional therapy, the TiCaCONCO (Tight Caloric Control in the Cachectic Oncologic Patient) trial, the contacts between patients with cancer and health care practitioners and oncologists were screened. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify in the charts the input of data on body weight (necessary to identify cachexia stage), relevant nutritional data,...

Dietary inflammatory index and cancer risk in the elderly: A pooled-analysis of Italian case-control studies.

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the association between the inflammatory potential of one's diet and cancer risk varies across age groups in a population characterized by widespread use of the Mediterranean diet.

Consumption of Brazil nuts with high selenium levels increased inflammation biomarkers in obese women: A randomized controlled trial.

Increased inflammatory response is an important factor in the pathophysiology of obesity. The mineral selenium (Se), of which one of the main food sources is the Brazil nut, has important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions through the action of selenoproteins. Thus, the evaluation of the influence of this micronutrient in this context is of great relevance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Brazil nut intake with high Se concentrations on inflammatory biomarkers and its relation ...

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