PubMed Journal Database | Obstetrics and gynecology RSS

04:40 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+ from Obstetrics and gynecology

Chronic Kidney Disease and Pregnancy.

Chronic kidney disease represents a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by alterations in the structure and function of the kidney. Chronic kidney disease significantly increases the risk of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, and these risks increase with the severity of the underlying renal dysfunction, degree of proteinuria, as well as the frequent coexistence of hypertension. Further, renal anatomic changes result in dilatation of the collecting system, and physiologic adaptations includ...

Patterns of Prescription Opioid Use in Women With Endometriosis: Evaluating Prolonged Use, Daily Dose, and Concomitant Use With Benzodiazepines.

To examine opioid use, opioid prescribing patterns, and timing of the first opioid prescription in endometriosis patients compared with matched women in the control group without endometriosis.

Severe Acute Maternal Morbidity in Twin Compared With Singleton Pregnancies.

To investigate the association between twin pregnancy and severe acute maternal morbidity, overall and by timing (before, during or after delivery) and underlying causal condition.

Timing of First Milk Expression to Maximize Breastfeeding Continuation Among Mothers of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants.

To estimate the time of first milk expression among mothers of very low-birth-weight (VLBW, 1,500 g or less) infants that predicts the maximal duration of mother's milk provision during hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Laparoscopic Transabdominal Cerclage and Subsequent Pregnancy Outcomes When Left In Situ.

To evaluate obstetric outcomes of subsequent pregnancies in women who had a laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage.

Association of Radical Hysterectomy Surgical Volume and Survival for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer.

To examine the association between surgical volume and survival of women with early-stage cervical cancer who underwent radical hysterectomy.

Pregnancy-Associated Death in Utah: Contribution of Drug-Induced Deaths.

Drug-induced deaths, defined as intentional or unintentional consumption of illicit substances or diverted medications leading to death, are the leading cause of death for reproductive-age women in the United States. Our objective was to describe pregnancy-associated deaths attributed to drug-induced causes to identify opportunities for intervention.

Laparoscopic Compared With Open Surgery for Severe Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Tubo-Ovarian Abscess.

To compare operative outcomes of laparoscopic surgery compared with laparotomy in patients with moderate to severe pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Tubal Ligation and Age at Natural Menopause.

To determine the effect of tubal ligation on age at natural menopause, as a marker of long-term ovarian function.

Systolic Hypertension, Preeclampsia-Related Mortality, and Stroke in California.

To describe the clinical characteristics of stroke and opportunities to improve care in a cohort of preeclampsia-related maternal mortalities in California.

A Clinical Reference Guide on Sexual Devices for Obstetrician-Gynecologists.

In the United States, more than half of all women have used a vibrator, nearly one third of women have used a dildo, and more than three quarters of women who have sex with women have used a vibrator. Sexual devices can be used by patients with decreased libido, anorgasmia, conditions inhibiting vaginal penetration, partner erectile dysfunction, and motor or sensory disabilities. Basic knowledge of sexual devices can help obstetrician-gynecologists counsel patients about device safety, sharing, cleaning, di...

Pharmacist Provision of Hormonal Contraception in the Oregon Medicaid Population.

To describe early utilization of pharmacist prescription of contraception in Oregon's Medicaid program.

Association of Pharmacist Prescription of Hormonal Contraception With Unintended Pregnancies and Medicaid Costs.

To estimate unintended pregnancies averted and the cost effectiveness of pharmacist prescription of hormonal contraception.

Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity Associated With Early Term Delivery of Large-for-Gestational-Age But Nonmacrosomic Neonates.

To evaluate whether, at 37-39 weeks of gestation, delivery of a neonate with a birth weight that is 90% or greater for gestational age but less than 4,000 g is associated with increased composite maternal and neonatal morbidity.

Cost Effectiveness of Neonatal Resuscitation at 22 Weeks of Gestation.

To evaluate the cost effectiveness of three different approaches to the care of neonates born at 22 weeks of gestation: universal resuscitation, selective resuscitation, or no resuscitation.

Potential Consequences of Minimum-Volume Standards for Hospitals Treating Women With Ovarian Cancer.

To assess the potential effects of implementing minimum hospital volume standards for ovarian cancer on survival and access to care.

Bias in the Peer Review Process: Can We Do Better?

Peer review is the major method used by the scientific community to evaluate manuscripts and decide what is suitable for publication. However, this process in its current design is not bulletproof and is prone to reviewer and editorial bias. Its lack of objectivity and transparency raise concerns that manuscripts might be judged based on interests irrelevant to the content itself and not on merit alone. This commentary reviews some of the most common biases that could potentially affect objective evaluation...

Nonsexually Transmitted Genital Ulcer Secondary to Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease.

Genital ulcers that are not the result of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are uncommon, and case reports predominantly feature pubertal girls.

Evaluation of the Effect of Surgeon's Operative Volume and Specialty on Likelihood of Revision After Mesh Midurethral Sling Placement.

To estimate rates of revision surgery after insertion of mesh midurethral slings and explore whether physician specialty, annual operative volume, or hospital type are associated with this outcome.

Personal Reflections on Gynecologic Oncology and Its Future.

Intrapartum Glucose Management in Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

To assess the effect of tight compared with liberalized intrapartum maternal glucose management on neonatal hypoglycemia risk in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Treating Myomatous Erythrocytosis Syndrome With Uterine Artery Embolization.

Myomatous erythrocytosis syndrome, a form of secondary polycythemia associated with uterine leiomyomas, increases the risk of thrombosis and traditionally has been treated with hysterectomy.

What Is New in Hysterectomy for Benign Gynecologic Disorders?: Best Articles From the Past Year.

This month we focus on current research in hysterectomy for benign gynecologic disorders. Dr. Famuyide discusses four recent publications, which are concluded with a "bottom-line" that is the take-home message. A complete reference for each can be found on Box 1 on this page along with direct links to abstracts.

Surgical Volume and Survival in Cervical Cancer: Bigger Is Better.

Second-Trimester Fetal Loss in a Patient With Hyperemesis Gravidarum Complicated by Refeeding Syndrome.

Refeeding syndrome is a rare constellation of electrolyte abnormalities after reintroduction of glucose during an adaptive state of starvation and malnutrition, resulting in fluid shifts, end-organ damage, and, potentially, death. We present a case of fetal death in a patient with hyperemesis gravidarum complicated by refeeding syndrome.

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