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19:29 EDT 19th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 433 from Phytochemistry

Anthraquinones from Cassiae semen as thrombin inhibitors: in vitro and in silico studies.

Thrombin inhibitor therapy is one of the most effective therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and thrombotic diseases. Although several marketed direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) have been widely used in clinic, the potentially serious complications of these DTIs prompted the researchers to find more DTIs with improved safety profiles. Herein, we report that natural anthraquinones in Cassiae semen (the seed of Cassia obtusifolia L. or C. tora L.), including obtusifolin, ...

Lignans and sesquiterpene lactones from Hypochaeris radicata subsp. neapolitana (Asteraceae, Cichorieae).

Four undescribed lignans and two undescribed sesquiterpenic acids, together with three known compounds (hypochoeroside C, hypochoeroside D, and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid) were isolated from the roots of Hypochaeris radicata subsp. neapolitana (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). The lignans were identified as 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 4-(3,4-dihydroxybenzyl)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxy-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-2'-O-methacrylate, (...

Anti-BACE1 and anti-AchE activities of undescribed spiro-dioxolane-containing meroterpenoids from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus terreus Thom.

Spiroterreusnoids A-F, six undescribed spiro-dioxolane-containing adducts bearing 3,5-dimethylorsellinic acid-based meroterpenoid and 2,3-butanediol moieties were isolated from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus terreus Thom from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (Celastraceae). The structures of these adducts were established by spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) measurements. Spiroterreusnoids A-F represent the first examples of adducts compos...

Oligostilbenes from the leaves of Gnetum latifolium and their biological potential to inhibit neuroinflammation.

Oligostilbenes are polyphenol oligomers derived from resveratrol and are commonly produced by members of the Gnetaceae family, and many researchers have focused on their anti-inflammatory activities. The EtOAc fraction of a Gnetum latifolium extract showed inhibitory activity against neuroinflammation induced by the transfection of Aβ into microglial BV-2 cells. The bioassay-guided isolation of the 70% EtOH extract of this plant resulted in three previously undescribed resveratrol oligostilbenes and ten ...

Mangiterpenes A-C and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C, four sesquiterpene/monoterpene-shikimate-conjugated spirocyclic meroterpenoids from Guignardia mangiferae.

Mangiterpenes A-C and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C, four undescribed sesquiterpene/monoterpene-shikimate-conjugated meroterpenoids with spiro ring systems, were isolated from Guignardia mangiferae. The structures and absolute configurations of these compounds were established by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Mangiterpenes A-C represent the first examples of sesquiterpene-shikimate-conjugated spirocyclic meroterpenoids, and 2',3'-seco-manginoid C feature...

Repurposing of ginseng extract as topoisomerase I inhibitor based on the comparative analysis of gene expression patterns.

Repositioning of plant extracts and chemical drugs can accelerate drug development. However, its success rate may depend on what the clue is for the repositioning. Recently, repositioning based on correction of unwarranted gene expression pattern has suggested the possibility of new drug development. Here, we designed a similar method for the repositioning of nutraceutical ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.), which is one of the most validated natural therapeutic products for various diseases. We analyzed gins...

Termipaniculatones A-F, chalcone-flavonone heterodimers from Terminthia paniculata, and their protective effects on hyperuricemia and acute gouty arthritis.

Terminthia paniculata (Sanyeqi) is widely used for treating inflammation and rheumatic arthritis in the folk areas of Yunnan province, China. Its total extract was first revealed with xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity in vitro and anti-hyperuricemic effect in vivo. Bioassay-guided separation on Fr. A5 yielded six chalcone-flavonone heterodimers, termipaniculatones A-F. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analyses involving HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, UV, IR and [α], and th...

Structure and bioactivity of cholestane glycosides from the bulbs of Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker.

Eight undescribed cholestane glycosides named osaundersioside A-H, along with three previously known compounds named osaundersioside I-K were isolated from Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker bulbs (Asparagaceae). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. All isolates were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity and inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production. Osaundersioside C was thus determined to exhibit specific cytotoxi...

Characterization and quantification of thiol-peptides in Arabidopsis thaliana using combined dilution and high sensitivity HPLC-ESI-MS-MS.

Although thiol-peptide compounds, such as reduced glutathione (GSH), γ-glutamylcysteine (γ-EC), and phytochelatins, play fundamental roles in plants, their analytical determination and characterization is still somewhat problematic, mainly due to their high polarity and oxidation propensity. Thus, in this work a reliable and sensitive HPLC-ESI-MS-MS method was developed, in order to simultaneously assay, within 14-min instrumental runs, γ-EC, GSH, and phytochelatins up to phytochelatin 4. This analytical...

NMR characterization and evaluation of antibacterial and antiobiofilm activity of organic extracts from stationary phase batch cultures of five marine microalgae (Dunaliella sp., D. salina, Chaetoceros calcitrans, C. gracilis and Tisochrysis lutea).

The chemical composition of five marine microalgae (Dunaliella sp., Dunaliella salina, Chaetoceros calcitrans, Chaetoceros gracilis and Tisochrysis lutea) was investigated through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic study of the soluble material obtained by sequential extraction with hexane, ethyl acetate (AcOEt) and methanol of biomass from stationary phase cultures. Hexane extracted the major lipids present in the microalgae during the stationary phase of growth, which correspond to storage lip...

Antiproliferative steroidal glycosides from rhizomes of Polygonatum sibiricum.

Screening assays showed that total glycoside-rich fraction (TG) of rhizomes of Polygonatum sibiricum unveiled remarkable anti-proliferative activities against three cancer cell lines (A549, HepG2, and Caco2). Activity-guided isolation of TG afforded seven undescribed steroidal glycosides (polygonosides 1-7), along with 24 known glycosides. Their structures were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and chemical evidence. The isolated steroidal glycosides wer...

Highly oxygenated meroterpenoids from the Antarctic fungus Aspergillus terreus.

Eleven highly oxygenated meroterpenoids, named terreustoxins A-K, along with five known analogues, were isolated from the Antarctic fungus Aspergillus terreus. The structures and absolute configurations of these undescribed compounds were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and ECD experiments. Terreustoxins A-D are the first examples of meroterpenoids with two ortho-hydroxy groups at C-6 and C-7 in the terretonins family. Terreustoxin C and terretonin inhibited the prol...

Cytotoxic lignans from the stems of Herpetospermum pedunculosum.

A bioassay-guided chemical investigation on the ethyl acetate extract of the stems of Herpetospermum pedunculosum led to the isolation and identification of 22 lignans including 6 previously undescribed ones, herpetosiols A-F. Their structures including stereochemistries were elucidated by analysis of NMR, HRMS and ECD data. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of all isolates were studied against human gastric carcinoma SGC7901, lung carcinoma A549, breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 and hepatocellular carcinoma Hep...

Immobilized α-amylase magnetic beads for ligand fishing: Proof of concept and identification of α-amylase inhibitors in Ginkgo biloba.

Diabetes mellitus is a widespread metabolic disorder that affects millions of people around the world. The disease is a major burden on both economic and social levels, and there is a need for improved drugs with fewer side effects in the management of the disease. Current methods for isolation of anti-diabetic lead compounds from complex mixtures suffer from low resolution and sensitivity, and there is a need for improved alternatives. In this work, magnetic ligand fishing combined with high-performance li...

Analytical investigations on Boswellia occulta essential oils.

Three samples of Boswellia occulta gum resin (Grades I, II and III) were analyzed by GC-MS and GC-FID. Fifty constituents could be identified, and several of them were isolated by flash chromatography and characterized by NMR. The combinatorial synthesis of homologous series of reference constituents permitted the unambiguous identification of five 1-methoxyalkanes and one 1-methoxyalkene. In addition, we measured the C content of one sample of essential oil and of a methoxyalkanes rich fraction and demonst...

Overcoming deterrent metabolites by gaining essential nutrients: A lichen/snail case study.

Specialised metabolites in lichens are generally considered repellent compounds by consumers. Nevertheless, if the only food available is lichens rich in specialised metabolites, lichenophages must implement strategies to overcome the toxicity of these metabolites. Thus, the balance between phagostimulant nutrients and deterrent metabolites could play a key role in feeding preferences. To further understand lichen-gastropod interactions, we studied the feeding behaviour and consumption in Notodiscus hookeri...

Cytotoxic saponins and other natural products from flowering tops of Narthecium ossifragum L.

For more than four centuries, the intake of Narthecium ossifragum has been associated with poisoning in domesticated animals. Saponins occurring in flowering tops of the plant are considered to cause kidney damage in calves. At present, there are more than 30 papers on the saponins of N. ossifragum in the literature, although the structures of these compounds have hitherto not been determined. Here, we identify the saponins of N. ossifragum as sarsasapogenin, sarsasapogenin-3-O-β-galactopyranoside, sarsasa...

Phenylpropanoid glycosides from the fruit of Lycium barbarum L. and their bioactivity.

Fifteen phenylpropanoid glycosides, including six undescribed compounds were isolated from the fruit of Lycium barbarum L. (Solanaceae) (goji or wolfberry). Their structures were identified by detailed spectroscopic analyses. Seven known compounds were firstly isolated from the genus Lycium, in which the 1D and 2D NMR data of one compound were reported for the first time. Notably, two undescribed compounds were a pair of rare tautomeric glycoside anomers characterized by the presence of free anomeric hydrox...

Hyperforatins L-U: Prenylated acylphloroglucinols with a terminal double bond from Hypericum perforatum L. (St John's Wort).

Hyperforatins L-U, ten undescribed polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) bearing a terminal double bond, together with a known compound hypericumoxide J, were isolated from the aerial parts of Hypericum perforatum L. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including HRESIMS, IR, UV, and NMR (H, C, DEPT, HSQC, HMBC, H-H COSY, and NOESY experiments). Their absolute configurations were determined by comprehensive analyses of their experimental ECD spectra in conjunction with ...

Biosynthesis of methyl (E)-cinnamate in the liverwort Conocephalum salebrosum and evolution of cinnamic acid methyltransferase.

Methyl (E)-cinnamate is a specialized metabolite that occurs in a variety of land plants. In flowering plants, it is synthesized by cinnamic acid methyltransferase (CAMT) that belongs to the SABATH family. While rarely reported in bryophytes, methyl (E)-cinnamate is produced by some liverworts of the Conocephalum conicum complex, including C. salebrosum. In axenically grown thalli of C. salebrosum, methyl (E)-cinnamate was detected as the dominant compound. To characterize its biosynthesis, six full-length ...

Evolution of phytochemical diversity in Pilocarpus (Rutaceae).

The evolution of phytochemical diversity and biosynthetic pathways in plants can be evaluated from a phylogenetic and environmental perspective. Pilocarpus Vahl (Rutaceae), an economically important medicinal plant in the family Rutaceae, has a great diversity of imidazole alkaloids and coumarins. In this study, we used phylogenetic comparative methods to determine whether there is a phylogenetic signal for chemical traits across the genus Pilocarpus; this included ancestral reconstructions of continuous an...

Compositional analysis of the essential oil of Boswellia dalzielii frankincense from West Africa reveals two major chemotypes.

Frankincense, an oleoresin produced by Boswellia species, has historical medicinal and religious significance, and is today used extensively for its essential oil. Boswellia dalzielii, a species found in West Africa, is one of the few frankincense species for which there is no information on the oleoresin essential oil. In order to correct this deficiency, the chemical compositions of the essential oil hydrodistilled from 21 samples of oleoresin taken directly from B. dalzielii trees in northern Nigeria, we...

Cytotoxic phenolic constituents from Hypericum japonicum.

Nine undescribed compounds, including five xanthone derivatives, two flavonoids, one 2-pyrone derivative, and one undescribed naturally occurring compound, along with 30 known phenolic compounds, were isolated from Hypericum japonicum. In addition, hyperjaponols A and B were identified as racemates. The structures and absolute configurations of the undescribed compounds were determined by comprehensive MS, NMR spectroscopy, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. The cytotoxic effects of the i...

Boscartins L-O: Cembrane-type diterpenoids from the gum resin of Boswellia sacra Flueck.

Four undescribed cembrane-type diterpenoids, boscartins L-O, as well as five known compounds (1S, 3R, 11S, 12R, 7E)-1,12-epoxy-4-methylenecembr-7- ene- 3,11-diol, isoincensole oxide, incensole oxide, incensole acetate and incensole oxide acetate were isolated from the gum resin of Boswellia sacra Flueck. (Burseraceae). The structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric analysis, as well as comparisons with known compounds. The absolute configura...

Radical coupling reactions of piceatannol and monolignols: A density functional theory study.

Recent experimental work has revealed that the hydroxystilbene piceatannol can function as a monomeric unit in the lignification of palm fruit endocarp tissues. Results indicated that piceatannol homo-couples and cross-couples with monolignols through radical reactions and is integrally incorporated into the lignin polymer. The current work reports on the thermodynamics of the proposed reactions using density functional theory calculations. The results indicated that, in general, the energetics of both homo...


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