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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
Within the multidisciplinary management of breast cancer, variations exist in the reconstructive options offered and care provided. The authors evaluated plastic surgeon perspectives on important issues related to breast cancer management and reconstruction and provide some insight into factors that influence these perspectives.
Patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema can be treated with a simultaneous deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap, vascularized inguinal lymph node transfer, and lymphovenous anastomosis for aesthetic breast reconstruction and lymphedema in one operation.
The authors present their stacked flap breast reconstruction experience to facilitate selection of either caudal internal mammary vessels or intraflap vessels for the second recipient anastomosis.
The resurgence of prepectoral breast reconstruction has brought strict patient inclusion and exclusion criteria by numerous authors. This article provides an overview of a single surgeon's experience with 201 patients, 313 breasts using immediate, direct-to-implant prepectoral breast reconstruction. The article compares surgical outcomes of different patient cohorts to elucidate risk factors that may predispose patients toward developing complications.
Decreased Length of Postoperative Drain Use, Parenteral Opioids, Length of Stay, and Complication Rates in Patients Receiving Meshed versus Unmeshed Acellular Dermal Matrix in 194 Submuscular Tissue Expander-Based Breast Reconstructions: A Single-Surgeon Cohort Study.
Studies have cited possible complications and increased fluid accumulation in implant-based breast reconstruction using acellular dermal matrix. The authors propose a novel approach, manually meshing acellular dermal matrix using a skin graft mesher before use in expander-based breast reconstruction. The authors investigated postoperative drain time, complication rates, pain, and length of hospital stay in meshed versus unmeshed acellular dermal matrix cohorts.
Discussion: Decreased Length of Postoperative Drain Use, Parenteral Opioids, Length of Stay, and Complication Rates in Patients Receiving Meshed versus Unmeshed Acellular Dermal Matrix in 194 Submuscular Tissue Expander-Based Breast Reconstructions: A Single-Surgeon Cohort Study.
In deep inferior epigastric perforator flap surgery, the amount of perfusion achievable in the contralateral side over a midline is unclear. Predicting contralateral perfusion preoperatively using computed tomographic angiography will allow efficient breast reconstruction with decreased complications. The authors used computed tomographic angiography to determine whether contralateral perfusion is related to blood vessel status across the midline.
Capsular contracture is a troublesome and distressing complication in mammaplasty or breast reconstruction involving a prosthesis. Previous studies have indicated that leukotriene antagonists effectively reverse capsular contracture. However, this treatment method lacks comprehensive support from evidence-based medicine and remains considerably controversial. In this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic and preventive effects of leukotriene antagonists on capsular contracture in ...
The lumbar artery perforator flap is an excellent free flap for breast reconstruction whenever the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is not an option. The main indication is a lack of abdominal bulk, often seen in young BRCA-positive women seeking prophylactic amputation and immediate reconstruction.
With advances in technology and technique, the goal of microvascular breast reconstruction has transitioned from flap success to minimizing complications and maximizing aesthetic outcome and efficiency. In an effort to evaluate efficiency, the authors implemented a rigorous process analysis in their practice to evaluate deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction.
Nipple-sparing mastectomy has been associated with superior aesthetic outcomes and oncologic safety. However, traditional contraindications, such as breast ptosis/macromastia, have excluded a large number of patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a staged approach would expand the indications for nipple-areolar complex preservation and permit greater control over nipple-areolar complex position and skin envelope following autologous reconstruction.
There is no accurate visual representation of the aging process, one that visually shows how the shape of the face changes with age in a rigorous and three-dimensional way.
Jowl fat overhang can reduce jawline definition. The most common treatment to reduce jowl fat is liposuction. ATX-101 (deoxycholic acid injection), a minimally invasive treatment approved for submental fat reduction, may also be an effective treatment for jowl fat. The current study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ATX-101 treatment for reducing jowl fat.
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive method for removal of subcutaneous fat for body contouring. Conventional cryolipolysis with topical cooling requires extracting heat from subcutaneous fat by conduction across the skin, thus limiting the amount and the location of the fat removed. The authors hypothesized that local injection of a physiological ice slurry directly into target adipose tissue would lead to more efficient and effective cryolipolysis.
Long-term aesthetic reduction of the legs in Asians is gaining increasing popularity among cosmetic patients. Current treatment options include botulinum toxin injection, radiofrequency, neurectomy, and total, subtotal, or partial muscle resection of the gastrocnemius. Partial resection using Kelly forceps was introduced in 2000. This article presents the use of a suction-assisted cartilage shaver to perform partial resection, describing the procedures and shaver modifications and evaluating its use.
Techniques for nasal tip shaping have evolved from destructive to nondestructive techniques. These techniques have proven to be effective, yet they are often applied incrementally and require repeated intraoperative evaluation and manipulation to assess their efficacy. We describe a simple, effective, and reliable five-suture technique to achieve consistent results in tip shaping based on previously described ideals for nasal tip aesthetics.
Male rhinoplasty is unique in that it requires precise preoperative planning to achieve a successful result. Better communication and clarity are paramount with male rhinoplasty patients because the patients may be less attentive. It is important for the surgeon to screen the patients for any psychosocial disorders. Through a series of cases, male rhinoplasty techniques are highlighted. Masculine features should be preserved, and the nose should not be feminized or oversculpted. Another key component in any...
Treatment of nasal deformity and obstruction requires analysis, planning, and precise execution of rhinoplasty techniques. When performed well, rhinoplasty is a powerful tool for achieving appealing nasal morphology and optimizing function. This article aims to highlight an open approach to septorhinoplasty using a number of techniques that are preferred by the senior author (D.M.S.) to successfully correct a congenital nasal deformity and deviated septum.
With a growing massive weight loss population, upper arm contouring continues to rise in popularity. Refinements in technique, such as modification of skin excision patterns and the adjunct use of liposuction, have allowed for safe and reproducible results. This article helps to understand the evolution of upper arm contouring and provides an update on the limited-incision medial brachioplasty. Details of preoperative markings and operative technique are clearly illustrated in the video included.
Nerve regeneration after an injury should occur in a timely fashion for function to be restored. Current methods cannot monitor regeneration prior to muscle reinnervation. Diffusion tensor imaging has been previously shown to provide quantitative indices after nerve recovery. The goal of this study was to validate the use of this technology following nerve injury via a series of rat sciatic nerve injury/repair studies.
Soft-tissue necrosis caused by vascular compromise is a frequent and troublesome complication of hyaluronic acid filler injection. Hyaluronidase has been proposed as a treatment for this condition. This study aimed to determine the effective dose and administration interval of hyaluronidase injection in a skin necrosis animal model.
Transplantation of vascularized composite allografts is limited mainly by the need for life-long immunosuppression. The consequent side effects and looming specter of chronic rejection portend eventual allograft loss. Development of tolerogenic protocols is thus of utmost importance to the field of vascularized composite allograft transplantation.