Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journal Database | PloS one RSS

16:11 EDT 18th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 57,000+ from PloS one

A RAD-sequencing approach to genome-wide marker discovery, genotyping, and phylogenetic inference in a diverse radiation of primates.

Until recently, most phylogenetic and population genetics studies of nonhuman primates have relied on mitochondrial DNA and/or a small number of nuclear DNA markers, which can limit our understanding of primate evolutionary and population history. Here, we describe a cost-effective reduced representation method (ddRAD-seq) for identifying and genotyping large numbers of SNP loci for taxa from across the New World monkeys, a diverse radiation of primates that shared a common ancestor ~20-26 mya. We also esti...

A novel recombinant human plasminogen activator: Efficient expression and hereditary stability in transgenic goats and in vitro thrombolytic bioactivity in the milk of transgenic goats.

Thromboses is a rapidly growing medical problem worldwide. Low-cost, high-scale production of thrombotic drugs is needed to meet the demand. The production of biomolecules in transgenic animals might help address this issue. To our knowledge, the expression of recombinant human plasminogen activator (rhPA) in goat mammary glands has never been reported before.

Association between progranulin serum levels and dietary intake.

Progranulin (PGRN) is secreted by adipose tissue and has been linked to obesity, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. There is evidence that a high fat diet increases PGRN expression in rodent adipose tissue. In humans, the relationship between diet composition and concentration of PGRN is still unknown.

Contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy among young women and men in Accra, Ghana.

The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with modern contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy among young women and men in Accra, Ghana. From September-December 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional survey with 250 women and 100 men aged 18-24. We explored determinants of modern contraceptive use among males and females and unintended pregnancy among females. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, Fisher's exact tests, and multivariable logistic regression were used. Participants ...

Nitroglycerin application and coronary arteriogenesis.

In the presence of a coronary occlusion, pre-existing small collateral vessels (arterioles) develop into much larger arteries (biological bypasses) that have the potential to allow a certain level of perfusion distal to the blockage. Termed arteriogenesis, this phenomenon proceeds via a complex combination of events, with nitric oxide (NO) playing an essential role. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of supplemental administration of NO donors, i.e., short-acting nitroglycerin (NTG) or slo...

BtsCI and BseGI display sequence preference in the nucleotides flanking the recognition sequence.

Restriction enzymes are the bread and butter of Molecular Biology. Nonetheless, how restriction enzymes recognize and cleave their target is not always clear. When developing a method for the enzymatic production of oligonucleotides, we noticed that type II endonucleases BtsCI and BseGI, which recognize the sequence GGATGNN^, perform incomplete digestions of DNA hairpins, with the top strand nick not always occurring correctly. We tested the cutting of synthetic hairpins containing all possible combinations...

A Bayesian measure of association that utilizes the underlying distributions of noise and information.

We propose a new approach, Bayesian Probability of Association (BPA) which takes into account the probability distributions of information and noise in the variables and uses Bayesian statistics to predict associations better than existing approaches. Our approach overcomes the limitations of linearity of the relationship and normality of the data, assumed by the Pearson correlation coefficient. It is different from the current measures of association because considering information separately from noise he...

Social isolation, cognitive reserve, and cognition in healthy older people.

There is evidence to suggest that social isolation is associated with poor cognitive health, although findings are contradictory. One reason for inconsistency in reported findings may be a lack of consideration of underlying mechanisms that could influence this relationship. Cognitive reserve is a theoretical concept that may account for the role of social isolation and its association with cognitive outcomes in later life. Therefore, we aimed to examine the relationship between social isolation and cogniti...

Spatiotemporal analysis of canine rabies in El Salvador: Violence and poverty as social factors of canine rabies.

The incidence of canine rabies cases in El Salvador has decreased in the last decade since the establishment of intense control programs, such as massive vaccination campaigns implemented by the Ministry of Health. Socioeconomic crises in recent years have limited the access to certain areas across the country and have impacted surveillance and prevention campaigns, which places the country at risk for a resurgence of canine rabies.We aimedto describe the spatiotemporal patterns of canine rabies and its ass...

Energy metabolism and partition of lactating Zebu and crossbred Zebu cows in different planes of nutrition.

The aim of this study was to determine the energy metabolism and partition of lactating Gyr and F1 Holstein x Gyr (F1 HxG) cows in different planes of nutrition. Six F1 HxG and six Gyr cows with 130 days in milking (DIM) fed corn silage and concentrate were evaluated. The experiment consisted of four periods with different levels of feeding: 1st ad libitum dry matter intake (DMI) and the others with 5, 10 and 20% restricted DMI, related to the first one. An apparent digestibility assay was performed before ...

Approximate sparse spectral clustering based on local information maintenance for hyperspectral image classification.

Sparse spectral clustering (SSC) has become one of the most popular clustering approaches in recent years. However, its high computational complexity prevents its application to large-scale datasets such as hyperspectral images (HSIs). In this paper, we propose two efficient approximate sparse spectral clustering methods for HSIs clustering in which clustering performance is improved by utilizing local information among the data. Firstly, we construct a smaller representative dataset on which sparse spectra...

Shaking-B misexpression increases the formation of gap junctions but not chemical synapses between auditory sensory neurons and the giant fiber of Drosophila melanogaster.

The synapse between auditory Johnston's Organ neurons (JONs) and the giant fiber (GF) of Drosophila is structurally mixed, being composed of cholinergic chemical synapses and Neurobiotin- (NB) permeable gap junctions, which consist of the innexin Shaking-B (ShakB). Previous observations showed that misexpression of one ShakB isoform, ShakB(N+16), in a subset of JONs that do not normally form gap junctions results in their de novo dye coupling to the GF. Misexpression of the transcription factor Engrailed (E...

Prevalence and correlates of hazardous alcohol consumption and binge drinking among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco.

To describe heavy alcohol use patterns and correlates in a diverse sample of MSM.

Differential changes to D1 and D2 medium spiny neurons in the 12-month-old Q175+/- mouse model of Huntington's Disease.

Huntington's Disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by deleterious expansion of CAG repeats in the Huntingtin gene and production of neurotoxic mutant Huntingtin protein (mHTT). The key pathological feature of HD is a profound degeneration of the striatum and a loss of cortical volume. The initial loss of indirect pathway (D2) medium spiny neuron (MSN) projections in early stages of HD, followed by a loss of direct pathway (D1) projections in advanced stages has...

Inducible nitric oxide synthase 2 promoter polymorphism and malaria disease severity in children in Southern Ghana.

We assessed the association of mutant allele frequencies of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2) gene at two SNPs (-954 and -1173) with malaria disease severity in children from a malaria endemic area in Southern Ghana.

Molecular subtypes of colorectal cancer in pre-clinical models show differential response to targeted therapies: Treatment implications beyond KRAS mutations.

Molecular subtypes of colorectal tumors are associated with prognosis and prediction for treatment benefit from chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the association of colorectal (CRC) molecular subtypes with response to targeted therapies in pre-clinical models and 2) to identify treatments for CRC stem-like subtype because these tumors are associated with a very poor patient prognosis. Eleven CRC cell lines were classified into molecular subtypes and tested for their respo...

Trans-chalcone increases p53 activity via DNAJB1/HSP40 induction and CRM1 inhibition.

Naturally-occurring chalcones and synthetic chalcone analogues have been demonstrated to have many biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-fungal, and anti-oxidant/anti-cancerous activities. Compared to other chalcones, trans-chalcone exhibits superior inhibitory activity in cancer cell growth as shown via in vitro assays, and exerts anti-cancerous effects via the activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Thus, characterization of the specific mechanisms, by which trans-ch...

Evolutionary dynamics of cryptocurrency transaction networks: An empirical study.

Cryptocurrency is a well-developed blockchain technology application that is currently a heated topic throughout the world. The public availability of transaction histories offers an opportunity to analyze and compare different cryptocurrencies. In this paper, we present a dynamic network analysis of three representative blockchain-based cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Namecoin. By analyzing the accumulated network growth, we find that, unlike most other networks, these cryptocurrency networks do n...

Effect of heat and pectinase maceration on phenolic compounds and physicochemical quality of Strychnos cocculoides juice.

Strychnos cocculoides fruit is an important food source for rural populations in Zimbabwe in times of scarcity. Its thick pulp tightly adheres to its seeds, causing pulp extraction constraints and waste during processing, leading to underutilisation. Therefore, pectinase maceration combined with heat treatments was studied to improve juice yield and juice quality. Metabolite profiling according to the heat map, FancyTile chromatic scale approach and phenolic compound content were used to compare the identif...

Adhesion awareness in 2016: An update of the national survey of surgeons.

Adhesions, that form in 60-80% of all abdominal operations, can cause complications such as chronic abdominal pain, small-bowel obstruction, female infertility, and the need for adhesiolysis in future surgeries. Our 2010 Adhesion Awareness survey demonstrated that despite the huge clinical impact of adhesions; adhesion-related complications were seldom mentioned in the informed consent. Six years later, a follow-up survey was conducted to assess the progress on awareness on adhesion-related complications in...

A multi-target brain-computer interface based on code modulated visual evoked potentials.

The number of selectable targets is one of the main factors that affect the performance of a brain-computer interface (BCI). Most existing code modulated visual evoked potential (c-VEP) based BCIs use a single pseudorandom binary sequence and its circularly shifting sequences to modulate different stimulus targets, making the number of selectable targets limited by the length of modulation codes. This paper proposes a novel paradigm for c-VEP BCIs, which divides the stimulus targets into four target groups ...

Predicting acute renal failure in Bothrops snakebite patients in a tertiary reference center, Western Brazilian Amazon.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the main systemic complication and cause of death in viperid envenomation. Although there are hypotheses for the development of AKI, the mechanisms involved are still not established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical-laboratorial-epidemiological factors associated with AKI in victims of Bothrops sp envenomation. This is an observational study carried out at the Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. AKI was defined according to the guideline...

Utility of including BRAF mutation analysis with ultrasonographic and cytological diagnoses in ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules.

This study investigated the role of BRAF mutation analysis in thyroid fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples compared to ultrasonographic and cytological diagnoses. A total 316 patients underwent ultrasonography (US)-guided FNA with BRAFV600E mutation analysis to diagnose thyroid nodules. One hundred sixteen patients with insufficient US images (n = 6), follow-up loss (n = 43), or unknown final diagnosis (n = 67) were excluded from the study. Comparisons between US diagnoses, cytological diagnoses, and BRAF m...

The design and analysis of a new slipper-type hydraulic support.

To improve the safety and the stability of the support under mines and reduce the cost, we design a new slipper-type hydraulic support with energy-efficiency and high reliability. To study its dynamics, we build a reverse kinematics model. We analyze the motion and the force for each component of the new support with a simulation in Matlab/Simulink. The results show that it has appropriate structures with the required four-bar linkages. To compare the performance between the new slipper-type support and the...

Trends in cigarette demand and supply in Africa.

Since the tobacco epidemic is moving from developed to developing countries, it is important to understand trends in cigarette demand and supply. We focus on the African market since it offers the tobacco industry one of the best expansion potentials.


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement