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PubMed Journal Database | Poultry science RSS

09:14 EDT 27th May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 928 from Poultry science

Sulfate and hydroxychloride trace minerals in poultry diets - comparative effects on egg production and quality in laying hens, and growth performance and oxidative stress response in broilers.

Two experiments investigated the effect of sulfate and hydroxychloride trace minerals (TM), Zn, Cu, and Mn, in laying hens and broiler chickens. In Expt. 1, Lohmann Brown pullets (total of 1,344) at 21 wk of age were used for a 24-wk experiment. Each of the two treatments had 32 replicates with 21 hens per replicate. At 45 wk of age, three eggs per cage were randomly selected and used for internal quality assessment. In Expt. 2, Ross 308 broilers (total of 1,080) were allocated to two treatments. Each treat...

Exploration of the temporal-spatial expression pattern and DNA methylation-related regulation of the duck telomerase reverse transcriptase gene.

Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is a catalytic subunit of telomerase that adds TTAGGG repeats to the 3'-overhang of telomeres. In the present study, we detected that the duck TERT (dTERT) gene was highly expressed in small intestine and kidney, followed by heart, leg muscle, spleen, pancreas, gonad, and liver at neonatal stage. From embryonic to neonatal stage, the highest dTERT mRNA in liver appeared at stage E19 (19 days at embryonic stage), while for the leg muscle the maximum expression occurred...

Formation mechanism of low-density lipoprotein gel induced by NaCl.

Salted eggs, which are a traditional Chinese egg product, are favored by Chinese consumers and have become very popular in other Asian countries due to their unique features such as "fresh, fine, tender, loose, gritty and oily texture." In order to illuminate the forming process of salted egg, the gelation behavior and mechanism of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) induced by NaCl were investigated using marinated model outside the eggshell. Results showed that as the salting proceeded, the moisture content exh...

A blend of fatty acids, organic acids, and phytochemicals induced changes in intestinal morphology and inflammatory gene expression in coccidiosis-vaccinated broiler chickens.

Feed additives that promote gastrointestinal health may complement coccidiosis vaccination programs in antibiotic-free broiler production systems. This study examined the effects of a commercial feed additive blend (FA) on intestinal histomorphology and inflammatory biomarkers in vaccinated Ross 708 cockerels (N = 2,160). The study was a randomized complete block design (12 blocks) with 3 dietary treatments: CON (negative control), AGP (positive control: 55 ppm of bacitracin methylene disalicylate), and FA...

Effects of pre-starter and starter diets varying in amino acid density given to broiler chickens that received coccidiosis vaccination at hatch1.

An experiment was conducted to evaluate broilers vaccinated against coccidiosis fed combinations of pre-starter and starter diets varying in digestible amino acid (dAA) density from 1 to 19 d of age on subsequent growth performance and meat yield. A total of 1,800 Yield Plus Ross × Ross 708 male broilers were allocated to 60 floor pens and assigned to 1 of the 6 treatments. Four pre-starter diets varying in dAA density [1.15% dLys, 1.25% dLys, 1.35% dLys, and Positive Control (1.15% dLys + Diclazuril)] wer...

Identifying welfare issues in turkey hen and tom flocks applying the transect walk method.

In commercial conditions turkey tom and hen flocks are reared under similar housing and management conditions. However, the 2 sexes differ with regard to behavioral and physiological characteristics, and are slaughtered at different ages, resulting in different growth patterns. The rearing environment and management likely have similar effects on the welfare of both sexes reared in 1 barn, as usual in commercial flocks, but this has not previously been studied. The main aim of current study was to identify ...

Letter to the Editor: Commentary: Comparative efficacy of commercial inactivated Newcastle disease virus vaccines against Newcastle disease virus genotype VII in broiler chickens.

Effect of anti-fibroblast growth factor 23 antibody on phosphate and calcium metabolism in adenine gavaged laying hens.

Dietary factors such as adenine have been linked to phosphate-calcium metabolism disturbance and adverse productive outcomes. Anti-fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) antibody has been proposed to ameliorate adenine-induced abnormal FGF23/phosphate metabolism. This experiment was conducted to investigate the application of anti-FGF-23 antibody in adenine-gavaged laying hens. Single Comb White Leghorn laying hens with (n = 10) or without (control group, n = 10) systemic anti-FGF-23 antibody were orally gava...

Comparison between class I NDV and class II NDV in aerosol transmission under experimental condition.

Recent epidemiological surveys have shown that class I Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is widely distributed in China. However, little is currently known about its transmission. Therefore, in this study, we compared the transmission of class I and class II NDV. Specific-pathogen-free chickens were divided into a class I NDV inoculation group and an aerosol-exposed infection group and kept in 2 separate isolators (A and B, respectively) that were connected with an airtight plastic pipe. After inoculation, air ...

Effects of probiotics Lactobacillus plantarum 16 and Paenibacillus polymyxa 10 on intestinal barrier function, antioxidative capacity, apoptosis, immune response, and biochemical parameters in broilers.

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum 16 (Lac16) and Paenibacillus polymyxa 10 (BSC10) on intestinal barrier function, antioxidative capacity, apoptosis, immune response, and biochemical parameters in broilers. A total of 540 one-day-old broiler chicks (Cobb500) were randomly allocated to three groups of 180 birds, and fed either a basal diet or a basal diet supplemented with 108 colony-forming units Lac16 or BSC10 per kilogram feed for 21 D. The results revealed that both L...

Effects of multi-enzyme on production performance, egg quality, nutrient digestibility, and excreta noxious gas emission of early phase Hy-line brown hens.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of non-starch polysaccharide multi-enzyme (NME) in early laying phase of hens on production performance, egg quality, nutrient digestibility, and excreta noxious gas emission. In total, 432 Hy-line brown laying hens at 18 wk of age were used in a 10-wk feeding trail. Hens were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments with 24 replication and 6 hens per replication (1 hen per cage). Dietary treatments were corn-soybean meal-DDGS...

Anti-inflammatory effect of preserved egg with simulated gastrointestinal digestion on lps-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.

Preserved egg, a traditional Chinese egg product, is regarded as an anti-inflammatory food in traditional Chinese medicine. This study was aimed to examine anti-inflammatory effect of the simulated gastrointestinal digestive products of whole preserved egg (DWPE), preserved egg white (DPEW), and preserved egg yolk (DPEY) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The results demonstrated that DWPE, DPEW, or DPEY inhibited the LPS-induced secretion of Nitric oxide (NO), without marked cytotoxicit...

Salmonella recovery from chicken bone marrow and cecal counts differ by pathogen challenge method.

Mechanically separated chicken (MSC) may be incorporated into other further processed foods, and has been identified as a transmission vehicle in human foodborne disease outbreaks involving the pathogen Salmonella enterica. Chickens possess pneumatic bones producing marrow, which may become infected with Salmonella and present a mechanism for Salmonella contamination of MSC. The primary objective of the current study was to ascertain whether chicken bone marrow was susceptible to Salmonella infection as a f...

Improvac induces immunocastration by affecting testosterone levels and disrupting spermatogenesis in male broiler chickens.

Immunocastration (vaccination against Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)) has been regarded as a friendly substitution to physical castration in animals. To date, a few studies have reported the use of Improvac for immunocastration in boar and one study in broiler chickens; however, there is an apparent dearth of scientific evidence regarding the application of Improvac for immunocastration in birds. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of Improvac-based immunocastration on testosterone levels ...

Effect of cassava foliage on the performance, carcass characteristics and gastrointestinal tract development of geese.

Feasibility of artificial light regimes to increase the vitamin D content in indoor-laid eggs.

Vitamin D insufficiency is prevalent worldwide. Recently, we showed that exposure of laying hens to sunlight or artificial ultraviolet B (UVB) light is an efficient strategy to increase the vitamin D content in eggs. In the current study, using 2 different chicken genotypes and stocking densities, we addressed the question of whether different UVB-emitting regimes work under real indoor housing conditions in a floor system or in furnished cages. Here, we found a 3.7-fold increase in the egg vitamin D conten...

Effects of rice protein coatings combined or not with propolis on shelf life of eggs.

Although eggs are an excellent protein source, they are a perishable product. Many methods exist to extend shelf life of food and one of them is the use of protein coatings that may be combined with antimicrobial substances, as propolis. The effectiveness of rice protein coatings plus propolis on maintaining interior quality and eggshell breaking strength of fresh eggs was evaluated during storage at 20°C for 6 wk. Egg quality was assessed by weight loss, Haugh unit (HU), albumen pH, yolk index (YI), shell...

Early posthatch thermal stress causes long-term adverse effects on pectoralis muscle development in broilers.

Broiler chicks in the immediate posthatch handling period are exposed to thermal stress, with potentially harmful consequences for muscle growth and structure (e.g., less protein and more fat deposition). We addressed the effects of broiler chicks' exposure to various ambient temperatures during the first 13 D posthatch on their performance, as well as on muscle development and structure, up to day 35. Body weight and pectoralis muscle growth were lower throughout the entire period in the high-heat-exposed ...

Contamination of eggs by Salmonella Enteritidis in experimentally infected laying hens of four commercial genetic lines in conventional cages and enriched colony housing.

Human illness caused by the consumption of eggs contaminated with Salmonella Enteritidis is a continuing international public health concern. This pathogen is deposited inside the edible contents of eggs as a consequence of its ability to colonize reproductive tissues in infected hens. Conditions in the housing environment can influence the persistence and transmission of avian Salmonella infections, but the food safety ramifications of different poultry management systems are not entirely clear. The presen...

Dietary mannan oligosaccharide ameliorates cyclic heat stress-induced damages on intestinal oxidative status and barrier integrity of broilers.

This study investigated protective effects of mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) inclusion on growth performance, intestinal oxidative status, and barrier integrity of cyclic heat-stressed broilers. A total of 240 one-day-old chicks were allocated into 3 treatments of 10 replicates each. Control broilers reared at a thermoneutral temperature were fed a basal diet, whereas broilers in heat stress and MOS groups raised at a cyclic high temperature (32 to 33°C for 8 h/d) were given the basal diet supplemented with ...

Effects of dietary energy and protein content and lipid source on growth performance and carcass traits in Pekin ducks.

The present study was conducted to determine the impact of dietary energy and protein concentrations and lipid sources on growth performance and carcass traits of Pekin ducks. In Exp. 1, 15-day-old ducks (6 replicate pens, 60 ducks/pen) were randomly assigned to 4 dietary treatments with different metabolizable energy (ME) and crude protein (CP) concentrations (2,850 kcal/kg and 16%, 2,950 kcal/kg and 16.5%, 3,050 kcal/kg and 17.0%, and 3,150 kcal/kg and 17.5%) based on body weight (BW). In Exp. 2, 20-d...

Effects of water supplementation of an organic acid-trace mineral complex on production and slaughter parameters, intestinal histomorphology, and macronutrient digestibility in growing ostriches.

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of water supplementation of organic acid-chelated trace minerals (OTM) on production traits, carcass characteristics, intestinal histomorphology, and nutrient digestibility in African ostrich chicks from 8 to 12 mo of age. A total of 20 growing ostriches, with almost similar body weight (73.4 to 75.8 kg), were individually distributed in outdoor paddocks of ≈ 24 m2 and were randomly allocated into 1 of the following 4 treatments: (1) control/basal diet, (2)...

Effect of low protein diets supplemented with free amino acids on growth performance, slaughter yield, litter quality, and footpad lesions of male broilers.

A study with 884 Ross 308 male broilers, housed in 68 floor pens (0.75 m2) from 0 to 35 days of age was conducted to evaluate the effects of low crude protein (CP) diets, with partial replacement of soybean meal by free amino acids (AA), on performance, slaughter yields, litter quality and footpad lesions. During the first 11 d, all broilers received the same control starter diet (216 g/kg CP, 11.5 g/kg apparent fecal digestible (AFD) lysine, and 2900 kcal/kg AMEn). Thereafter, four experimental feeding ...

The metabolic characteristics of susceptibility to wooden breast disease in chickens with high feed efficiency.

This study was conducted to characterize metabolic differences between high feed efficiency (HFE) and low feed efficiency (LFE) chickens to investigate why feed efficient chickens are more susceptible to muscle abnormalities such as wooden breast disease. Gene expression profiles were generated by RNA sequencing of pectoralis major muscle samples from 10 HFE and 13 LFE broiler chickens selected from a modern broiler population. Metabolism-associated differentially expressed genes were identified and interpr...

Saikosaponin A protects chickens against pullorum disease via modulation of cholesterol.

The worsening problem of antibiotic resistance prompts the need for alternative strategies that do not directly target bacteria. Virulent Salmonella pullorum strains can invade macrophages and lead to a systemic infection. Saikosaponin A (SSa), a bioactive saponin isolated from Radix bupleuri, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and cholesterol regulatory activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SSa on Salmonella-induced pullorum disease in chickens...


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