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Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2017 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and ap...
The role and place of health care facilities of the highly specialized (tertiary) level in radiation emergencies in the conditions of martial law are considered taking into account the experience of overcoming of the Chornobyl catas-trophe consequences. The classification of emergencies and the main scenarios of radiation emergencies (nuclear terrorism, radiation accidents and incidents, the use of nuclear weapons) are presented. The principles of medical preparedness and providing the highly specialized me...
Nuclear installations may contain a large inventory of radioactive material and an emergency caused by an accident, natural disaster, or malevolent act may cause uncontrolled releases of radionuclides to the environment. The paper presents a brief overview of individual radiological monitoring in case of major releases of radionuclides to the environment and introduces the new Report 92 of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) on Radiation Monitoring for Protection of the P...
The article focuses on a scientific literature review connected with data summarizing of long-term studies of pop-ulation exposure to natural ionizing radiation sources. In order to assess the current state of the problem ofensuring radiation protection of the population of Ukraine from natural sources of radiation, the author analyzesthe scientific approaches and principles of the theory of anti-radiation protection by examining the recommen-dations of leading international organizations and the domestic s...
The article includes analysis and generalizations about international and national experience as well as regulatory requirements for the organization and performance of occupational monitoring for radiation exposure (category A personnel), filling of the national dose registries. It is shown that for practical reasons it is justifiable to provide universal individual monitoring of category A personnel, regardless of the expected dose of radiation. The establish ment and functioning the national dose registr...
To develop an methodology for integral estimation of natural and potable water and to conduct relevant estimation of the Dnipro River water including radiation indexes at locations of potable water intake and potable water supply stations.
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE OF THE POPULATION EVACUATED FROM THE 306KM ZONE OF THE ChNPP AT THE AGE OF 18-60 YEARS. ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF INTERNAL IONIZING RADIATION ON THE THYROID GLAND 131I.
Cohort epidemiological study of cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) was conducted in population evacuated from the30-km zone of the ChNPP been adult at the time of the accident (age 18-60). Study period was 1988-2016. Reviewof the specific CVD link with internal thyroid radiation dose from 131I has been made.
to study post-accident levels of illnesses system diseases of residents from radioactively contaminatedareas aged 0-60 years on the date of the Chornobyl accident, and to analyze the effect of chronic low-dose ionizingradiation.
revision, analysis, and significant improvement of quality of the database of WBC measurements made in1986-2014 at radioactively contaminated territories of Ukraine by the use of renewal of informational gaps andimprovement of the model for assessment of internal exposure doses.
Identification of the main factors of radiation exposure formation in the residents of surveyed settle-ments of radiologically contaminated territories in Rivne region and estimation of radiation doses in population ata current stage of the accident.
Assay of contemporary structure and age composition of population in the areas of the country desig-nated as ones of the most intensive radiological contamination after the Chornobyl NPP accident.Study object. Population of the most intensively contaminated areas of Ukraine, i.e. Korosten, Narodychi, Ovruchand Olevsk regions of Zhytomyr oblast, Ivankiv and Poliske regions of Kyiv oblast, Rokytne and Sarny regions of Rivneoblast, Kozelets and Ripky regions of Chernihiv oblast. Entire population of Ukraine wa...
Development of methodology for reconstruction of individualized exposure doses for persons residing atradioactively contaminated after Chornobyl accident territories.Materials and methods of research. The methodology is based on the data of radio-ecological (ground, meal) anddosimetric (WBC measurements) monitoring held in Ukraine in 1986-2013, the results of which are saved in databases of Central Ecological and Dosimetric Register of Radiation Protection Laboratory of NRCRM. It is presentedfour levels of ...
Comparative review of integral variables of mortality rates in children aged 0-17 years and adult popu-lation of the surveillance zone (SZ) of the Rivne NPP (RNPP) with the morbidity level in respective populationgroups of the radiologically contaminated areas (RCA).
The objective of this study was to estimate the thyroid cancer radiation risks - excess absolute risk(EAR), excess relative risk (ERR) and attributable fraction of risk (AR) in the cohort of 150,813 Ukrainian male clean-up workers during the 1986-2012 period (more than 25 years after the Chornobyl accident).
CHARACTERISTICS AND PROGNOSIS OF THE INTERNAL EXPOSURE DOSES OF THE UKRAINIAN POLISSYA RURAL POPULATION IN THE REMOTE PERIOD AFTER THE ACCIDENT AT THE CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT (MONITORING STUDY).
Estimation of the forest ecosystem influence on the formation of annual effective internal exposuredoses (137Cs) of the Ukrainian Polissya population in the remote period after the Chernobyl accident and predictivemodeling of the internal exposure doses of the region residents.
to determine the quantitative characteristics of population functioning of mice bone marrow colony-forming units during seven days of acute fractionated irradiation.
To investigate an effect of astaxanthin on global DNA methylation in human peripheral blood lympho-cytes exposed to γ-radiation in vitro.
The study was focused on evaluation of peculiarities of the clinical manifestations of type II diabetesmellitus (TIIDM) in the Chornobyl nuclear power plant (ChNPP) accident clean-up workers (ACUW).
Determine of the influence of adverse environmental factors, including irradiation, on the survival ofchildren with acute leukemia in the long-term period after the Chornobyl accident (2008-2017).
Evaluation of the hypertensive disease (HD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) progress in the ChornobylNPP (ChNPP) accident clean-up workers (ACUW) and persons not exposed to ionizing radiation depending on gen-der and genotype of the phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) gene rs966221 polymorphism.
to analyze TP53, NOTCH1 and SF3B1 mutations in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients, sufferersof Chornobyl NPP accident to clarify the possible relationship between ionizing radiation (IR) and CLL.
Evaluation of morphological and functional myocardial abnormalities in the Chornobyl NPP (ChNPP)accident clean-up workers (ACUW) of the «iodine» period exposed to ionizing radiation at a young age and havinggot the type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
To study radiation induced biological markers of the late period after exposure.
Since the introduction of radionuclide research methods into clinical practice, they occupy an importantplace in the diagnosis of hydronephrosis and, at the same time, sufficiently objective, sensitive and atraumaticmethods of investigation.
Objective was to determine the content of sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), and magnesium (Mg2+) elec-trolytes in non-stimulated mixed saliva of children, with disorders of autonomous nervous system (ANS), who wereborn and are permanently residing at radioactive contaminated territories after application of intermittent normo-baric hypoxia (INH) of sanogenic level.Patientes and methods. The children (41 boys and 62 girls) aged 6-17 years were examined. All they were dividedinto three groups: the...