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The objective of this study was to assess whether an elderly patient's frailty was associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and to examine whether severe frailty group had an increased risk of AKI than mild-moderate group. We searched The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE for relevant studies without language limitations before 1 March 2019 with a priori defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Five population-based cohort studies were included for systematic review and meta-analysis. Compared with the...
A 43-year-old Chinese man with a silicosis history was admitted to our hospital due to bilateral lower extremity edema for 1 year, exacerbating with hematuria for 2 months. He started working as a coal miner 30 years ago, and was diagnosed as silicosis 3 months ago. Lab tests revealed hematuria 3+, proteinuria 3+, and a serum creatinine value 2.47 mg/dl on routine check. He was diagnosed with focal proliferative IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis by renal biopsy. He was...
Two types of global glomerulosclerosis, glomerular obsolescence and solidification, have been identified. A clinicopathological correlation between these glomerular changes and hypertensive nephrosclerosis has been reported; however, clinicopathological correlations with other kidney diseases are unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the two glomerulosclerosis types and the clinical IgA nephropathy presentation. A single center, cross-sectional study of patients with IgA ne...
Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD) is a rare genetic cause of renal impairment resulting from mutations in the , and genes. Neither the national or global prevalence of these diseases has been determined. We aimed to establish a database of patients with ADTKD in Ireland and report the clinical and genetic characteristics of these families. We identified patients via the Irish Kidney Gene Project and referral to the national renal genetics clinic in Beaumont Hospital who met the ...
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We aimed to explore clinical and biochemical factors, including the achievement of American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommended targets associated with DKD in people living with T1D for ≥50 years. This was a post hoc analysis of a cross-sectional study of 75 participants enrolled in the Canadian Study of Longevity in T1D. We explored diabetes-related complications, including n...
Diffuse enlargements of arteriovenous dialysis fistulas customarily attributed to either excessive arterial inflow or central outflow stenosis. The relationship between volume status and clinically enlarged (arteriovenous) fistula (CEF) formation in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is not well understood. We assessed the pre-dialysis bioimpedance spectroscopy-measured percentage of overhydration (OH%) in 13 prevalent dialysis patients with CEF development and negative angiography and compared the re...
The successful implantation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters is a critical skill procedure with the potential to impact both the short- and long-term success of renal replacement therapy and the patients' survival. We retrospectively reviewed our single-center experience with nephrologist-placed minimally invasive, double-cuffed PD catheters (PDCs). The recruitment period was March 2014 through December 2015. The follow-up period lasted until 2016. The mean age of the subjects was 60 ± 18 years...
To investigate the validity of the full age spectrum (FAS) equation in determining the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in Chinese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to compare the performance of FAS equation and the technetium-99m-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Tc-99m-DTPA) renal dynamic imaging method. The GFR was determined by three methods in the same day: (a) Tc-99m-DTPA dual plasma sample clearance method (mGFR); (b) FAS equation (eGFR1); (c) Tc-99m-DTPA renal dynamic imaging metho...
Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was found to increase in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the clinical value of urine NGAL as diagnostic indicators in DKD remains to be clarified. Relevant studies were systematically retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Stratified analyses and regression analyses were performed. Fourteen studies with 1561 individuals were included in our analysis, including 1204 cross-sectional participants and 357 cohort ...
To investigate whether Niban protein plays a role in renal interstitial fibrosis by regulating renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis and explore the underlying mechanism. Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model was performed in C57B/6J mice, and divided into sham operation group and groups of days 3, days 7, and days 14. Niban expression was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. TUNEL assays were used to detected apoptosis. Niban siRNA and overexpression Niban plasmid were transfected in...
Renal fibrosis is a common pathological feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). With the increasing incidence of CKD, it is of importance to develop effective therapies that blunt development of renal fibrosis. FFNT25 is a newly developed molecular compound that could be used to prevent fibrosis. In this study, we administered FFNT25 to rats following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) to investigate its anti-fibrosis mechanism. Thirty-two Sprague-...
Few centers in Brazil perform parathyroidectomy (PTX) for recalcitrant secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) generating a long queue. There is little data regarding prioritize criteria besides chronological order and survival.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health concern, but the current treatments only slow down the progression. Thus an improved understanding of the pathogenesis and novel treatments of CKD are needed. The nephrotoxic nephritis (NTN) model has the potential to study the pathogenesis of CKD as it resembles human CKD. The classical treatments with angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) or the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE I) have shown a clinical effect in CKD.
Primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is a rare genetic disease characterized by distal tubular dysfunction leading to metabolic acidosis and alkaline urine. Growth retardation is a major concern in these children. The disease is caused by defects in at least three genes (SLC4A1, ATP6V0A4, and ATP6V1B1) involved in urinary distal acidification. Several series of dRTA patients from different ethnic backgrounds have been genetically studied, but genetic studies regarding Chinese population is rare. Our...
As glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases, serum phosphate level increases. Previous reports indicated that serum phosphate level was associated with mortality in patients on dialysis. However, few reports have examined the association using dialysis initiation as the baseline period.
This study investigated the antioxidant effects of whortleberry against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
We present our experience of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the treatment of renal stones in patients with solitary kidneys and evaluate the safety and efficacy of this treatment modality.
Fibrinolysis is one of the methods extending the use of vascular access in patients with tunneled venous catheters thrombosis. The aim of this study was to assess one-year maintenance of tunneled catheters patency after first effective thrombolysis with urokinase and identify its predictors.
The existing therapies of IgA nephropathy are unsatisfying. Acteoside, the main component of Rehmannia glutinosa with anti-inflammatory and anti-immune effects, can improve urinary protein excretion and immune disorder. Th22 cell is involved in IgA nephropathy progression. This study was determined to explore the effect of acteoside on mesangial injury underlying Th22 cell disorder in IgA nephropathy. Serum Th22 cells and urine total protein of patients with IgA nephropathy were measured before and after si...
N-terminal-pro-B-type-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) was a predictive marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related death in chronic dialysis patients. NT-proBNP was also correlated with markers of inflammation, malnutrition and protein-energy wasting. We hypothesized whether NT-proBNP was also associated with non-CVD death in chronic dialysis patients. A prospective observational study for incidence of death in chronic dialysis patients was conducted. Prevalent chronic dialysis patients (n = 1310) we...
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a disorder that is frequently observed in people with chronic kidney disease who undergo hemodialysis (HD). In the context of evidence-based medicine, we aimed to investigate the effect of low-dose tadalafil on sexual function in patients undergoing HD.
Several registries and centers have reported the results of renal biopsies from different parts of the world. As there are few data regarding the epidemiology of glomerulonephritis (GN) in South Korea, we conducted this study on renal biopsy findings during the last 20 years from a single center.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficiency and safety of tacrolimus (TAC) monotherapy in the treatment of nephrotic idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) compared with the protocol of cyclophosphamide (CTX) combined with corticosteroids.