PubMed Journal Database | Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases RSS

12:10 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 345 from Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases

Safety and Dose Study of Targeted Lung Denervation in Moderate/Severe COPD Patients.

Targeted lung denervation (TLD) is a novel bronchoscopic treatment for the disruption of parasympathetic innervation of the lungs.

A Calibration Technique for the Estimation of Lung Volumes in Nonintubated Subjects by Electrical Impedance Tomography.

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a bedside monitoring technique of the respiratory system that measures impedance changes within the thorax. The close correlation between variations in impedance (ΔZ) and lung volumes (Vt) is known. Unless Vt is measured by an external reference (e.g., spirometry), its absolute value (in milliliters) cannot be determined; however, measurement of Vt would be useful in nonintubated subjects.

Lobar Quantification by Ventilation/Perfusion SPECT/CT in Patients with Severe Emphysema Undergoing Lung Volume Reduction with Endobronchial Valves.

Endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) therapy using one-way valves is used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema. A successful treatment results in atelectasis of the treated pulmonary lobe with subsequent reduction of ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q).

Development of and Gathering Validity Evidence for a Theoretical Test in Thoracic Ultrasound.

Thoracic ultrasound (TUS) has a high diagnostic accuracy for many common pulmonary diseases, but theoretic knowledge in sonographic physics, thoracic anatomy and physiology, and sonopathologic patterns is required to develop competence.

Malignant Pleural Effusion at Presentation in Patients with Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is commonly seen in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. However, the prevalence of MPE at presentation in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is not reported and the clinical impact of MPE at presentation on patients with SCLC remains largely unknown.

Transbronchial Biopsy Using an Ultrathin Bronchoscope Guided by Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Nodules.

Transbronchial biopsy is a safe diagnostic approach for patients with peripheral pulmonary lesions; however, the diagnostic yield is low.

Successful Lung Volume Reduction Surgery after Endobronchial Coils Treatment in a Severe Emphysematous Patient.

Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) in emphysema has demonstrated improvement in both overall survival and clinical/functional outcomes. Endobronchial coil treatment (ECT) has also demonstrated improvement in pulmonary function, exercise performance, and quality of life, although predictive factors of responders remain to be determined. We describe the first successful LVRS in an emphysematous patient who displayed no benefit, either clinically or functionally, from a previous ECT. LVRS was performed in th...

Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction with Endobronchial Zephyr Valves for Severe Emphysema: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Endoscopic lung volume reduction using Zephyr® valves has been recently adopted as a treatment option for patients with severe emphysema without collateral ventilation (CV).

Indwelling Pleural Catheters for Malignant Pleural Effusions: Is the LunGO System the Poor Man's Indwelling Pleural Catheter?

Inhaled Treatments and the Future of Respiratory Diseases: Holding Our Breath.

A Retrospective Study on Efficacy and Safety of Rivaroxaban and Dalteparin for Long-Term Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients with Lung Cancer.

Standard therapy for cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) is low-molecular-weight heparin. The use of direct oral anticoagulants for cancer-associated VTE has increased; however, their efficacy and safety in lung cancer patients remain unclear.

ARDS after Cardiac Surgery: Is It a Problem, a Problem of Definition, or Both?

Analysis of the Clinical Features of Tracheobronchial Fungal Infections with Tumor-Like Lesions.

Tracheobronchial fungal infections (TBFI) cause life-threatening complications in immunocompromised hosts but are rarely reported. Misdiagnosis and delayed antifungal treatment are associated with the high mortality rate of patients with TBFI.

Role of Quantitative Computed Tomographic Scan Analysis in Lung Volume Reduction for Emphysema.

Recent advances in bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) offer new therapeutic alternatives for patients with emphysema and hyperinflation. Endobronchial valves and coils are 2 potential BLVR techniques which have been shown to improve pulmonary function and the quality of life in patients with emphysema. Current patient selection for LVR procedures relies on 3 main inclusion criteria: low attenuation area (in %), also known as emphysema score, heterogeneity score, and fissure integrity score. Volumetr...

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Pleural Cryobiopsy versus Flexible Forceps Biopsy in Subjects with Undiagnosed Exudative Pleural Effusions Undergoing Semirigid Thoracoscopy: A Crossover Randomized Trial (COFFEE Trial).

There is no randomized study comparing pleural cryobiopsy (CB) and flexible forceps biopsy (FFB) in subjects undergoing medical thoracoscopy for the diagnosis of pleural effusions.

Assessing Inspiratory Muscle Strength for Early Detection of Respiratory Failure in Motor Neuron Disease: Should We Use MIP, SNIP, or Both?

Motor neuron disease (MND) invariably impacts on inspiratory muscle strength leading to respiratory failure. Regular assessment of sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) and/or maximal mouth inspiratory pressure (MIP) contributes to early detection of a requirement for ventilatory support.

The Low-Cost, Long-Term Indwelling Pleural Catheter (LunGO): An Inexpensive and Effective Alternative for the Management of Dyspnea Associated with Malignant Pleural Effusions.

A malignant pleural effusion (MPE) in patients with cancer is evidence of the underlying disease progression, resulting in many symptoms, and may lead to hospitalization. The treatment options include talc pleurodesis (TP) or the implantation of an indwelling pleural catheter. The costs of the latter approach are often seen to be inhibitive for the Brazilian and other emerging markets' public health system.

Delays in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis in Low-Incidence Countries: A Systematic Review.

Early detection and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is essential to achieve the goals appointed in the WHO End TB Strategy. Tuberculous lymphadenitis (TBLA) is the most common manifestation of extrapulmonary TB, but the diagnosis can be challenging in low-incidence countries due to sparse and inconsistent clinical features, resulting in delay. We aimed to summarize and discuss the current literature on patient delay, health care delay, and total delay (i.e., time to first health care contact, diagnosis, and ...

The Impact of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure upon Pleural Fluid Pressures during Thoracentesis.

Excessive drop of pleural pressure (Ppl) during therapeutic thoracentesis may be related to adverse events and/or to repeated procedures due to incomplete drainage.

A Trained Pulmonologist Can Reliably Assess Endosonography-Derived Lymph Node Samples during Rapid On-Site Evaluation.

The widespread use of rapid on-site evaluation is hampered by constraints related to time and resources, inadequate reimbursement, and evidence from randomized trials that show a lack of increase in diagnostic yield and specimen adequacy associated with its usage.

Interventional Bronchoscopy for the Treatment of Malignant Central Airway Stenosis: An Expert Recommendation for China.

Malignant central airway stenosis refers to airway stenosis caused by primary or metastatic malignant tumors which may lead to different levels of dyspnea or asphyxia in patients. With the rapid development of interventional pulmonology, therapeutic bronchoscopy has become one of the main methods for the diagnosis and treatment of malignant central airway stenosis. However, the level of diagnosis and treatment of respiratory intervention techniques in China is uneven at present, the treatment methods are no...

A 2-Year Observational Study in Patients Suffering from Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and Treated with Pirfenidone: A French Ancillary Study of PASSPORT.

The European observational, prospective PASSPORT study evaluated the long-term safety of pirfenidone under real-world conditions in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), over up to 2 years following its initiation.

Safety and Efficacy of Early and Long-Term Use of Pirfenidone in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

A New-Designed Lung-Bending Device for Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction of Severe Emphysema: A Feasibility Study in Pigs.

Bronchoscopic therapies are less invasive alternatives of surgical lung volume reduction for severe emphysema. Bending of lung tissue by implanting metallic coils into bronchi is one of the procedures. A new-designed device with a similar rationale, Reverser, has been developed with some improvements.

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