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The use of online teaching methodology for basic life support (BLS) courses is progressively increasing. The objective of this study was to verify whether the blended-learning methodology (virtual course with a short face-to-face complement) was more efficient than a course that followed the classical or face-to-face methodology in our university.
To evaluate the frequency of neurologically-intact survival (SURV) following pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (POHCA) when comparing traditional early evacuation strategies to those emphasizing resuscitation efforts being performed on-scene.
Hemodynamic-guided cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HGCPR) achieves better outcomes than standard resuscitation. Currently, HGCPR requires an invasive procedure, infeasible during resuscitation. Non-invasive measures of blood flow could provide useful hemodynamic guidance to rescuers.
Early initiation of hypothermia is recommended in the setting of cardiac arrest. Current hypothermia methods are invasive and expensive and not applicable in ambulatory settings. We investigated the evaporative cooling effect of high flow transnasal dry air on core esophageal temperature in human volunteers.
To describe the prevalence, baseline characteristics and factors associated with survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with initial non-shockable rhythm sub-grouped into pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and asystole as presenting rhythm.
Opioid overdose mortality has increased in North America; however, recent regional trends in the proportion of treated overdose-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OD-OHCA) compared to out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of presumed cardiac etiology (C-OHCA) are largely unknown. Our aim is to assess trends in the prevalence and outcomes of OD-OHCA compared to C-OHCA in Arizona.
An integrated program of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation and uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death in refractory cardiac arrest.
To assess the feasibility of an integrated program of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death (uDCDD) in refractory cardiac arrest (rCA).
Identifying reversible causes of cardiac arrest is challenging. The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism is often missed. Pulmonary embolism increases alveolar dead space resulting in low end-tidal CO (EtCO) relative to arterial CO (PaCO) tension. Thus, a low EtCO/PaCO ratio during resuscitation may be a sign of pulmonary embolism.
Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is frequently attributed to coronary artery disease, thus guidelines recommend coronary angiography (CAG) for survivors of OHCA. However, the real-world application of these guidelines is unknown, and we sought to evaluate CAG practices in the contemporary OHCA population.
In emergency ambulance calls for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) plays a crucial role in patient survival. We examined whether the language used by dispatchers to initiate CPR had an impact on callers' agreement to perform CPR.
Common blood tests can help identify patients at risk of death, unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) admission, or rapid response team (RRT) call. We aimed to test whether early ICU-team review triggered by such laboratory tests (lab alert) is feasible, safe, and can alter physiological variables, clinical management, and clinical outcomes.
The effect of different target temperatures in targeted temperature management on neurologically favorable outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide multicenter observational study in Japan (the JAAM-OHCA registry).
It has been insufficiently investigated whether neurological function after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) would differ by 1 °C change in ordered target temperature of 33-36 °C among patients undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM) in the real-world setting.
Patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have a poor prognosis but survival among subgroups differs greatly. Previous studies have shown conflicting results on whether patient comorbidity affects outcome. The aim of this national study was to investigate the effect of comorbidity on outcome after OHCA in Sweden.
Although various quantitative methods have been developed for predicting neurological prognosis in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), they are too complex for use in clinical practice. We aimed to develop a simple decision rule for predicting neurological outcomes following the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with OHCA using fast-and-frugal tree (FFT) analysis.
Perinatal and neonatal deaths account for an increasing proportion of deaths under 5 years old. We present essential elements to reduce perinatal mortality, barriers to establishing these elements, and the role of developing emergency care systems. Essential elements for prompt perinatal and postnatal care are categorised based on care-seeking behaviours, access to a primary care facility and for the severely ill, access to advanced neonatal care. The role of emergency care systems is key to overcoming obst...
Separate trials to evaluate therapeutic hypothermia after paediatric cardiac arrest for out-of-hospital and in-hospital settings reported no statistically significant differences in survival with favourable neurobehavioral outcome or safety compared to therapeutic normothermia. However, larger sample sizes might detect smaller clinical effects. Our aim was to pool data from identically conducted trials to approximately double the sample size of the individual trials yielding greater statistical power to com...
Current resuscitation guidelines emphasize the use of waveform capnography to help guide rescuers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, chest compressions often cause oscillations in the capnogram, impeding its reliable interpretation, either visual or automated. The aim of the study was to design an algorithm to enhance waveform capnography by suppressing the chest compression artefact.
Possible causes of exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in people with coronary artery disease (CAD) include atherosclerotic plaque rupture (PR) and intra-coronary thrombosis, exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia and other triggers. We investigated whether there are differences in the incidence of PR and/or intra-coronary thrombus and in clinical outcome between 'exercise-related' and 'non-exercise-related' OHCA.
Resuscitation guidelines do not recommend a target blood glucose (BG) level specifically tailored for diabetics experiencing an in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). The glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level may be associated with neurological prognosis and used to identify the optimal BG level for diabetic IHCA patients.
Early identification of children at risk for cardiac arrest would allow for skill training associated with improved outcomes and provides a prevention opportunity.
The American Heart Association (AHA) and the Institute of Medicine have published a national "call-to-action" to improve survival from in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest (IHCA). Our aim was to determine if more-active hospital participation in standardized in-situ mock code (ISMC) training is associated with increased IHCA survival.