PubMed Journal Database | Revue medicale suisse RSS

00:49 EDT 24th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 968 from Revue medicale suisse

Use of clear and nonstigmatizing language is necessary in addiction medicine.

The language used has an impact on clinician attitudes and behaviors. In particular, the use of stigmatizing language or language reducing individuals in treatment to a given behavior has a negative impact on clinician attitudes, perception of people, perception of the disorders and treatment options. In addiction medicine, using clear, non-stigmatizing and scientifically appropriate language aims at delivering better care, increases treatment access, improves communication between health care professionals...

Adolescents and young adults with substance abuse and comorbid psychiatric disorders : which treatment ?

Substance abuse among adolescents and young adults is common. For 5 to 7 % of young people, substance use become problematic, take a function in the psychic equilibrium of the subject and will stop the adolescent process. For some, continuing substances use will be associated with the development of a primary or secondary psychiatric disorder. People with a first psychotic episode (FEP) with cannabis use will stop their use for 50 % of them, with early management of the disorder, without targeted addict...

New biomarkers of alcohol use.

Estimating alcohol consumption using biomarkers raises interpretation problems. The biomarkers currently used in clinical settings have limited performances to identify unhealthy alcohol use (e.g. CDT, AST, ALT). New direct biomarkers, ethylglucuronide (EtG) and phosphatydilethanol (PEth) are available and offer better sensitivity and specificity compared to indirect biomarkers. In forensic medicine, EtG and PEth are replacing indirect biomarkers. However, in clinical routine practice these markers are usua...

Nutrition disorders and alcohol use disorder.

Patients suffering from alcohol use disorder (AUD) are at risk for malnutrition. The mechanisms are presented in this article. Nutrition disorders in the patient with AUD can include malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity. They may contribute to tissue damage and to oncological and cognitive disorders encountered among patients with AUD. Refeeding syndrome can appear during the withdrawal period. A nutrition evaluation should be included in the evaluation of all patients with AUD.

Informed decision-making in Gambling.

Gambling disorder (GD) is characterized by difficulties in controlling time and money dedicated to games. Pre-established game limits with in-session feedback and information on game mechanics at the beginning of the sessions could contribute to informed decision-making and possibly better controlled behavior in some of the people suffering from JHA.

The general practitioner : an essential actor to ensure a specific management in oncologic patients.

With the emergence of new antitumoral agents and their benefit on patient survival, general practitioners are increasingly facing the challenges of managing patients with oncologic conditions. As a result, they have a key role in the follow-up of these patients, who may be more vulnerable than general population due to their relative immunodeficiency, which has to be evaluated. In this article, we will review the preventive measures adapted to this specific population: vaccination, travel medicine, antimicr...

Chronic kidney disease and new antidiabetic drugs : an overview in 2019.

Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease and dialysis. We know that a good diabetes control slows the progression of kidney disease, but the risk of hypoglycemia is greater in patients with chronic kidney disease and contributes to their mortality. Chronic kidney disease and diabetes are major cardiovascular risk factors with additive effects. Decreasing cardiovascular mortality is a major aim in chronic kidney disease. The ideal antidiabetic molecule in these patients should reduce...

Diabetes, cancer and obesity : unequivocal association.

Obesity and type 2 diabetes have a constantly increasing prevalence in industrialized countries, and both are associated with an increased risk of developing certain cancers. The mechanisms that contribute to this association are probably multiple and are based mainly on hormonal and inflammatory changes. In view of this unequivocal relationship, it is necessary to act upstream by optimizing diabetes prevention and cancer screening measures in at-risk populations. This article reviews the epidemiological da...

GLP-1 analogues in 2019 : for whom and how ?

GLP-1 analogues are a well-established treatment for type 2 diabetes. They act by improving glycemic control through several mechanisms. They also have the advantage of inducing weight loss without the risk of associated hypoglycemia. This class of molecules has also shown a benefit in cardiovascular events such as cardiovascular mortality, stroke and myocardial infarction, and albuminuria. These favorable effects place them, like SGLT-2 inhibitors, as a second option in the case of unsatisfactory glycemic ...

Diabetes mellitus and work.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects an increasing proportion of workers, a trend that will compound with the ageing of the workforce. It is therefore important to consider DM in the workplace context. There is an interrelationship between DM and work. Indeed dysglycemia is associated with a greater risk of work accidents and long-term DM complications. On the other side work conditions can affect DM's stability. The consequences are absenteeism, presenteeism, early retirement or even disability with significant ...

Challenges in managing diabetes in chronic hemodialysis.

Hemodialysis (HD) centers are facing an increasing number of patients with diabetes. These cases require an intensive multidisciplinary approach of the consequences of renal failure, glycemic control and nutrition and the management of frequent co-morbidities, in particular the diabetic foot. A major challenge is to decrease glycemic variability and the risk of hypoglycemia. Because of increased risk of hypoglycemia-associated mortality, the HbA1C target is loosened in the majority of HD patients. Continuou...

Preconception care in patients with diabetes.

In patients with diabetes, pregnancy is associated with high maternal and fetal risks, especially in unplanned pregnancies. Current evidence confirms that timely family planning and interdisciplinary care and management starting at the preconceptional period can optimize metabolic control and significantly reduce these risks. The purpose of this article is to summarize the different aspects to consider as well as provide tools to use when preparing patients with diabetes for a pregnancy.

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