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Rectal gonorrhea and chlamydia are common and predict HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men (MSM); however, screening for rectal sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is not routine.
Since 1979, the National Network of Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Clinical Prevention Training Centers (NNPTC) has provided state-of-the-art clinical and laboratory training for STD prevention across the United States. This article provides an overview of the history and activities of the NNPTC from its inception to present day, and emphasizes the important role the network continues to play in maintaining a high-quality STD clinical workforce. Over time, the NNPTC has responded to changing STD epidemi...
Sexually transmitted disease (STD) partner services (PS) are a core component of STD programs. Data on costs are needed to support PS programming.
Medicaid expansion has led to unique opportunities for sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics to improve the sustainability of services by billing insurance. We evaluated changes in patient visits after the implementation of insurance billing at a STD clinic in a Medicaid expansion state.
Access to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is often poor in small urban and rural areas because of stigma and long distances to providers. The Iowa Department of Public Health and The University of Iowa created a regional telehealth program to address these barriers ("Iowa TelePrEP"). We describe initial TelePrEP results and share lessons learned.
Mycoplasma genitalium was previously less common among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared with men with only female partners (MSW) in men with nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) in Sydney, Australia. We aimed to determine the prevalence of M. genitalium and of macrolide-resistant M. genitalium in men with NGU and to compare differences between prevalence and resistance rates between MSM and MSW.
Antiretroviral therapy effectively reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus transmission, but in the context of undetectable equals untransmittable and decreased condom use, rates of syphilis are increasing. In Oregon, syphilis has risen over 20-fold in the past decade, from less than 30 to approximately 600 cases annually during 2016 and 2017. Although many cases are among people living with human immunodeficiency virus infection (PLWH), screening for syphilis among PLWH is often lacking. The objec...
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage continues to be at low to moderate levels throughout the United States. HPV infection is linked to multiple types of cancers resulting in high economic and health burden. We aimed to estimate the excess number of cancer cases and associated medical costs due to current HPV vaccination coverage for a 20-year-old birth cohort in California.
Persistent infection with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the preeminent factor driving the development of cervical cancer. There are large gaps in knowledge about both the role of pregnancy in the natural history of HPV infection and the impact of HPV on pregnancy outcomes.
World Health Organization guidelines recommend screening with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing followed by either treatment of all HPV-positives, or by visual inspection (VIA) for triage to treatment, citing insufficient evidence to recommend either strategy over the other.
Use of Whole Genome Sequencing for the Molecular Comparison of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Isolates With Decreased Susceptibility to Extended Spectrum Cephalosporins From 2 Geographically Different Regions in America.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates with reduced susceptibility or resistance to the recommended first-line antimicrobial therapy have been described in several countries. The purpose of this study was to use genome analyses to compare the molecular characteristics of N. gonorrhoeae isolates with decreased susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporin from Ontario, Canada, and Argentina.
Sex Worker Community-led Interventions Interrupt Sexually Transmitted Infection/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission and Improve Human Immunodeficiency Virus Cascade Outcomes: A Program Review from South India.
Ashodaya Samithi, an organization run by and for female, male, and transgender sex workers in Mysore, India, has worked since 2004 to prevent sexually transmitted infection (STI)/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and improve HIV cascade outcomes. We reviewed published and programmatic data, including measures of coverage, uptake, utilization and retention, and relate STI/HIV outcomes to evolving phases of community mobilization. Early interventions designed "for" sex workers mapped areas of se...
We evaluated compliance with submitting a short Web-based personal behavior survey daily during a 10-week study (n = 52 women/3419 diaries). Time-stamped forms revealed that 50% of diaries were submitted within 24 hours of the email prompt, and 19% were missing or submitted more than 3 days late. Late submissions may affect data quality.
We examined 2016 United States market research to understand the demographics and sexual health testing behaviors of dating app users. Internet/app users were more likely to be young adults, male, nonwhite, of Hispanic ethnicity, and unmarried. Users also reported greater testing for sexually transmitted disease, human immunodeficiency virus, and pregnancy.
We observed a high rate of incident STDs within 55 days(median) of follow up(78% retention) among symptomatic MSM(n=78) in South Africa (188 per 100 person-years 95%CI 1.2-2.7)); 16 newly acquired and 10 with persistent positivity. This highlights the need to strengthen prevention efforts, whereas introduction of diagnostics is urgently warranted.
STI partner services (PS) allow provision of HIV/STI prevention interventions to high-risk individuals, including testing reminders via short message service (SMS).
Recent evidence indicates increased use of urgent care centers (UCCs) for STD testing. We sought to learn more about STD services in UCCs in a large metropolitan area.
Rectal infection with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is frequent in women who deny receptive anal sex and is thought to arise from autoinoculation of the rectum from vaginal secretions. An alternate hypothesis is that oral sex inoculates and establishes gastrointestinal tract infection. Distinguishing these hypotheses is difficult in women. In men, autoinoculation is unlikely and heterosexual men frequently perform oral sex, but rarely participate in receptive anal exposure behaviors.
Sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. We estimated the prevalence of infertility and infertility health care seeking.
Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is the most common curable sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Trichomonas vaginalis infection is associated with an increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, human immunodeficiency virus transmission, and preterm birth in women. Data on the prevalence and risk factors for TV infection in sub-Saharan African countries remain scarce.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage continues to be at low to moderate levels throughout the United States. HPV infection is linked to multiple types of cancers resulting in high economic and health burden. We aimed to estimate the excess number of cancer cases and associated medical costs due to current human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage for a 20 year old birth cohort in California.
Persistent infection with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the pre-eminent factor driving the development of cervical cancer. There are large gaps in knowledge about both the role of pregnancy in the natural history of HPV infection, and the impact of HPV on pregnancy outcomes.