PubMed Journal Database | Sleep medicine RSS

06:31 EDT 20th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 190 from Sleep medicine

Nighttime media use in adolescents with ADHD: links to sleep problems and internalizing symptoms.

This study examined nighttime media use in relation to sleep problems and anxiety/depression symptoms in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Sleep spindles are altered in early- but not late-onset nightmare recallers.

Nightmares are a common sleep disorder, defined as highly disturbing mentation which usually awakens the individual from rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. While nightmares are mainly a REM sleep phenomenon, Picard-Deland et al., (2017) recently showed an association between nightmare recall and sleep spindles, which are a non-rapid eye movement (NREM) oscillatory feature. Their results pointed to fewer slow spindles and a higher oscillatory frequency for fast spindles among frequent nightmare recallers compa...

Childhood narcolepsy and autism spectrum disorders: four case reports.

Childhood narcolepsy is associated with various emotional, behavioural and cognitive dysfunctions as well as with psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and psychosis. A relationship between these conditions is unclear - comorbidity or similar pathophysiological mechanisms can be suggested.

Sleep disturbances and later cognitive status: a multi-centre study.

To investigate the associations between sleep disturbances in mid-life and late-life and late-life cognitive status.

Type 1 narcolepsy in anti-Hu antibodies mediated encephalitis: a case report.

Efficacy of brief behavioral treatment for insomnia in older adults: examination of sleep, mood, and cognitive outcomes.

The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of a brief behavioral intervention for insomnia (BBTi) on sleep parameters, mood, and cognitive functioning in older adults.

Circadian rhythms of melatonin and peripheral clock gene expression in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder.

To evaluate changes in the expression of clock genes and melatonin levels in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) as a potential early stage of synucleinopathies.

Alpha-synuclein aggregates in the parotid gland of idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder.

The neuropathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the presence of aggregates of phosphorylated alpha-synuclein (pAS) in the nervous system.

Sleep duration and remaining teeth among older people.

No studies have examined the associations between the numbers of teeth and sleep disturbance. Therefore, we examined the associations between the number of teeth and sleep duration in older people, considering the evidence linking fewer teeth and sleep apnoea through changes in jaw position.

Automatic detection of cataplexy.

Although being the most specific symptom of narcolepsy type 1 (NT1), cataplexy is currently investigated by clinical interview only, with potential diagnostic pitfalls. Our study aimed at testing the accuracy of an automatic video detection of cataplexy in NT1 patients vs. non-cataplectic subjects undergoing a standardized test with emotional stimulation.

Sleep versus non-sleep-related fatal road accidents.

To study different factors that are associated with fatal sleepiness-related motor vehicle accidents (FSMVA) and in other types of fatal motor vehicle accidents (FMVA) in Finland.

The unfinished journey with modafinil and discovery of a novel population of modafinil-immunoreactive neurons.

Modafinil, a wake-promoting compound now used worldwide in sleep medicine, was initially regarded as a sedative compound because mice were so quiet with respect to locomotion after receiving it that this behavioral state was qualified as sedation. In the early 1980's when modafinil was first assessed by polysomnography in a cat in our laboratory, surprisingly, the cat spent the whole night awake without even one minute of sleep! This initial observation resulted subsequently in a series of basic and clinica...

Jouvet's animal model of RBD, clinical RBD, and their relationships to REM sleep mechanisms.

This article focuses on the contributions made by Michel Jouvet concerning the systems responsible for the muscle atonia of paradoxical sleep (REM sleep). He was the first to describe the brainstem system mechanisms responsible for muscle atonia during paradoxical sleep using pontine cats and localized pontine lesions. Also discussed is the research going on in the eighties, when Michel Jouvet was hunting for the hypnogenetic factor. At that time, he thought that it was secreted by the hypophysis; but it fi...

Gravitational forces, negative pressure and facial structure in the genesis of airway dysfunction during sleep: a review of the paradigm.

The recent and distant literature has extensive discussion of how sleep apnea, adeno-tonsillar growth, and facial structural deformity are related. Conventionally, the order of cause and effect is as follows: (1) Inflammatory/infectious process→tonsillar/adenoid tissue growth→(2) airway obstruction and mouth breathing/Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)→(3) altered facial structure (adenoid facies). Using this same reasoning, adenotonsillectomy is the first line of treatment in the prevention of structural ...

Sociodemographic and behavioural correlates of social jetlag in Australian adults: results from the 2016 National Sleep Health Foundation Study.

Social jetlag is a term used to describe misalignment between biological and social time. Measured as the difference in sleep midpoints between work and free days, social jetlag has been associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviours and adverse health outcomes. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of social jetlag, and its sociodemographic and behavioural correlates in 837 respondents who completed the Sleep Health Foundation Australia 2016 online survey. Binomial logistic regression models determin...

Predialysis fluid overload linked with quality of sleep in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Hemodialysis (HD) patients are exposed to dysregulated fluid balance which can lead to overhydration. Poor sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness are particularly common in these patients, however the relationship between fluid status and sleep quality and daytime sleepiness has not yet been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the correlations between fluid status and sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in HD patients.

Michel Jouvet as a clinical neurophysiologist and neurologist.

While the world reputation of Michel Jouvet in sleep research is based on his huge work on sleep and paradoxical sleep, especially in cats, a far less-known part of his activity was dedicated to investigate and take care of patients with neurological diseases. Indeed, he was also a physician, specialized in neurophysiology and working at the neurological hospital of Lyon. He was most interested first in patients with disorders of consciousness and secondly in those with sleep/wake disorders, and especially ...

Obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension: the role of altered sleep architecture.

How representative are insomnia clinical trials?

To address the question of how representative subjects studied in hypnotic clinical trials are of the broader insomnia population, this study assessed initial contact rates and reasons for inclusion and exclusion during recruitment to an efficacy trial and to a safety trial of Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved hypnotics.

Pharmacological agents for improving sleep quality at high altitude: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Several hypnotic agents commonly recommended for improving sleep at sea level are discouraged at high altitude. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of drugs prescribed for improving sleep quality in patients with acute exposure to high altitudes by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. An electronic search was executed for randomized controlled trials comparing drug treatments with placebo and no-treatment conditions, which used objective sleep parameters or subjective sleep quality eva...

Co-occurrence of respiratory event-related and spontaneous rhythmic movements in REM sleep.

A preliminary study on potential association between psychopathological status and rhythmic masticatory muscle activity of young patients with sleep bruxism in Tianjin China.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the psychological status of patients with bruxism and to explore the potential relationship between psychological status and rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA), since the basic manifestation of sleep bruxism is RMMA.

Melatonin and cortisol in individuals with spinal cord injury.

The aim of this study was to investigate circadian rhythm and sleep complaints in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) as determined by diurnal saliva melatonin and cortisol as well as activity measurements and subjective sleep quality.

Factors influencing adherence to continuous positive airway pressure treatment in obstructive sleep apnea and mortality associated with treatment failure - a national registry-based cohort study.

Adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is crucial. Our aim was to identify protective and risk factors against the discontinuation of CPAP treatment in patients with OSA and to estimate the mortality risk in those who were non-adherent to CPAP therapy.

Profile of CPAP treated patients in Ontario, Canada, 2006-2013: a population-based cohort study.

Many studies have demonstrated the benefits of treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). However, both recognition of OSA and acceptance of treatment are suboptimal. Current data on CPAP initiation at a population level is lacking.

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