PubMed Journal Database | Strabismus RSS

12:56 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 46 from Strabismus

Processed amniotic membrane for conjunctival reconstruction in complex strabismus surgery.

In ophthalmology amniotic membrane is usually used for the treatment of corneal ulcerations and chemical burns of the ocular surface. Also, it is useful in the treatment of conjunctival defects. There are few publications on the long-term outcomes with the use of amniotic membrane to replace the conjunctiva. In our cases, we used it in patients with restrictive strabismus or conjunctival problems during or following complex eye muscle surgery.

Michael Constantine Psellus (1020-1105 AD) and his definition of strabismus.

Strabismus was a known eye misalignment since the Hippocratic era (ca 5th century BC). Hippocrates and his followers were the first to introduce the hypothesis of a hereditary condition. Many ancient Greek physicians like Galen (ca 2nd AD) provided several definitions, while Paul of Aegina (625-690 AD) was the scholar who introduced a method to treat it. Paul used a full face mask and an oil lamb to guide the eyeballs toward the desired direction. It seems that this approach endured for centuries to come. D...

Surgical outcome of a new modification to muscle belly union surgery in heavy eye syndrome.

To report the clinical outcomes of a new modification to muscle belly union surgery in heavy eye syndrome.

Global and regional estimates of prevalence of amblyopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Amblyopia is one of the most important causes of vision impairment in the world, especially in children. Although its prevalence varies in different parts of the world, no study has evaluated its prevalence in different geographical regions comprehensively. The aim of the present study was to provide global and regional estimates of the prevalence of amblyopia in different age groups via a systematic search.

A modified vertical muscle transposition for the treatment of large-angle esotropia due to sixth nerve palsy.

Multiple different procedures have been proposed to address complete sixth nerve palsy with severe abduction limitation. In this study, we report a modification of the Hummelsheim's procedure. It is in fact muscle pulley transposition that obviates the need for tenotomy or muscle splitting. For the first time, Muraki and Nishida proposed this technique.

Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Convergence Spasm.

Previous studies have shown that botulinum toxin can be an important adjunct to management of convergence spasm. However, we have not experienced the same level of success in our cohort of patients.

The Effect of Prism Adaptation on the Angle of Deviation in Convergence Excess Esotropia and Possible Consequences for Surgical Planning.

Convergence excess esotropia describes a heterophoria with binocular single vision (BSV) on distance viewing that becomes esotropic on accommodation upon near fixation. Prism adaptation test (PAT) is a procedure routinely used to reveal the maximum angle of deviation preoperatively for many types of strabismus and has been shown to improve surgical outcomes; however, it is not conventionally used for convergence excess esotropia.

Near Point of Convergence in Iranian Schoolchildren: Normative Values and Associated Factors.

To determine the distribution of near point of convergence (NPC) and its related factors in 6 to 12-year-old children.

Recovery of a Disinserted Medial Rectus Muscle after Pterygium Surgery.

To report a case of recovery of a medial rectus which was accidentally disinserted after surgical treatment of a recurrent pterygium.

Differences in the Stimulus Accommodative Convergence/Accommodation Ratio using Various Techniques and Accommodative Stimuli.

To investigate differences in the stimulus accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio using various techniques and accommodative stimuli, and to describe a method for determining the stimulus AC/A ratio.

Tendon Elongation with Bovine Pericardium in Patients with Severe Esotropia after Decompression in Graves' Orbitopathy-efficacy and Long-term Stability.

We performed a retrospective analysis to examine clinical results, establish a dose-effect coefficient and analyze the long-term efficacy of tendon elongation with bovine pericardium (Tutopatch®) for surgical correction of severe esotropia, occurring after three-wall orbital decompression for dysthyroid optic neuropathy in patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO).

Role of a Standardized Prism Under Cover Test in the Assessment of Dissociated Vertical Deviation.

Dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) is commonly measured using a prism and alternate cover test (PACT), but some providers use a prism under cover test (PUCT). The aim of this study was to compare a standardized PUCT measurement with a PACT measurement, for assessing the magnitude of DVD.

Soft Contact Lenses to Optimize Vision in Adults with Idiopathic Infantile Nystagmus: A Pilot Parallel Randomized Controlled Trial.

The optimal management of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is still unclear. Contact lenses (CL) may be superior to glasses in improving visual function in INS but it is not known whether their beneficial effects are due to optical correction alone, or to an additional proprioceptive effect, and whether soft CLs would be as effective as rigid CLs. There is little data on feasibility and and the present study aimed to provide this information.

Long-term Surgical Outcomes in the Sagging Eye Syndrome.

Strabismus due to sagging eye syndrome (SES) caused by age-related connective tissue involution is now an established cause of diplopia in older people. High suspicion of the condition results in early recognition, often obviating extensive neurological investigations and enabling surgical correction of the strabismus.

Treatment of Amblyopia: Part 1.


Editorial: translation of the 1955 monograph by Alfred Bangerter on the treatment of amblyopia.

A Conjunctival Retractor during Strabismus Surgery.

The use of a conjunctival retractor that expands a small incision in the conjunctiva/Tenon's capsule facilitated the performance of strabismus surgery through a fornix incision. A wide field of exposure revealed the entire area of the muscle insertion. While there is a risk of conjunctival tearing in elderly patients, the use of the retractor is valuable.

Semistructured Observation of Population-based Eye Screening in The Netherlands.

In the Netherlands, youth-healthcare (YHC) physicians screen children 7 times for vision disorders between the ages of 1 and 60 months. Examination consists of inspection of the external structures of the eye, fundus red reflex, Hirschberg test, pupillary reflexes, cover-uncover test, alternating-cover test, eye motility, monocular pursuit, and, from 36 months onwards, visual acuity (VA). We observed how well these tests are done.

The Prevalence of Amblyopia and Its Determinants in a Population-based Study.

To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and its determinants in a population-based study in Mashhad County, Iran.

Proceedings of the XIIIth International Orthoptic Congress, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 2016.


Diplopia Following Short Treatment for Moderate Amblyopia.

A case of an autistic child, aged 8 years, who reported binocular diplopia following just 2 hours total occlusion per day for 6 weeks for strabismic/anisometropic amblyopia is reported. There was a history of known long-standing reduced uniocular acuity without treatment. Pretreatment Sbisa bar assessment suggested moderate suppression. The diplopia was treated over 6 months including occluding the amblyopic eye and gradually reducing the density of the occluder until fixation with the nonamblyopic eye c...

Pedigree Analysis of Familial Primary Concomitant Horizontal Strabismus in Northern India.

Familial clustering of common forms of primary strabismus like esotropia (ET) and exotropia (XT) is observed in a proportion of the strabismus cohort. The genetic components of this remain unidentified. Linkage studies have demonstrated susceptibility locus for primary strabismus at the STBMS1 locus on 7p22.1 as well as other loci on 4q28.3 and 7q31.2. Recently next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has emerged as a powerful tool in discovery genomics and a large number of novel disease-causing variant...

Neurological Imaging in Acquired Cranial Nerve Palsy: Ophthalmologists vs. Neurologists.

Cranial nerve palsies often require neurological imaging by MRI. Guidelines on whether or not to utilize MRI have been absent or lack clarity. In daily practice, both neurologists and ophthalmologists treat patients with cranial nerve palsy and determine whether neuro-imaging is required. There appear to be differences in policy with respect to neuro-imaging. The question, which will be answered in this study, is the following: to what extent do differences in policy exist between ophthalmologists and neuro...

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