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Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease, first reported in the literature in 1845 by Demarquay and subsequently thoroughly described in 1954 by Van der Woude. Van der Woude Syndrome is the most common form of syndromic orofacial clefting and individuals with this syndrome account for 2% of all cleft cases. Van der Woude syndrome clinically presents with congenital lip pits. These lip pits occur on paramedian portion of the vermillion border of the lip. In VWS, congenital lip pits o...
Modern rhinoplasty has an aesthetic and a functional component that cannot be separated. Functional rhinoplasty generally concentrates on optimizing nasal airflow. Numerous techniques have been described for correction of each pathology. There seems to be a consensus on the benefit of surgery to patients with nasal obstruction. Present study aimed to determine if specific airway pathologies have differential effects on patient complaints and techniques addressing them have differential effects on perceived ...
Radical resections of ethmoidal tumors with intracranial extension present highly complex surgical and reconstructive problems. The purpose of report is to describe the authors' use of adipofascial radial forearm free flaps following unsuccessful anterior cranial fossa oncological surgery.
Anatomical variation in supraorbital transcranial exits, which can be divided into the lateral supraorbital exit and the medial frontal exit, has been investigated in several studies during the past few decades. However, in previous studies, inconsistent criteria were used for classifying those exits. The authors analyzed variations in supraorbital transcranial exits using 3 dimensional multidetector computed tomography (3D MDCT), and present a consistent classification of the types of those exits with prec...
Hemifacial spasm is a kind of painless, intermittent, involuntary, and irregular unilateral facial muscles convulsion. Microvascular decompression has become the standard surgical procedure for hemifacial spasm after years of popularization and development. In the article, the authors described in detail a therapeutic strategy for rapid intracranial venous bleeding between vestibulocochlear nerve and hypertrophic flocculus. When simple compression hemostasis failed, the authors applied fibrin glue and gelat...
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are typified by pathological anastomoses between meningeal arteries and dural venous sinuses or cortical veins. There are many causes contributing to the etiology of DAVFs. Among the variable causes, acquired DAVFs secondary to craniotomy had rarely been reported, especially for delayed DAVFs at the transverse-sigmoid sinus. Till now, there are only 12 published cases of delayed DAVFs at the transverse-sigmoid sinus secondary to craniotomy. Herein, the autho...
Although the eye is a well-protected organ, it is frequently affected by trauma. The timely detection of ocular injuries is extremely important. In this study, the authors evaluated the consistency between findings in computed tomography (CT) examination for orbital fractures and globe integrity and clinical findings in patients presenting to the emergency department due to orbital trauma.
This study aimed to determine the electrical activity of masseter and anterior temporal muscles in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) and compare it with healthy volunteers. The study involved 20 female patients (mean age 20 ± 4 years) with unilateral cleft lip and palate who had undergone lip and palate surgery in childhood and finished the first-phase orthodontic therapy with level and align teeth. Twenty age- and sex-matched volunteers with no cleft lip and palate were involved as c...
Long-term neurocognitive sequelae of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis (NSC) patients are just beginning to be clarified. This study uses functional MRI (fMRI) to determine if there is evidence of altered brain functional connectivity in NSC, and whether these aberrations vary by form of synostosis.
To analyze the characteristics and outcome of patients who underwent the insertion of a 3-dimensional (3D) printed titanium (Materialise) cranioplasty.
The aim of the study is to discuss the current management options for intra- and extra-cranial communication giant cell tumor of the lateral skull base and perform a review of the literature. A total of 6 patients with giant cell tumor of the lateral skull base were retrospectively enrolled in the study. The principal complaints, imaging manifestations, surgical resection and reconstruction of intra- and extra-cranial communication defects for the diseases were discussed. There were 2 males and 4 females. T...
To introduce a novel cartilage trap-door flap technique in endonasal septoplasty to correct high dorsal deviation of the cartilaginous septum, and confirm its effectiveness.
The aim of the present study is to test the feasibility of modified Z-plasty palatoplasty for cleft palate repair in surgeries and provide a new surgical method. Forty cleft palate patients were selected as participants and divided into 2 groups in random. Twenty patients in the experiment group were treated by modified Z-plasty palatoplasty while the other 20 patients in the control group by double opposing Z-plasty and Sommerlad palatoplasty. By evaluating and observing postoperative velopharyngeal moveme...
A retrospective study of 20 patients treated for vertical maxillary excess between 2009 and 2010, solely by superior surgical repositioning of the maxilla. Clinical and radiological cephalometric parameters were analyzed statistically and their impact on achieving the predicted postoperative mandibular autorotation and on relapse. According to our study, patients presenting with an anterior open bite and a low occlusal plane angle might fail to achieve the predicted mandibular autorotation and are prone to ...
To investigate whether transconjunctival approach surgery caused meibomian gland dysfunction in patients with inferior orbital wall fractures.
The formation of the cranial sutures, in utero, occurs when the ossification of the skull bones reaches predestined positions around gestational week 15 to 20. Craniosynostosis, and the consequent skull shape deformities, is treated with surgery including osteotomies of the fused sutures. The occasional appearance of a new suture in the osteotomy lines has previously been described as sporadic events. In this retrospective study, a 4-year consecutive series of osteotomies combined with springs for craniosyn...
Cleft palate repair has rare, but potentially life-threatening risks. Understanding the risk factors for adverse events following cleft palate repair can guide surgeons in risk stratification and parental counseling.
Different techniques have been described to correct scaphocephaly. In authors' institution, total cranial vault remodeling (TCVR) was the standard of care. To limit the extent of surgery and the need for transfusion, the technique was minimized to extended strip craniectomy (ESC) without helmet therapy. This retrospective study compares outcome and morbidity between ESC and TCVR.
To assess changes in head and neck posture, airway, hyoid, tongue, and soft palate in skeletal class III individuals whose cephalograms were taken using dynamic natural head positioning method with an inclinometer.
Rhinophyma is a rare disease characterized by chronic inflammation and hypertrophy of sebaceous glands, blood vessels, and fibrous tissue, associated with end-stage severe acne rosacea. There are multiple approaches to treatment and repair, including dermal shaving, secondary intention healing, free skin graft, and skin flaps. However, these methods have various disadvantages, such as prolonged healing, obvious scarring, and skin texture mismatch. Therefore, the authors adopted surgical excision with bilate...
Flap necrosis is a very common complication encountered after cleft palate repair, especially in uni-pedicled flaps. Many causes have been attributed to this complication but very limited data is available in the literature on dental infection as the cause of flap necrosis. This report of a case describes loss of flap caused due to a periapical granuloma of dental origin impinging on the pedicle causing suspected thrombosis of the pedicle resulting in flap necrosis. Since this is an important cause that can...
Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts (LTDCs) are rare congenital anomalies of the neck. The authors described the presentation, management, and outcome of LTDC in pediatric and adult cases through a retrospective observational analysis between 2008 and 2018. Data included patients' demographics, main complaint, preoperative investigations, surgical management, and recurrences. Seventeen patients were included: 8 pediatric and 9 adult patients. The most common presenting symptom was foreign body sensation (35.3%)...