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Inflammatory bowel disease encompasses relapsing gastrointestinal disorders commonly presenting in pediatric patients, with 25% of diagnoses made before age 20 and 4% before age 5. Considering the need for life-long surgical follow-up, a collaborative system involving both pediatric and colorectal surgeons could improve overall patient experiences. We hypothesized that cases performed in collaboration with both pediatric and adult colorectal surgeons may lead to better outcomes.
Resident work hour restrictions and required protected didactic time limit their ability to perform clinical duties and participate in structured education. Advanced practice providers (APPs) have previoulsy been shown to positively impact patients' outcomes and overall hospital costs. We describe a model in which nurse practitioners (NPs) improve resident education and American Board of Surgery In Training Examination (ABSITE) scores by providing support to our trauma and acute care surgery (ACS) service t...
The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines called for consideration of thyroid lobectomy (TL) as an acceptable surgical treatment for small and less aggressive papillary thyroid cancers (PTC) with no clinical evidence of metastasis or extrathyroidal extension. Optimal extent of surgery, however, remains controversial.
Mobile technology can aid in healthcare decision-making at the point of care. We created a Web-based trauma-specific smartphone application containing links to local protocols and national organization guidelines for trauma providers. We hypothesized that smartphone access to these guidelines would facilitate application of knowledge in a timely fashion.
Thyroid surgery is becoming more common in the elderly as elderly population continues to grow. We aim to evaluate the relative risk of morbidity from thyroidectomy in patients greater than 75 y of age.
Flail chest (FC) is known to account for high mortality and morbidity and is typically treated with conservative care. Operative fixation of FC has been advocated as an alternative treatment choice. This prospective randomized controlled trial aims to compare surgical and nonsurgical management of FC in patients with severe polytrauma.
Prearrival notification of injured patients facilitates preparation of personnel, equipment, and other resources needed for trauma evaluation and treatment. Our purpose was to determine the impact of prearrival notification time on adherence to Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocols.
Combination laparoscopic lymph node (LN) dissection and endoscopic resection is a promising treatment for early gastric cancer. However, LN dissection could cause nerve injury and deterioration of motility in the preserved stomach. This experimental study aims to evaluate changes in gastric motility after tailored perigastric regional lymph node dissection without gastrectomy.
The aim of our study was to determine if the combination of physical examination (PE), serum transaminases along with Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma (FAST) would effectively rule out major hepatic injuries (HIs) after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) in hemodynamically stable pediatric patients.
Limited data exist that compare the predominant cardiac preservation solutions (CPSs).
Levothyroxine (LT4) is one of the most prescribed drugs in the United States; however, many patients started on LT4 after thyroidectomy suffer from symptoms of hyper- or hypo-thyroidism before achieving euthyroidism. This study aims to describe the time required for dose adjustment before achieving euthyroidism and identify predictors of prolonged dose adjustment (PDA+) after thyroidectomy.
Recently, multiple-homicide events, particularly mass shootings, have become a focus of media attention. We hypothesize that many multiple homicides are related to domestic conflict and suicidality.
The aim of this study was to compare hospital outcomes for patients in a motorcycle collision with and without helmet use. The study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank's 2013 data set, which included reported data from 100 hospitals across the United States.
Intraoperative testing of anastomoses and staples lines is commonly performed to minimize the risk of postoperative leaks in bariatric surgery, but its impact is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the association between leak testing and 30-d postoperative leak, bleed, reoperation, and readmission rates for patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).
Claudins are tight-junction proteins, which maintain an epithelial barrier in normal colon cells. Overexpression of Claudin-1 has been implicated for development of colon cancer. We postulated that Claudin-1 may be a useful target in near-infrared imaging and fluorescence-guided surgery.
Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after surgery. Most studies regarding sepsis do not differentiate between patients who have had recent surgery and those without. Few data exist regarding the risk factors for poor outcomes in pediatric postsurgical sepsis. Our hypothesis is pediatric postsurgical, and medical patients with severe sepsis have unique risk factors for mortality.
Mucosal appendicitis is a controversial entity that is histologically distinct from transmural appendicitis. There is mixed opinion regarding mucosal inflammation as a spectrum of appendicitis versus a negative appendectomy. The ability to distinguish these diagnoses preoperatively is of importance to prevent unnecessary surgery. We hypothesize that patients with mucosal appendicitis can be discriminated from those with transmural disease based on specific preoperative clinical and imaging findings.
Gut bacteria are strongly suspected to play a key role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). Studies have demonstrated alterations in the gut microbiota in this patient population. The purpose of this study was to characterize the gut microbiota of fistulizing perianal CD.
We sought to determine how patient-physician communication affects patients' decision-making when choosing between contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) and unilateral mastectomy (UM).
Meeting the metabolic demands of donor livers using normothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) preservation technology is challenging. The delta opioid agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) has been reported to decrease the metabolic demand in models of ischemia and cold preservation. We evaluated the therapeutic potential of DADLE by investigating its ability to protect against oxidative stress and hepatic injury during normothermic perfusion.
There is an ongoing national narrative on the diminishing number of surgeons willing and able to carry out meaningful basic science research as academic surgeons. Various analyses have come to the conclusion that the pressure to be clinically productive has overshadowed individual aspirations to perform bench-level science as a practicing academic surgeon. This review challenges various aspects of this conclusion and offers a path forward to rethink our approach to basic science as performed by practicing s...
The role of primary tumor resection (PTR) for asymptomatic stage IV colon cancer with unresectable metastases remains unclear. Increasingly there has been a trend away from resection. The aim of this study was to examine trends in the treatment of stage IV colon cancers, impact of different treatments on long-term mortality, and factors associated with receipt of postoperative chemotherapy.
A majority of severely injured patients fail to receive care at trauma centers (undertriage), in part, because of physician judgment. We previously developed two educational video games that reduced physicians' undertriage compared with control in two clinical trials. In this secondary analysis, we investigated heterogeneity of treatment effect of the interventions by assessing physicians' preexisting practice patterns in claims data. We hypothesized that physicians with high preexisting undertriage would b...
Current therapeutic materials for spina bifida repair showed a limited number of options in the market, and none of them have all the requirements as the ideal patch. In fact, sometimes the surgical procedures pose substantial challenges using different patches to fully cover the spina bifida lesion. For this purpose, a tailored patch made of poly (L-lactic acid) and poly (ε-caprolactone) blend was designed and validated in vitro to accomplish all these requirements but was never tested in vivo.
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization is associated with the development of skin and soft-tissue infection in children. Although MRSA decolonization protocols are effective in eradicating MRSA colonization, they have not been shown to prevent recurrent MRSA infections. This study analyzed the prescription of decolonization protocols, rates of MRSA abscess recurrence, and factors associated with recurrence.