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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books.
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Optimizing preoperative anemia is a required component of the Joint Commission Patient Blood Management Certification and an important component of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery.
Radical prostatectomy (RP) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is the standard treatment of high-risk prostate cancer. High-risk patients and those with lymph node metastasis (LNM) require further treatment. We review outcomes of RP+PLND in Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC).
Epidemiologic analyses of gabapentin use and cancer risk in Kaiser Permanente Northern California were previously carried out in a collaborative study and independently evaluated in a UK database.
When defining health and illness, we often look to governing bodies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization rather than our communities. With health disparities prominent throughout the US, it is important to look at the structures we have set forth in health care and find new ways to address health as well as new definitions. Storytelling is a valuable tool to help understand how our communities address health and the place of the hospital or clinic in their...
Interventions are required that address patients' medically related financial needs.
We describe videos posted to the YouTube video-sharing Web site by US state health departments (SHDs) and associated institutional factors.
Clinics increasingly screen patients for food insecurity, but little is known about the efficacy of referring food-insecure patients to community-based food resources.
In this report, we deliver a concise and up-to-date review of osteonecrosis, a pathologic, painful, and often disabling condition that is believed to result from the temporary or permanent disruption of blood supply to an affected area of bone. We will discuss the epidemiology (disease distribution), pathogenesis (mechanism of development), etiology (associated risk factors, causes, and disorders), clinical manifestations (reported symptoms and physical findings), diagnosis and classification, and treatment...
Motor neuron diseases (MNDs) are a group of devastating neurologic disorders that cause specific damage to the motor neuron cells. The current diagnosis of MND is based on results of the clinical examination and neurophysiologic studies. The length of time of referral to a neuromuscular neurologist and the lack of validated diagnostic criteria can delay diagnosis. Although the role of imaging is currently most useful in excluding other conditions, several attempts to incorporate neuroimaging in the diagnosi...
Effective clinical communication skills are integral to a successful and therapeutic clinician-patient relationship and are associated with improvement in adherence, outcomes, and lower medicolegal risk. However, in stark contrast to other clinical and cognitive skills, practicing physicians generally receive little ongoing training or assessment of individual performance in communication.
The purpose of this study was to assess changes in health status of California young adults with insurance coverage before and after passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).
Preterm infants require intravenous (IV) access for administration of medications, IV fluids, and parenteral nutrition. The scalp is a common site for obtaining IV access, and in children with hydrocephalus or wide fontanelles and sutures, there is a high probability of penetrating the meninges and brain matter with the scalp IV needle. If this penetration occurs and remains unnoticed, the contents of the IV infusion can infiltrate into the brain and cause severe brain damage.
Every year, more than 500,000 US Emergency Department visits are associated with cocaine use. People who use cocaine tend to have a lower incidence of true ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Progel Pleural Air Leak Sealant (CR Bard, Warwick, RI) is a US Food and Drug Administration-approved hydrogel designed for application to surgical staple lines to prevent air leak after lung surgery. This product has demonstrated efficacy in reducing intraoperative air leaks compared with standard air leak closure methods. However, the impact on chest tube duration and length of hospital stay has not been reported.
Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the gallbladder are extremely rare, benign, unilocular or multilocular cystic tumors that contain septations. Mucinous cystadenoma, a subtype of mucinous cystic neoplasm, is defined as epithelial cystic proliferations composed of cells that contain intracytoplasmic mucin.
Surgeons write 1.8% of all prescriptions and 9.8% of all opioid prescriptions. Even small doses prescribed for short-term use can lead to abuse; thus, surgeons are uniquely able to combat the opioid epidemic by changing prescribing practices. As part of a department wide quality improvement project, we initiated a nonopioid protocol for all patients undergoing ambulatory breast surgery.
Obesity is associated with increased incidence of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, and other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Obesity is also associated with increased use of outpatient clinical services, a metric of health care utilization. However, little is known of temporal changes in health care utilization among obese participants of a medical weight management program.
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare, genetic, and underdiagnosed disease that causes vascular malformations throughout the body. Two specific combinations of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification diagnosis codes, the "HHT Algorithms" (HHTAs), were developed previously from a derivation cohort to help identify undiagnosed HHT cases.
This primer presents a synopsis of pain management strategies associated with total joint arthroplasty. Patients considering total joint arthroplasty often experience moderate to severe pain, which places them at risk of opioid abuse or addiction. Currently, the best practice strategies involve the development of individualized multimodal perioperative approaches to pain management. These practices include prescribing opioids at their lowest dose and for the shortest duration necessary to control symptoms, ...