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PubMed Journal Database | The Science of the total environment RSS

23:00 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

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For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,200+ from The Science of the total environment

A review on mercury biogeochemistry in mangrove sediments: Hotspots of methylmercury production?

Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse environments that provide numerous ecosystem services, but can also be sources of methylmercury (MeHg) production and export. Mangrove wetlands contribute up to 15% of the coastal sediment carbon storage and ~10% of the particulate terrestrial carbon exported to the ocean. Thus, mercury (Hg) methylation in mangrove sediments and subsequent MeHg output to adjacent waters could have a great impact on global Hg cycling. In this review, we provide a compre...

Revealing the water-energy-food nexus in the Upper Yellow River Basin through multi-objective optimization for reservoir system.

Since the 21st century, the natural runoff from the headwater region of the Yellow River has generally been decreasing, resulting in a particularly prominent contradiction in utilization of water resources. In this study, key components were identified from the perspective of water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, and a WEF nexus model was established for the Upper Yellow River Basin (UYRB), taking into consideration the benefits of water supply to the middle and lower reaches of Yellow River, food growth in major ...

Formation features of nitrous acid in the offshore area of the East China Sea.

Nitrous acid (HONO) is an important precursor of hydroxyl radical (OH), which plays a key role in atmospheric chemistry. In this study, a shipboard-based measurement of HONO and related species in the offshore area of the East China Sea (ECS) was performed during June 2017. The HONO concentration ranged from 35 ppt to 1.95 ppb, with an average value of 0.44 ± 0.25 ppb during the entire campaign. HONO displayed a relatively higher level (0.48 ± 0.21 ppb) in the area within 30 km from the ...

Enantioselectivity and allelopathy both have effects on the inhibition of napropamide on Echinochloa crus-galli.

Napropamide is a chiral acetamide herbicide commonly applied to control Echinochloa crus-galli in maize. The inhibition effect may be enantioselective for Echinochloa crus-galli and maize. It may also be affected by the potential allelopathy at field condition. To investigate this, we have examined the inhibition effect of napropamide on Echinochloa crus-galli mono-cultured or co-cultured with maize at field conditions. Our results on morphology, physiology, chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence ...

Impacts of projected change in climate on water balance in basins of East Africa.

In East Africa, climate change and variability have shown a strong impact on sectors such as agriculture, energy, and water. To allow mitigation and adaptation of the possible impacts of the projected change in climate, this study applies a Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM) to generate a high-resolution climate projection, equivalent to future station data, to drive impact assessment models in selected, agricultural intensive, basins of Ethiopia (EthShed), Kenya (KenShed), and Tanzania (TanShed). Observe...

Winter precipitation - not summer temperature - is still the main driver for Alpine shrub growth.

High latitude and altitude environments are universally recognized as particularly sensitive to environmental changes and the current climate warming is inducing remarkable transformations on vegetation assemblage in these temperature-limited regions. However, next to the wealth of studies describing the effect of rising growing season temperature on trees, much less is known about the concurrent effects of precipitation and snowpack dynamics on the other key component of alpine vegetation represented by pr...

Prediction of soil stresses and compaction due to agricultural machines in sugarcane cultivation systems with and without crop rotation.

One strategy to eliminate or minimize occurrence of soil compaction in sugarcane production is through modelling, which can identify the risk associated with different operations and machine equipment. Soil damage resulting from the passage of machines can be than reduced through preventive measures which focus on the soil-machine relationship. In the present study, the magnitudes and distribution of the stresses produced in the soil through the loads carried by the axles of the machines used in sugarcane c...

Metabolite biomarkers of chlorothalonil exposure in earthworms, coelomic fluid, and coelomocytes.

Earthworm (Eisenia fetida) metabolomics is a useful indicator of toxicant exposure. Extracts of whole earthworms are most commonly used to measure metabolic perturbations, in addition to coelomic fluid which has been used on a more limited basis. Coelomocytes are free moving cells found within earthworm coelomic fluid, and the potential of this compartment has not been evaluated for its utility in earthworm metabolomics. In this study, earthworms were exposed to 18.5 and 37.0 mg/kg chlorothalonil, a commo...

An efficient framework for conducting systematic literature reviews in agricultural sciences.

Systematic review has generally been accepted as an effective, more complete, repeatable, and less biased type literature review that can successfully lead to evidence-based conclusions. This study attempts to develop a framework for systematic review with guidelines on how to conduct an effective systematic review for agricultural research. Systematic reviews require more time and effort but they can be used to conduct a comprehensive literature review, identifying potentially eligible articles on primary ...

Facile synthesis of acid-modified UiO-66 to enhance the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions.

The adsorption behavior and mechanism of Cr(VI) on different acid-modified UiO-66s (Form-UiO-66 and Ac-UiO-66) were systematically investigated for the first time through a series of characterizations, and theoretical calculations of batch experiments. The characterization results demonstrate that acid-modified UiO-66 exhibited a larger specific surface area than did unmodified UiO-66. In addition, since the regulator (formic acid) of Form-UiO-66 was the stronger competition, the specific surface area of Fo...

Impact of land use and land cover transitions and climate on evapotranspiration in the Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya.

The Lake Naivasha Basin in Kenya has experienced significant land use cover changes (LUCC) that has been hypothesized to have altered the hydrological regime in recent decades. While it is generally recognized that LUCC will impact evapotranspiration (ET), the precise nature of such impact is not very well understood. This paper describes how land use conversions among grassland and croplands have influenced ET in the Lake Naivasha Basin for the period 2003 to 2012. MODIS data products were used in combinat...

Carbon dioxide anion radical as a tool to enhance lignin valorization.

Lignin is particularly recalcitrant for valorization via the existing pretreatment methods due to its complex cross-linking polymeric network. The aim of this study is to develop a novel integrated pretreatment strategy to exploit the potential of lignocellulosic biomass as resource for production of biofuels and aromatic chemicals. In this regard, a novel UV/TiO/HCOOH reaction was proposed to systematically generate hydroxyl radical (OH) and carbon dioxide radical anion (CO) to depolymerize lignin. Usage o...

Efficient removal of atrazine by iron-modified biochar loaded Acinetobacter lwoffii DNS32.

In order to efficiently remove commonly used herbicide atrazine in farmland, an iron-modified biochar (FeMBC) was fabricated via chemical co-precipitation of Fe onto corn stalks biochar. The composites of FeMBC and Acinetobacter lwoffii DNS32 (bFeMBC) effectively accelerated the degradation rate of atrazine (100 mg L) in inorganic salt culture solution. TEM,XRD,XPS and FTIR were used to study the basic properties of the Materials. FeMBC promoted the formation of bacterial biofilm, -NH functional gro...

Effects of long-term exposure to colloidal gold nanorods on freshwater microalgae.

Gold nanorods have shown to pose adverse effects to biota. Whether these effects may be potentiated through prolonged exposure has been rarely studied. Therefore, this work aimed at evaluating the effects of long-term exposure to sublethal levels of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) coated gold nanorods (Au-NR) on two freshwater microalgae: Chlorella vulgaris and Raphidocelis subcapitata. These algae were exposed to several concentrations of Au-NR for 72 h and, afterwards, to the corresponding EC, for...

Environmental impacts of vegetables consumption in the UK.

A healthy diet depends on the daily intake of vegetables. Yet, their environmental impacts along the full supply chains are scarcely known. Therefore, this paper provides for the first time a comprehensive evaluation of the life cycle environmental impacts of vegetables consumed in UK. The impacts are assessed for 56 fresh and processed products produced domestically and imported from abroad, considering both the product and sectoral levels. At the product level, taking into account the market mix of fresh ...

Endotoxin contamination, a potentially important inflammation factor in water and wastewater: A review.

Endotoxins, also referred to as lipopolysaccharides or pyrogens, are major components embedded in the outer cell wall membrane of most Gram-negative bacteria and some cyanobacteria. As common pyrogens and strong immune stimulators, health hazards associated with endotoxins in water and wastewater have been attracting attention in recent years. In this paper, the characteristics, existing forms, and detection assays of endotoxins in water and wastewater are reviewed. Cellular response and pathophysiological ...

Analysis of occurrence, bioaccumulation and molecular targets of arsenic and other selected volcanic elements in Argentinean Patagonia and Antarctic ecosystems.

In Latin America, the high proportion of arsenic (As) in many groundwaters and phreatic aquifers is related to the volcanism of the Andean Range. Nevertheless, there is still very little published research on As and other elements occurrence, and/or transference to biota in Southern regions such as Argentinean Patagonia and the South Shetland Islands in Antarctica, where there are active volcanoes and geothermal processes. Therefore, this study was aimed to describe water quality from the main rivers of Arg...

Meso-/microporous carbon as an adsorbent for enhanced performance in solid-phase microextraction of chlorobenzenes.

There is urgent demand for the design of advanced coating materials for solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for water quality monitoring and assessment because of the global occurrence of chlorobenzenes (CBs). In this study, we proposed a dual-order activation method in which potassium hydroxide is used to modify pre-activated calcium citrate to synthesize a highly developed meso-/microporous carbon (MMC). The as-obtained MMC presented well-developed porosity with a super-high specific surface area (2638.09...

Atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic inorganic nitrogen in airborne particles and precipitation in the East Sea in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic nitrogen is an increasingly important new source of nitrogen to the ocean. Coastal areas east of the Korean Peninsula are suitable for the investigation of the effects of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen on the ocean nutrient system because of the low riverine discharge rates and the prevailing influence of the East Asian outflow. Thus, we measured the concentrations of nitrate (NO) and ammonium (NH) in airborne particles and in precipitation from March 2014 to ...

Comparative microbiome analysis of two different long-term pesticide contaminated soils revealed the anthropogenic influence on functional potential of microbial communities.

Microbial communities play a crucial role in bioremediation of pollutants in contaminated ecosystem. In addition to pure culture isolation and bacterial 16S rRNA based community studies, the focus has now shifted employing the omics technologies enormously for understanding the microbial diversity and functional potential of soil samples. Our previous report on two pesticide-contaminated sites revealed the diversity of both culturable and unculturable bacteria. In the present study, we have observed distinc...

Building surface materials as sources of micropollutants in building runoff: A pilot study.

Control of diffuse pollution is critical for achieving good surface water quality status. In this context, pollutant contributions from building materials have received increased attention in recent decades. This study examined the releases of metals, nonylphenols and phthalates from ten common building surface materials (installed in triplicates) into rainwater runoff from six rain events. The highest releases of metals were from copper and zinc sheets (average concentrations of 3090 μg/L Cu and 7770 ...

Aquatic mesocosms exposed to a fungicide in warm and cold temperate European climate zones: Long-term macroinvertebrate response.

At present, the European Union legislation facilitates the use of similar pesticides among European Member States, thereby assuming that biodiversity and ecosystems have equal sensitivities to contaminants throughout the whole of Europe. However, with this assumption, fundamental environmental and biological differences between climatic zones are being ignored in Environmental Risk Assessment. Such differences may strongly influence the behaviour of contaminants, their effects on biodiversity and on the nat...

Arsenic enrichment in sediments and beaches of Brazilian coastal waters: A review.

High concentrations of total arsenic (As), even above the Brazilian legislative threshold for marine sediments of 70 mg kg, were found in beach sands and near-shore surface sediments. Two mechanisms (anthropogenic activities and sedimentary processes in the coastal waters) are responsible for this contamination. The anthropogenic impact includes releases from metallurgical plants, phosphate fertilizer plants and gold and iron mining. In the coastal area sedimentary processes redistributed the As from th...

Can consumer food choices contribute to reduce environmental impact? The case of cisgenic apples.

In the last decade, cisgenic breeding emerged as a valuable alternative to transgenic genetic modification. Cisgenesis allows to obtain disease-resistant crops, thus reducing the need of chemical pesticides in the fields. This would imply a reduction of the environmental impact deriving from agricultural production. To concretely exploit the potential deriving from such biotechnology application, consumers' willingness to buy and consume such food is an essential matter. In this study we explore consumer ch...

Abiotic and biotic controls on dynamics of labile phosphorus fractions in calcareous soils under agricultural cultivation.

Soil labile inorganic and organic phosphorus (L-Pi and L-Po) extracted by NaHCO are potentially important sources of plant-available P. Their availability is strongly affected by soil physiochemical and biological properties. Here we conducted a field study in an arid region of northwestern China to investigate how L-Pi and L-Po dynamics are affected by changes in physiochemical and biological variables caused by agricultural cultivation of calcareous soils. Topsoils were sampled at multiple sites from natu...


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