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Measuring transcranial motor evoked potentials (EPs) and somatosensory EPs is a well-established method to assess spinal cord function during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Functional occlusion of one or both internal iliac arteries by large bore sheaths during TEVAR can cause unilateral intermittently EP loss.
There is a growing use of cerebral protection devices in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We aimed to analyze if the use of these devices itself has an impact on the complexity and the risk of TAVR.
Total esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is associated with high morbidity. The avoidance of a thoracic access could especially reduce the occurrence of pulmonary complications. Therefore, the combination of a high transhiatal dissection of the esophagus and a neck access with mediastinal dissection of the esophagus appears to be a possibility to reduce the pulmonary risks. However, the access to the posterior mediastinum is very limited with the conventional minimal invasive instruments. These limitations...
Scientific attempts to create the "ideal" small diameter vascular graft have been compared with the "search of the holy grail." Prosthetic material as expanded polytetrafluoroethylene or Dacron shows acceptable patency rates to large caliber vessels, while small diameter (< 6 mm) prosthetic conduits present unacceptably poor patency rates. Vascular tissue engineering represents a promising option to address this problem.
The aim of this study is to compare the combined use of the Myocardial Protection System and our microplegia (Basel Microplegia Protocol) with Cardioplexol in coronary artery bypass grafting using the minimal extracorporeal circulation.
There has been a growing interest in the nonoperative treatment of chest wall deformities over the last few decades; with the advent of external compressive orthotics, similar outcomes have been reported compared with surgical intervention. There have been fewer major complications reported with dynamic compression bracing on the chest wall; however, the Achilles heel of this approach still lies with treatment tolerability and compliance. A Medline literature search was undertaken to evaluate the evidence c...
In our institution, we developed a modification of the standard implantation technique of the Perceval sutureless aortic prosthesis (LivaNova, London, United Kingdom) that involves the usage of snuggers for the guiding sutures during valve deployment. The technique has been described elsewhere. In this article, we present the results of our initial case series comprising 128 consecutive patients.
Multiple valve surgery is associated with significant higher operative risks. Reduced cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times in multiple valve surgery may potentially be beneficial as they can be considered independent risk factors for increased morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery. We report first intermediate outcomes of the Edwards Intuity valve system (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California, United States) in combined procedures METHODS: Fifty-eight patients underwent rapid de...
Variations in pulmonary venous anatomy should not be undermined by thoracic surgeons during procedures which involve the pulmonary veins.
Bilateral lung neoplasms are becoming more common, but distinguishing two primary lung cancers from metastatic disease can be difficult and only long-term follow-up after treatment can disclose the real behavior of the disease.The present study aimed to identify the appropriate candidates for bilateral surgical resections from the perspective of short-term postoperative complications and long-term outcomes.
Endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting (EVH) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been developed to reduce leg wound problems. This study was undertaken to evaluate postoperative complications and patient's subjective satisfaction comparing EVH and surgical vein harvesting (SVH).
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on clinical outcomes in patients referred for transfemoral (TF) as well as transapical (TA) aortic valve implantation and furthermore to delineate possible advantages of the TF access.
Incidentally discovered severe calcified ascending aorta (CAA) is a major challenge faced by surgeons during cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery in this condition with the additional replacement of the CAA.
The omission of chest tubes after thoracoscopic procedures such as sympathectomy, lung biopsy, and lung resection has proven efficacious in decreasing pain and length of hospital stay in some cases. However, its safety for mediastinal diseases remains unclear. This study evaluated the feasibility and outcome of eliminating chest drains after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for mediastinal tumor resection.
Closure or amputation of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is a common therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF). As the LAA is a hormone-producing organ, however, amputation is still somewhat controversial. We examined patients after surgical AF therapy with or without LAA amputation to determine the influence of LAA amputation on pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (proANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) plasma levels and on clinical severity of heart failure.
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has become the preferred approach for minimizing harm from thoracic operations. There is no report, however, which has discussed the feasibility of VATS in ipsilateral reoperation of major lung resection.
Pectus excavatum (PE) reduces the dynamics of the thoracic cage, with a negative impact on exercise capacity. We aimed to evaluate the effects of Nuss repair for PE on the dynamics of the thoracic cage and exercise capacity in adults.