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Cigarette smoking is associated with enhanced clopidogrel effect and platelet inhibition. However, the effect of smoking cessation on clopidogrel pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) is unknown. We aimed to determine the effect of smoking cessation, confirmed by cotinine measurement, on clopidogrel PK and PD after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Factor XII (FXII) zymogen activation requires cleavage after arginine 353 located in the activation loop. This cleavage can be executed by activated FXII (autoactivation), plasma kallikrein (PKa), or plasmin. Previous studies proposed that the activation loop of FXII is shielded to regulate FXII activation and subsequent contact activation. In this study, we aimed to elucidate this mechanism by expressing and characterizing seven consecutive N-terminally truncated FXII variants as well as full-length wild-t...
We investigated whether fibrinogen concentrate administration to bleeding patients is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic complications and death.
The benefit of periprocedural bridging with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in patients with atrial fibrillation has been contested by the publication of the BRIDGE trial.
Western guidelines recommend an international normalized ratio (INR) range of 2 to 3 when using warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), but lower INR ranges are frequently used in East Asia. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in AF patients comparing the effect of lower versus standard INR targets on thromboembolism, major bleeding, and mortality.
C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) plays a crucial role in different platelet-related physiological and pathological processes. It signals through a tyrosine kinase-mediated pathway that is highly dependent on the positive feedback exerted by the platelet-derived secondary mediators, adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and thromboxane A (TXA). Here, we aimed to analyze the tyrosine phosphoproteome of platelets activated with the CLEC-2 agonist rhodocytin to identify relevant phosphorylated tyrosine residues (p-...
Risk factors for venous thromboembolism in patients with solid tumors are well studied; however, studies in patients with acute leukemia are lacking. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia diagnosed between June 2006 and June 2017 at a tertiary care center in Canada. Potential predictors of venous thromboembolism were evaluated using logistic regression and a risk score was derived based on weighed variables and comp...
Venous thrombosis (VT) resolution is a complex process, resembling sterile wound healing. Infiltrating blood-derived monocyte/macrophages (Mo/MΦs) are essential for the regulation of inflammation in tissue repair. These cells differentiate into inflammatory (CD11bLy6C) or proreparative (CD11bLy6C) subtypes. Previous studies have shown that infiltrating Mo/MΦs are important for VT resolution, but the precise roles of different Mo/MΦs subsets are not well understood. Utilizing murine models of stasis and s...
Factor VIII (FVIII) products are usually dosed according to body weight (BW). This may lead to under- or over-dosing in underweight or obese patients, respectively.
Recent evidence demonstrated that weekly prophylaxis with subcutaneous bispecific antibody (emicizumab) has shown higher efficacy in adolescent and adults patients affected by haemophilia A (HA) with inhibitor, compared with patients treated on demand or on prophylaxis with bypassing agents (BPAs). However, no economic evaluations assessing the value and sustainability of emicizumab prophylaxis have been performed in Europe. This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of emicizumab prophylaxis compared with ...
Characterizing the relationship between genetic, epigenetic (e.g., deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] methylation), and transcript variation could provide insights into mechanisms regulating hemostasis and potentially identify new drug targets. Several hemostatic factors are synthesized in the liver, yet high-resolution DNA methylation data from human liver tissue is currently lacking for these genes. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can influence DNA methylation in which can affect gene expression. This ca...
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life-threatening complication of heparin therapy. Heparin is generally avoided in patients with a history of HIT; however, it remains the anticoagulant of choice for cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) because of limited experience with alternative anticoagulants such as direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) during CPB. We report outcomes of surgery requiring CPB (30-day mortality, rate of thrombosis, and hemorrhage) in patients with prior HIT who r...
Blood monocyte subsets are emerging as biomarkers of cardiovascular inflammation. However, our understanding of human monocyte heterogeneity and their immunophenotypic features under healthy and inflammatory conditions is still evolving.
Current evidence supports the use of low-dose aspirin for secondary cardiovascular prevention. By contrast, the benefit-to-risk ratio of aspirin use in primary prevention is debated: three contemporary randomized control trials have been conflicting, and meta-analyses have concluded for an unclear clinical benefit, based on the consideration that the reduction in thromboembolic events is counterbalanced by increased bleeding. The primary prevention setting is, however, a heterogeneous mix of subjects at hig...
Previous studies have shown increased mortality in venous thromboembolism (VTE) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but it is unknown to what extent the association is influenced by the severity of COPD and physical inactivity.
Warfarin-associated major hemorrhage is frequently treated with prothrombin complex concentrates to correct international normalized ratio (INR).
Enhancement of thromboxane A (TXA) synthase (TXAS) activity, TXA release, and thromboxane prostanoid (TP) receptor activation leads to vasoconstriction and oxidative injury. We explored whether genetic deletion of TXAS/TXA/TP signalling may reduce renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.