Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Toxicology and applied pharmacology RSS

00:20 EDT 24th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 29 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.

BioPortfolio aims to cross reference relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with selected topics - speciality.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 468 from Toxicology and applied pharmacology

Influence of AS3MT polymorphisms on arsenic metabolism and liver injury in APL patients treated with arsenic trioxide.

Arsenic-induced side effects limit its application in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We recently demonstrated that AS3MT 14215 (rs3740390) genotypes were associated with urinary arsenic metabolites and hematological and biochemical values. To further decipher the role of AS3MT genotypes on arsenic metabolism and toxicity, AS3MT 27215 (rs11191446), 35587 (rs11191453), 35991 (rs10748835), and their interactive effects were examined in fifty APL patients treated with arsenic trioxide (AsO...

Toxicogenomic analyses of the effects of BDE-47/209, TBBPA/S and TCBPA on early neural development with a human embryonic stem cell in vitro differentiation system.

Flame retardants are detected in the environment worldwide, and thus pose great risks to human health. The potential effects of these chemicals on the development of the central nervous system, have recently raised public concern. In this study, to explore the toxicity of these chemicals during the early developmental stages of the human central nervous system, we induced human embryonic stem cells to differentiate into neural ectoderm in the presence of five halogenated flame retardants, BDE-47, BDE-209, T...

Daily ascending dosing in cynomolgus monkeys to mitigate cytokine release syndrome induced by ERY22, surrogate for T-cell redirecting bispecific antibody ERY974 for cancer immunotherapy.

CD3 bispecific constructs show promising therapeutic potential as anti-tumor antibodies, but it has concurrently been difficult to manage cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in clinical use. Currently, the most effective measure for reducing CRS is considered a combination of intra-patient/animal dose escalation and corticosteroid premedication. To examine how effectively an intra-animal ascending dose regimen without premedication would mitigate CRS, we compared plasma cytokine levels in two groups of cynomolg...

Reproductive toxicity of acute Cd exposure in mouse: Resulting in oocyte defects and decreased female fertility.

Cadmium (Cd), a known metal contaminant, is widespreadly used in industry, thereby human health is severely affected through the way of occupational and environmental exposure. The adverse effects of the exposure to Cd on the female reproductive system, especially oocyte maturation and fertility have not been clearly defined. In this study, we found the arrested development of ovaries and uteri after Cd exposure and determined oocyte quality via assessing the key regulators during meiotic maturation and fer...

Evidence that melatonin downregulates Nedd4-1 E3 ligase and its role in cellular survival.

Indolamine melatonin structurally resembles non-covalent proteasome inhibitors; however, the role of ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) in neuronal survival and how melatonin carries out UPS inhibition remain largely unknown. With the use of melatonin treated cells, we evaluated the expression of Nedd4-1, an E3 ligase, how melatonin regulates its activity and its relationship with neuronal survival. Nedd4-1 was upregulated in the hypoxic condition in both control and Nedd4-1 overexpressed cells and melatonin...

Identification of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals using gene expression biomarkers.

Recent technological advances have moved the field of toxicogenomics from reliance on microarray platforms to high-throughput transcriptomic (HTTr) technologies that measure global gene expression. Gene expression biomarkers are emerging as useful tools for interpreting gene expression profiles to identify perturbations of targets of xenobiotic chemicals including those that act as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Gene expression biomarkers are lists of similarly-regulated genes identified in global g...

Protective effect of sestrin2 against iron overload and ferroptosis-induced liver injury.

Ferroptosis is the non-apoptotic form of cell death caused by small molecules or conditions that inhibit glutathione biosynthesis or resulting in iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxidation by lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sestrin2 (Sesn2), a conserved antioxidant protein, is responsive to various stresses including genotoxic, metabolic, and oxidative stresses and acts to restore homeostatic balance. Sesn2 expression was reported to be regulated via stress-responsive transcription factors inclu...

Untargeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolomics to assess drug-induced cholestatic features in HepaRG® cells.

Cholestasis is a liver disease associated with retention of bile in the liver, which leads to local hepatic inflammation and severe liver damage. In order to investigate the mode of action of drug-induced cholestasis, in vitro models have shown to be able to recapitulate important elements of this disease. In this study, we applied untargeted metabolomics to investigate the metabolic perturbances in HepaRG® cells exposed for 24 h and 72 h to bosentan, a cholestatic reference toxicant. Intracellular pro...

Tadalafil restores long-term memory and synaptic plasticity in mice with hepatic encephalopathy.

Tadalafil displays important neuroprotective effects in experimental models of neurodegenerative diseases, however its mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the action of Tadalafil on learning and memory, neuroinflammation, glial cell activation and neuroprotection in the experimental model of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) induced by Thioacetamide (TAA) in mice.

Determination of chemical-disease risk values to prioritize connections between environmental factors, genetic variants, and human diseases.

Traditional methods for chemical risk assessment are too time-consuming and resource-intensive to characterize either the diversity of chemicals to which humans are exposed or how that diversity may manifest in population susceptibility differences. The advent of novel toxicological data sources and their integration with bioinformatic databases affords opportunities for modern approaches that consider gene-environment (GxE) interactions in population risk assessment. Here, we present an approach that syste...

Altered bile acid composition and disposition in a mouse model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive inflammatory and fibrotic disease. However, the progression mechanism of NASH is not well understood. Bile acids are endogenous molecules that regulate cholesterol homeostasis, lipid solubilization in the intestinal lumen, and metabolic signaling via several receptors. In this study, we investigated the relationship between bile acid composition and NASH-associated fibrosis using a mouse model fed choline-deficient, L-amino-acid-defined, high-fat diet wi...

Degradation of MCL-1 by bufalin reverses acquired resistance to osimertinib in EGFR-mutant lung cancer.

Although osimertinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has become the standard therapy for treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR-activating mutation, upregulation of MCL-1 induces acquired resistance to osimertinib. Bufalin, a natural digoxin-like ingredient isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine Chan Su, has been shown to downregulate MCL-1 in NSCLC cells. However, whether bufalin reverses this acquired resistance to osimertinib in NSCLC cells remains unclear. In this study...

IFN-α-2b treatment protects against diet-induced obesity and alleviates non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice.

IFN-α is used for inflammatory purposes, and obesity and NAFLD are strongly correlated with inflammatory processes. We wondered whether IFN-α-2b can attenuate obesity development and its associated NAFLD in mice fed high fat diet (HFD) for 10 weeks. IFN-α-2b had a robust effect on body weight loss associated with NAFLD amelioration by decreasing hepatic inflammation. IFN-α-2b-treated mice showed increased plasma cholesterol levels together with decreased hepatic cholesterol, both on chow and HF diets....

Interaction of swine organic anion transporting polypeptide 1a2 with tetracycline, macrolide and β-lactam antibiotics.

Organic anion-transporting polypeptides (human OATPs; animals Oatps; gene symbol SLCO/Slco) are integral membrane proteins that mediate the sodium-independent transport of a wide range of endogenous compounds as well as many xenobiotics. Antibiotics, antidiabetic drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, antifungals, antivirals, antihistamines, antihypertensives, fibrates, statins, cardiac glycosides, immunosuppressants, and anticancer drugs are among the substrates transported by OATPs. Because of the broad substrat...

TET1 regulates DNA repair in human glial cells.

Glioblastomas are the most aggressive of malignant brain cancers with a median patient survival of approximately 18 months. We recently demonstrated that Tet methylcytosine dioxygenase 1(TET1) is involved in cellular responses to ionizing radiation (IR) in glial-, glioblastoma-, and non-tumor-derived cells. This study used a lentiviral-mediated knockdown of TET1 to further dissect the contribution of TET1 to the DNA damage response in glial cell lines by evaluating its role in DNA repair. TET1-deficient g...

Imatinib mesylate effects on zebrafish reproductive success: Gonadal development, gamete quality, fertility, embryo-larvae viability and development, and related genes.

Imatinib (IM) is a tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor (TKI) used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia. Clinical case reports and a few laboratory mammal studies provide inconclusive evidence about its deleterious effects on reproduction. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the potential of zebrafish to characterize IM-induced effects on reproduction and clarify IM effects on reproductive success. To this end, we exposed adult zebrafish to four concentrations of IM for 30 days followed by a 30-day depura...

Comparative mechanisms of PAH toxicity by benzoapyrene and dibenzodef,pchrysene in primary human bronchial epithelial cells cultured at air-liquid interface.

Current assumption for assessing carcinogenic risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is that they function through a common mechanism of action; however, recent studies demonstrate that PAHs can act through unique mechanisms potentially contributing to cancer outcomes in a non-additive manner. Using a primary human 3D bronchial epithelial culture (HBEC) model, we assessed potential differences in mechanism of toxicity for two PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene (BAP) and dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC), compared to ...

Modeling of antipsychotics-induced metabolic alterations in mice: An experimental approach precluding psychosis as a predisposing factor.

Despite benefits, atypical antipsychotics produce troublesome metabolic adverse effects particularly hyperphagia, weight gain, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and insulin resistance which further develop metabolic and cardiac complications. The animal models studied for antipsychotic-induced weight gain only focused on metabolic alteration in antipsychotics treated animals but none has considered psychosis as a predisposing factor which mimics the clinical condition. The present study was aimed to rule out the ...

Amino-terminal region of human organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 dictates transporter stability and substrate interaction.

Organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) are key players of drug absorption, distribution and excretion due to their broad substrate specificity, wide tissue distribution and the involvement in drug-drug interaction. OATP1B1 is specifically localized at the basolateral membrane of human hepatocytes and serves a crucial role in the drug clearance from the body. Previous studies have shown that transmembrane domains (TMs) are essential for proper functions of OATPs. In the present study, site-directed ...

ATPR-induced differentiation and G0/G1 phase arrest in acute promyelocytic leukemia by repressing EBP50/NCF1 complex to promote the production of ROS.

Our previous study has demonstrated that 4-amino-2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl Retinate (ATPR) can induce human leukemia NB4 cells differentiation and G0/G1 phase arrest, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we used proteomics to screen differentially expressed protein profiles in NB4 cells before and after ATPR treatment in vitro. We analyzed the peptides digested from total cellular proteins by reverse phase LC-MS/MS and then performed label-free quantitative analysis. We found 27 sign...

Adoptive transfer of DMSO-induced regulatory T cells exhibits a similar preventive effect compared to an in vivo DMSO treatment for chemical-induced experimental encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis in mice.

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a severe complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). This disease leads to intestinal obstruction with or without peritonitis. The imbalance between the populations of Th17 and regulatory T (Treg) cells (higher Th17 cells and lower Treg cells) is part of the pathogenesis of EPS formation. We demonstrated that dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) effectively inhibited autoimmune diabetes recurrence in the islet transplantation of NOD mice via the induction of the differentiatio...

Developing novel in vitro methods for the risk assessment of developmental and placental toxicants in the environment.

During pregnancy, the placenta is critical for the regulation of maternal homeostasis and fetal growth and development. Exposures to environmental chemicals during pregnancy can be detrimental to the health of the placenta and therefore adversely impact maternal and fetal health. Though research on placental-derived developmental toxicity is expanding, testing is limited by the resources required for traditional test methods based on whole animal experimentation. Alternative strategies utilizing in vitro me...

Dietary administration of black raspberries modulates arsenic biotransformation and reduces urinary 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine in mice.

Arsenic in drinking water is a worldwide public health problem due to its pathogenic induction of oxidative stress in various organ systems. Phytochemicals present in polyphenolic-rich fruits such as black raspberries (BRBs) have diverse health benefits, including antioxidation and modulation of enzymes in xenobiotic metabolism. We used a mouse model combined with a standardized BRB-rich diet to investigate the impact of BRB consumption on arsenic biotransformation. We observed a significant reduction of ur...

Molecular and epigenetic mechanisms of Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis.

Chromium (Cr) is a naturally occurring metallic element found in the Earth's crust. While trivalent chromium ([Cr(III)] is considered non-carcinogenic, hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] has long been established as an IARC class I human carcinogen, known to induce cancers of the lung. Current literature suggests that Cr(VI) is capable of inducing carcinogenesis through both genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. Although much has been learned about the molecular etiology of Cr(VI)-induced lung carcinogenesis, more r...

Potent antitumor activity of Laccaic acid and Phenethyl isothiocyanate combination in colorectal cancer via dual inhibition of DNA methyltransferase-1 and Histone deacetylase-1.

Despite an incessant advancement in the treatment of Colorectal Cancer (CRC), 40% of individuals suffer from disease relapse which marks the need for new treatment options. In this study we report synergistic antitumor activity of Laccaic acid (LA) and Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) combination in colorectal cancer via dual inhibition of DNA methyltransferase-1 and Histone deacetylase-1. Efficacy of combination was evaluated in both in-vitro and in-vivo experiments using human colon carcinoma cell line HT...


Quick Search