PubMed Journal Database | Veterinary dermatology RSS

13:12 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30 from Veterinary dermatology

Mycobacterium nebraskense infection in a dog in Switzerland with disseminated skin lesions.

Cutaneous disseminated mycobacteriosis is rare in dogs. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the slowly growing mycobacterial species Mycobacterium nebraskense has not been described before in this species.

Comparison of two inoculation methods for Microsporum canis culture using the toothbrush sampling technique.

The fungal culture toothbrush method is a common method for obtaining material for fungal cultures to diagnose dermatophytosis. The optimal technique for inoculation onto the agar surface has not been studied.

An evaluation of veterinary allergen extract content and resultant canine intradermal threshold concentrations.

Limited information is available for dogs on threshold concentrations (TCs), and the protein composition of common allergenic extracts produced by different manufacturers.

Long-term management of horses with atopic dermatitis in southeastern England: a retrospective questionnaire study of owners' perceptions.

Allergic pruritus and urticaria in the horse are challenging for veterinarians and owners; little is known about their long-term management.

Clinical and histopathological features of Burkholderia cepacia complex dermatitis in dogs: a series of four cases.

The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) is an emerging cause of opportunistic infections. Deep pyoderma associated with Bcc infection has been reported previously in dogs receiving ciclosporin.

Comparison of two ear cytological collection techniques in dogs with otitis externa.

Canine otitis externa is a common disease. Cytological evaluation of otic exudate is a useful diagnostic test to direct and monitor treatment for otitis externa. One method of collecting ear cytological specimens utilizes a cotton-tipped swab inserted into the vertical ear canal. A proposed alternative method is to aspirate exudate from the deep horizontal canal using a rubber tube.

A cross-sectional study of show English bulldogs in the United States: evaluating paw lesions, cytological findings, pruritic behaviours and gastrointestinal signs.

English bulldogs (EBDs) are considered to commonly show signs of pododermatitis and gastrointestinal (GI) disease.

Analysis of the otic mycobiota in dogs with otitis externa compared to healthy individuals.

Otitis externa is a common multifactorial disease with a prevalence in dogs as high as 10-20%. In humans, the diversity of the cutaneous mycobiota appears to increase in diseased states, whereas one canine study identified a decrease in diversity of the cutaneous mycobiota in atopic dogs compared to healthy individuals.

Preliminary study of guard hair morphology in four dog breeds.

Morphological differences between mammalian hair types are useful for species distinction. Differences in animal hair structure are observed between species, whereas there may be breed differences within a species.

Cannabinoid receptor types 1 and 2 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α: distribution in the skin of clinically healthy cats and cats with hypersensitivity dermatitis.

Cannabinoid receptors and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α) are gaining recognition as potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of skin disorders.

A case report of Dermanyssus gallinae infestation in three cats.

Dermanyssus gallinae is a major threat for the poultry industry; these mites also feed on the blood of many other birds, small mammals and potentially humans.

PCR analysis of a prescription vegetarian diet and use in three dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions.

Cutaneous adverse food reaction (CAFR) is diagnosed by performing an elimination diet trial utilizing prescription or home-cooked diets followed by provocative challenge.

Feline herpesvirus ulcerative dermatitis: an atypical case?

Feline herpesvirus ulcerative dermatitis is an uncommon skin disease in cats, with a predominantly facial distribution characterized by massive infiltration of eosinophils and, occasionally, predominant neutrophils.

An assessment of a Western blot method for the investigation of canine cutaneous adverse food reactions.

Adverse food reaction (AFR) is diagnosed with a two month elimination diet (ED), followed by challenge with the original food.

Percutaneous prick test irritant threshold concentrations for eight allergens in healthy nonsedated dogs in the USA.

Percutaneous testing (PT) is preferred to intradermal testing in humans for the in vivo identification of allergen hypersensitivity, but the methodology has not been well described for use in dogs with atopic dermatitis.

Transcriptional analysis of the IL-33 receptor suppression of tumourigenicity 2 and its effects on canine Type 2 T helper cells: a preliminary study.

Interleukin (IL)-33 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of canine atopic dermatitis, a Type 2 T helper cell (Th2)-associated disease. In humans, IL-33 mediates its biological effects through the receptor suppression of tumourigenicity 2 (ST2), which is preferentially expressed on Th2 cells. The effects of IL-33 on canine Th2 cells are unclear.

Evaluation of C-reactive protein as an inflammatory marker of pemphigus foliaceus and superficial pyoderma in dogs.

C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute phase protein in dogs and may be an inflammatory marker of autoimmune diseases.

Effect of prophylactic cefalexin treatment on the development of bacterial infection in acute radiation-induced dermatitis in dogs: a blinded randomized controlled prospective clinical trial.

Acute radiation-induced dermatitis (ARID) is a common sequela of radiation therapy and carries the risk of secondary bacterial skin infection. No standard of care exists for managing canine ARID and evidence-based guidelines are lacking; however, prophylactic use of antibiotics is common.

Persistent papilloma treated with cryotherapy in three dogs.

Canine papillomaviruses can affect the mucous membranes and skin of young, old and immunocompromised dogs. Most lesions regress spontaneously over a four to eight week interval; however, in some cases the lesions may persist or progress. Cryotherapy is used as a treatment for papillomavirus induced lesions in veterinary practice but there is limited published evidence regarding its use.

Determination of irritant threshold concentrations of multiple tree, grass, weed and mould allergens for intradermal testing of horses residing in the southern USA.

Appropriate allergen threshold concentrations (TCs) for intradermal testing (IDT) have not been established in horses for many pollen and mould allergens.

Afoxolaner and fluralaner treatment do not impact on cutaneous Demodex populations of healthy dogs.

Fluralaner and afoxolaner are isoxazolines licensed for the treatment of flea and tick infestations. Isoxazolines have also shown efficacy for treatment of demodicosis. Nothing is known about the impact of these compounds on the populations of Demodex in healthy dogs.

Melanin granules melanophages and a fully-melanized epidermis are common traits of odontocete and mysticete cetaceans.

The cellular mechanisms used to counteract or limit damage caused by exposure of marine vertebrates to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation are poorly understood. Cetaceans are vulnerable because they lack protective skin appendages and are obliged to surface continuously to breathe, thus being exposed repeatedly to UV light. Although molecular mechanisms of photoprotection of cetaceans have been studied, there is limited knowledge about their epidermal structure and photoprotective effectors.

Use of mycophenolate mofetil to treat immune-mediated skin disease in 14 dogs - a retrospective evaluation.

Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a lymphocytotoxic immunosuppressive agent used in human and companion animal medicine for the treatment of immune-mediated disease. Mycophenolate mofetil is reported to have reduced myelotoxicity and hepatotoxicity when compared to azathioprine.

Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae) infestation: case report of three dogs in Malaysia treated with spinosad/milbemycin.

Infestation of wounds with the larvae of Callophorid flies is relatively common in countries where these parasites are found. The most common species associated with infections in Southeast Asia is Chrysomya bezziana (Ch. bezziana), the Old World screw worm. Treatment consists of either subcutaneous injection of ivermectin or oral administration of nitenpyram combined with aggressive tissue debridement under general anaesthesia.

Prospective pilot study to detect dogs with non food-induced canine atopic dermatitis using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.

The diagnosis of canine atopic dermatitis (CAD) remains challenging due to the lack of a simple biomarker or metabolic profile. In human medicine, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) is an analytical technique used for several diseases. It requires a small amount of sample and allows the identification of structural moieties of biomolecules on the basis of their infrared absorption, with limited sample pretreatment.

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