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PubMed Journals Articles About " Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd." RSS

21:20 EDT 20th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

 Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest  Taro Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Taro Pharmaceutical Industries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,100+

Taro starch (Colocasia esculenta) and citric acid modified taro starch as tablet disintegrating agents.

The objective of the present work is to study the physicochemical and functional properties of taro starch (Colocasia esculenta) and to further modify the starch by treating with citric acid to obtain a novel functional material. DSC, FTIR and SEM studies were performed along with physicochemical analysis. The disintegrant efficiency ratio and dissolution efficiency were determined on paracetamol tablets prepared by wet granulation taking the starch as a binder-disintegrant. The moisture content and ash val...


Conserving and Sharing Taro Genetic Resources for the Benefit of Global Taro Cultivation: A Core Contribution of the Centre for Pacific Crops and Trees.

This review article gives an account of the origin, domestication, and dispersal of taro, a staple food crop in many countries in the humid tropics and subtropics. Genetic diversity studies indicated that distinct gene pools exist in all the regions where taro may be naturally distributed-the Indian subcontinent, China, Southeast Asia, and in Oceania. The Asian gene pool presented the highest genetic diversity. Diploid taro is prevalent in the Pacific Islands, while both diploids and triploids are found in ...

Literary evidence for taro in the ancient Mediterranean: A chronology of names and uses in a multilingual world.

Taro, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, is a vegetable and starchy root crop cultivated in Asia, Oceania, the Americas, Africa, and the Mediterranean. Very little is known about its early history in the Mediterranean, which previous authors have sought to trace through Classical (Greek and Latin) texts that record the name colocasia (including cognates) from the 3rd century BC onwards. In ancient literature, however, this name also refers to the sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. and its edible rhizome. ...


Adsorption of Cu (II) and Ni (II) from aqueous solutions by taro stalks chemically modified with diethylenetriamine.

Taro stalks (TS) were modified by diethylenetriamine (DETA) to obtain the modified taro stalks adsorbents (recorded as MTSA). This kind of raw material is unprecedented and the method of modification is relatively simple. The physicochemical properties of MTSA were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), FTIR, and zeta potential analyzer. The capacity of MTSA for adsorbing heavy metals under different influencing factors was tested by UV-visible spectrophotometer. The results indicated that the...

Prioritizing Type of Industry through Health Risk Assessment of Occupational Exposure to Dimethylformamide in the Workplace.

The purpose of this study was to classify hazards at an industrial level and evaluate the exposure risks of workers exposed to dimethylformamide (DMF) used as a solvent in the workplace and to determine industries that need priority measures in managing DMF exposure. We calculated hazard quotients at an industrial level. The exposure data of DMF in the workplace were obtained from the work environment monitoring program provided by the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency. The evaluation was conducte...

Physical stabilities of taro starch nanoparticles stabilized Pickering emulsions and the potential application of encapsulated tea polyphenols.

In this research, Pickering emulsion stabilized by taro starch nanoparticles was successfully prepared, and the potential application of encapsulating tea polyphenols was investigated. The nanoparticle size (about 460 nm) and contact angle (81.5°) of taro starch indicate that it is suitable for adsorbing on the oil-water interface and forming a dense interfacial layer. Emulsion stability at different particle concentrations, oil-water ratios, and sodium chloride concentrations has been systematically stu...

Analysis of Pin Milling of Pharmaceutical Materials.

Milling is an important process for tailoring the particle size distribution for enhanced dissolution, content uniformity, tableting, etc., specially for active pharmaceutical ingredients and excipient in pharmaceutical industries. Milling performance of particulate solids depends on the equipment operating conditions (geometry, process conditions and input energy etc.) as well as material properties (particle size, shape, and mechanical properties, such as Young's modulus, hardness and fracture toughness)....

Genome sequence resource for the oomycete taro pathogen Phytophthora colocasiae.

Phytophthora colocasiae is a phytopathogenic oomycete that causes leaf blight and corm rot on taro (Colocasia esculenta), an important staple crop in the tropics. The impact of P. colocasiae is a serious concern for food security in Asian and Oceanic regions. Vietnamese strain 7290 of P. colocasiae was sequenced (Illumina) to assemble a draft genome of 56.6 Mb, comprised of 19853 scaffolds and 19984 predicted protein-coding genes. As in other Phytophthora species, P. colocasiae possesses numerous pathogenic...

A network analysis of indirect carbon emission flows among different industries in China.

Indirect carbon emissions account for a large ratio of the total carbon emissions in processes to make the final products, and this implies indirect carbon emission flow across industries. Understanding these flows is crucial for allocating a carbon allowance for each industry. By combining input-output analysis and complex network theory, this study establishes an indirect carbon emission flow network (ICEFN) for 41 industries from 2005 to 2014 to investigate the interrelationships among different industri...

Potential of taro starch spherical aggregates as wall material for spray drying microencapsulation: Functional, physical and thermal properties.

Orphan drugs: trends and issues in drug development.

Research in rare diseases has contributed substantially toward the current understanding in the pathophysiology of the common diseases. However, medical needs of patients with rare diseases have always been neglected by the society and pharmaceutical industries based on their small numbers and unprofitability. The Orphan Drug Act (1983) was the first serious attempt to address the unmet medical needs for patients with rare diseases and to provide impetus for the pharmaceutical industry to promote orphan dru...

Microfluidics contribution to pharmaceutical sciences: From drug discovery to post marketing product management.

Drug discovery and development is a long-lasting process in which many challenges have to be addressed at every stage, from the discovery of the target biomolecule to the commercialization of the discovered drugs and its quality control. From thousands of hits identified during early drug discovery only one drug is eventually efficient and safe enough to be commercialized. This high rejection rate, especially during preclinical and clinical studies have led to an exponential increase of costs to develop new...

Sunshine Policies and Murky Shadows in Europe: Disclosure of Pharmaceutical Industry Payments to Health Professionals in Nine European Countries.

Relationships between health professionals and pharmaceutical manufacturers can unduly influence clinical practice. These relationships are the focus of global transparency efforts, including in Europe. We conducted a descriptive content analysis of the transparency provisions implemented by February 2017 in nine European Union (EU) countries concerning payments to health professionals, with duplicate independent coding of all data. Using an author-generated, semi-structured questionnaire, we collected info...

Vanishing industries and the rising monopoly of universities in published research.

Anecdotes abound regarding the decline of basic research in industrial and governmental settings, but very little empirical evidence exists about the phenomenon. This article provides a systematic and historical analysis of the contribution of various institutional sectors to knowledge production at the world and country levels across the past four decades. It highlights a dramatic decline in the diffusion of basic research by industrial and governmental sectors across all countries-with a corresponding inc...

The Fate of Synthetic and Endogenous Hormones Used in the US Beef and Dairy Industries and the Potential for Human Exposure.

Growth-enhancing chemicals used by the beef and dairy industries may be bioavailable to humans via milk, meat, and other environmental matrices. This review evaluates the potential for environmental transport and bioavailability of the active chemical to humans.

Ethical Issues Pertaining to Conflicts of Interest Between Neurologists and the Pharmaceutical and Medical Device Industries.

A conflict of interest (COI) exists when a physician's professional responsibilities are compromised by personal or financial relationships. COIs between physicians and the pharmaceutical or medical device industry (Industry) are common. Collaborations with Industry have many potential benefits, but also raise potential ethical pitfalls. Industry-related COIs have widespread influence on medical education, research, and clinical practice, and therefore have profound implications for the integrity of the fie...

Maximization of Calcium and Phosphate in Neonatal Total Parenteral Nutrition.

Appropriate calcium and phosphate supplementation is essential for bone growth in preterm infants. Using Rehabix-K2 (AY Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) and Pleamin-P Injection (FUSO Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd., Osaka, Japan) as the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and amino acid solution, respectively, we investigated ways of maximizing calcium and phosphate in the TPN solution.

Projecting Pharmaceutical Expenditure in EU5 to 2021: Adjusting for the Impact of Discounts and Rebates.

Within (European) healthcare systems, the predominant goal for pharmaceutical expenditure is cost containment. This is due to a general belief among healthcare policy makers that pharmaceutical expenditure-driven by high prices-will be unsustainable unless further reforms are enacted.

Ecological niche modeling for a cultivated plant species: a case study on taro (Colocasia esculenta) in Hawaii.

Under the threat of ongoing and projected climate change, communities in the Pacific Islands face challenges of adapting culture and lifestyle to accommodate a changing landscape. Few models can effectively predict how biocultural livelihoods might be impacted. Here, we examine how environmental and anthropogenic factors influence an ecological niche model (ENM) for the realized niche of cultivated taro (Colocasia esculenta) in Hawaii. We created and tuned two sets of ENMs: one using only environmental vari...

Applications of various analytical techniques in quality control of pharmaceutical excipients.

Although excipients are pharmacologically inert substances, still they are integral and significant ingredients of a pharmaceutical formulation. Their amount and concentration level along with the active pharmaceutical ingredients is of utmost importance to decide the pharmacokinetics and stability of a dosage form. It is becoming progressively more important to illustrate the purity of excipients throughout the development and manufacture of pharmaceutical products as the safety and efficacy of the pharmac...

The source and diversion of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The non-medical use (NMU) of pharmaceutical drugs is an increasing public health concern. This systematic review consolidates current knowledge about how pharmaceutical drugs are obtained for NMU and the processes and people involved in diversion.

Applications of proteomics in pharmaceutical research and development.

The significance of proteomics in the pharmaceutical industry has increased since overcoming initial difficulties. This review discusses recent proteomics publications from pharmaceutical companies to identify new trends in proteomics applications to research and development. Applications of proteomics such as chemical proteomics, protein expression profiling, targeted protein quantitation, analysis of protein-protein interactions and post-translational modification are widely used by various sections of th...

Solid-state insight into the action of a pharmaceutical solvate: structural, thermal and dissolution analysis of indinavir sulfate ethanolate.

The crystal structure of indinavir sulfate, a pharmaceutical administered as an ethanol solvate, is presented, revealing a unique channel/ionic solvate structure to be characteristic of the compound. The properties of the material with regard to thermal treatment and water adsorption follow closely from the structure. The in situ amorphization of the pharmaceutical upon contacting liquid water is observed and highlights the unique dissolution enhancement of marketing the crystalline solvate dosage. Through ...

Comparison of Rheological and Sedimentation Behavior of Commercially Available Suspending Vehicles for Oral Pharmaceutical Preparations.

A pharmaceutical suspension is a semi-liquid dosage form suitable for patients being unable to swallow solid medicines such as tablets and capsules. A vehicle used for the preparation of pharmaceutical oral suspensions preferably shows pseudo-plastic behavior. In a product that gets thinner with agitation and thicker upon standing, slow settlement of the suspended active pharmaceutical ingredient is combined with good pourability and rehomogenization. This gives the best guarantee of uniformity of dose for ...

Air and waterborne microbiome of a pharmaceutical plant provide insights on spatiotemporal variations and community resilience after disturbance.

The presence of microrganisms in pharmaceutical production plant environments is typically monitored by cultural methods, however these cannot detect the unculturable fraction of the microbial community. To get more accurate information on the composition of these indoor microbial communities, both water and air microbiome from a pharmaceutical production plant were profiled by 16S amplicon sequencing.


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