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Juvenile myasthenia gravis is a rare autoimmune disease, which has made it difficult to collect data from prospective randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy and results of different treatments. Although there are differences between the juvenile myasthenia gravis and that of the adult, the data provided by some researches in adults in the treatment of juvenile myasthenia gravis have been used. The different therapeutic options will be evaluated, with the different evidences that sustain it an...
Thymoma is a rare epithelial tumor arising from the thymus in the anterior mediastinum. Nearly 50% of patients with thymoma develop myasthenia gravis, which is an indication of a poor long-term prognosis. Here, we identified specific and effective molecular markers for predicting in the development of myasthenia gravis patients with thymoma.
Since the death of Chief Opechankanough >350 years ago, the myasthenia gravis (MG) community has gained extensive knowledge about MG and how to treat it. This review highlights key milestones in the history of treatment and discusses the current "golden age" of clinical trials. Although originally thought by many clinicians to be a disorder of hysteria and fluctuating weakness without observable cause, MG is one the most understood autoimmune neurologic disorders. However, studying it in clinical trials h...
Low density lipoprotein receptor-associated protein 4 (LRP4) autoantibodies have recently been detected in myasthenia gravis (MG), but little is known about the clinical characteristics associated with this serological type. In this study, the clinical features of Chinese patients with anti-LRP4 antibody-positive MG were characterized.
To evaluate associated factors of conversion of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) to generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) among patients with seropositive acetylcholine receptor antibody (AchR Ab).
Some myasthenia gravis (MG) patients are refractory to conventional treatments.
Thymic abnormalities occur as hyperplasia and thymoma. Myasthenia gravis is commonly present in thymoma. Thymectomy possesses risk due to anatomical proximity with vital thoracic structures and myasthenia crisis.
A precursor to more severe forms of Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is ocular MG (OMG) in which the MG symptoms are localized to the eyes. Current MG diagnostic methods are often invasive, painful, and not always specific. The objective of the proposed work was to extract quantifiable features from electrooculography (EOG) signals recorded around the eyes and develop an alternative non-invasive screening method for detecting MG.
Muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) autoantibody related myasthenia gravis is characterized by bulbar and respiratory manifestations, a poor response to anticholinergics and a generally good response to plasma exchange and rituximab. It is not known if MuSK-Ab levels could be used to predict the clinical course.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) affects overall quality of life (QoL). The aim of the research was to evaluate QoL in patients suffering from MG in regard to epidemiological and clinical factors of the disease.
The benefit of thymectomy in reducing requirement for corticosteroids, symptom severity, need for immunosuppression, and hospitalization rates in patients with seropositive generalized myasthenia has recently been established. It is unclear whether this benefit applies to patients with myasthenia and purely ocular manifestations (ocular myasthenia gravis [OMG]).
The Myasthenia Gravis (MG) Patient Registry (MGR) is a voluntary, patient-submitted database dedicated to improve understanding of care/burden of MG.
The terminal complement inhibitor eculizumab was shown to improve myasthenia gravis-related symptoms in the 26-week, phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled REGAIN study (NCT01997229). In this 52-week sub-analysis of the open-label extension of REGAIN (NCT02301624), eculizumab's efficacy and safety were assessed in 11 Japanese and 88 Caucasian patients with anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody-positive refractory generalized myasthenia gravis. For patients who had received placebo during REGAI...
The etiology of acute exacerbations of myasthenia gravis (MG) is not well understood and further characterization can lead to improved preventative measures. This study aims to characterize factors contributing to MG exacerbations.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an acquired autoimmune disease affecting the postsynaptic membrane of neuromuscular junctions and characterized by antibody-mediated T cell dependence and complement involvement. Cholinesterase inhibitors (e.g., pyridostigmine bromide), glucocorticoids, and azathioprine are currently recommended as first-line treatments for MG, though they have limitations, including potential toxicity and ineffectiveness in patients with refractory MG. In recent years, owing to an increasing under...
A case of triple-negative myasthenia gravis Lambert-Eaton overlap syndrome with negative Agrin and LRP-4 antibodies. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder that shares similar features with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. The combined clinical and electrophysiological findings of MG and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome have been reported, these cases represent the so-called "myasthenia gravis Lambert-Eaton overlap syndrome" (MLOS). A total of 55 MLOS cases have been identified, 13 cases were r...
The enactment of the New Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019 (hereafter New Rules), on March 19 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India (1), is the use of power delegated to the political executive by sub-section (1) of section 12 and sub-section (1) of section 33 of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. Has this power been used wisely? Whose interests do these rules represent?
To establish the incidence of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG), as well as identify determinants of transformation to generalized MG (GMG), using a population-based record-linkage system.
This article reviews the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) and of botulism, and immune-related myasthenia gravis (MG) occurring in the context of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer.
The thymus plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG). In patients with MG, natural regulatory T cells (nTreg), a subpopulation of T cells that maintain tolerance to self-antigens, are severely impaired in the thymuses. In our previous study, upregulated nTreg cells were observed in the thymuses of rats in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis after treatment with exosomes derived from statin-modified dendritic cells (statin-Dex).
Stress is a known risk factor for the onset and modulation of disease activity in autoimmune disorders. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine any associations between myasthenia gravis (MG) severity and chronic stress, depression and personality type.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized for an uncomfortable sensation in legs and an irresistible desire to move them. This disorder has been more recently recognized in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and can interfere with the quality of life (QOL).
Aberrant ROCK activation has been found in patients with several autoimmune diseases, but the role of ROCK in myasthenia gravis (MG) has not yet been clearly investigated. Here, we demonstrated that ROCK activity was significantly higher in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from MG patients. ROCK inhibitor Fasudil down-regulated the proportions of Th1 and Th17 cells in PBMCs of MG patients in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of Fasudil ameliorated the severity of experimental autoimmune myasthenia ...