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PubMed Journals Articles About "A Comparison Between Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% (Clobex®) Spray And Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% (Olux®) Foam" RSS

21:57 EDT 22nd May 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Comparison Between Clobetasol Propionate Clobex Spray Clobetasol Propionate" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,100+

A Rapid and Simple TLC-Densitometric Method for Assay of Clobetasol Propionate in Topical Solution.

A rapid, simple to use and low-cost thin-layer chromatographic procedure in normal phase system with densitometric detection at 246 nm was carefully validated according to the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidelines for assay of clobetasol propionate in topical solution containing clobetasol propionate in quantity 0.50 mg/mL. The adopted thin-layer chromatographic (TLC)-densitometric procedure could effectively separate clobetasol propionate from its related compound, namely clobetasol. I...


Topical application of clobetasol propionate cream in the treatment of phimosis in prepubertal children: A report of 237cases.

To investigate the clinical effect of 0.02% clobetasol propionate cream (CPC) on phimosis in prepubertal children.

Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of clobetasol propionate 0.05% in the treatment of oral lichen planus.

To perform a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, with a follow-up period of 6 months, for the use of topical clobetasol in cases of symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP).


Acclimation of acid-tolerant methanogenic propionate-utilizing culture and microbial community dissecting.

The acid-tolerant methanogenic propionate degradation culture was acclimated in a propionate-fed semi-continuous bioreactor by daily adjusting the digestate pH. The performance of propionate fermentation, the respond of microbial community structure to the acidic environment, and the microbial network for propionate degradation in the acid-tolerant culture was investigated. The results demonstrated that after long term of acclimation to low pH, the digester could produce methane from propionate at pH 4.8-5....

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) associated with cosmetic skin whitening: 8 cases reported in Senegal.

The cosmetic use of bleaching products is common among women from sub-Saharan Africa. The most frequently used products are highly potent corticosteroids (clobetasol propionate) and hydroquinone. Herein, we report 8 cases of SCC in women using skin bleaching products for cosmetic purposes. Our aim is to describe the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of the carcinomas observed during the course of skin lightening.

Propionate metabolism and diversity of relevant functional genes by in silico analysis and detection in subsurface petroleum reservoirs.

Propionate is a common metabolic intermediate occurring in environmental samples including petroleum reservoirs. Available microbial genomes were obtained from the NCBI database and analyzed in silico by hmmscan to check three metabolic pathways of propionate production in petroleum reservoir systems. The succinate pathway was the dominant one while the other two (lactate and 1,2-propanediol pathways) contributed less to the formation of propionate according to the Hidden Markov Model calculation. The mmdA ...

Perspectives for the microbial production of methyl propionate integrated with product recovery.

A new approach was studied for bio-based production of methyl propionate, a precursor of methyl methacrylate. Recombinant E. coli cells were used to perform a cascade reaction in which 2-butanol is reduced to butanone using alcohol dehydrogenase, and butanone is oxidized to methyl propionate and ethyl acetate using a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase (BVMO). Product was removed by in situ stripping. The conversion was in line with a model comprising product formation and stripping kinetics. The maximum conversi...

Effects of fluticasone propionate and budesonide on the expression of immune defense genes in bronchial epithelial cells.

COPD patients have increased risk of pneumonia when treated with fluticasone propionate (FP), whereas this is generally not the case with budesonide (BUD) treatment. We hypothesized that BUD and FP differentially affect the expression of immune defense genes.

Onset of action of the fixed combination intranasal azelastine-fluticasone propionate in an allergen exposure chamber.

A fixed-dose combination of intranasal azelastine hydrochloride-fluticasone propionate (MP-AzeFlu) is the most effective treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR), but its onset of action requires further investigation.

Glucose and acetate metabolism in bovine intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissues from steers infused with glucose, propionate, or acetate.

We hypothesized that abomasal infusion of glucose would promote de novo fatty acid biosynthesis from glucose in vitro in bovine intramuscular (i.m.) and subcutaneous (s.c.) adipose tissues to a greater extent than ruminal infusion of acetate, propionate, or glucose. Angus crossbred steers (n = 24), 22 mo of age, were fitted with ruminal cannulas, and steers were adapted to another corn/sorghum finishing diet over a 2-wk period while recovering from the placement of the cannulas. After the adaptation period,...

Valerate production by Megasphaera elsdenii isolated from pig feces.

Megasphaera elsdenii is able to produce several short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, and valerate. These SCFAs serve as an energy source for host animals and play an important role in gut health. In this study, M. elsdenii was isolated from pig feces that had been collected from two farms located in distinct areas of Japan. These M. elsdenii isolates were genotyped, and 7 representative strains were selected. When these 7 strains and M. elsdenii JCM 1772T were cultured ...

Decarboxylation involving a ferryl, propionate, and a tyrosyl group in a radical relay yields heme b.

The H2O2-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of coproheme III is the final step in the biosynthesis of heme b in many microbes. However, the coproheme decarboxylase reaction mechanism is unclear. The structure of the decarboxylase in complex with coproheme III suggested that the substrate iron, reactive propionates, and an active-site tyrosine convey a net 2e-/2H+ from each propionate to an activated form of H2O2 Time-resolved EPR spectroscopy revealed that Tyr-145 forms a radical species within 30 sec of t...

Active glucocorticoids have a range of important adverse developmental and physiological effects on developing zebrafish embryos.

Glucocorticoids in aquatic systems originating from natural excretion and medical use may pose a risk to fish. Here, we analyzed physiological and transcriptional effects of clobetasol propionate (CLO), cortisol and cortisone in zebrafish embryos as single compounds and binary mixtures. CLO and cortisol, but not cortisone showed a concentration-dependent decrease in muscle contraction, increase in heart beating, and accelerated hatching. CLO also induced immobilization and edema at high concentrations. Tran...

MP29-02 reduces nasal hyperreactivity and nasal mediators in patients with house dust mite allergic rhinitis.

Nasal hyperreactivity (NHR) is an important clinical feature of allergic rhinitis (AR). The efficacy of MP29-02 (azelastine hydrochloride (AZE) and fluticasone propionate (FP)) nasal spray on local inflammatory mediators and NHR in AR is unknown. We tested if MP29-02 decreases inflammatory mediators and NHR in AR and if this effect is due to restoration of nasal epithelial barrier function.

Rapamycin modulates glucocorticoid receptor function, blocks atrophogene REDD1, and protects skin from steroid atrophy.

Glucocorticoids have excellent therapeutic properties; however, they cause significant adverse atrophogenic effects. mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitor, REDD1 (regulated in development and DNA damage 1), has been recently identified as a key mediator of glucocorticoid-induced atrophy. We performed computational screening of connectivity map database (CMAP) to identify putative REDD1 inhibitors. The top selected candidates included Rapamycin, which was unexpected because it inhibits pro-proliferative mTOR sig...

Breathomics for Assessing the Effects of Treatment and Withdrawal With Inhaled Beclomethasone/Formoterol in Patients With COPD.

Prospective pharmacological studies on breathomics profiles in COPD patients have not been previously reported. We assessed the effects of treatment and withdrawal of an extrafine inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)-long-acting β-agonist (LABA) fixed dose combination (FDC) using a multidimensional classification model including breathomics. A pilot, proof-of-concept, pharmacological study was undertaken in 14 COPD patients on maintenance treatment with inhaled fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (500/50 μg b.i.d....

Fluticasone propionate and increased risk of pneumonia in COPD: is it PAFR-dependent?

Comparative proteome analysis of propionate degradation by Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans in pure culture and in coculture with methanogens.

Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans is a sulfate-reducing bacterium able to grow on propionate axenically or in syntrophic interaction with methanogens or other sulfate-reducing bacteria. We performed a proteome analysis of S. fumaroxidans growing with propionate axenically with sulfate or fumarate, and in syntrophy with Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanobacterium formicicum or Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Special attention was put on the role of hydrogen and formate in interspecies electron transfer (IET) and ene...

Effect of Different Skin Penetration Promoters in Halobetasol Propionate Permeation and Retention in Human Skin.

Halobetasol propionate (HB) is a potent synthetic corticosteroid used against inflammatory skin diseases, such as dermatitis, eczema, and psoriasis, among others. The aim of this study is to define how the presence of different skin penetration enhancers (nonane, menthone, limonene, azone, carene, decanol, linoleic acid and cetiol) affects the penetration and retention in skin of HB. To determine drug penetration through skin, 5% of each promoter was used in an ex vivo system with human skin on Franz cells....

Responses of fresh cows to three feeding strategies that reduce starch levels by feeding beet pulp.

The study objective was to evaluate the effects of reducing dietary starch content in fresh cow diets while maintaining NDF levels by substituting barley grain (BG), corn silage (CS), or both with beet pulp (BP) on nutrient digestion, ruminal fermentation, DMI, lactation performance, meal patterns, chewing activity, and sorting behavior. Thirty-six multiparous cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 experimental diets from calving to 21 d in lactation. Experimental diets were a high-starch diet with ground BG...

Biorefinery of cellulosic primary sludge towards targeted Short Chain Fatty Acids, phosphorus and methane recovery.

Cellulose from used toilet paper is a major untapped resource embedded in municipal wastewater which recovery and valorization to valuable products can be optimized. Cellulosic primary sludge (CPS) can be separated by upstream dynamic sieving and anaerobically digested to recover methane as much as 4.02 m/capita·year. On the other hand, optimal acidogenic fermenting conditions of CPS allows the production of targeted short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) as much as 2.92 kg COD/capita·year. Here propionate c...

Exogenous Cushing syndrome due to misuse of potent topical steroid.

We report an infant with exogenous Cushing syndrome after being treated for 2 months with a potent topical corticosteroid via the mother's application of topical clobetasol for diaper rash without a prescription. We emphasize that potent topical steroids should be used with great caution, especially when used under occlusion (e.g., diaper area) and that parents should be warned about potential side effects of these medications, particularly when used in infants.

The effect of nitrate and monensin on in vitro ruminal fermentation.

Two experiments evaluated the effect of calcium ammonium nitrate decahydrate (calcium nitrate [NIT]) and monensin sodium (MON) on in vitro fermentation parameters of 2 contrasting diets (100:0 and 10:90 forage-to-concentrate ratios). Diet addition of NIT (0, 1.25, and 2.5 g/100 g DM) and MON (0, 3, and 6 mg/L) were tested alone and combined (9 treatments total; 5 bottles per treatment). Mixed ruminal microorganisms were incubated in anaerobic media containing 0.5 g of substrate diet, 1 of 9 treatments, and ...

Denitrifying sulfur conversion-associated EBPR: Effects of temperature and carbon source on anaerobic metabolism and performance.

The recently developed Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (DS-EBPR) process has demonstrated simultaneous removal of organics, nitrogen and phosphorus with minimal sludge production in the treatment of saline/brackish wastewater. Its performance, however, is sensitive to operating and environmental conditions. In this study, the effects of temperature (20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) and the ratio of influent acetate to propionate (100-0, 75-25, 50-50, 25-75 and 0-100%...

Effect of individual SCFA on the epithelial barrier of sheep rumen under physiological and acidotic luminal pH conditions.

The objective of the present study was to investigate whether individual short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) have a different potential to either regulate the formation of the ruminal epithelial barrier (REB) at physiological pH or to damage the REB at acidotic ruminal pH. Ruminal epithelia of sheep were incubated in Ussing chambers on their mucosal side in buffered solutions (pH 6.1 or 5.1) containing no SCFA (control), 30 mM of either acetate, propionate or butyrate, or 100 mM acetate. Epithelial conductance (...


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