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PubMed Journals Articles About "A Comparison Between Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% (Clobex®) Spray And Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% (Olux®) Foam" RSS

18:52 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Comparison Between Clobetasol Propionate Clobex Spray Clobetasol Propionate" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,100+

Topical application of clobetasol propionate cream in the treatment of phimosis in prepubertal children: A report of 237cases.

To investigate the clinical effect of 0.02% clobetasol propionate cream (CPC) on phimosis in prepubertal children.


Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of all-trans retinoic acid/Clobetasol Propionate Compound Ointment in the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis vulgaris: A randomized, single-blind, multicenter clinical trial.

To assess the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of all-trans retinoic acid/Clobetasol Propionate Compound Ointment and calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate ointment in the treatment of mild-to-moderate patients with psoriasis vulgaris. This was a randomized, single-blind, multicenter clinical trial. A total of 240 patients were randomized to receive twice-daily all-trans retinoic acid/Clobetasol Propionate Compound Ointment (treatment group) or once-daily calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate oi...

Pre-clinical evaluation of novel mucoadhesive bilayer patches for local delivery of clobetasol-17-propionate to the oral mucosa.

Oral lichen planus (OLP) and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) are chronic inflammatory conditions often characterised by erosive and/or painful oral lesions that have a considerable impact on quality of life. Current treatment often necessitates the use of steroids in the form of mouthwashes, creams or ointments, but these are often ineffective due to inadequate drug contact times with the lesion. Here we evaluate the performance of novel mucoadhesive patches for targeted drug delivery. Electrospun polym...


A Phase 2, Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Vehicle-Controlled Clinical Study to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of a Halobetasol Propionate 0.01% lotion and Halobetasol Propionate 0.05% cream in the Treatment of Plaque Psoriasis.

Halobetasol propionate (HP) 0.05% is a highly effective short-term treatment for plaque psoriasis.

Infrared band strengths for amorphous and crystalline methyl propionate, a candidate interstellar molecule.

Mid-infrared spectra of amorphous and crystalline methyl propionate, CHCHCOOCH, are presented for the first time from a single laboratory, along with measurements of the refractive index of each solid form. Density estimates are made and IR band strengths and absorption coefficients are calculated. Vapor pressures of crystalline methyl propionate at 140-150 K are reported along with an enthalpy of sublimation. Spectroscopic results are compared to a recent study of this compound, and the phase of methyl p...

Novel energy conservation strategies and behavior of Pelotomaculum schinkii driving syntrophic propionate catabolism.

Under methanogenic conditions, short-chain fatty acids are common byproducts from degradation of organic compounds and conversion of these acids is an important component of the global carbon cycle. Due to the thermodynamic difficulty of propionate degradation, this process requires syntrophic interaction between a bacterium and partner methanogen; however, the metabolic strategies and behavior involved are not fully understood. In this study, the first genome analysis of obligately syntrophic propionate de...

The effects of dietary supplementation with inulin and inulin-propionate ester on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The short chain fatty acid (SCFA) propionate, produced through fermentation of dietary fibre by the gut microbiota, has been shown to alter hepatic metabolic processes that reduce lipid storage. We aimed to investigate the impact of raising colonic propionate production on hepatic steatosis in adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Eighteen adults were randomised to receive 20g/day of an inulin-propionate ester (IPE), designed to deliver propionate to the colon, or an inulin-control for 42-d...

Propionate-induced changes in cardiac metabolism, notably CoA trapping, are not altered by L-carnitine.

High concentrations of propionate and its metabolites are found in several diseases that are often associated with the development of cardiac dysfunction, such as obesity, diabetes, propionic acidemia, and methylmalonic acidemia. In the present work, we employed a stable isotope-based metabolic flux approach to understand propionate-mediated perturbation of cardiac energy metabolism. Propionate led to accumulation of propionyl-CoA (increased by ~101-fold) and methylmalonyl-CoA (increased by 36-fold). This a...

Effects of fluticasone propionate and budesonide on the expression of immune defense genes in bronchial epithelial cells.

COPD patients have increased risk of pneumonia when treated with fluticasone propionate (FP), whereas this is generally not the case with budesonide (BUD) treatment. We hypothesized that BUD and FP differentially affect the expression of immune defense genes.

Clobetasol pretreatment to reduce or prevent injection site dermatitis from biologic agents.

In vitro penetration through the skin layers of topically applied glucocorticoids.

Corticoids are actives widely used in the treatment of skin diseases. This work aims to study the penetration of three corticoids (betamethasone, clobetasol and flurandrenolide), their relationship with their Log D values and the effects of the vehicles. The three compounds were applied on a Franz-type diffusion cell in propylene glycol solution and their respective commercial creams and ointments. The active amounts found in the stratum corneum, epidermal and dermal layers of the skin were investigated. Th...

Interaction of Environmental Steroids with Organic Anion Transporting Polypeptide (Oatp1d1) in Zebrafish (Danio Rerio).

Steroid hormones in the aquatic environment may pose a risk to fish health due to their ubiquitous presence and high biological activity. At present, the uptake process and toxicokinetics of steroids in fish are poorly known, particularly the role of cell membrane transporters. Here we investigated the interaction of 17 endogenous and environmental steroids with zebrafish organic anion uptake transporter Oatp1d1 that is prominently expressed liver and kidneys. We selected steroids of different classes inclu...

Propionic acid metabolism and poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate production by a prpC mutant of Herbaspirillum seropedicae Z69.

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are thermoplastic polyesters produced by a wide range of bacteria as carbon and energy reserves. PHA accumulation is typically increased under unbalanced growth conditions and with carbon source in excess. Although polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) could be used for specific applications, it is brittle and not a useful alternative for plastics like polypropylene. Far more useful polypropylene-like PHAs, are copolymers composed of 3-hydroxybutyrate and 3-hydroxyvalerate, P(3HB-co-3 HV)...

In Vitro Flow Rate Dependency of Delivered Dose and Fine Particle Dose of Salmeterol/Fluticasone Propionate Easyhaler and Seretide Diskus with Patient Flow Rates Collected in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

The Easyhaler device-metered dry powder inhaler containing Salmeterol and Fluticasone propionate (S/F) has been developed for the treatment of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We report two studies which evaluated the in vitro flow rate dependence of delivered dose (DD) and fine particle dose (FPD) of S/F Easyhaler versus Seretide Diskus.

Inhibitory effects of ammonia on syntrophic propionate oxidation in anaerobic digester sludge.

Syntrophic propionate oxidation (SPO) coupled with methanogenesis is often inhibited under high ammonium concentrations in anaerobic digesters. However, the inhibitory mechanism remains poorly understood. We conducted two independent laboratory experiments with a swine manure digester sludge. In experiment I, RNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) was applied to determine the active players of both bacteria and methanogens involved in SPO under different ammonium concentrations (0, 3 and 7 g NHN L). In ex...

Microbial anodic consortia fed with fermentable substrates in microbial electrolysis cells: Significance of microbial structures.

Microbial community structure of anodic biofilms plays a key role in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). When ecosystems are used as inocula, many bacterial species having interconnected ecological interactions are present. The aim of the present study was to identify these interactions for the conversion of single substrates into electrical current. Dual-chamber reactors were inoculated with activated sludge and fed in batch mode with acetate, lactate, butyrate and propionate at 80 mMe equivalents in quad...

Effect of Carbon Source on Lab-scale SAD Process in a Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Lab-scale anaerobic ammonia oxidation and denitrification (SAD) processes were operated simultaneously in a municipal waste water treatment plant (WWTP). Sewage treated by the A/O and nitrification process was used as the substance to start up an anaerobic ammonia oxidation filter reactor. Adding glucose and sodium propionate to influent was used as the substance to start up the SAD filter reactor after the successful start-up of the ANAMMOX reactor. The SAD process performed well with an average total nitr...

Breathomics for Assessing the Effects of Treatment and Withdrawal With Inhaled Beclomethasone/Formoterol in Patients With COPD.

Prospective pharmacological studies on breathomics profiles in COPD patients have not been previously reported. We assessed the effects of treatment and withdrawal of an extrafine inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)-long-acting β-agonist (LABA) fixed dose combination (FDC) using a multidimensional classification model including breathomics. A pilot, proof-of-concept, pharmacological study was undertaken in 14 COPD patients on maintenance treatment with inhaled fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (500/50 μg b.i.d....

Rapamycin modulates glucocorticoid receptor function, blocks atrophogene REDD1, and protects skin from steroid atrophy.

Glucocorticoids have excellent therapeutic properties; however, they cause significant adverse atrophogenic effects. mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitor, REDD1 (regulated in development and DNA damage 1), has been recently identified as a key mediator of glucocorticoid-induced atrophy. We performed computational screening of connectivity map database (CMAP) to identify putative REDD1 inhibitors. The top selected candidates included Rapamycin, which was unexpected because it inhibits pro-proliferative mTOR sig...

Contact Dermatitis to Medications and Skin Products.

Consumer products and topical medications today contain many allergens that can cause a reaction on the skin known as allergic contact dermatitis. This review looks at various allergens in these products and reports current allergic contact dermatitis incidence and trends in North America, Europe, and Asia. First, medication contact allergy to corticosteroids will be discussed along with its five structural classes (A, B, C, D1, D2) and their steroid test compounds (tixocortol-21-pivalate, triamcinolone ace...

Comparative proteome analysis of propionate degradation by Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans in pure culture and in coculture with methanogens.

Syntrophobacter fumaroxidans is a sulfate-reducing bacterium able to grow on propionate axenically or in syntrophic interaction with methanogens or other sulfate-reducing bacteria. We performed a proteome analysis of S. fumaroxidans growing with propionate axenically with sulfate or fumarate, and in syntrophy with Methanospirillum hungatei, Methanobacterium formicicum or Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Special attention was put on the role of hydrogen and formate in interspecies electron transfer (IET) and ene...

Effectiveness of fluticasone furoate/vilanterol versus fluticasone propionate/salmeterol on asthma control in the Salford Lung Study.

The Asthma Salford Lung Study demonstrated the effectiveness of initiating once-daily fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) versus continuing usual care in asthma patients in UK primary care [1]. Here, we report a secondary analysis in a subset of patients with fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/Salm) as their baseline intended maintenance therapy, to evaluate the relative effectiveness of initiating FF/VI versus continuing FP/Salm.

The short chain fatty acids and lipopolysaccharides status in Sprague-Dawley rats fed with high-fat and high-cholesterol diet.

Short chain fatty acids (SCFA) are produced by the gut microbiota during the fermentation of non-digestible polysaccharides. Diet is a major factor driving the composition and metabolism of the colonic microbiota. The aim of our study was to examine how a fat-rich and cholesterol-rich diet that, which leads to many metabolic disorders, affects the SCFA profile and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentration. The experiment was carried out on 72 male, 8-weeks-old Sprague-Dawley rats. The study group (n = 30 rats)...

Propionate-producing bacteria in the intestine may associate with skewed responses of IL10-producing regulatory T cells in patients with relapsing polychondritis.

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an inflammatory disease of unknown causes, characterized by recurrent inflammation in cartilaginous tissues of the whole body. Recently, researchers have reported that, in mouse experiments, altered gut microbe-dependent T cell differentiation occurred in gut associated lymphoid tissues. Here, we investigated whether gut microbe alteration existed, and if so, the alteration affected peripheral T cell differentiation in patients with RP. In an analysis of gut microbiota, we f...

Ruminal methane emissions, metabolic, and microbial profile of Holstein steers fed forage and concentrate, separately or as a total mixed ration.

Few studies have examined the effects of feeding total mixed ration (TMR) versus roughage and concentrate separately (SF) on ruminant methane production. Therefore, this study compared differences in methane production, ruminal characteristics, total tract digestibility of nutrients, and rumen microbiome between the two feeding methods in Holstein steers. A total six Holstein steers of initial bodyweights 540 ± 34 kg were divided into two groups and assigned to a same experimental diet with two different f...


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