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Showing "Dose Finding Study Medication 00337210 That Will Possibly" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 65,000+

Dose-Finding Studies Among Orphan Drugs Approved in the EU: A Retrospective Analysis.

In the development process for new drugs, dose-finding studies are of major importance. Absence of these studies may lead to failed phase 3 trials and delayed marketing authorization. In our study we investigated to what extent dose-finding studies are performed in the case of orphan drugs for metabolic and oncologic indications. We identified all orphan drugs that were authorized until August 1, 2017. European Public Assessment Reports were used to extract the final dose used in the summary of product char...

Venetoclax, bendamustine, and rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory NHL: a phase 1b dose-finding study.

Venetoclax is a selective, potent inhibitor of the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 protein approved for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. We conducted a dose-finding study of venetoclax in combination with bendamustine-rituximab (BR) in patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

A benchmark for dose finding studies with continuous outcomes.

An important tool to evaluate the performance of any design is an optimal benchmark proposed by O'Quigley and others (2002. Non-parametric optimal design in dose finding studies. Biostatistics3, 51-56) that provides an upper bound on the performance of a design under a given scenario. The original benchmark can only be applied to dose finding studies with a binary endpoint. However, there is a growing interest in dose finding studies involving continuous outcomes, but no benchmark for such studies has been ...

Fixed-dose combination antihypertensive medications, adherence, and clinical outcomes: A population-based retrospective cohort study.

The majority of people with hypertension require more than one medication to achieve blood pressure control. Many patients are prescribed multipill antihypertensive regimens rather than single-pill fixed-dose combination (FDC) treatment. Although FDC use may improve medication adherence, the impact on patient outcomes is unclear. We compared clinical outcomes and medication adherence with FDC therapy versus multipill combination therapy in a real-world setting using linked clinical and administrative databa...

Engaging hospital patients in the medication reconciliation process using tablet computers.

Unintentional medication discrepancies contribute to preventable adverse drug events in patients. Patient engagement in medication safety beyond verbal participation in medication reconciliation is limited. We conducted a pilot study to determine whether patients' use of an electronic home medication review tool could improve medication safety during hospitalization.

Challenges and barriers associated with medication management for home nursing clients in Australia: a qualitative study combining the perspectives of community nurses, community pharmacists and GPs.

Increasing numbers of older people are receiving home nursing support for medication management to enable them to remain living at home. Home nursing clients frequently experience medication errors and adverse medication events. There has been little study of how medication management processes and interdisciplinary teamwork impact on medication management in the home nursing setting.

Low-Dose Multicomponent Medication Modulates Humoral And Cellular Immune Response In An Ex-Vivo Study On Children Subjected To Adenoid Surgery.

Respiratory infections, mainly in children, are a demanding challenge for physicians. Commonly, a relative immune-defect sustains their recurrence. At present, there is no standardized treatment for their prevention acting on the immune system. Citomix is a low-dose multicomponent medication largely used in this issue. The current study evaluated its ex vivo effect on adenoidal mononuclear cells recovered from children operated for adenoid hypertrophy. B cell phenotype, and IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-10, IgG, IgA, Ig...

Adverse consequences of low-dose methotrexate medication errors: data from French Poison Control and Pharmacovigilance Centers.

The objectives of this study are to carefully describe the context of methotrexate medication errors, to details medical consequences and management approaches, and to determine the rate of fatal outcome.

"When I Stop My Medication, Everything Goes Wrong": Content Analysis of Interviews with Adolescent Patients Treated with Psychotropic Medication.

Medication nonadherence constitutes a major problem in adolescent psychiatry. Previous studies have identified various factors associated with nonadherent behavior. The aim of this study is to explore adolescents' health beliefs and subjective perceptions relating to psychotropic medication, and to statistically link these to reported medication adherence.

Comparison between continuous and discrete doses for model based designs in cancer dose finding.

Despite of an extensive statistical literature showing that discretizing continuous variables results in substantial loss of information, categorization of continuous variables has been a common practice in clinical research and in cancer dose finding (phase I) clinical trials. The objective of this study is to quantify the loss of information incurred by using a discrete set of doses to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in phase I trials, instead of a continuous dose support. Escalation With Overdo...

Treatment of cyclosporine induced hypertension: Results from a long-term observational study using different antihypertensive medications.

Post-transplant hypertension (PTH) is a common complication in cyclosporine immunosuppressed patients; however choosing the right antihypertensive medication is challenging. In a long-term observational study (≤13y) we examined different antihypertensive medications on graft/patient survival of kidney recipients with pre-existing and PTH. Altogether thirty-three co-variables were analyzed including dose and type of immunosuppressive and antihypertensive medication, co-medications, serum biochemistries and...

Drug Prescribing for Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease in General Practice: a Cross-Sectional Study.

 Many drugs require dose adjustment or are contraindicated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to avoid adverse events. The aims of this study were to assess if medication was appropriately dose adjusted in patients with CKD in primary care, to identify medications that were frequently prescribed inappropriately and to identify factors predicting mal-prescription.

Development of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw After Extraction of Teeth With Experimental Periapical Disease.

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a rare but severe side effect of antiresorptive medications. Most animal models use tooth extraction as an instigating local factor to induce MRONJ, with varied results. However, these teeth are healthy and absent of dental disease, a rare finding that does not reflect clinical practices. The authors hypothesized that extraction of teeth with periapical inflammation would lead to MRONJ in rats treated with high-dose bisphosphonates.

The increased purchase of asthma medication for individuals born preterm seems to wane with age: A register-based longitudinal national cohort study.

Preterm birth is associated with increased risk of respiratory symptoms in childhood, often treated with asthma medication. We designed a follow-up study to previous research and investigated whether the association of gestational age with purchasing asthma medication diminishes in adulthood.

Healthcare professionals' level of medication knowledge in Africa: A systematic review.

Understanding how much healthcare professionals (HCPs) know about medication can help to devise strategies to improve rational medication use. This study aimed to synthesis information on the level of medication knowledge of HCPs in Africa.

Phase 2b study of evocalcet (KHK7580), a novel calcimimetic, in Japanese patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism undergoing hemodialysis: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study.

Evocalcet has been developed as a new calcimimetic agent for hemodialysis (HD) patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (HDSHPT), eliciting fewer gastrointestinal symptoms and drug interactions. We evaluated the efficacy, safety, and optimal starting dose of evocalcet in HDSHPT.

Efficacy/toxicity dose-finding using hierarchical modeling for multiple populations.

Traditionally, Phase I oncology trials evaluate the safety profile of a novel agent and identify a maximum tolerable dose based on toxicity alone. With the development of biologically targeted agents, investigators believe the efficacy of a novel agent may plateau or diminish before reaching the maximum tolerable dose while toxicity continues to increase. This motivates dose-finding based on the simultaneous evaluation of toxicity and efficacy. Previously, we investigated hierarchical modeling in the contex...

Factors affecting development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in cancer patients receiving high-dose bisphosphonate or denosumab therapy: Is tooth extraction a risk factor?

Methods for preventing medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in cancer patients who have received high-dose bisphosphonate (BP) or denosumab (Dmab) have not yet been established. Tooth extraction after starting medication has been believed to be a major risk factor for MRONJ, and therefore this procedure tends to be avoided. This study investigated the risk factors for MRONJ, with a special reference to the correlation between tooth extraction and development of MRONJ. One hundred and thirty-f...

Association between beliefs about medicines and self-medication with analgesics among patients with dental pain.

Self-medication with analgesics in dental pain management is a common practice as most of these medicines are available over-the-counter (OTC). The study aims to examine the relationship between beliefs about medicines and self-medication with analgesics in dental pain management in Malaysia. This cross-sectional study was conducted among conveniently sampled patients attending dental clinics, located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to assess association between self-medication with analgesics and patient's belie...

Assessment of Patient Medication Adherence, Medical Record Accuracy, and Medication Blood Concentrations for Prescription and Over-the-Counter Medications.

Inaccurate medication records and poor medication adherence result in incomplete knowledge of therapy for patients.

Medication Use During Pregnancy and Lactation in a Dutch Population.

Medication use during pregnancy and lactation can be unavoidable, but knowledge on safety for the fetus or breastfed infant is limited among patients and healthcare providers. Research aim: This study aimed to determine (a) the prevalence of medication use in pregnant and lactating women in a tertiary academic center, (b) the types and safety of these medicines, and (c) the influence of medication use on initiation of breastfeeding.

Medication Adherence of Statin Users after Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Although statins are established therapy for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, factors associated with adherence to statin treatment following ischemic stroke are not well known. To address this, we assessed the 6-month statin adherence using 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Of 991 patients, 65.6% were adherent to statin at 6-month after discharge. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients' awareness of hyperlipidemia (OR 1.62; 9...

Prevalence, determinants and knowledge of antibacterial self-medication: A cross sectional study in North-eastern Tanzania.

Self-medication is very common especially in developing countries and is documented to be associated with many health risks including antibiotic resistance. This study investigated the prevalence, determinants and knowledge of self-medication among residents of Siha District in Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 residents in a rural District of Kilimanjaro region, North-eastern Tanzania from 1st to 28th April 2017. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information regard...

A shared medication scheme for community dwelling older patients with polypharmacy receiving home health care: role of the community pharmacist.

An accurate medication scheme may be a useful tool to improve medication safety in primary care. This study aimed to identify (1) pharmacists' alterations to nurse medication schemes and (2) potential improvements to the contribution of the community pharmacist to a shared medication scheme within a multidisciplinary collaboration. Dosing frequency, potentially incorrect moments of intake, drug-drug interactions and medication complexity (quantified by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index, MRCI) were inv...

Potentially Unsafe Chronic Medication Use among Older Adult Chronic Opioid Users.

To assess chronic potentially unsafe medication use among older adults using opioids chronically versus those who did not, to assess the likelihood of chronically using medications to treat adverse effects associated with chronic opioid use, and to characterize the differences in chronic potentially unsafe medication use at three morphine equivalent dose (MED) levels/day (90MED).

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