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A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Evaluating The Pharmacokinetics Of Ceftobiprole When Taken By Obese Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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Ceftobiprole is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the pharmacokinetics (PK) and exposure of ceftobiprole in Asian subjects are similar to those in non-Asian subjects. Three approaches were followed. The first compared the individual PK estimates between the 2 subgroups derived from a population PK model previously built. Next, it was determined whether "Asian subject" was a significant covariate. Finally, a pharmacodynamic analysis was performed by c...
To compare rates of VTE occurrence in obese versus non-obese hospitalized patients who received UFH 5000 units subcutaneously q8 h.
The purpose of this study was to identify the optimum dosing regimen of linezolid in sepsis patients with and without renal dysfunction and sepsis patients on low-dose continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using a pharmacokinetics/pharmacokinetics (PK/PD) approach.
Considering that specific genetic profiles, psychopathological conditions and neurobiological systems underlie human behaviours, the phenotypic differentiation of obese patients according to eating behaviours should be investigated. The aim of this study was to classify obese patients according to their eating behaviours and to compare these clusters in regard to psychopathology, personality traits, neurocognitive patterns and genetic profiles.
To assess appropriate pantoprazole dosing for obese children, we conducted a prospective pharmacokinetics (PK) investigation of pantoprazole in obese children, a patient population that is traditionally excluded from clinical trials.
This study investigated the impact of different protocols on radiation dose and image quality for obese patients undergoing abdominal CT examinations.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multifactorial disease that involves a complex interaction between genetics, diet and lifestyle. Although closely related with obese subjects, it is also common in lean humans. This study aimed to characterize the diet and lifestyle of lean and obese NAFLD patients in Chinese.
Dose reduction in obese cancer patients has been replaced by fully weight-based dosing recommendations. No data, however, are available on the effects of dose reduction in obese stage III colon cancer patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy.
The purpose of this study was to characterize pharmacokinetics (PK) of PF-04236921, a novel anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody, and its pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) relationship on serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in healthy volunteers and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Crohn's disease (CD) METHODS: Population modelling analyses were conducted using nonlinear mixed effects modelling. Data from 2 phase 1 healthy volunteer studies, a phase 1 RA study, a ...
Trauma is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality globally, especially in younger populations. With an increase in obesity globally, it is important to assess the potential differences in injury pattern and management of obese patients presenting with trauma compared to lean patients to try and improve patient care. This study aims to review the available literature comparing injury patterns between obese and non-obese patients.
Obesity in women of reproductive age has deleterious effects on reproductive and offspring health. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the association between the magnitude of periconceptional body-mass index (BMI) change and maternal and neonatal outcomes in obese infertile women who participated in the LIFEstyle study. The LIFEstyle study was a randomized controlled trial, evaluating if a six-month lifestyle intervention program prior to infertility treatment in obese infertile women improved birth rates,...
Omentin-1 might play a role in insulin resistance and obesity. This study is aimed at evaluating the influence of weight loss treatment on omentin-1 concentrations and other parameters after 2 different hypocaloric diets in obese subjects.
Riluzole is a benzothiazole anticonvulsant used in the treatment of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and it is being investigated for clinical use in patients with spinal cord injury. The present study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of riluzole in beagle dogs after oral dose administration.
A significant proportion of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) require dose escalation or fail adalimumab (ADL) therapy over time. ADL, a monoclonal antibody directed against tumor necrosis factor, is approved for treatment of CD. Understanding pharmacokinetics (PK) of ADL is essential to optimize individual dosing in daily practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate PK of ADL in patients with CD and to identify factors that influence PK of ADL.
The aim of this study was to determine a potential strategy to prevent acute pancreatitis (AP) from deteriorating in obese patients.
There is a lack of dosing guidelines for use in obese children. Moreover, the impact of obesity on drug safety and clinical outcomes is poorly defined. The paucity of information needed for the safe and effective use of drugs in obese patients remains a problem, even after drug approval. To assess the current incorporation of obesity as a covariate in pediatric drug development, the pediatric medical and clinical pharmacology reviews under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Amendments Act of 2007 and th...
Lu-Dotatate is a radio-labeled analog of somatostatin used in the treatment of somatostatin receptor-positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. In order to prevent nephrotoxic effects of Lu-Dotatate a co-infusion of amino acids (AA) is administered, resulting in a decrease in tubular renal reabsorption of Lu-Dotatate. This study aimed to quantify the impact of AA co-infusion on the pharmacokinetics of Lu-Dotatate in cancer patients and to evaluate its relationship with toxicity during the first ...
Higher hedonic hunger has been observed in obese individuals compared to those without obesity, but little is known about its association with glycemic management. We aimed to examine the association between hedonic hunger and glycemic control in non-obese and obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Although obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer, little effort has been made in the identification of druggable molecular alterations in obese-breast cancer patients. Tumors are controlled by their surrounding microenvironment, in which the adipose tissue is a main component. In this work, we intended to describe molecular alterations at a transcriptomic and protein-protein interaction (PPI) level between obese and non-obese patients.
The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety/tolerability of siponimod in healthy subjects when coadministered with (1) the moderate cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and CYP3A inhibitor fluconazole (Study A), and (2) with three different CYP2C9 genotype variants (Study B).
The anabolic, lipolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of exercise-stimulated GH secretion could be usefully exploited in the multidisciplinary rehabilitative programs of obese patients, who are reported to suffer from hyposomatotropism. To date, evaluation of GH responses to whole body vibration (WBV) in combination with maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) has been performed in normal-weight subjects, but not obese patients. Thus, aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of WBV and MVC, alon...
Excellent outcomes after minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (mini-AVR) have been reported. Therefore, mini-AVR has become a popular treatment option in many cardiac surgery centres. However, whether obese patients particularly benefit from mini-AVR remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate outcomes of AVR performed through partial upper sternotomy compared to AVR through a full sternotomy (full-AVR) in obese patients.