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A Study In Healthy Volunteers To Estimate The Pharmacokinetics Of Four Modified-Release Formulations Of Dimebon (Latrepirdine) PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study In Healthy Volunteers To Estimate The Pharmacokinetics Of Four Modified-Release Formulations Of Dimebon (Latrepirdine) articles that have been published worldwide.
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The pharmacokinetics (PK) of β-lactam antibiotics in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has been compared with that in healthy volunteers for over four decades; however, no quantitative models exist that explain the PK differences between CF patients and healthy volunteers in older and newer studies. Our aims were to critically evaluate these studies and explain the PK differences between CF patients and healthy volunteers. We reviewed all 16 studies that compared the PK of β-lactams between CF patients and h...
The purpose of this study was to characterize pharmacokinetics (PK) of PF-04236921, a novel anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody, and its pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) relationship on serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in healthy volunteers and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Crohn's disease (CD) METHODS: Population modelling analyses were conducted using nonlinear mixed effects modelling. Data from 2 phase 1 healthy volunteer studies, a phase 1 RA study, a ...
Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand, a cytokine essential for the formation, function and survival of osteoclasts. This study assessed the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and tolerability of single-dose denosumab (60 and 120 mg) in healthy Chinese volunteers.
Understanding the pharmacokinetics in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is important for dosing. For antibiotics with extensive metabolism, however, a comparison of metabolite formation and elimination between CF-patients and healthy volunteers has never been performed via population modeling. We aimed to compare the population pharmacokinetics of fleroxacin and its N‑oxide and demethyl metabolites between CF-patients and healthy volunteers. Our analysis included eleven adult CF-patients and twelve healthy vo...
Preclinical and clinical studies suggest amantadine immediate-release (IR) may reduce dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease (PD), although higher doses are associated with increased CNS adverse events (AEs). ADS-5102 is an extended release amantadine capsule formulation, designed for once-daily dosing at bedtime (qhs) to provide high concentrations upon waking and throughout the day, with lower concentrations in the evening. The pharmacokinetics (PK) of ADS-5102 were assessed in two phase I studies in healthy...
The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety/tolerability of siponimod in healthy subjects when coadministered with (1) the moderate cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and CYP3A inhibitor fluconazole (Study A), and (2) with three different CYP2C9 genotype variants (Study B).
Single- and Multiple-dose Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Pimodivir, a Novel, Non-Nucleoside Polymerase Basic Protein 2 Subunit Inhibitor of the Influenza A Virus Polymerase Complex, and Interaction With Oseltamivir: A Phase 1 Open-Label Study in Healthy Volunteers.
Evaluate the drug-drug interaction between pimodivir, a novel, non-nucleoside polymerase basic protein 2 (PB2) subunit inhibitor of the influenza A virus polymerase complex, and oseltamivir, to assess the feasibility of this combination therapy. Furthermore, single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and safety of pimodivir in healthy volunteers were assessed.
Moringa oleifera (MO) Lam (Moringaceae) is commonly used as food supplement and as medicine in most African countries where malaria is also endemic. Therefore, co-administration of MO with antimalarials is a possibility. This study investigated the effects of MO leaves powder on the pharmacokinetics of amodiaquine (AQ) in human subjects.
Schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease are characterised by abnormalities in glutamatergic pathways related to N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor hypofunction. Glycine is an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor co-agonist; inhibition of glycine transporter 1 may improve N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function. This phase I, randomised, two-part study evaluated the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetic profile of BI 425809, a novel glycine transporter 1 inhibitor, in healthy male and female volunteers.
NYX-2925, a new chemical entity, acts as a co-agonist to glutamate at the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). At low concentrations of endogenous agonists (glycine/D-serine), NYX-2925 partially activates NMDARs, modulating neural pathways relevant for chronic pain. NYX-2925 is being developed for the treatment of chronic pain conditions, including painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy and fibromyalgia. In this first-in-human, Phase 1, single- (50-1200 mg) and multiple-ascending dose (150-900 mg) study, ...
Eltrombopag is indicated in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) refractory to prior immunosuppressive therapy. The combination of eltrombopag and immunosuppressive therapy (such as cyclosporine) is currently being evaluated in patients with treatment-naive SAA. Cyclosporine is a human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor, and can potentially alter plasma exposure to eltrombopag, a BCRP substrate. This phase 1, open-label, randomized, 3-period, crossover study evaluated the effect of cycl...
Maraviroc is a C-C chemokine receptor type-5 antagonist approved for the treatment of HIV-1. Previous studies show that cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) plays a role in maraviroc metabolism. CYP3A5 is subject to a genetic polymorphism. The presence of 2 functional alleles (CYP3A5*1/*1) confers the extensive metabolism phenotype, which is rare in whites but common in blacks. The effect of CYP3A5 genotype on maraviroc and/or metabolite pharmacokinetics was evaluated in 2 clinical studies: a post hoc analysis from...
Pharmacokinetics of the Novel, Selective, Non-steroidal Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonist Finerenone in Healthy Volunteers: Results from an Absolute Bioavailability Study and Drug-Drug Interaction Studies In Vitro and In Vivo.
Finerenone is a selective, non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist. In vivo and in vitro studies were performed to assess absolute bioavailability of finerenone, the effect of metabolic enzyme inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of finerenone and its metabolites, the quantitative contribution of the involved enzymes cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and CYP2C8 and the relevance of gut wall versus liver metabolism.
There is limited research on healthy volunteers' perceptions of the risks of Phase I clinical trials. In order to contribute empirically to long-standing ethical concerns about healthy volunteers' involvement in drug development, it is crucial to assess how these participants understand trial risks. The objectives of this study were to investigate (1) participants' views of the overall risks of Phase I trials, (2) their views of the risk of personally being harmed in a trial, and (3) how risk perceptions va...
Mercaptopurine is a drug commonly used in the treatment of different types of cancer, especially acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and autoimmune diseases such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease and in patients receiving organ transplants. It is metabolized by three cytosolic enzymes. One of them, thiopurine-S-methyltransferase (TPMT), is responsible for catalysing the methylation reaction of mercaptopurine to 6-methyl-mercaptopurine, thus inactivating the drug. Individuals with TPMT loss-of-function all...
We have synthesized a sustained-release lidocaine sheet (SRLS) using biodegradable polymers and previously demonstrated its safety and long-term analgesic effect in the normal mucous membrane of healthy human volunteers.
Recent evidence suggests that the anti-inflammatory heat shock response (HSR) is reduced in aging and diabetes. In this study we compared HSR between healthy middle-aged adults, healthy elderly and type 2 diabetic (T2DM) elderly, and tested whether resistance training (RT) could improve the HSR in T2DM group. Thirty sedentary participants volunteered for this study. HSR (assessed as the capacity to export HSP72 during heat stress) was measured in the blood and compared between the groups. HSR was similar be...
As with all early-stage testing of investigational drugs, clinical trials targeting HIV/AIDS can pose unknown risks to research subjects. Unlike sick participants seeking a therapeutic benefit, the motivations and barriers for healthy volunteers are more complex and understudied. Drawing on interviews and clinical trial data from 178 healthy volunteers, we examine how they perceive HIV/AIDS studies in the early stages of testing. A subset of healthy volunteers see phase I HIV/AIDS studies as particularly ri...
Adequate preoperative fasting is critical in preventing pulmonary aspiration of gastric content. We proposed to study the sonographic gastric content dynamics after the ingestion of liquid or solid food in healthy volunteers and confront it with current guidelines for preoperative fasting times.
Upadacitinib is a novel selective oral Janus kinase 1 (JAK) inhibitor being developed for treatment of several inflammatory diseases. Oral contraceptives are anticipated to be a common concomitant medication in the target patient populations. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of multiple doses of upadacitinib on the pharmacokinetics of ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel in healthy female subjects. This phase I, single-center, open-label, 2-period crossover study evaluated the effect of multipl...
The nucleotide analog AL-335 is a pangenotypic hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein (NS)5B inhibitor being evaluated as treatment for chronic HCV infection.
This Phase I study estimated the effect of a high-fat meal on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of H3B-6527, a covalent inhibitor of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 4 in clinical development for hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
A rapid, selective and sensitive ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem triple quaternary mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the quantitative determination of atorvastatin calcium (AC) in human plasma. Separation of AC and rosuvastatin calcium (internal standard, IS) were achieved on a Dikma Leapsil C18 reversed phase column (100 × 2.1 mm, 2.7 μm) with gradient elution using 0.2% (v/v) formic acid in water and acetonitrile as mobile pha...
Trimetazidine (TMZ) is an anti-ischemic metabolic agent that has been shown to be efficacious in angina treatment, both in monotherapy and in combination. A new formulation of TMZ modified-release (MR) 80 mg was developed, which is to be taken once daily (od), instead of twice daily (bid) for the currently available TMZ MR 35 mg, with the aim of simplifying the medication regimen.
Previous studies indicate that sumatriptan is not effective when second messenger levels are high as after cilostazol provocation. Therefore, we have conducted the present study, where sumatriptan is administrated as pretreatment before cAMP increases due to cilostazol intake. Our hypothesis was that pretreatment with sumatriptan would have a significant effect against cilostazol induced headache in healthy volunteers.