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A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study On Amprenavir In Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs In HIV-Positive Patients articles that have been published worldwide.
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To compare the preventive effect of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (anti-TNF antibody and soluble TNF receptor fusion protein (TNFR)) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on uveitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This retrospective cohort study included all AS patients (n = 1055) who have been treated with either TNF inhibitor or NSAIDs at the Seoul National University Hospital from 2004 to 2016. Treatment episodes of each patient were assigned to anti-TNF antibody (n...
Provision of Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) and Opioid Substitution Therapy (OST) are important components of the targeted intervention (TI) programme for people who inject drugs (PWID). Homeless HIV positive PWIDs in Delhi is a key population experiencing gaps in uptake of these services, especially the ART uptake which is reportedly far from 90%, UNAIDS' 90-90-90 target to end the AIDS epidemic.
Anti-rods and rings (anti-RR) antibodies are related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV). Only RBV induces rods/rings structures in vitro; but in vivo, the antibody appearance is related to the combination of these drugs, because data about patients using just one of these drugs alone is missing. Some studies suggest disappearance of these antibodies over time. The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of anti-RR in patients with ...
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common and lethal varieties of cancers. Anticancer activities of anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1 antibodies have been explored in different cancers, including GC. The study aimed to explore the role of combination therapy with anti-CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1 antibodies in GC cells, and understand the possible underlying molecular mechanism.
Anti-TNF agents are widely used to treat immune-mediated disorders. Reactivation of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is associated with immunosuppressive agents and biologics such as anti-TNF. There are limited data and differing guidelines for patients with negative hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg-) but positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc+) on anti-TNF with regards to outcomes and need for anti-viral prophylaxis. We examined the prevalence of HBV reactivation in a single-center retrospective ...
Epilepsy is a common chronic disease of children that can be treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). AEDs, however, have significant side effects. Newer AEDs are thought to have fewer side effects. There have, however, been few comparative studies of AED toxicity. The aim is to compare the safety profile of the most frequently used AEDs by performing a multicentre prospective cohort study. This protocol describes the planned study.
Intestinal fibrosis is a challenge to management of patients with Crohn's disease (CD); there is an urgent need to expedite development of anti-fibrosis drugs for this disease. The International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IOIBD) aimed to identify a set of endpoints that can be used to determine efficacy of anti-fibrosis agents tested in clinical trials of patients with CD.
The present study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HEV infection among persons who use crack from Midwest region of Brazil. Sera samples from 698 users of crack collected from November 2013 to July 2015 were tested for anti-HEV IgG and IgM markers. Of the 698 serum samples, 99 (14.2%) were positive for anti-HEV IgG. Two samples were positive for anti-HEV IgM but both were negative for HEV RNA. The variables independently associated with anti-HEV positivity were increasing age and absence of stable p...
Great attention has been paid to the development of novel anti-inflammatory drugs to overcome the adverse reactions of traditional drugs. Recently, a new compound 4-o-methyl-benzenesulfonyl benzoxazolone (MBB) we have prepared attracted our attention for its promising anti-inflammatory activity and low toxicity. The present study aimed to further investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of MBB both in vivo and in vitro in order to determine its potential as a novel NSAIDs lead compound.
Antihypertensive (anti-HT) drugs targeting renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA)- system have been associated with improved prostate cancer (PCa)-specific survival. Challenge is that often multiple drugs are used simultaneously. We evaluated the association between use of anti-HT drugs and PCa survival among 14,422 surgically treated Finnish PCa patients. Information on drug purchases was obtained from a national prescription database. We used Cox regression to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence...
For many millions of patients at secondary risk of coronary thrombosis pharmaceutical protection is supplied by dual anti-platelet therapy. Despite substantial therapeutic developments over the last decade recurrent thrombotic events occur, highlighting the need for further optimisation of therapies. Importantly, but often ignored, anti-platelet drugs interact with cyclic nucleotide systems in platelets and these are the same systems that mediate key endogenous pathways of platelet regulation, notably those...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a negative impact on bone that is partly mediated by anti-citrullinated proteins antibodies (ACPA). These antibodies are associated with erosions, and with juxta-articular and systemic bone loss. Other RA autoantibodies, the anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarPA), are independently associated with erosions. However, we do not know if they are also associated with juxta-articular and systemic bone loss. Here, we have addressed this question with data from 548 early ar...
Facial redness is a common difficult to control cosmetic problem representing various phases of rosacea. Using anti-inflammatory/antioxidant botanicals in moisturizer formulations is a possible approach to minimizing the erythema. This research utilized a common facial cleanser, but only applied the botanically based moisturizer to one half face to properly assess efficacy. 30 female subjects Fitzpatrick skin types I-IV 30-55 years of age with mild to moderate chronic facial redness, defined as a redness sc...
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)-induced hypersensitivity reactions can be clinically apparent with asthma, rhinosinusitis, anaphylaxis or rash. Although natural anti-inflammatory products can have similar components, they are not subjected to rigorous quality control standards.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly selective COX-2 inhibitors, are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events. However, the association between these drugs and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with electrocardiogram-documented ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF-OHCA) has not been studied yet. This study was aimed to evaluate the association between the use of selective COX-2 inhibitors or conventional NSAIDs and VT/VF-OHCA compared with no...
Inflammatory myopathies are a clinically diverse group of diseases, in which the detection of particular autoantibodies may facilitate diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. The aim of this report is to summarize our experience with specific autoantibody testing in patients with inflammatory myopathies. Data were collected over the last decade in the Autoimmune Center of the Sheba Medical Center, a tertiary referral hospital. Data regarding patients' positive for autoantibodies against Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, SRP,...
Abemaciclib, an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), has recently been approved for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. In this study, we use murine syngeneic tumor models and in vitro assays to investigate the impact of abemaciclib on T cells, the tumor immune microenvironment and the ability to combine with anti-PD-L1 blockade. Abemaciclib monotherapy resulted in tumor growth delay that was associated with an increased T cell inflammatory signature in tumors. Co...
Currently, there is an increasing use of anti-cancer drugs, and hence their occurrence in the environment must be properly managed, in particular, in the light of their high degree of toxicity. In this study, analytical methods using HPLC-FLD assisted by microextraction and solid phase extraction, were developed and validated for the determination of doxorubicin, daunorubicin, epirubicin and irinotecan in hospital effluent. The validation results show determination coefficients (r) higher than 0.99 and reco...
Managing virologic failure (VF) in HIV-infected children is especially difficult in resource-limited settings, given limited availability of alternative drugs, concerns around adherence and the development of HIV resistance mutations. We aimed to evaluate four management strategies for children following their first episode of VF by comparing their immunologic and virologic outcomes.
Naturally-occurring chalcones and synthetic chalcone analogues have been demonstrated to have many biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, anti-fungal, and anti-oxidant/anti-cancerous activities. Compared to other chalcones, trans-chalcone exhibits superior inhibitory activity in cancer cell growth as shown via in vitro assays, and exerts anti-cancerous effects via the activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Thus, characterization of the specific mechanisms, by which trans-ch...
Although antinociception produced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is partly attributed to nerve conduction inhibition, this has not been thoroughly examined yet. The aim of the present study was to reveal quantitatively how various types of NSAIDs affect compound action potentials (CAPs), a measure of nerve conduction.
The pace of discovery of new antiretroviral (ARV) drugs has slowed, although the efficacy and safety of once-daily fixed dose combinations have been extensively investigated. Several traditional ARV drugs remain in phase III clinical trials. This review summarizes current information on ARV drugs in phase III clinical trials and focuses on the development of ARV drugs in the next decade.
The detection of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) IgG antibodies in blood is mainly used for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. Falsely elevated anti-CCP IgG antibodies due to anti-streptavidin IgG antibodies were suspected in our laboratory.
The accurate diagnosis of occult HBV infection (OBI) requires the demonstration of HBV DNA in liver biopsies of HBsAg-negative subjects. However, in clinical practice a latent OBI is deduced by the finding of the antibody to the HB-core antigen (anti-HBc). We investigated the true prevalence of OBI and the molecular features of intrahepatic HBV in anti-HBc-positive subjects.