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A Study Of ARQ 197 In Combination With Erlotinib PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Of ARQ 197 In Combination With Erlotinib articles that have been published worldwide.
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A Randomized Phase II Open-Label Multi-Institution Study of the Combination of Bevacizumab and Erlotinib Compared to Sorafenib in the First-Line Treatment of Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
To investigate the clinical efficacy and tolerability of the combination of bevacizumab (B) and erlotinib (E) compared to sorafenib (S) as first-line treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Compared to single gemcitabine treatment, the combination of gemcitabine and erlotinib has shown effective response in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, the combination therapy has not proven effective in patients with pancreatic cancer after R0 or R1 resection. In the present study, a nude mice model of orthotopic xenotransplantation after tumor resection was established using pancreatic cancer cell lines, BxPC-3 and PANC‑1. Mice were divided in four groups (each wi...
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is the most abundant protein in the blood circulation and it is commonly used for drug delivery in blood. Therefore, we aim to study BSA interaction with erlotinib as an anticancer drug using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and molecular modeling methods under physiological conditions (pH = 7.4). BSA immobilized on carboxymethyl dextran hydrogel Au chip (CMD) after activation with N-hydroxysuccinimide and N-ethyl-N-(3-diethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide and then the erlotinib bin...
Erlotinib is used for treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Intestinal absorption of erlotinib is impaired under gastric pH elevation, therefore, co-administration of gastric acid suppressants may provide lower blood concentration of erlotinib. We investigated the effects of erlotinib co-administration with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and histamine H2 receptor blockers (H2RB) on the plasma concentration of erlotinib and erlotinib-induced adverse reaction in NSCLC patients.
A selective and sensitive competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was developed and validated for the quantification of erlotinib in 50 µL of samples of human serum. Anti-erlotinib serum was obtained by immunizing mice with an antigen conjugated with bovine serum albumin and 3,4-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)benzoic acid using the -succinimidyl ester method. Enzyme labeling of erlotinib with horseradish peroxidase was similarly performed using 3,4-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)benzoic acid. A simple comp...
In this study, a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of erlotinib in pancreatic cancer patients was performed over 50 weeks to reveal possible alterations in erlotinib plasma concentrations. Additionally, a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model was created to assess such variations in silico.
The development of skin rashes is the most common adverse event observed in cancer patients treated with epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib. However, the pharmacological evidence has not been fully revealed.
There is a great unmet medical need in pancreatic carcinoma (PC) for novel drugs with other mechanisms of action than existing. PC cells express the onco-fetal RTK ROR1, absent on most normal post-partem cells. ROR1 is involved in proliferation, survival, EMT and metastasis of tumor cells in various malignancies. A small molecule inhibitor (KAN0439834) (530 Da) targeting the TK domain of ROR1 was developed and the activity in ROR1 expressing human PC cell lines (n = 8) evaluated. The effects were compared t...
Erlotinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, may have off-target activity inducing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) differentiation, possibly through SYK inhibition. We investigated erlotinib in a pilot phase II study for efficacy in relapsed/refractory AML patients at a dose of 150 mg once daily in 28-day cycles. Twenty-nine patients were treated for a median of 29 days (range 12-142 days). Seven patients (24%) received > 1 cycle of therapy and 12 (41%) discontinued treatment before day 28 ...
Erlotinib is used to treat non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Erlotinib was subsidized on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule in Australia for the treatment of advanced stage (IIIB or IV) NSCLC (August 2008). In the pivotal trial supporting initial subsidy, erlotinib increased overall survival (OS) by 2 months compared with placebo (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval: 0.58-0.85). We examined the effectiveness of erlotinib in a 'real-world' setting by measuring survival outcomes in NSCLC ...
The epidermal growth factor receptor is overexpressed in the majority of pancreatic cancer. Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib was approved to treat the patient combining with gemcitabine. However, the sensitivity is low. Here, we try to reveal the regulatory role of guanine nucleotide exchange protein 100 (GEP100) in erlotinib sensitivity.
A Prospective Observational Study Evaluating the Correlation of c-MET Expression and EGFR Gene Mutation with Response to Erlotinib as Second-Line Treatment for Patients with Advanced/Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and predictive role of c-MET expression and EGFR mutation in the efficacy of erlotinib in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
This randomised phase III study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of extended nodal irradiation (ENI) and/or erlotinib in inoperable oesophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC).
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with activating EGFR mutations are often successfully treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) such as erlotinib; however, treatment resistance inevitably occurs. Given tumor metabolism of glucose and therapeutic response are intimately linked, we explored the metabolic differences between isogenic erlotinib-sensitive and -resistant NSCLC cell lines. We discovered that the growth of erlotinib-resistant cells is more sensitive to glucose deprivation. Seaho...
There is an urgent need for strategies to combat dengue virus (DENV) infection; a major global threat. We reported that the cellular kinases AAK1 and GAK regulate intracellular trafficking of multiple viruses and that sunitinib and erlotinib, approved anticancer drugs with potent activity against these kinases, protect DENV-infected mice from mortality. Nevertheless, further characterization of the therapeutic potential and underlying mechanism of this approach is required prior to clinical evaluation. Here...
The emergence of the T790 M gatekeeper mutation in the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) gene is an important mechanism that can lead to the acquired resistance to EGFR-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib or gefitinib. These drugs have been used in treating a subset of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR activating mutations. Here we investigated the paths leading to the acquisition of the T790 M mutation by establishing an erlotinib resistant PC9 cell mode...
The epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib are effective for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This meta-analysis compared their effectiveness and safety.
To investigate the cost-effectiveness of afatinib and erlotinib as second-line therapy for advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the lung.
Erlotinib (ELT), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is widely used for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer in clinic. Unfortunately, severe drug-induced liver injury and other adverse effects occurred during the treatment. Meanwhile, ELT has been reported to be a mechanism-based inactivator of CYPs 3A4 and 3A5. The objectives of this study were to identify ketene intermediate of ELT and investigate the association of the acetylenic bioactivation with the enzyme inactivation caused by ELT. A ketene interme...
Resistance to chemotherapy is a challenging problem for treatment of cancer patients and autophagy has been shown to mediate development of resistance. In this study we systematically screened a library of 306 known anti-cancer drugs for their ability to induce autophagy using a cell-based assay. 114 of the drugs were classified as autophagy inducers; for 16 drugs, the cytotoxicity was potentiated by siRNA-mediated knock-down of Atg7 and Vps34. These drugs were further evaluated in breast cancer cell lines ...
Although novel molecular targeted drugs have been recognized as an effective therapy for non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations, their efficacy fails to meet the expectation due to the acquired resistance in tumors. Up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic protein Survivin was shown to contribute to the resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. However, the unorganized tumors blood vessels impeded drug penetr...
Leptomeningeal metastases (LMs) were devastating metastatic complications of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Management of LMs relied on conventional therapy but with poor survival, lacking effective treatment strategies. We present the case of a 52-year-old female non-smoker with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and initially positive EGFR-mutation, who failed to the treatment of standard first-line chemotherapy (pemetrexed plus cisplatin) and bevacizumab (BEV), and maintenance therapy with pemetrexed plus...
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is a very common malignancy in which most patients present with localized disease. Recurrent and metastatic disease is rare, and there is no standard therapy. These tumors frequently overexpress the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). We conducted a phase 2 trial to determine the response rate to therapy with erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with locoregionally recurrent or metastatic CSCC that was not amenable to curative treatment (NCT...