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PubMed Journals Articles About "A Study Of Efavirenz In Combination With Stavudine And Didanosine" RSS

03:29 EST 19th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

A Study Of Efavirenz In Combination With Stavudine And Didanosine PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Of Efavirenz In Combination With Stavudine And Didanosine articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Study Efavirenz Combination With Stavudine Didanosine" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 59,000+

Neuropathic pain in HIV patients receiving ART without stavudine in an Indonesia Referral Hospital.

Lower limb neuropathic pain in HIV patients is a common manifestation of sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN), but can be seen in patients who do not meet standard definitions of HIV-SN. The drug stavudine is a risk factor for HIV-SN, but some patients treated without stavudine experience HIV-SN, and the prevalence and risk factors influencing neuropathic pain in this setting are unknown. A cross sectional study at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta tested 197 HIV patients treated for >12 months without stavudine...


Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor efavirenz activates PXR to induce hypercholesterolemia and hepatic steatosis.

The most prescribed non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor efavirenz has been associated with elevated risk for dyslipidemia and hepatic steatosis in HIV-infected patients but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here we investigated the role of pregnane X receptor (PXR) in mediating the adverse effects of efavirenz on lipid homeostasis.

Efficacy and safety of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate versus low-dose stavudine over 96 weeks: a multi-country randomised, non-inferiority trial.

Reducing doses of antiretroviral drugs, including stavudine (d4T), may lower toxicity, while preserving efficacy. There are substantial concerns about renal and bone toxicities of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF).


Pharmacogenetic variation influences sensory neuropathy occurrence in Southern Africans treated with stavudine-containing antiretroviral therapy.

The use of the HIV antiretroviral drug stavudine (d4T), a thymidine analogue, is associated with the development of mitochondrial toxicities such as sensory neuropathy (SN). Genetic variation in genes relating to d4T transport and metabolism, as well as genetic variation in the thymidine synthesis pathway, could influence occurrence of d4T-related toxicity.

Prior exposure to thymidine analogues and didanosine is associated with long-lasting alterations in adipose tissue distribution and cardiovascular risk factors.

Thymidine analogues (TA) and didanosine (ddI) have been associated with redistribution of body fat from subcutaneous (SAT) to visceral (VAT) adipose tissue, which, in turn, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We explored differences in adipose tissue distribution between people living with HIV (PLWH) with prior exposure to TA and/or ddI, without exposure, and uninfected controls and the association with CVD risk factors.

Efavirenz reduces renal excretion of lamivudine in rats by inhibiting organic cation transporters (OCT, Oct) and multidrug and toxin extrusion proteins (MATE, Mate).

Efavirenz (EFV) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in first-line combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). It is usually administered with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), many of which are substrates of OCT uptake solute carriers (SLC22A) and MATE (SLC47A), P-gp (MDR1, ABCB1), BCRP (ABCG2), or MRP2 (ABCC2) efflux transporters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory potential of efavirenz towards these transporters and investigate its effects on the ph...

Simultaneous quantitation of zidovudine, efavirenz, lopinavir and ritonavir in human hair by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry.

Nowadays, zidovudine, efavirenz, lopinavir and ritonavir are important components of the second-line antiretroviral therapeutic regimen of National Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program in China. The measurement of antiretroviral drugs in hair will facilitate for the evaluation of the long-term adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy. Nevertheless, no study illustrated simultaneous quantitation of the four drugs in hair. The study intended to develop a simple, sensitive and selective method for si...

Extended cell and plasma drug levels after one dose of a 3-in-1 nanosuspension containing lopinavir, efavirenz, and tenofovir in non-human primates.

To characterize a drug-combination nanoparticle (DcNP) containing water-insoluble lopinavir (LPV) and efavirenz (EFV), and water-soluble tenofovir (TFV), for its potential as a long-acting combination HIV treatment.

Combination therapy versus monotherapy in the treatment of recalcitrant warts: A clinical and immunological study.

Treatment of recalcitrant warts represents a continuing therapeutic challenge. Combination therapies can help improve treatment response, decrease adverse effects, and reduce recurrence.

An investigation into the prevalence of Combination Syndrome.

To investigate the prevalence of Combination Syndrome, and to investigate if provision of a mandibular removable partial denture has any influence on the prevalence of Combination Syndrome.

Invited Commentary to: Abdominal Wall Reconstruction Utilizing the Combination of Absorbable and Permanent Mesh in a Retromuscular Position: A Multicenter Prospective Study.

Novel bicephalous heterolipid based self-microemulsifying drug delivery system for solubility and bioavailability enhancement of efavirenz.

There is an increasing demand of new lipidic biocompatible and safe materials for self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS). The present work reports the synthesis, characterization, oral mucosal irritation study, and application of novel erucic acid ester of G-PETIM dendron based bicephalous heterolipid (BHL) as an oil phase in SMEDDS using Efavirenz (EFA), a BCS class II drug with poor water solubility and poor bioavailability. Studies were conducted to optimize EFA SMEDDS using different ratios...

Combination Therapy with Dipyridamole and Clopidogrel for Secondary Stroke Prevention in Aspirin-Intolerant Patients After Myocardial Infarction: Results of a Nationwide Case-Control Study.

Combination therapy with dipyridamole and clopidogrel in stroke prevention and long-term outcomes in aspirin-intolerant patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and previous stroke are unknown. This nationwide study analyzed the impact of dipyridamole and clopidogrel on secondary stroke prevention and long-term outcomes in aspirin-intolerant stroke patients after AMI.

Specialists to the Rescue of Oncologists for the Management of Toxicity Occurring Under Combination of Anticancer Therapies.

An Open-label Randomized Phase 2 study of Durvalumab Alone or in Combination with Tremelimumab in Patients with Advanced Germ Cell Tumors (APACHE): Results from the First Planned Interim Analysis.

Low-Dose Fentanyl, Propofol, Midazolam, Ketamine and Lidocaine Combination vs. Regular Dose Propofol and Fentanyl Combination for Deep Sedation Induction; a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Need for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) is felt in emergency department (ED) more and more each day. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of low-dose fentanyl, propofol, midazolam, ketamine and lidocaine combination with regular dose of propofol and fentanyl combination for induction of deep sedation.

Treating a Multidrug-Resistant Psoriatic HLA-C*18:01 Allele Carrier with Combination Ustekinumab Apremilast Therapy.

Nowadays, even though several biologic therapies are available to treat psoriasis, multidrug-resistant disease continues to be a therapeutic challenge. Combination therapy has therefore become increasingly important. In this context, apremilast, according to its safety profile, could easily be combined with biologics in patients with comorbidities and/or recalcitrant multidrug-resistant psoriasis.

Combination of Crizotinib and Osimertinib or Erlotinib Might Overcome MET-Mediated Resistance to EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in EGFR-Mutated Adenocarcinoma.

Antiretroviral Concentrations and Surrogate Measures of Efficacy in the Brain Tissue and CSF of Preclinical Species.

1. Antiretroviral concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are used as surrogate for brain tissue, although sparse data support this. We quantified antiretrovirals in brain tissue across preclinical models, compared them to CSF, and calculated 90% inhibitory quotients (IQ) for nonhuman primate (NHP) brain tissue. Spatial distribution of efavirenz was performed by mass-spectrometry imaging (MSI). 2. HIV or RT-SHIV-infected and uninfected animals from two humanized mouse models (hemopoietic-stem cell/RAG2-...

Effect of Intravenous Oxycodone in Combination With Different Doses of Dexmedetomdine on Sleep Quality and Visceral Pain in Patients After Abdominal Surgery: A Randomized Study.

Oxycodone or dexmedetomidine (DEX) alone are widely used in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of two oxycodone and DEX combinations on postoperative sleep quality.

Efficacy of Apigenin and Miltefosine Combination Therapy against Experimental Cutaneous Leishmaniasis.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by several different species of Leishmania. Treatment of leishmaniasis involves a limited drug arsenal that is associated with severe side effects, high costs, and drug resistance. Therefore, combination therapy has emerged as a strategy to improve leishmaniasis treatment. Here, we report the interaction of miltefosine and apigenin in vitro and in vivo. Combination therapy using low doses of these two drugs results in good clinical and parasitological res...

Combination Oral Chelation in Adult Patients With Transfusion-dependent Thalassemia and High Iron Burden.

An open-label, pilot study was conducted to evaluate deferasirox/deferiprone combination chelation therapy in adult patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia and severe iron overload. Enrollment proved difficult. Nine patients (median age, 27.4 y; ferritin, 4965 ng/mL; liver iron concentration, 28.5 mg/g dry weight; cardiac T2*, 13.3 ms) received treatment. Two were withdrawn for treatment-related adverse effects. Arthralgia (4 patients) and gastrointestinal symptoms (5 patients) were common; ...

Effect of Caffeine on the Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of an Acetylsalicylic Acid-Paracetamol Combination: Results of a Phase I Study.

Caffeine is used as an adjuvant in analgesic combinations to enhance their efficacy. The present study aimed to determine the effect of caffeine on the pharmacokinetics of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and paracetamol when used as a fixed-dose ASA/paracetamol/caffeine combination.

Effects of phosphogypsum, superphosphate, and dicyandiamide on gaseous emission and compost quality during sewage sludge composting.

This study investigated the effects of phosphogypsum, superphosphate, and dicyandiamide on gaseous emission and compost quality during sewage sludge composting. Results showed that phosphogypsum reduced ammonia (NH) and methane (CH) emissions but increased nitrous oxide (NO) emission. Superphosphate simultaneously reduced NH, NO and CH emissions. Dicyandiamide markedly reduced NO emission during composting. Combination of phosphogypsum and dicyandiamide reduced CH and NO emissions by 75.6% and 86.4%, while ...

Case Report: Lung Adenocarcinoma Harboring EGFR-19del/C797S/T790M Triple Mutations Responds to Brigatinib and Anti-EGFR Antibody Combination Therapy.


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