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A Study Of Peginterferon Alfa-2a In Combination With Ribavirin In Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) Patients With Compensated Liver Cirrhosis (LC) PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study Of Peginterferon Alfa-2a In Combination With Ribavirin In Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC) Patients With Compensated Liver Cirrhosis (LC) articles that have been published worldwide.
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It has yet to be firmly established whether host IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype influences interferon responsiveness in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IFNL3 region and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in 701 patients enrolled in three large, randomized, international studies.
Approximately one-third of patients have durable responses after finite (48-week) treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a. The ability to identify patients likely to respond would be particularly useful in resource-limited settings.
Thailand is encountering challenges to introduce the high-cost sofosbuvir for chronic hepatitis C treatment as part of the Universal Health Care's benefit package. This study was conducted in respond to policy demand from the Thai government to assess the value for money and budget impact of introducing sofosbuvir-based regimens in the tax-based health insurance scheme. The Markov model was constructed to assess costs and benefits of the four treatment options that include: (i) current practice-peginterfero...
HEV infection can lead to chronic hepatitis in immunosuppressed patients; extrahepatic manifestations are rarely seen. Here, we report a 13-year-old renal transplant patient with chronic hepatitis E and renal involvement. Ribavirin therapy led to temporary virus clearance and amelioration of kidney function. However, ribavirin therapy caused severe hyporegenerative anemia, which has so far only been reported in patients treated with a combination of ribavirin and interferon alpha.
Novel direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are now the standard of care for the management of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Branded DAAs are associated with high sustained virological response at 12 weeks post-completion of therapy (SVR12), but are costly. We aimed to assess the efficacy of generic oral DAAs in a real life clinical scenario. Consecutive patients with known HCV infection who were treated with generic-oral DAA regimens (May 2015 to January 2017) were included. Demographic details, prior thera...
Clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of daclatasvir (DCV) for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 (GT4) infection are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DCV plus sofosbuvir (SOF) with or without ribavirin (RBV) for treatment of Egyptian patients infected with HCV GT4.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between interleukin-21 (IL-21) and interleukin-21 receptor (IL-21R) polymorphisms and the response to peginterferon alfa (PEG-IFN α) therapy in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.A total of 143 HBeAg-positive CHB patients treated for 48 weeks with PEG-IFN α and followed up for 24 weeks post-treatment were retrospectively evaluated. Genotypes analysis was performed for IL-21 polymorphisms rs907715, rs2221903, and IL-21R polymorphisms rs3...
In 2013, combination therapy using peginterferon, ribavirin, and boceprevir or telaprevir was introduced to treat hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection in Brazil. The effectiveness of this therapy in four Brazilian regions was evaluated.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the most common cause of viral hepatitis worldwide. Genotypes 1 and 2 (GT1 and GT2) are mainly present in developing countries, while GT3 and GT4 are prevalent in developed and high-income countries. In the majority of cases, HEV causes a self-limiting hepatitis. GT3 and GT4 can be responsible for a chronic hepatitis that can lead to cirrhosis in immunocompromized patients, i.e. solid-organ- and stem-cell-transplant-patients, human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients, and pat...
Some individuals with hepatitis C virus infection treated with direct-acting antivirals require ribavirin to maximize sustained virologic response rates. We describe the clinical management of ribavirin dosing in hepatitis C virus-infected patients receiving ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir and dasabuvir with ribavirin.
Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 infection have high rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) following 12 weeks of treatment with the nucleotide polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir in combination with ribavirin, which was the standard of care at the time this study was undertaken. We assessed the efficacy of 12 weeks of treatment with a ribavirin-free regimen of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir.
In Japan, there is a growing population of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who failed a direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimen. In this Phase 3 study, we evaluated sofosbuvir-velpatasvir plus ribavirin in Japanese patients with genotype 1 or 2 HCV infection who previously received DAAs.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of viral hepatitis worldwide. Owing to its feco oral transmission route, sporadic as well as epidemic outbreaks recurrently occur. No specific antiviral therapy is available against the disease caused by HEV. Broad spectrum antivirals such as ribavirin and interferon alfa are prescribed in severe and chronic HEV cases. However, the side effects, cost, and limitations of usage render the available treatment unsuitable for several categories of patients. We recently re...
In the past few years, a growing body of clinical evidence has highlighted the risk of vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic hepatitis C and that vitamin D levels are associated with the course of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, adverse effects, and treatment response to peginterferon/ribavirin. Recently, studies have found that vitamin D status is related to drug resistance and increased risk of infection in patients with liver cirrhosis. Vitamin D-related gene polymorphisms have been found to e...
CD8CD28- regulatory T cells (Tregs) play important roles in chronic viral infections. Programmed death 1 (PD-1) is highly expressed on hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CTLs. However, little is known regarding the role of CD8CD28-PD1 T cells in hepatitis C. Herein, we found that the frequency of CD8CD28-PD1, but not CD8CD28-PD1- T cells, correlated with markers of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the response to treatment. Our results showed that CD8CD28-PD1 T cells were significantly elevated i...
According to death certificates, approximately 1800 persons die from hepatitis B annually in the United States (US); however, this figure may underestimate the true mortality from chronic hepatitis B (CHB).
Chronic hepatitis C infection is a major public health concern, with a high burden in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is growing evidence that chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes neurological complications. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and factors associated with neurological manifestations in chronic hepatitis C patients.
Licensed for chronic hepatitis C treatment in 2011, the protease inhibitors (PIs) telaprevir (TVR) and boceprevir (BOC), which have high sustained viral responses (SVR), ushered a new era characterized by the development of direct-action drugs against the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and safety of BOC and TVR administered with pegylated interferon and ribavirin and to share the experience of a Brazilian reference center.
Hepatitis E virus infection in patients with underlying chronic liver disease is associated with liver decompensation and increased lethality. The seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus in patients with chronic hepatitis C in Brazil is unknown. This study aims to estimate the seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus in patients with chronic hepatitis C and to describe associated risk factors.
Currently, there are no interferon-free treatments available for HCV-infected patients younger than 12 years of age. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the all-oral regimen ledipasvir-sofosbuvir ± ribavirin, in HCV-infected children aged 6 to
Genetic variants of inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) that confer reduced ITPase activity are associated with protection against ribavirin(RBV)-induced hemolytic anemia in peginterferon(IFN)/RBV-based treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Patients with reduced ITPase activity showed improved treatment efficacy when treated with IFN/RBV. In addition, a genetic polymorphism near the IL28B gene is associated with an improved response to IFN/RBV treatment. RBV has been an important component of IFN-containing regim...
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment is aiming to cure and prevent the development, progression of fibrosis, and related complications. Interferon-based therapy was claimed to reduce or even reverse fibrosis. Although direct-acting agents have a better cure rate, we still lack the knowledge of their effect on fibrosis regression. We aim to assess fibrosis regression in direct-acting agents compared with interferon-based treatment regimens in the treatment of chronic HCV patients. The 204 chronic HCV patients w...
Chronic Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is associated with extrahepatic manifestations and an increased prevalence in cardiovascular disease. New direct acting antivirals (DAA) have revolutionized HCV treatment with high rates of sustained virological response (SVR). Recently it was demonstrated, that SVR reduces morbidity and overall mortality more than can be solely explained by hepatic effects, suggesting that treatment with DAA also affects cardiovascular disease. The aim of this pilot study was to id...
To assess chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients' knowledge about hepatitis B and their experience of discrimination with regard to study, work, and daily life.