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PubMed Journals Articles About "A Study On The Effects Of Feeding And Feeding Methods On Breathing Pattern In Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants" RSS

15:35 EST 16th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

A Study On The Effects Of Feeding And Feeding Methods On Breathing Pattern In Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest A Study On The Effects Of Feeding And Feeding Methods On Breathing Pattern In Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Study Effects Feeding Feeding Methods Breathing Pattern Very" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 84,000+

The influence of a community-level breast-feeding promotion intervention programme on breast-feeding practices in Myanmar.

Breast-feeding in the first 6 months of life is critical for ensuring both child health and well-being. Despite efforts to improve breast-feeding practices, recent studies have reported that Myanmar continues to have low rates of exclusive breast-feeding.Design/Setting/SubjectsA community-based breast-feeding promotion programme using trained community members was implemented for 1 year in hard-to-reach townships of Myanmar. The present study assessed the breast-feeding practices using a cross-sectional sur...


Feeding intolerance alters the gut microbiota of preterm infants.

Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common disease in preterm infants, often causing a delay in individual development. Gut microbiota play an important role in nutrient absorption and metabolism of preterm infants. To date, few studies have focused on the community composition of gut microbiota of preterm infants with feeding intolerance. In this study, we collected fecal samples from 41 preterm infants diagnosed with feeding intolerance and 29 preterm infants without feeding intolerance, at three specific times...

Energy and Fat Intake for Preterm Infants Fed Donor Milk Is Significantly Impacted by Enteral Feeding Method.

Pasteurized donor milk is the recommended supplement for preterm infants when mother's milk volumes are insufficient. Compared with mother's milk, the macronutrient content of donor milk is thought to be lower due to pasteurization and additional container changes during processing. Given that poor growth is concerning for preterm infants, it is important to understand how processing and feeding methods influence the nutrition composition of donor milk feeds. The research aim of this study was to determine ...


Early Intervention to Improve Sucking in Preterm Newborns: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies.

Premature birth is associated with feeding difficulties due to inadequate coordination of sucking, swallowing, and breathing. Nonnutritive sucking (NNS) and oral stimulation interventions may be effective for oral feeding promotion, but the mechanisms of the intervention effects need further clarifications.

Artificial blood feeding for Culicidae colony maintenance in laboratories: does the blood source condition matter?

Culicidae colonization in laboratory is paramount to conduct studies aiming at a better understanding of mosquitoes' capacity to transmit pathogens that cause deadly diseases. Colonization requires female blood feeding, a necessary step for maturation of female's oocytes. Direct blood feeding on anesthetized mammals implies in a number of disadvantages when compared to artificial blood feeding. Consequently, laboratories worldwide have been trying to -feed female mosquitoes artificially in order to replace ...

Infant and baby feeding and the development of the maxillofacial complex based on own observations and the literature.

The method and technique of feeding a young child affect the shape of the maxillofacial complex. Breastfeeding is the recommended method of feeding in the first six months of life. It is encouraged to continue natural feeding in later months, simultaneously developing other food extraction techniques. The correct formation of the stomatognathic system is a result of the correct organization of the motor patterns during feeding.

Feeding a Fussy Eater: Examining Longitudinal Bidirectional Relationships Between Child Fussy Eating and Maternal Feeding Practices.

Child fussy eating has been associated with a range of maternal feeding practices; however, whether effects are parent-driven, child-driven, or bidirectional (i.e., both) remains unclear. This study tested for bidirectional relationships between nonresponsive and structure-related maternal feeding practices and child fussy eating at age 2, 3.7, and 5 years using a cross-lagged model approach.

Nitric oxide and l-arginine regulate feeding in satiated rats.

Nitric Oxide (NO) and its precursor L-arginine were found to inhibit feeding in rats with a low motivation to eat, as they do in Aplysia. In rats that are relatively satiated, treatment with an NO blocker increased feeding, and treatment with an NO donor or with either of 2 doses of L-arginine inhibited feeding. NO and L-arginine modulated several parameters of feeding, such as the total duration of appetitive behaviors, the time spent feeding, the quantity of food eaten and the number of feeding bouts. The...

Why Is It So Important to Invest into Breast-Feeding and How to Ameliorate Its Practice?

Nowadays, the breast-feeding, despite the approved advantages, is not a standard in many communities. The multi-factorial determinants determining its prevalence need to be supported at various levels - from legal and legislative one to views and values of society, conditions of women's labor and also health care system that can develop a favorable environment for breast-feeding. The breast-feeding effects positively on health, economic development and ecology and therefor it is a benefit for children, wome...

Nitrogen feeding strategies and metabolomic analysis to alleviate high-nitrogen inhibition on docosahexaenoic acid production in Crypthecodinium cohnii.

It is well known that high-nitrogen content inhibits cell growth and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) biosynthesis in heterotrophic microalgae Crypthecodinium cohnii. In this study, two nitrogen feeding strategies, pulse-feeding and continuous-feeding, were evaluated to alleviate high-nitrogen inhibition effects on C. cohnii. The results showed that continuous-feeding with a medium solution containing 50% ( w/v) yeast extract at 2.1 mL/h during 12-96 h was the optimal nitrogen feeding strategy for the fermentatio...

Perspective: Novel Commercial Packaging and Devices for Complementary Feeding.

In recent years, so-called baby food pouches and other novel packaging and devices have been marketed for complementary feeding. To date, no experimental studies have been conducted to determine health and nutrition effects or the safety of baby food pouches and related feeding devices. Yet, these products hold the potential to fundamentally change the ways in which infants and children consume solid foods in infancy and early childhood. In this review, a selection of complementary feeding devices and their...

Tectal CRFR1 receptors modulate food intake and feeding behavior in the South African clawed frog Xenopus laevis.

The optic tectum and superior colliculus rapidly inhibit food intake when a visual threat is present. Previous work indicates that CRF, acting on CRFR1 receptors, may play a role in tectal inhibition of feeding behavior and food intake. Here we test the hypothesis that tectal CRFR1 receptors modulate food intake and feeding behavior in juvenile Xenopus laevis. We performed five experiments to test the following questions: 1) Does tectal CRF injection decrease food intake/feeding behavior? 2) Does a selectiv...

Baby-led complementary feeding: a randomized controlled study.

Baby-led weaning (BLW) is an approach to introducing solid foods to infants which gives control of the feeding process to the infant. Anecdotal evidence suggests that BLW is becoming popular with parents, but scientific research is limited to a few publications. This study assessed growth, hematological parameters and iron intakes among 6-12 month-old infants who were fed by traditional or baby-led complementary feeding.

Orexin-A signaling in the paraventricular nucleus modulates spontaneous firing of glucose-sensitive neurons and promotes food intake via the NPY pathway in rats.

Understanding the mechanisms regulating feeding is crucial to unraveling the pathogenesis of obesity. The study primary explored the effects of orexin-A and neuropeptide Y (NPY) signaling in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on feeding and glucose-sensitive (GS) neuron activity in rats. Microinjection of orexin-A into the PVN promoted feeding and modulated the spontaneous firing of GS neurons. Those effects were eliminated by pre-injection of the orexin-A receptor-1 (OX1R) antagonist SB-334867 ...

Feeding tubes in children.

A practical guide to different feeding tubes available for nutritional support in children, focused on indications, placement methods and complications.

Relationship Between Duration of Tube Feeding and Success of Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants.

Primary: to identify the potential relationship between duration of tube feeding and success of oral feeding in preterm infants; secondary: to identify the potential relationships among duration of tube feeding and alert behavioral states, orally directed behaviors, and nutritive sucking.

Eating in the absence of hunger in young children: The role of maternal feeding strategies.

Restrictive feeding strategies have been associated with increased eating in the absence of hunger in a small number of studies of young girls. The aim of the present study was to examine a broader range of maternal feeding styles and eating in the absence of hunger in both girls and boys aged 3-5 years old. Participants were 184 mother-child dyads. Mothers completed a questionnaire containing measures of feeding strategies (Restriction, Pressure to Eat and Covert Control). Children consumed a lunch meal an...

Far-off and close-up feeding levels affect immunological performance in grazing dairy cows during the transition period.

During the peripartum period, dairy cows often have signs of inflammation. Various stresses, including infectious and metabolic diseases, have been discussed as causative for this inflammation. In this study, expression profiles for 17 immune markers were measured in whole blood preparations from 78 dairy cows over a time frame starting 1 wk before calving to 4 wk after calving. Additionally, the effects of far-off and close-up feeding on immune function of dairy cows during the peripartum period were inves...

Parental body dissatisfaction and controlling child feeding practices: A prospective study of Australian parent-child dyads.

The aim of the present study was to examine whether parents' reported use of controlling feeding practices (restrictive feeding and pressure to eat) change over 6 months, and whether parents' concerns about their own weight and shape are prospectively associated with increasing use of controlling feeding practices. Participants were 48 Australian parents (92% female; M = 37.8 years) who completed questionnaires twice, with a 6-month time lag, regarding a target child aged 7.6 years on average (52%...

Ameliorating deleterious effects of heat stress on growing Muscovy ducklings using feed withdrawal and cold water.

We studied the effect of feed withdrawal and cold water on the growth performance and health status of 180 Muscovy ducklings (28 days old) during the summer season. The experiment used a 3 × 2 factorial design consisting of 3 and 2 feeding and water systems, respectively. The birds were divided into 6 experimental groups of 30 birds each (10/replicate). The 3 feeding systems were ad libitum, full-feeding (AD); afternoon, feed withdrawn from 8 am to 2 pm daily (AF); and diurnal, feed withdrawn from 2 pm to ...

Effects of complementary feeding on attained height among lower primary school-aged children in Eastern Uganda: A nested prospective cohort study.

Despite the fact that Uganda has been a signatory to the global strategy for Infant and Young Children Feeding practices (IYCF) for nearly a decade, the prevalence of stunting among children under five years of age remains tragically high at 17% in Eastern Uganda and twofold higher countrywide. Only 6% of all children aged 6-23 months feed adequately. This study aimed to establish the covariates of complementary feeding (CF) and its effect on attained height among primary school-aged children in Mbale distr...

Energy balance and diurnal variation in methane production as affected by feeding frequency in Jersey cows in late lactation.

Methane (CH) production of ruminants typically increases with increased dry matter intake (DMI). However, few studies have observed the effects of feeding multiple times a day and its effects on diurnal variation in CH production and energy balance in late-lactation dairy cattle. A study using headbox-style indirect calorimetry and 12 multiparous (225 ± 16.2 d in milk; mean ± SD) lactating Jersey cows was conducted to determine the effects of feeding twice daily on diurnal variation in CH production and t...

Drilling in the dorid species Vayssierea cf. elegans (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia): Functional and comparative morphological aspects.

The drilling mode of feeding is known from two clades of Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda and Heterobranchia. However, the level of convergence and parallelism or homology among these two lineages is unclear. The morphology of the buccal complex is well studied for drilling caenogastropods, but poorly known for drilling nudibranchs. It is also unclear whether the drilling feeding mechanism is similar between inside gastropods. Accordingly, a comparison between the feeding mechanisms of drilling nudibranchs and c...

A global paucity of wild bird feeding policy.

Feeding wild birds is a common and popular human-wildlife interaction throughout the world. However, controversy exists over the benefits and costs to the birds and humans involved. This bibliometric study documents wild bird feeding policies around the globe and examines environmental and socio-cultural factors which may influence the position adopted by these policies. We located 412 policies from 237 different countries, territories or dependencies (jurisdictions); 58.7% of jurisdictions had no informati...

Inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channels mediate salivary gland function and blood feeding in the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum.

Tick feeding causes extreme morbidity and mortality to humans through transmission of pathogens and causes severe economic losses to the agricultural industry by reducing livestock yield. Salivary gland secretions are essential for tick feeding and thus, reducing or preventing saliva secretions into the vertebrate host is likely to reduce feeding and hinder pathogen life cycles. Unfortunately, the membrane physiology of tick salivary glands is underexplored and this gap in knowledge limits the development o...


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