PubMed Journals Articles About "A Study To Compare Two Medications With An Inactive Medication And Look At The Effect On A Person's Mental Ability" RSS

14:34 EST 15th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Study Compare Medications With Inactive Medication Look Effect" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 73,000+

Prescription Medication Misuse.

In the United States, there is a prescription medication misuse crisis including increases in unintentional drug overdose deaths, medications obtained on the illicit market (i.e., diversion), and in the number of individuals seeking treatment for addiction to prescription medications. Neurologists manage patients suffering from conditions (e.g., pain, seizures, spasticity) where the prescriptions of medications with misuse potential are indicated. It is therefore imperative that neurologists understand whic...

"I Can't Poop": Medication-Induced Constipation.

One of the challenging side effects of many medications is constipation. When knowledgeable nurses who teach patients about their medications include information about the possibility of constipation, they can then educate patients about how to prevent, reduce, or treat medication-related constipation. Discussion in the following article addresses examples of drugs that have the potential for constipation, why constipation may occur with these medications, and how to safely prevent or reduce medication-indu...

Medication history assessment in research: A randomized controlled trial comparing tablet-based (eMedHAT) versus structured interview (MedHAT).

Accurate capture of medication use is important for high quality research. For epidemiologic studies, medication histories are the most common measure of exposure when trying to identify associations between medications and outcomes. Concomitant medications can alter the efficacy or safety of study drugs in clinical trials. However, there are few studies evaluating the accuracy and efficiency of methods to collect these histories. The objective of this study is to compare the accuracy of medication historie...

Knowledge, attitudes, and practice regarding medication use in pregnant women in Southern Italy.

The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within th...

Modeling effects of side-effect probability, side-effect severity, and medication efficacy on patients with multiple sclerosis medication choice.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that causes a range of problematic symptoms. These symptoms tend to get worse over time, causing substantial impairment in patient quality of life. Although many effective disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) exist that slow the course of MS, patients often do not choose to take them, which may be because these medications carry substantial risks of side effects, varying from mild to severe, while only decreasing the probability of future symptoms. In the curre...

Predrawn prehospital medications are microbiologically safe for up to 48 hours.

Prehospital medical teams are commonly required to administer a range of medications for urgent stabilisation and treatment. The safe preparation of medications during resuscitation requires attention, time and resources, and can be a source of medication error. In our two road and HEMS (Helicopter Emergency Medical Service) prehospital services, medication errors are mitigated by predrawing commonly used medications to set concentrations daily (Hunter Retrieval Service, HRS) or second-daily (CareFlight Syd...

Does Nursing Home Compare Reflect Patient Safety In Nursing Homes?

The past several decades have seen significant policy efforts to improve the quality of care in nursing homes, but the patient safety movement has largely ignored this setting. In this study we compared nursing homes' performance on several composite quality measures from Nursing Home Compare, the most prominent recent example of a national policy aimed at improving the quality of nursing home care, to their performance on measures of patient safety in nursing homes such as pressure sores, infections, falls...

Treatment of cyclosporine induced hypertension: Results from a long-term observational study using different antihypertensive medications.

Post-transplant hypertension (PTH) is a common complication in cyclosporine immunosuppressed patients; however choosing the right antihypertensive medication is challenging. In a long-term observational study (≤13y) we examined different antihypertensive medications on graft/patient survival of kidney recipients with pre-existing and PTH. Altogether thirty-three co-variables were analyzed including dose and type of immunosuppressive and antihypertensive medication, co-medications, serum biochemistries and...

Extreme Price Variation for Generic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Medications.

To characterize geographic variability of generic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) medications in order to improve drug price transparency and improve patient access to affordable medication sources. This is of interest because BPH is one of the most common chronic diseases in men and contributes to individual healthcare cost. Medical therapy is the main treatment modality for BPH, burdening patients with lifelong medication expenses which may impact adherence and subsequent outcomes. With an aging popula...

Medication-related problems during transfer from hospital to home care: baseline data from Switzerland.

Background The shift from inpatient to ambulatory care has resulted in an increase in home care patients. Little is known regarding medication safety associated with patient transfer from hospital to home care. Objective To evaluate medication-related problems in patients transferring from hospital to home care in Switzerland. Setting A non-for-profit home care organization in the city of Lucerne/Switzerland. Methods We conducted a prospective observational study, including patients aged ≥ 64 years and...

Medication administration by caregiving youth: An inside look at how adolescents manage medications for family members.

Children take on the role of family caregiver throughout the world. No prior published research exists surrounding the particular circumstances of the task of medication administration and management by these youth, which was explored in this study.

Prevalence and trends of polypharmacy among HIV-positive and -negative men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study from 2004 to 2016.

Rates of aging-related comorbidities, which require targeted medications to treat, have been shown to be increased among persons living with HIV compared with uninfected counterparts. Polypharmacy is generally defined as the concurrent use of 5 or more medications. We investigated polypharmacy prevalence for non-HIV medications over a 12-year period among HIV-positive and -negative participants in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Information regarding non-HIV medication use, HIV status, age, race/ethnicit...

Rethinking the outpatient medication list: increasing patient activation and education while architecting for centralization and improved medication reconciliation.

Identify barriers impacting the time consuming and error fraught process of medication reconciliation. Design and implement an electronic medication management system where patient and trusted healthcare proxies can participate in establishing and maintaining an inclusive and up-to-date list of medications.

A shared medication scheme for community dwelling older patients with polypharmacy receiving home health care: role of the community pharmacist.

An accurate medication scheme may be a useful tool to improve medication safety in primary care. This study aimed to identify (1) pharmacists' alterations to nurse medication schemes and (2) potential improvements to the contribution of the community pharmacist to a shared medication scheme within a multidisciplinary collaboration. Dosing frequency, potentially incorrect moments of intake, drug-drug interactions and medication complexity (quantified by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index, MRCI) were inv...

Is Who you Ask Important? Concordance Between Survey and Registry Data on Medication Use Among Self- and Proxy-Respondents in the Longitudinal Study of Aging Danish Twins and the Danish 1905-Cohort Study.

This study investigates the accuracy of the reporting of medication use by proxy- and self-respondents, and it compares the prognostic value of the number of medications from survey and registry data for predicting mortality across self- and proxy-respondents.

Exposure to Strong Anticholinergic Medications and Dementia-Related Neuropathology in a Community-Based Autopsy Cohort.

Anticholinergic medication exposure has been associated with increased risk for dementia. No study has examined the association between anticholinergic medication use and neuropathologic lesions in a community-based sample.

Effect of a medicines management model on medication-related readmissions in older patients admitted to a medical acute admission unit-A randomized controlled trial.

Medication-related problems are frequent and can lead to serious adverse events resulting in increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. Medication use in frail older patients is even more complex. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pharmacist-led medicines management model among older patients at admission, during inpatient stay and at discharge on medication-related readmissions.

Association between cognitive impairment and poor antihypertensive medication adherence in elderly hypertensive patients without dementia.

Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a critical factor to control blood pressure and prevent complications. However, cognitive impairment can negatively affect medication adherence. In this study, we investigated the association between cognitive function and antihypertensive medication adherence among elderly hypertensive patients using the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort Data of the Elderly Cohort. The study included 20,071 elderly hypertensive patients and the preva...

Getting to Long-Term Effectiveness and Safety of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medications.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication use has dramatically increased in youth worldwide. Recent prevalence data in some European countries show expanded use with one country now matching US usage. Still, substantial geographic differences by country remain regarding the extent to which children receive ADHD medications. These geographic differences by country raise research questions about which country's prevalence data represents appropriate medication use. We urgently need country le...

Pharmacy Costs of Systemic Medications for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in the United States.

Considerable work has been done to characterize the economic burdens of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and skin cancers, but the long-term medication costs of hidradenitis suppurativa remain unknown. Manufacturer-reported benchmarks such as Average Wholesale Price (AWP) and Wholesale Acquisition Cost (WAC) are commonly used to estimate medication costs in dermatology, but do not account for manufacturer-to-pharmacy price reductions, which are commonplace in prescription medication pricing. This manuscript us...

Improving Patient and Caregiver New Medication Education Using an Innovative Teach-back Toolkit.

Patients and caregivers are often not adequately informed about new medications. Nurses can lead innovations that improve new medication education.

Profile of drugs used for self-medication by elderly attended at a referral center.

To determine the profile of medications used for self-medication by the elderly.

Education, enjoyment, and empowerment: Outcomes of an adolescent transplant camp (I own it).

Peer group camping experiences have a positive influence on adolescents with chronic illnesses, but the data in solid organ transplant recipients are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of adolescent transplant attendees of an educational camp. A weekend camp, "I own it" was organized which provided educational training regarding career and health choices, money matters, and managing medications following which a knowledge assessment was performed. The ACLSA questionnaire was also ad...

Psychiatric Comorbidities and Psychotropic Medication Use in Autism: A Matched Cohort Study with ADHD and General Population Comparator Groups in the United Kingdom.

Psychiatric comorbidities and use of psychotropic medications are common among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, most previous research used data from the United States (US) and few studies have compared medication use in ASD to control groups, making contextualization of results difficult. In the United Kingdom (UK), general practitioners play a key role in the management of ASD. We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional study over calendar year 2015, using primary care data from t...

Potentially Inappropriate Medications in Elderly Ambulatory Patients: A Comparative Study between a Primary Health Care Center and a Community Pharmacy.

This study aims to compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the medication dispensed to elderly patients in a primary health care center (PHC) and a community pharmacy (CP) in Argentina and to identify the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs).

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