PubMed Journals Articles About "A Study To Compare Two Medications With An Inactive Medication And Look At The Effect On A Person's Mental Ability" RSS

17:25 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Study Compare Medications With Inactive Medication Look Effect" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 73,000+

"I Can't Poop": Medication-Induced Constipation.

One of the challenging side effects of many medications is constipation. When knowledgeable nurses who teach patients about their medications include information about the possibility of constipation, they can then educate patients about how to prevent, reduce, or treat medication-related constipation. Discussion in the following article addresses examples of drugs that have the potential for constipation, why constipation may occur with these medications, and how to safely prevent or reduce medication-indu...

Medication history assessment in research: A randomized controlled trial comparing tablet-based (eMedHAT) versus structured interview (MedHAT).

Accurate capture of medication use is important for high quality research. For epidemiologic studies, medication histories are the most common measure of exposure when trying to identify associations between medications and outcomes. Concomitant medications can alter the efficacy or safety of study drugs in clinical trials. However, there are few studies evaluating the accuracy and efficiency of methods to collect these histories. The objective of this study is to compare the accuracy of medication historie...

Knowledge, attitudes, and practice regarding medication use in pregnant women in Southern Italy.

The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within th...

Modeling effects of side-effect probability, side-effect severity, and medication efficacy on patients with multiple sclerosis medication choice.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that causes a range of problematic symptoms. These symptoms tend to get worse over time, causing substantial impairment in patient quality of life. Although many effective disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) exist that slow the course of MS, patients often do not choose to take them, which may be because these medications carry substantial risks of side effects, varying from mild to severe, while only decreasing the probability of future symptoms. In the curre...

Dissatisfaction with opioid maintenance treatment partly explains reported side effects of medications.

Drop-out is a core problem in opioid maintenance treatment (OMT), but patients' reactions to and acceptance of the various OMT medications are insufficiently investigated. In Norway, there has been vocal patient resistance to the newest medication, buprenorphine-naloxone (BNX), and complaints have focused on the side effect profile. There has been no comparison of patient satisfaction and side effects of the three most common OMT medications.

Patients' Medication-Related Experience of Care Is Associated with Adherence to Cardiometabolic Disease Therapy in Real-World Clinical Practice.

Adherence to cardiometabolic disease (CMD) medications is typically suboptimal. This study sought to evaluate the relationship between patients' medication-related experiences of care and adherence to CMD therapy. This study was conducted using electronic health records and administrative data from an ambulatory care setting. It included adult managed care beneficiaries with a prescription for CMD medications (antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, or antihyperglycemic agents) between 2010 and 2014, written ...

Treatment of cyclosporine induced hypertension: Results from a long-term observational study using different antihypertensive medications.

Post-transplant hypertension (PTH) is a common complication in cyclosporine immunosuppressed patients; however choosing the right antihypertensive medication is challenging. In a long-term observational study (≤13y) we examined different antihypertensive medications on graft/patient survival of kidney recipients with pre-existing and PTH. Altogether thirty-three co-variables were analyzed including dose and type of immunosuppressive and antihypertensive medication, co-medications, serum biochemistries and...

Predicting Adherence to Chronic Disease Medications in Patients with Long-term Initial Medication Fills Using Indicators of Clinical Events and Health Behaviors.

Efforts at predicting long-term adherence to medications have been focused on patients filling typical month-long supplies of medication. However, prediction remains difficult for patients filling longer initial supplies, a practice that is becoming increasingly common as a method to enhance medication adherence.

Medication-related problems during transfer from hospital to home care: baseline data from Switzerland.

Background The shift from inpatient to ambulatory care has resulted in an increase in home care patients. Little is known regarding medication safety associated with patient transfer from hospital to home care. Objective To evaluate medication-related problems in patients transferring from hospital to home care in Switzerland. Setting A non-for-profit home care organization in the city of Lucerne/Switzerland. Methods We conducted a prospective observational study, including patients aged ≥ 64 years and...

Medication administration by caregiving youth: An inside look at how adolescents manage medications for family members.

Children take on the role of family caregiver throughout the world. No prior published research exists surrounding the particular circumstances of the task of medication administration and management by these youth, which was explored in this study.

Prevalence and trends of polypharmacy among HIV-positive and -negative men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study from 2004 to 2016.

Rates of aging-related comorbidities, which require targeted medications to treat, have been shown to be increased among persons living with HIV compared with uninfected counterparts. Polypharmacy is generally defined as the concurrent use of 5 or more medications. We investigated polypharmacy prevalence for non-HIV medications over a 12-year period among HIV-positive and -negative participants in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Information regarding non-HIV medication use, HIV status, age, race/ethnicit...

Rethinking the outpatient medication list: increasing patient activation and education while architecting for centralization and improved medication reconciliation.

Identify barriers impacting the time consuming and error fraught process of medication reconciliation. Design and implement an electronic medication management system where patient and trusted healthcare proxies can participate in establishing and maintaining an inclusive and up-to-date list of medications.

A shared medication scheme for community dwelling older patients with polypharmacy receiving home health care: role of the community pharmacist.

An accurate medication scheme may be a useful tool to improve medication safety in primary care. This study aimed to identify (1) pharmacists' alterations to nurse medication schemes and (2) potential improvements to the contribution of the community pharmacist to a shared medication scheme within a multidisciplinary collaboration. Dosing frequency, potentially incorrect moments of intake, drug-drug interactions and medication complexity (quantified by the Medication Regimen Complexity Index, MRCI) were inv...

Pattern of medication selling and self-medication practices: A study from Punjab, Pakistan.

Access to medicines without prescription is a major contributing factor for self-medication practices. This study was designed to examine the ratio of non-prescribed medicines sales and self-medication practices in Punjab, Pakistan. This study also evaluates the reasons for self-medication within its communities.

Using Social Cognitive Theory to Predict Medication Compliance Behavior in Patients with Depression in Southern United States in 2016 in a Cross-Sectional Study.

Depression is a major public health issue. One of the concerns in depression research and practice pertains to non-compliance to prescribed medications. The purpose of the study was to predict compliance with medication use for patients with depression using social cognitive theory (SCT). Based on this study it was envisaged that recommendations for interventions to enhance compliance for medication use could be developed for patients with depression. The study was conducted using cross sectional design (n...

De-Prescribing of Psychotropic Medications in the Adult Population with Intellectual Disabilities: A Commentary.

The population with intellectual disabilities is one of the most vulnerable groups in society. Medication use is the main therapeutic intervention in this population and psychotropic medications can be prescribed for mental health conditions and for challenging behaviors. Clinical experience of prescribers and pharmacists working with people with intellectual disabilities suggests that reducing or stopping psychotropic medication is not always straightforward. What is required is rational, rather than ratio...

Is Who you Ask Important? Concordance Between Survey and Registry Data on Medication Use Among Self- and Proxy-Respondents in the Longitudinal Study of Aging Danish Twins and the Danish 1905-Cohort Study.

This study investigates the accuracy of the reporting of medication use by proxy- and self-respondents, and it compares the prognostic value of the number of medications from survey and registry data for predicting mortality across self- and proxy-respondents.

Exposure to Strong Anticholinergic Medications and Dementia-Related Neuropathology in a Community-Based Autopsy Cohort.

Anticholinergic medication exposure has been associated with increased risk for dementia. No study has examined the association between anticholinergic medication use and neuropathologic lesions in a community-based sample.

Effect of a medicines management model on medication-related readmissions in older patients admitted to a medical acute admission unit-A randomized controlled trial.

Medication-related problems are frequent and can lead to serious adverse events resulting in increased morbidity, mortality, and costs. Medication use in frail older patients is even more complex. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pharmacist-led medicines management model among older patients at admission, during inpatient stay and at discharge on medication-related readmissions.

Association between cognitive impairment and poor antihypertensive medication adherence in elderly hypertensive patients without dementia.

Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a critical factor to control blood pressure and prevent complications. However, cognitive impairment can negatively affect medication adherence. In this study, we investigated the association between cognitive function and antihypertensive medication adherence among elderly hypertensive patients using the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort Data of the Elderly Cohort. The study included 20,071 elderly hypertensive patients and the preva...

Getting to Long-Term Effectiveness and Safety of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medications.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication use has dramatically increased in youth worldwide. Recent prevalence data in some European countries show expanded use with one country now matching US usage. Still, substantial geographic differences by country remain regarding the extent to which children receive ADHD medications. These geographic differences by country raise research questions about which country's prevalence data represents appropriate medication use. We urgently need country le...

Impact of Medicaid Expansion on Access to Opioid Analgesic Medications and Medication-Assisted Treatment.

To assess the impact of the expansion of Medicaid eligibility in the United States on the opioid epidemic, as measured through increased access to opioid analgesic medications and medication-assisted treatment.

Pharmacy Costs of Systemic Medications for Hidradenitis Suppurativa in the United States.

Considerable work has been done to characterize the economic burdens of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and skin cancers, but the long-term medication costs of hidradenitis suppurativa remain unknown. Manufacturer-reported benchmarks such as Average Wholesale Price (AWP) and Wholesale Acquisition Cost (WAC) are commonly used to estimate medication costs in dermatology, but do not account for manufacturer-to-pharmacy price reductions, which are commonplace in prescription medication pricing. This manuscript us...

Improving Patient and Caregiver New Medication Education Using an Innovative Teach-back Toolkit.

Patients and caregivers are often not adequately informed about new medications. Nurses can lead innovations that improve new medication education.

Education, enjoyment, and empowerment: Outcomes of an adolescent transplant camp (I own it).

Peer group camping experiences have a positive influence on adolescents with chronic illnesses, but the data in solid organ transplant recipients are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of adolescent transplant attendees of an educational camp. A weekend camp, "I own it" was organized which provided educational training regarding career and health choices, money matters, and managing medications following which a knowledge assessment was performed. The ACLSA questionnaire was also ad...

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