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PubMed Journals Articles About "A FMRI Study Of The Treatment Of Danish Veterans With PTSD With Prolonged Exposure Therapy" RSS

20:43 EST 17th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "fMRI Study Treatment Danish Veterans With PTSD With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 79,000+

Trauma treatment for veterans in buprenorphine maintenance treatment for opioid use disorder.

Opioid use disorder (OUD) rates are high among veterans. PTSD is also prevalent among veterans; those with comorbidity have worse outcomes than those without comorbidity. This study assessed buprenorphine retention rates in veterans initiating OUD treatment, comparing veterans without PTSD to veterans with PTSD who were receiving versus not receiving concurrent trauma treatment.


PTSD is associated with emotional eating among veterans seeking treatment for overweight/obesity.

Both obesity and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among veterans. Veterans with PTSD are at higher risk for obesity and have poorer outcomes in obesity treatment. We examined emotional eating among veterans presenting for obesity treatment, and its relationship with PTSD. Veterans completed questionnaire batteries before initiating treatment. Participants were 120 veterans with a mean age of 62 years and mean BMI of 38. A positive PTSD screen was associated with significantly higher scores...

Veterans' compensation claims beliefs predict timing of PTSD treatment use relative to compensation and pension exam.

In this study we developed the Disability Beliefs Scale to assess Veterans' beliefs that engaging in treatment, as well as other behaviors, would affect the likelihood of a Veteran's being awarded disability-related benefits. We posited that Veterans with stronger beliefs that attending mental health treatment would facilitate a service-connection award would be more likely to attend PTSD treatment before their compensation and pension examinations for PTSD.


Doxazosin for the treatment of co-occurring PTSD and alcohol use disorder: Design and methodology of a randomized controlled trial in military veterans.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorders (AUD) are two of the most common mental health disorders affecting civilians as well as military populations. If left untreated, individuals with co-occurring PTSD/AUD are at increased risk for developing other mental health problems (e.g., depression, anxiety), physical health problems, reduced resiliency and military readiness, and vocational and social impairment. Substantial gaps in the treatment of co-occurring PTSD/AUD exist and there is a...

Psychological inflexibility predicts PTSD symptom severity in war veterans after accounting for established PTSD risk factors and personality.

Numerous risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been identified; however, many do not inform treatment. Psychological inflexibility is a modifiable factor that can be targeted in psychological treatment. This study examined whether higher levels of psychological inflexibility predicted unique variance in PTSD symptom severity at 1-year follow-up in 236 U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq in Afghanistan after accounting for the strongest known risk factors for PTSD. PTSD symptom severity wa...

PTSD Symptom Severity, but Not Trauma Type, Predicts Mental Health Help-seeking in the Military.

Although veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been reported to have high rates of inadequate treatment, to our knowledge this is the first study to evaluate associations between each individual PTSD symptom and treatment-seeking, and the first PTSD help-seeking study to evaluate variables across all-rather than specific-types of trauma.

Military Sexual Assault as a Mediator of the Association Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Veterans.

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) civilians report higher rates of sexual assault, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression compared to their heterosexual counterparts. In this study, we compared military sexual assault (MSA), PTSD, and depression in LGB individuals and their non-LGB peers in two community samples of veterans (N = 2,583). Participants were selected for inclusion if they identified as LGB (n = 110) and were matched 1 to 3 on gender and age with non-LGB veterans (n = 330). Chi-squa...

A cognitive processing therapy-based treatment program for veterans diagnosed with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder: The relationship between trauma-related cognitions and outcomes of a 6-week treatment program.

Dysfunctional trauma-related cognitions are important in the emergence and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the modification of such cognitions is a proposed mechanism of trauma treatment. However, the authors are not aware of any research examining trauma-related cognitions as a treatment mechanism in a sample of individuals with comorbid PTSD and substance use disorder (SUD). Accordingly, the present study sought to address this gap in the literature and examined the relationship be...

Spiritual Interventions in Veterans with PTSD: A Systematic Review.

This article reports the results of a systematic review on the effectiveness of religious/spiritually (R/S)-based interventions in veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A total of 385 unique records were identified with eight meeting the inclusion criteria. Seven studies reported significant improvement in reported outcome measures demonstrating the effectiveness of R/S-based interventions in PTSD, with the eighth study reporting positive improvements. We conclude that the few existing publis...

A network analysis of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder and functional impairment in UK treatment-seeking veterans.

Network analysis is a relatively new methodology for studying psychological disorders. It focuses on the associations between individual symptoms which are hypothesized to mutually interact with each other. The current study represents the first network analysis conducted with treatment-seeking military veterans in UK. The study aimed to examine the network structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and four domains of functional impairment by identifying the most central (i.e., important) s...

Design of a clinical effectiveness trial of in-home cognitive processing therapy for combat-related PTSD.

Approximately 14% of military personnel and veterans who have deployed to the combat theater are at risk for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The treatment of combat-related PTSD in active duty service members and veterans is challenging. Combat trauma may involve multiple high levels of exposure to different types of traumatic events (e.g., human carnage after explosive blasts, life threat/injuries to self/others, etc.). Many service members and veterans are unable or unwilling to recei...

Intensive prolonged exposure therapy for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial.

Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common psychological health condition in military service members and veterans who have deployed to the combat theater since September 11, 2001. One of the highest research priorities for the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs is to develop and evaluate the most efficient and efficacious treatments possible for combat-related PTSD. However, the treatment of combat-related PTSD in military service members and veterans h...

SMART-CPT for veterans with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder and history of traumatic brain injury: a randomised controlled trial.

To better concurrently address emotional and neuropsychological symptoms common in veterans with comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), we integrated components of compensatory cognitive training from the Cognitive Symptom Management and Rehabilitation Therapy (CogSMART) programme into cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD to create a hybrid treatment, SMART-CPT (CogSMART+CPT). This study compared the efficacy of standard CPT with SMART-CPT for trea...

Heterogeneity of Treatment Dropout: PTSD, Depression and Alcohol Use Disorder Reductions in PTSD and AUD/SUD Treatment Non-Completers.

Treatment dropout is often assumed to be due to worsening or lack of symptom improvement, despite minimal research examining symptom change among treatment dropouts. Thus, the present study examined symptom change in veterans who discontinued evidence-based treatment for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants were veterans who completed at least 1 session of a 12-session Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders using Prolonged Exposure (COP...

Psychometric properties of the Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder based on veterans' period of service.

The Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (M-PTSD) is a 35-item screening instrument for combat-related PTSD (Keane, Caddell, & Taylor, 1988) that has been normed largely on veterans from the Vietnam era. Research on its psychometric properties with veterans across different periods of service (POS) remains limited; however, this is an important research endeavor because of the uniqueness in experiences across eras which may influence PTSD rates, symptom expression/complaints, a...

Daily Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Accommodation and Relationship Functioning in Military Couples.

Romantic partners' accommodation of trauma survivors' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (e.g., taking on tasks, survivors avoid participating in social withdrawal) is associated with lower relationship satisfaction for both partners and survivors. Little is known about associations of partner accommodation with other aspects of relationship functioning, like intimacy. Sixty-four male military veterans with at least subclinical PTSD and their partners participated in a 2-week daily diary study. V...

Do trauma type, stressful life events, and social support explain women veterans' high prevalence of PTSD?

To examine factors that account for women veterans' higher prevalence of past-year DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to women civilians and men veterans.

Facilitators and Barriers to Seeking Mental Health Care Among Primary Care Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common in primary care patients, many do not seek mental health treatment. Existing research on barriers and facilitators to receiving PTSD treatment are not specific to primary care patients. In this study, we sought to understand the psychosocial concerns, treatment barriers, and treatment facilitators among non-treatment-seeking primary care veterans with PTSD who reside in both rural and urban settings. Using a concurrent triangulation design, we collecte...

Using a Veterans Affairs Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Group Therapy Program With Refugees.

The PTSD Recovery Program, an intervention based on guidelines for the treatment of combat Veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that includes group therapy as adjunctive treatment to medication and individual therapy, was used for the treatment of PTSD in refugees at a clinic in central Texas. Eighteen clients diagnosed with PTSD completed 10 weekly group therapy sessions in addition to individual therapy and medication use. An in-service presentation educated providers on the PTSD R...

Comparing clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between Veterans and non-Veterans with hoarding disorder.

Because Veterans have higher rates of mental health conditions and both physical and mental health comorbidities are known to affect treatment outcomes, the purpose of this investigation was to compare the rates of risk factors for poor hoarding treatment outcomes between Veterans and non-Veterans with hoarding disorder (HD). This is the first study to investigate differences between Veterans and non-Veterans with HD.

Anger, social support, and suicide risk in U.S. military veterans.

There have been considerable efforts to understand, predict, and reduce suicide among U.S. military veterans. Studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depression (MDD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) increase risk of suicidal behavior in veterans. Limited research has examined anger and social support as factors linked to suicidal ideation, which if demonstrated could lead to new, effective strategies for suicide risk assessment and prevention. Iraq/Afghanistan era veterans (N...

Which patients initiate cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in department of veterans affairs PTSD clinics?

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) for PTSD at all of its facilities, but little is known about systematic differences between patients who do and do not initiate these treatments. VA administrative data were analyzed for 6,251 veterans receiving psychotherapy over one year in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specialty clinics at nine VA medical centers. CPT and PE were initiated by 2,173 (35%) patients. V...

Prospective associations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking veterans.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) rates are higher in military veterans than in the civilian population. Meta-analyses have found strong and consistent associations between PTSD and suicide risk. Several studies have demonstrated a concurrent reduction in suicidal ideation (SI) with reduction of PTSD symptoms during trauma-focused treatment. However, it is unclear whether changes in specific PTSD symptom clusters are most strongly associated with these changes in SI. This study prospectively examined ass...

Growing up with a father with PTSD: The family emotional climate of the children of Australian Vietnam veterans.

A non-clinical sample of male Australian Vietnam veterans, their wives, and adult offspring were interviewed in-person in a national epidemiological study to assess the relationship between the mental ill-health of veterans and the emotional climate of the family while the children were growing up. Veterans were assessed 17 years before their children using standardised psychiatric diagnostic interviews. Family emotional climate was assessed using offspring ratings of parental attachment, and codings of pos...

Treatment Efficacy for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Latent Class Trajectories of Treatment Response and Their Predictors.

Evidence suggests that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a poorer treatment response than nonveterans.  In this study, we explored heterogeneity in treatment response for 960 veterans in the United Kingdom with PTSD who had been offered a residential intervention consisting of a mixture of group sessions and individual trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The primary outcome was PTSD score on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R).  Covariates included depression,...


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