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AAAS Subaru America Announce Winners Children Book Awards PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest AAAS Subaru America Announce Winners Children Book Awards articles that have been published worldwide.
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The following articles represent the first-place and runner-up winners from the NMCongress2017 poster contest. Both posters were presented and recognized at last year's conference. Congratulations to our winners!
Triple A syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the AAAS gene on chromosome 12q13. Its main clinical features are alacrima, achalasia, and adrenal insufficiency, with most patients also having neurological symptoms and autonomic dysfunction. The neurologic manifestations are less well-understood, especially in children. Here, we examine two siblings who were found to have a novel mutation in the AAAS gene and who were found to have subtle, but important, neurologic findings.
When children participate in research protocols, consent (by a parent or legal guardian) and assent (by the children) must be given. Understanding research protocols can be challenging for an adult and even more difficult for a child. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a comic book created to facilitate children's understanding of informed assent with clear and simple language.
ASPEN NUTRITION SCIENCE AND PRACTICE CONFERENCE: Phoenix, Arizona, March 23 - 26, 2019: Vars Candidates, Trainee Awards, Best of ASPEN (Topic Awards), International Awards, Abstracts of Distinction, Posters of Distinction and Other Abstracts.
Although much research has explored the cues that young children use to determine informant credibility, little research has examined whether credibility judgments can change over time as a function of children's language environment. This study explored whether changes in the syntactic complexity of adults' testimony shifts 4- and 5-year-old children's (N = 42) credibility and learning judgments. Children from lower-socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were randomly assigned to hear a high proportion...
Interventions that train parents to share picture books with children are seen as a strategy for supporting child language development. We conducted meta-analyses using robust variance estimation modeling on results from 19 RCTs (N = 2,594; M = 1-6 years). Overall, book-sharing interventions had a small sized effect on both expressive language (d = 0.41) and receptive language (d = 0.26). They had a large effect on caregiver book-sharing competence (d = 1.01). The impact of the intervention on ...
Statistical books can provide deep insights into statistics and software. There are, however, many resources available to the practitioner. Book reviews have the capacity to function as a critical mechanism for the learner to assess the merits of engaging in part, in full, or at all with a book. The "ten simple rules" format, pioneered in computational biology, was applied here to writing effective book reviews for statistics because of the wide breadth of offerings in this domain, including topical introdu...
Each year at the annual meeting of The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), addresses are given in honor of the Society and a number of award winners. A summary of each of these is provided below. On the following pages, we have printed the Presidential Address as well as the addresses for the William Allan Award, the Curt Stern Award, and the McKusick Leadership Award. Webcasts of these addresses, as well as those of many other presentations, can be found at http://www.ashg.org.
The negative correlation between diabetes mellitus (DM) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is well described. The etiologic similarities and differences between AAAs and thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) have also been documented. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between DM and TAA by performing a meta-analysis of contemporary clinical studies.
This study explores the interplay between two important public programs for vulnerable children: Medicaid and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. Children's public health insurance eligibility increased dramatically during the late 1990s with the launch of the Children's Health Insurance Program along with concurrent Medicaid expansions. We use a measure of simulated eligibility as an exogenous source of variation in Medicaid generosity to identify the effects of the eligibility expansions on SS...
This study tests an ecological, relationship-based model of children's subjective well-being with 9- to 14-year-old children (n = 25,906) from 14 countries across Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Children completed the Children's Worlds survey, a self-report measure of contextual and well-being indicators. Multilevel modeling was used to predict children's well-being (life satisfaction and self-image) at two levels, child (age, gender, home context, family relationships, peer relati...
Chagas disease is still prevalent in rural areas of South America. In endemic areas of Bolivia, school children are screened for the program of Chagas disease eradication of the Ministry of Health, and positive children are treated. Here, we compared the fecal, oral and skin microbiomes of children with or without Chagas disease, and before and after benznidazol treatment of infected children.
Chronic hypertension and preeclampsia are the most common complications of pregnancy. To clarify the contributions of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) to the field and identify potential research gaps, we performed portfolio analysis of awards related to preeclampsia and pregnancy-associated hypertension. A list of National Institutes of Health-funded awards between fiscal years 2008-present was obtained through an NIH RePORTER search using the following terms: "preeclampsia" and "pregna...
Intravenous insertion (IVI) is a very common procedure in the emergency department (ED). IVI is often painful and stressful for both children and their families. Currently, distraction therapy is not used as a standard of care for IVI in North America. We propose that interaction with a humanoid robot may effectively distract children during IVI thereby reducing their pain and distress.
Dear Readers,It is our - and the publisher's - conviction that a scientific journal's mission is not only to provide its readers with the most relevant and interesting papers available, but also to further scientific research and to reward and honour those whose contributions to the advancement of science are truly remarkable. We are thus especially delighted to announce that from this year onward, we - the Editors-in-Chief together with the publisher Georg Thieme Verlag- will again officially award the mos...
There are several reasons for drying of polyacrylamide gels after gel electrophoresis; for example, it is necessary if autoradiography has to be performed using radioactive labeled proteins. Another reason may be to simply store the gel in the laboratory book. Aside laborious commercial solutions, the simple and cheap drying protocol presented here may be sufficient especially for storage of the dried gel in the lab book.
The present study aimed to examine whether medical students benefit from an open-book online formative assessment as a preparation for a practical course.
The ability to identify bacterial pathogens that necessitate specific clinical management or public health action in children with acute gastroenteritis is crucial to patient care and public health. However, existing stool testing guidelines offer inconsistent recommendations, and their performance characteristics are unknown. We evaluated six leading gastroenteritis guidelines (e.g. those of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Infectious Disease Society of America) that recommend when to tes...
Rotavirus is a leading cause of mortality among children
Pediatric palliative care is a comprehensive treatment approach (physical, psychological, social, spiritual) for children living with life-threatening conditions. These patients and siblings, as well as children of ill parents, face extraordinary psychological challenges. Structured art techniques incorporated into psychotherapy can be powerful for children dealing with life-and-death realities. This article provides the rationale, instructions, and examples for 3 techniques that the author has adapted for ...
The Chilean physician Hans Betzhold published the book Eugenesia (Eugenics) in 1939, which was a work that received multiple awards and ran to a second edition in 1942. Both editions and the participation of Betzhold at the Second Peruvian Conference on Eugenics in 1943 attest to the fact that he was an important actor in the field of Chilean eugenics. This paper analyzes his transition from the publication of Eugenesia, in which he proposes a National Eugenics Department combining existing projects and law...
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are permanent, local expansions of the abdominal segment of the aorta that can potentially be fatal if progressing to rupture. AAAs are rarely found in patients under age 60, but are more common in older age groups, occurring in 2-3% of the whole population. Their rupture produces up to 14,000 deaths annually in the United States alone. Because aneurysmal rupture is a mechanical phenomenon, in recent years there has been a major effort among researchers to investigate the b...