PubMed Journals Articles About "AVIR Green Hills Biotechnology AG" RSS

17:16 EDT 18th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "AVIR Green Hills Biotechnology" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,600+

First metabolic oncology inhibitor gets FDA green light, with record price tag.

The evolutionary history of Nebraska deer mice: local adaptation in the face of strong gene flow.

The interplay of gene flow, genetic drift, and local selective pressure is a dynamic process that has been well studied from a theoretical perspective over the last century. Wright and Haldane laid the foundation for expectations under an island-continent model, demonstrating that an island-specific beneficial allele may be maintained locally if the selection coefficient is larger than the rate of migration of the ancestral allele from the continent. Subsequent extensions of this model have provided conside...

Improving rice population productivity by reducing nitrogen rate and increasing plant density.

In terms of tillering potential, the aboveground portions of rice are significantly influenced by the nitrogen level (NL) and transplant density (TD). To obtain a suitable combination of NL and TD, five NLs (0, 90, 180, 270 and 360 kg ha-1) and two TDs [high density (HD), 32.5×104 hills ha-1; low density (LD), 25.5×104 hills ha-1] were used in the rice experiments during 2012 to 2014, in Jiangsu, China. The results showed the highest grain yield of rice obtained at HD and LD when N supply was 180 and 270 ...

Editorial overview: Systems biology for biotechnology.

Metallic bionanocatalysts: potential applications as green catalysts and energy materials.

Microbially generated or supported nanocatalysts have potential applications in green chemistry and environmental application. However, precious (and base) metals biorefined from wastes may be useful for making cheap, low-grade catalysts for clean energy production. The concept of bionanomaterials for energy applications is reviewed with respect to potential fuel cell applications, bio-catalytic upgrading of oils and manufacturing 'drop-in fuel' precursors. Cheap, effective biomaterials would facilitate pro...

Editorial overview: Pharmaceutical biotechnology.

AFOB Special Issue on Industrial Biotechnology.

Ovarian steroid hormone secretion activity examined after supplementation of green tea extract.

This study aimed at examining the secretion activity of steroid hormones progesterone and 17beta-estradiol by porcine ovarian granulosa cells after addition of green tea extract. Granulosa cells were incubated with green tea extract (at doses of 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 Another set of cells were incubated with green tea extract at the above doses along with additional supplementation of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) at 10 Release of hormones by granulosa cells was assessed...

A grey DEMATEL-based approach for modeling enablers of green innovation in manufacturing organizations.

Incorporating green practices into the manufacturing process has gained momentum over the past few years and is a matter of great concern for both manufacturers as well as researchers. Regulatory pressures in developed countries have forced the organizations to adopt green practices; however, this issue still lacks attention in developing economies like India. There is an urgent need to identify enablers of green innovation for manufacturing organizations and also to identify prominent enablers among those....

Evaluating street view exposure measures of visible green space for health research.

Urban green space, or natural environments, are associated with multiple physical and mental health outcomes. Several proposed pathways of action for these benefits (e.g., stress reduction and attention restoration) require visual perception of green space; however, existing green space exposure measures commonly used in epidemiological studies do not capture street-scale exposures. We downloaded 254 Google Street View (GSV) panorama images from Portland, Oregon and calculated percent of green in each image...

Enhancing CHO by Systems Biotechnology.

The rice zebra3 (z3) mutation disrupts citrate distribution and produces transverse dark-green/green variegation in mature leaves.

Rice zebra mutants are leaf variegation mutants that exhibit transverse sectors of green/yellow or green/white in developing or mature leaves. In most cases, leaf variegation is caused by defects in chloroplast biogenesis pathways, leading to an accumulation of reactive oxygen species in a transverse pattern in the leaves. Here, we examine a new type of leaf variegation mutant in rice, zebra3 (z3), which exhibits transverse dark-green/green sectors in mature leaves and lacks the typical yellow or white sect...

Microbial biotechnology and circular economy in wastewater treatment.

Microbial biotechnology is essential for the development of circular economy in wastewater treatment by integrating energy production and resource recovery into the production of clean water. A comprehensive knowledge about identity, physiology, ecology, and population dynamics of process-critical microorganisms will improve process stability, reduce CO2 footprints, optimize recovery and bioenergy production, and help finding new approaches and solutions. Examples of research needs and perspectives are prov...

Population nutrikinetics of green tea extract.

Green tea polyphenols may contribute to the prevention of cancer and other diseases. To learn more about the pharmacokinetics and interindividual variation of green tea polyphenols after oral intake in humans we performed a population nutrikinetic study of standardized green tea extract. 84 healthy participants took green tea extract capsules standardized to 150 mg epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) twice a day for 5 days. On day 5 catechin plasma concentrations were analyzed using non-compartmental and popula...

Green Tea Makes Polyphenol Nanoparticles with Radical-Scavenging Activities.

The constant demand for functional nanomaterials from natural biomass polymers usually requires new "green" synthetic strategies without using any foreign additives. Here, the green fabrication of a series of polyphenol nanoparticles (PNs) only from green tea extraction compounds is reported (i.e., tea polyphenols and theophylline). It is found that the nanoparticle formation process involves covalent copolymerization of monomers, as well as noncovalent self-assembly pathways. Additionally, the resulting PN...

Not seeing the grass for the trees: Timber plantations and agriculture shrink tropical montane grassland by two-thirds over four decades in the Palani Hills, a Western Ghats Sky Island.

Tropical montane habitats, grasslands, in particular, merit urgent conservation attention owing to the disproportionate levels of endemic biodiversity they harbour, the ecosystem services they provide, and the fact that they are among the most threatened habitats globally. The Shola Sky Islands in the Western Ghats host a matrix of native forest-grassland matrix that has been planted over the last century, with exotic timber plantations. The popular discourse on the landscape change is that mainly forests h...

Lifelong Residential Exposure to Green Space and Attention: A Population-based Prospective Study.

Natural environments, including green spaces, may have beneficial impacts on brain development. However, longitudinal evidence of an association between long-term exposure to green spaces and cognitive development (including attention) in children is limited.

Microbial biotechnology as a tool to restore degraded drylands.

We briefly review how microbial biotechnology can contribute to improve activities aiming to restore degraded drylands and to combat their desertification, which are an integral part of the Sustainable Development Goal 15 of the 2030 Agenda. Microbial biotechnology offers notable promise to improve restoration actions based on the use of biocrust-forming engineered cyanobacteria, which play key roles in maintaining ecosystem structure and functioning in drylands worldwide. Advances in our understanding of m...

In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of spherical silver nanoparticles and monodisperse hexagonal gold nanoparticles by fruit extract of Prunus serrulata: a green synthetic approach.

Recently, green metal nanoparticles have received global attention owing to their economical synthesis, biocompatible nature, widespread biomedical and environmental applications. Current study demonstrates a sustainable approach for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (P-AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (P-AuNPs) from P. serrulata fresh fruit extract. The silver and gold nanoparticles were synthesized in a very rapid, efficient and facile manner, within 50 min and 30 s at 80 °C, respectively. T...

Systems and synthetic biology for the biotechnological application of cyanobacteria.

Cyanobacteria are the only prokaryotes that perform oxygenic photosynthesis. Their evolutionary relation to plastids in eukaryotic phototrophs and their increasing utilization as green cell factories initiated the use of systems biology approaches early on. For select model strains, extensive 'omics' data sets have been generated, and genome-wide models have been elucidated. Moreover, the results obtained may be used for the optimization of cyanobacterial metabolism, which can direct the biotechnological pr...

Influence of green grass-based diets on growth and reproductive performance in dairy heifers.

The objective of this study was to monitor the changes in growth, dry matter intake, and blood profiles (nutrition and reproductive hormones) of dairy heifers in response to green grass-based diets. Twelve crossbred heifers were equally divided into group 1: rice straw and concentrate; group 2: rice straw, green grass, and concentrate; group 3: green grass and concentrate; group 4: green grass, soybean hay, and concentrate. Dry matter intake in group 4 was found 6% higher (P 

Fungi-assisted silver nanoparticle synthesis and their applications.

Nanotechnology is a rapidly developing field because of its wide range of applications in science, nanoscience and biotechnology. Nanobiotechnology deals with nanomaterials synthesised or modified using biotechnology. Fungi are used to synthesise metal nanoparticles and they have vast applications in wound healing, pathogen detection and control, food preservation, textiles, fabrics, etc. The present review describes the different types of fungi used for the biosyntheses of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), alo...

Isoflavones from green vegetable soya beans and their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.

Green vegetable soya beans, known as Maodou in China, supplied as vegetable-type fruits of soybean plant. Previous study indicated Green vegetable soya beans exhibited anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the material basis and pharmacological activities of green soybean plant were not unraveled clearly. In this study, we investigated the chemical ingredients and their pharmacological activities.

Erratum: Nature Biotechnology's academic spinouts of 2016.

Photoswitching of Green mEos2 by Intense 561- Nm Light Perturbs Efficient Green-to-Red Photoconversion in Localization Microscopy.

Green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent proteins (PCFPs) such as mEos2 and its derivatives are widely used in PhotoActivated Localization Microscopy (PALM). However, the complex photophysics of these genetically encoded markers complicates the quantitative analysis of PALM data. Here, we show that intense 561-nm light (~1 kW/cm2) typically used to localize single red molecules considerably affects the green-state photophysics of mEos2 by populating at least two reversible dark states. These dark states re...

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