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AbbVie Antibody Drug Conjugate Misses Mark Phase Trial PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest AbbVie Antibody Drug Conjugate Misses Mark Phase Trial articles that have been published worldwide.
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Glembatumumab vedotin is an antibody-drug conjugate that produced preliminary clinical activity against advanced melanoma in a phase 1 dose-escalation trial. The objective of the current study was to investigate further the antitumor activity of glembatumumab vedotin at the recommended phase 2 dose in heavily pretreated patients with melanoma.
Antibody-drug conjugates are monoclonal antibodies attached to biologically active drugs through chemical linkers that deliver and release cytotoxic agents at the tumor site, reducing the likelihood of systemic exposure and therefore toxicity. Currently, there are about 110 ongoing studies implementing antibody-drug conjugates in the treatment of multiple human malignancies. Antibody-drug conjugates carry a feature of the specificity of a monoclonal antibody and the anti-neoplastic potential of a cytotoxin....
Antibody-drug conjugates are a novel class of therapeutic agents incorporating both target-specific monoclonal antibodies and cytotoxic small molecules via a chemical linker. They were first introduced into the clinic for the treatment of advanced hematologic malignancies. The only approved antibody-drug conjugate for solid tumors targets HER2, a validated antigen in breast cancer. Many antibody-drug conjugates are under active investigation for various types of solid tumors. In this article, we review the ...
Uncialamycin analogs were evaluated as potential cytotoxic agents in an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) approach to treating human cancer. These analogs were synthesized using Hauser annulations of substituted phthalides as a key step. A highly potent uncialamycin analog 3c with a valine-citrulline dipeptide linker was conjugated to an anti-mesothelin monoclonal antibody (mAb) through lysines to generate a meso-13 conjugate. This conjugate demonstrated subnanomolar potency (IC50 = 0.88 nM, H226 cell lin...
Cluster of differentiation 70 (CD70) is frequently expressed in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and has immunomodulatory properties. An antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD70, SGN-CD70A, was developed to treat patients with CD70-positive RCC.
Denintuzumab mafodotin (SGN-CD19A) is a CD19-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, comprising a monoclonal antibody conjugated to the potent cytotoxin monomethyl auristatin F. Since denintuzumab mafodotin has previously shown activity against B-cell malignancies in early-stage clinical trials, it was of interest to test it against the Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program preclinical models of CD19 pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
Antibody conjugated nanoparticles (ACNPs) represent a novel strategy for the development of therapies exploiting antibodies to augment the delivery of chemotherapy payloads. Following in the footsteps of the success of antibody drug conjugates (ADCs), ACNPs are only now reaching clinical evaluation. In this review we discuss the success of ADCs and explore the opportunities ACNPs offer, such as broad chemotherapy payload selection, high drug to antibody ratios and the ability to finely tailor drug release i...
Depatuxizumab mafodotin (depatux-m) is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) designed for the treatment of tumors expressing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), consisting of a veneered "humanized" recombinant IgG1κ antibody that has binding properties specific to a unique epitope of human EGFR with noncleavable maleimido-caproyl linkers each attached to a potent antimitotic cytotoxin, monomethyl auristatin F. We aimed to describe the development and comparison of 2 population pharmacokinetic modeling appr...
An analysis of Antibody-Drug Conjugate Payload manufacturing has revealed that the majority of the cost is associated with the use of high-containment facilities for the latter stages of the synthesis. To make a significant reduction in the Cost of Goods (CoGs), a new approach to route design has been introduced which focusses on minimizing the number of steps that require high-containment. This approach has been exemplified in a new synthesis of tesirine, including the first application of a ring-closing c...
Targeting immune checkpoint molecules such as programmed death ligand-1 (PDL1) is an emerging strategy for anti-cancer therapy. However, transient expression of PDL1 and difficulty in tumor stroma penetration has limited the utility of anti-PDL1 therapy. To overcome these limitations, we report a new conjugate between the clinically approved PDL1 antibody (PDL1 AB) and drug Doxorubicin (Dox), named PDL1-Dox. We conjugated PDL1-Dox through a hydrazone linker containing a polyethylene glycol (PEG) spacer, whi...
To determine the efficacy of a new typhoid conjugate vaccine in an endemic setting in sub-Saharan Africa, the Typhoid Vaccine Acceleration Consortium is conducting a phase-3 randomized controlled trial in Blantyre, Malawi. This article describes community and stakeholder engagement activities before and during the trial, challenges, and lessons learned.
Infections of humans and livestock with African trypanosomes are treated with drugs introduced decades ago that are not always fully effective and often have severe side effects. Here, the trypanosome haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor (HpHbR) has been exploited as a route of uptake for an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) that is completely effective against Trypanosoma brucei in the standard mouse model of infection. Recombinant human anti-HpHbR monoclonal antibodies were isolated and shown to be internalised i...
Codelivery is a promising strategy of targeted delivery of cytotoxic drugs for eradicating tumor cells. This rapidly growing method of drug delivery uses a conjugate containing drug linked to a smart carrier. Both two parts usually have therapeutic properties on the tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies and their derivatives, such as Fab, scFv, and bsAb due to targeting high potent have now been attractive candidates as drug targeting carrier systems. The success of some therapeutic agents like small interferi...
With Antibody-Drug Conjugate strategies firmly focussed on the precise conjugation to the large protein Immunoglobulin-G format, it is easy to miss the more recent technological innovations in small-format drug conjugates. Here, the targeting ligand can be at 50-95% reduced in size, or even smaller if peptidic in nature. Antibody domains or alternative binding scaffolds, chemically-modified with ultra-potent cytotoxic payloads offer an alternative approach for oncology therapeutics, promising a wider therap...
Daratumumab, an FDA approved antibody drug, displays specific targeting ability to abnormal white blood cells overexpressing CD38 and provides efficacious therapy for multiple myeloma. Here, in order to achieve enhanced remission of multiple myeloma, we designed Dara-DM4, antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) by conjugating Daratumumab and DM4 via a disulfide linker. Dara-DM4 showed significantly higher cellular uptake and inhibitory efficacy on MM1S cells that overexpressing CD38 with an IC of 0.88 µg/mL post...
Bioanalytical workflow for novel scaffold protein-drug conjugates: quantitation of total Centyrin protein, conjugated Centyrin and free payload for Centyrin-drug conjugate in plasma and tissue samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
Alternative scaffold proteins have emerged as novel platforms for development of therapeutic applications. One such application is in protein-drug conjugates (PDCs), which are analogous to antibody-drug conjugates.
Ontuxizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, targets endosialin (tumor endothelial marker 1 [TEM-1] or CD248), which is expressed on sarcoma cells and is believed to be involved in tumor angiogenesis. This is the first trial to evaluate ontuxizumab in patients with sarcoma.
Netakimab (NTK) is a humanised monoclonal antibody targeting interleukin-17A, previously investigated in a phase 1 trial in healthy volunteers. Here, we report the results of a phase 2 trial, conducted to assess safety and pharmacokinetics (PK), to establish a therapeutic dose of NTK in a target population of patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Tralokinumab is a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that neutralizes interleukin (IL)-13, a cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of asthma.
Monoclonal antibody (mAb), cytotoxins, and linker technology are three essential elements for developing a successful antibody-drug conjugate (ADC). In the research and development of ADCs industry, selected cytotoxins, such as auristatins and maytansines, are commonly tubulin inhibitors which are widely put into clinical use. Thereafter, with the booming development of ADCs, a large number of pharmaceutical companies have expanded a wide range of selectable cytotoxin product lines as well. Recently, the cy...
Single-drug checkpoint inhibition has shown efficacy in patients with recurrent malignant pleural mesothelioma. Here, we assessed the safety and efficacy of the combination of nivolumab, an anti-programmed cell death 1 antibody, plus ipilimumab, an anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protein 4 antibody, in patients with previously treated and relapsed malignant pleural mesothelioma.
Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg ) was the first antibody-drug conjugate to be approved - for CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, it was voluntarily withdrawn from the US market due to lack of clinical benefit in the confirmatory Phase 3 trial. In 2012, several investigator cooperative studies using a different dosing regimen showed efficacy, but pharmacokinetic data were not collected in these trials. Through simulation of expected concentrations for new dosing regimens, pharmacokinetic/ ph...