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PubMed Journals Articles About "Abemaciclib Shows Positive Result Phase Advanced Breast Cancer" RSS

04:09 EDT 22nd August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Abemaciclib Shows Positive Result Phase Advanced Breast Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Abemaciclib Shows Positive Result Phase Advanced Breast Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Abemaciclib shows positive result Phase advanced breast cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Abemaciclib for the treatment of breast cancer.

There have been numerous clinical trials of CDK4/6 inhibitors performed on various carcinomas including breast cancer. One such inhibitor tested and which has ongoing clinical trials for breast cancer is abemaciclib. Abemaciclib is a molecular-targeted agent that targets basic cell cycle regulatory mechanisms. Areas covered: This review discusses the available clinical data and ongoing clinical trials of abemaciclib in breast cancer. Expert opinion: Abemaciclib has demonstrated a clear anti-tumour effect an...


CDK4/6 Inhibitors: Game Changers in the Management of Hormone Receptor–Positive Advanced Breast Cancer?

The cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib are rapidly transforming the care of patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer. Current clinical questions include how to choose among these agents and how to sequence them with other therapies. Areas of active inquiry include identifying predictive biomarkers for CDK4/6 inhibitors, deciding whether to continue CDK4/6...

Targeted therapy for premenopausal women with HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer: focus on special considerations and latest advances.

The incidence of advanced breast cancer in premenopausal women is increasing, and breast cancer in younger women is often more aggressive and has a worse prognosis compared with older women. Premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer are frequently under-represented in clinical trials, and treatment strategies in the premenopausal setting are usually extrapolated from data from postmenopausal patients, with the addition of ovarian function suppression to endocrine therapy in HR+ ...


CDK4/6 Inhibition as a therapeutic strategy in breast cancer: palbociclib, ribociclib, and abemaciclib.

With 40,920 American women expected to die from breast cancer in 2018 and global health estimates that more than 508,000 women died in 2011 from this disease, the identification of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of breast cancer cannot be ignored. A breakthrough class of cancer drugs that has emerged in recent years and has had an impact in the treatment of breast cancer are the cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors, with palbociclib the first in class to have received regulato...

CDK4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer therapy: Current practice and future opportunities.

Dysregulation of the cyclin dependent kinase pathway in luminal breast cancer creates a new therapeutic opportunity for estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. Initial pan-CDK inhibitors were associated with extensive toxicities but in recent years, the development of potent specific CDK inhibitors with favorable tolerability has driven renewed interests in this class of targeted therapies. Palbociclib, ribociclib and abemaciclib are specific CDK4/6 inhibitors that have been approved by the U.S. Food and ...

The CDK4/6 Inhibitor Abemaciclib Induces a T Cell Inflamed Tumor Microenvironment and Enhances the Efficacy of PD-L1 Checkpoint Blockade.

Abemaciclib, an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6), has recently been approved for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. In this study, we use murine syngeneic tumor models and in vitro assays to investigate the impact of abemaciclib on T cells, the tumor immune microenvironment and the ability to combine with anti-PD-L1 blockade. Abemaciclib monotherapy resulted in tumor growth delay that was associated with an increased T cell inflammatory signature in tumors. Co...

Current frontline endocrine treatment options for women with hormone receptor-positive, Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced-stage breast cancer.

Despite the recent advances in breast cancer early detection and awareness, a significant portion of patients present with an advanced-stage disease and more patients will progress to stage IV despite adequate treatment of their initial early-stage disease. Hormone receptor (HR)-positive, Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER2)-negative subtype is the commonest among all breast cancer subtypes. The management of the advanced-stage disease of this subtype has evolved significantly over the past few y...

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors as first-line treatment for post-menopausal metastatic hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III randomized clinical trials.

To compare the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK 4/6) inhibitors and nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors (AI) versus AI alone as first-line therapy for patients with advanced hormone receptor-positive breast cancer.

The CDK4/6 inhibitor in HR-positive advanced breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Recently, several high-quality clinical randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have identified that cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 4/6 inhibitors obtained a great safety and efficacy, which can be consequently applied as a combination therapy with letrozole or fulvestrant for women who had advanced breast cancer and progressed while receiving endocrine therapy. In this systemic review, we performed a meta-analysis to explore whether CDK4/6 inhibitors had a significantly benefit to treating hormone receptor-po...

Phase I study of taselisib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors or hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer.

Taselisib is a potent and selective phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. This paper reports the first study of taselisib administration in Japanese patients. The aim of this two-stage, phase I, multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation study was to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of taselisib as monotherapy in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors (Stage 1), and as part of combination therapy in Japanese patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive locally a...

Inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) - a new group of medicines in therapy of advanced breast cancer.

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of enzyme proteins present in cell nuclei that regulate the various stages of the cell cycle. They act as proto-oncogens, and increased expression of some of these proteins (CDK4 and CDK6) is observed in breast cancer cells and associated with decreased sensitivity to anti-estrogen therapy. CDK inhibitors are chemicals that inhibit the enzymatic activity of specific CDKs. Currently three drugs in this group are available on the market and are registered for the t...

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors for brain metastases in HER2-positive breast cancer.

Approximately 30-50% of advanced HER2-positive breast cancer patients will develop central nervous system (CNS) metastases, with an annual risk of around 10%, and a half of them will die from brain progression. An increased risk of brain metastases is also seen in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer administered curative therapy. Brain metastases in HER2-positive breast cancer patients usually constitute the first site of recurrence. The administration of anti-HER2 monoclonal antibodies, trastuz...

Long non-coding RNA MIAT is estrogen-responsive and promotes estrogen-induced proliferation in ER-positive breast cancer cells.

Estrogen drives the development and progression of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. However, the detailed mechanism underlying ER-driven carcinogenesis remains unclear despite extensive studies. Previously reports indicated higher expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) myocardial infarction associated transcript (MIAT) in ER-positive breast cancer tissues than in ER-negative tissues. However, the functional relevance of MIAT in ER-positive breast cancer tumorigenesis was poorly understood....

A randomized phase II study evaluating pyridoxine for the prevention of hand-foot syndrome associated with capecitabine therapy for advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

Pyridoxine, an activated form of vitamin B6 used to treat allergic dermatitis, may prevent capecitabine-associated hand-foot syndrome (HFS), although evidence of the benefit of prophylactic pyridoxine is lacking. The aim of this open-label, multicenter, randomized phase II study was to determine whether prophylactic pyridoxine could delay the onset of capecitabine-induced HFS in patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

LMO4 mediates trastuzumab resistance in HER2 positive breast cancer cells.

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is an effective antibody drug for HER2 positive breast cancer; or acquired trastuzumab resistance retarded the use of trastuzumab for at least 70% of HER2 positive breast cancers. In this study, we reported LMO4 (a member of LIM-only proteins) promoted trastuzumab resistance in human breast cancer cells. Over-expression of LMO4 was observed in acquired trastuzumab resistance breast cancer cells SKBR3 ...

Health-related quality of life of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer treated with ribociclib + letrozole: results from MONALEESA-2.

Evaluate patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer treated with first-line ribociclib plus letrozole.

Ribociclib for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer.

The emergence of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors marked a significant advancement in the treatment of advanced breast cancer. Ribociclib is an orally bioavailable, highly selective inhibitor of CDK4/6. In combination with various endocrine therapies, ribociclib has demonstrated clinical activity as a first-line therapy for patients with HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer, without compromising the favorable toxicity profile associated with endocrine therapy. Thus, ribociclib is now consid...

A randomized phase II trial of trastuzumab plus capecitabine versus lapatinib plus capecitabine in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer previously treated with trastuzumab and taxanes: WJOG6110B/ELTOP.

For human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) with progression on trastuzumab-based therapy, continuing trastuzumab beyond progression and switching to lapatinib combined with chemotherapy are both valid options. We conducted an open-label, randomized phase II trial to compare the efficacy of these strategies.

Everolimus Plus Endocrine Therapy for Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor-Positive, Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer: A Clinical Trial.

Cotargeting the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway and estrogen receptor may prevent or delay endocrine resistance in patients receiving first-line treatment for advanced breast cancer.

Phase II Study of S-1 plus Trastuzumab for HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer (GBCCSG-01).

Treatment strategies for patients with human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) have significantly progressed. The use of trastuzumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting the HER2 (human epidermal growth factor 2) protein, in combination with chemotherapy improves survival in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. S-1, an oral combination of fluorouracil derivatives, is widely used in Japan and is more convenient than intravenous drugs. However, little is known about th...

A phase III study comparing SB3 (a proposed trastuzumab biosimilar) and trastuzumab reference product in HER2-positive early breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant-adjuvant treatment: Final safety, immunogenicity and survival results.

The equivalent efficacy between SB3, a proposed trastuzumab biosimilar, and the trastuzumab reference product (TRZ) in terms of the breast pathologic complete response rate after neoadjuvant therapy in patients with early or locally advanced human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer was demonstrated in the previous report. Here, we report the final safety, immunogenicity and survival results after neoadjuvant-adjuvant treatment.

Clinical Considerations of the Role of Palbociclib in the Management of Advanced Breast Cancer Patients With and Without Visceral Metastases.

This report assesses the efficacy and safety of palbociclib plus endocrine therapy (ET) in women with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer (ABC) with or without visceral metastases.

Phase 1/2 Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Nivolumab Plus Crizotinib for the First-line Treatment of ALK Translocation-Positive Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (CheckMate 370).

Crizotinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor, is a first-line treatment for ALK translocation-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, patients eventually progress. Immunotherapies, including the programmed death-1 inhibitor nivolumab, have resulted in durable responses and long-term overall survival in patients with NSCLC. We hypothesized that combining targeted therapy with immunotherapy could result in more patients with responses and/or more durable responses. Herein we repo...

Morbidity of local therapy for locally advanced metastatic breast cancer: an analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare Registry.

Limited data exist to guide the management of in-breast tumors that can produce physical and emotional discomfort in the setting of metastatic disease. We evaluated the morbidity of local therapy (LT) among patients with locally advanced metastatic breast cancer.

Randomised phase III trial of vinflunine plus capecitabine versus capecitabine alone in patients with advanced breast cancer previously treated with an anthracycline and resistant to taxane.

Capecitabine is an approved standard therapy for anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (BC). Vinflunine has demonstrated single-agent activity in phase II studies in this setting, and activity and tolerability when combined with capecitabine. We compared the combination of vinflunine plus capecitabine (VC) with single-agent capecitabine.


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