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PubMed Journals Articles About "Accuitis, Inc.∨derfield=score∨derval=DESC" RSS

12:16 EDT 22nd July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Accuitis derfield score derval DESC" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,600+

Defining picky eating and its relationship to feeding behaviors and weight status.

We assessed the individual constructs that comprise "picky eaters" and determined the relationship of each construct to parental perception of their child's weight status, parental pressure-to-eat, and the child's body mass index z-score (BMIz). We developed a questionnaire including 7 commonly used measures of picky eating, which was completed by parents of 2-8 year-olds in pediatric clinics. We performed exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and model fit. Regression models assessed ...


Left atrial enlargement as a maker of significant high-risk patent foramen ovale.

Left atrial (LA) enlargement is a marker of LA cardiopathy and, in patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO), is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The primary study outcome was the comparison of LA diameter between patients undergoing percutaneous PFO closure versus those treated conservatively. The secondary endpoints were the association of LA diameter with the Risk of Paradoxical Emboli (ROPE) score and the presence of Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) and Right-To-Left Shunt (RLS). Retrosp...

Predictors of Poor Outcome in Patients with Minor Ischemic Stroke by Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Although the symptoms of minor ischemic stroke are mild, poor prognosis may occur if left untreated. Therefore, it is particularly important to identify the predictors that associated with poor outcome in patients presenting minor ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to elucidate the predictors of progression by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 516 patients diagnosed with minor ischemic stroke were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups, the progressive group and n...


Association analyses reveal gender-specific associations of DAT1 40-bp VNTR and -839C/T polymorphisms with obsessive-compulsive disorder and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

The dopamine transporter (DAT) is involved in dopamine signaling and distribution, controlling dopamine concentrations and contributing to several central nervous system disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between two functional polymorphisms in DAT1 gene, the 40-base pair Variable Number of Tandem Repeats (VNTR) and the Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) -839C/T and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or its clinical features. To do so, 199 OCD patients and 201 healt...

Low levels of alcohol consumption, obesity and development of fatty liver with and without evidence of advanced fibrosis.

The effects of low level alcohol consumption on fatty liver disease and the potential for effect modification by obesity is uncertain. We investigated associations between low level alcohol consumption, obesity status and the development of incident hepatic steatosis (HS) either with or without, an increase in noninvasive liver fibrosis score category (from low to intermediate or high category). A total of 190,048 adults without HS and a low probability of fibrosis with alcohol consumption

Osteoarthritis: Clinical and Radiological Correlation.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a slowly progressive degenerative joint disease, characterized by pain and functional disability. Various outcome measures for radiographic and clinical OA are described in studies. A limitation of radiographic evaluation is that, except for the direct evaluation of bone, the tissues involved in the OA process are either evaluated indirectly (cartilage) or not at all (synovium). In evaluation of clinical OA, the scores for pain, stiffness and function are commonly used outcome measure...

Correlation of Thyroid Hormone Profile with the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II Score as a Prognostic Marker in Patients with Sepsis in the Intensive Care Unit.

Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism and homeostasis, and variations in thyroid hormone levels are common in chronically ill patients. Thyroid dysfunction, especially in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), is associated with adverse outcomes. This study was conducted to find a correlation between thyroid profile and sepsis and associate it with the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score.

Association between pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes and trabecular bone score: The Vietnam Osteoporosis Study.

Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a surrogate indicator of bone microarchitecture. The presenent study sought to examine the association between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and trabecular bone score (TBS) in adult Vietnamese men and women.

Clinicopathological responses and PCR detection of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and its immunogenic mycolic acid extract in the vital organs of goats.

Caseous lymphadenitis is an infectious disease of almost all animals, particularly small ruminants that are caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. The organism causes the formation of suppurative abscesses in superficial and visceral lymph nodes and in visceral organs. This current study was designed to elucidate the clinicopathological responses and PCR detection of the aetiological agent in the vital organs of goats challenged with C. pseudotuberculosis and its immunogenic mycolic acid extract. A t...

Co-aggregation of bacterial flora isolated from the human skin surface.

Human hands play a prominent role in the intra and interpersonal transmission of microbes that constantly connect one's microbiome to other individuals and the environment. Along with beneficial bacteria, an individual may harbor pathogenic organisms which may get transferred to others. Thus, understanding the transmission mechanism and interaction among microbiota is crucial in preventing infection. In the present study, the ability of skin microbes, isolated from different individuals, to physically inter...

Progesterone modulates post-traumatic epileptogenesis through regulation of BDNF-TrkB signaling and cell survival-related pathways in the rat hippocampus.

Female sex hormone, progesterone, in addition to seizure modifying activity is also known as a potential protective agent against various brain injury conditions. Considering the predisposal role of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on developing post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), the effect of progesterone on post-traumatic epileptogenesis is not investigated yet. Male Wistar rats were given a moderate focal weight drop injury (500 gr) or sham surgery and then progesterone (16 and 32mg/kg) was given daily for two c...

The Role of Three-Dimensional Endoanal Ultrasound on Diagnosis and Classification of Sphincter Defects After Childbirth.

Diagnostic tests for fecal incontinence have been improved over time. This study aims to evaluate the role of Three-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EUS) and the Starck's score in the assessment and treatment of obstetric sphincter injuries.

Identifying DNase I hypersensitive sites using multi-features fusion and F-score features selection via Chou's 5-steps rule.

DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) are regarded as those regions of chromatin that are sensitive to cleavage by the DNase I enzyme. Identification of DNase I hypersensitive sites will provide useful insights for discovering DNA's functional elements from the non-coding sequences in the biomedical research. Because of the significance for DNase I hypersensitive sites, it is indispensable to develop an accurate, fast, robust, and high-throughput automated computational model. In this paper, we develop a mode...

Accurate and robust deep learning-based segmentation of the prostate clinical target volume in ultrasound images.

The goal of this work was to develop a method for accurate and robust automatic segmentation of the prostate clinical target volume in transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images for brachytherapy. These images can be difficult to segment because of weak or insufficient landmarks or strong artifacts. We devise a method, based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs), that produces accurate segmentations on easy and difficult images alike. We propose two strategies to achieve improved segmentation accuracy on diffic...

MAPGI: Accurate identification of anatomical landmarks and diseased tissue in gastrointestinal tract using deep learning.

Automatic detection of anatomical landmarks and diseases in medical images is a challenging task which could greatly aid medical diagnosis and reduce the cost and time of investigational procedures. Also, two particular challenges of digital image processing in medical applications are the sparsity of annotated medical images and the lack of uniformity across images and image classes. This paper presents methodologies for maximizing classification accuracy on a small medical image dataset, the Kvasir datase...

Patisiran Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Exposure-Response Analyses in the Phase 3 APOLLO Trial in Patients With Hereditary Transthyretin-Mediated (hATTR) Amyloidosis.

Hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis is an inherited, rapidly progressive, life-threatening disease caused by deposition of abnormal transthyretin protein. Patisiran is an RNA interference therapeutic comprising a novel, small interfering ribonucleic acid (ALN-18328) formulated in a lipid nanoparticle targeted to inhibit hepatic transthyretin protein synthesis. The lipid nanoparticle also contains 2 novel lipid excipients (DLin-MC3-DMA and PEG -C-DMG). Here we report patisiran pharmacokinet...

Metformin reduces risk of varicose veins in type 2 diabetes patients.

This population-based retrospective cohort study compared the incidence of varicose veins in an unmatched cohort and a cohort of 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matched pairs of ever and never users of metformin in type 2 diabetes patients.

Chitosan and Oregano Oil Treatments, Individually or in Combination, Used To Increase the Shelf Life of Vacuum-Packaged, Refrigerated European Eel () Fillets.

We investigated the impact of chitosan and oregano essential oil (EO) individually or in combination on the quality of eel fillets in vacuum packaging (VP) and stored under refrigeration (4°C). Treatments studied were (i) control eel fillets stored in VP (E), (ii) eel fillets treated with 0.3% (v/w) oregano EO and stored in VP (E-OR), (iii) eel fillets treated with 2.0% (w/v) chitosan and stored in VP (E-CH), and (iv) eel fillets treated with 2.0% (w/v) chitosan and 0.3% (v/w) oregano EO and stored in VP (...

The day after: correlates of patient-reported outcomes with actigraphy-assessed sleep in cancer patients at home (inCASA project).

Subjective sleep assessment in cancer patients poorly correlates with actigraphy parameters that usually encompass multiple nights. We aimed to determine the objective actigraphy measures that best correlated with subjective sleep ratings on a night-by-night basis in cancer patients. Thirty-one cancer patients daily self-rated sleep disturbances using the single dedicated item of the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (0-10 scale) with 18 other items, and continuously wore a wrist actigraph for 30 days. Objectiv...

Development of a measure of genome sequencing knowledge for young people: the kids-KOGS.

Genome sequencing is increasingly being used to diagnose rare diseases in paediatric patients, however, no measures exist to evaluate their knowledge of this technology. We aimed to develop a robust measure of knowledge about genome sequencing (the kids-KOGS') suitable for use in the paediatric setting as well as for general public education. The target age was 11 to 15 year olds. An iterative process involving six sequential stages was conducted to develop a set of draft true/false items. These were then a...

Cholinergic Pruritus responding to Omalizumab: a case report.

Cholinergic pruritus is a rare condition characterised by generalised itch provoked by sweating without an associated rash. It is exacerbated by heat, exercise, emotion or activities of daily living.(1) The pruritus can be severe and have a considerable impact on the patient's life. A 60 year old gentleman presented to our clinic in 2012 with a 9-month history of severe pruritus and a burning sensation that was induced by exercise and heat and relieved by cooling. The symptoms were not associated with a ski...

A Prolonged Air Leak Score for Lung Cancer Resection: An Analysis of the STS GTSD.

The objective of this study was to create a simple preoperative tool to assess the risk of prolonged air leak (PAL) using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (STS GTSD).

Determination of chemical-disease risk values to prioritize connections between environmental factors, genetic variants, and human diseases.

Traditional methods for chemical risk assessment are too time-consuming and resource-intensive to characterize either the diversity of chemicals to which humans are exposed or how that diversity may manifest in population susceptibility differences. The advent of novel toxicological data sources and their integration with bioinformatic databases affords opportunities for modern approaches that consider gene-environment (GxE) interactions in population risk assessment. Here, we present an approach that syste...

Resistance training in addition to aerobic activity is associated with lower likelihood of depression and comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms: A cross sectional analysis of Australian women.

The mental health benefits of resistance training (RT) alone or beyond those provided by aerobic physical activity (PA) are unclear. This study aimed to determine the association between meeting recommendations for aerobic PA and/or RT, and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. Participants were Australian female members of the 10,000 Steps project (n = 5180, 50.0 ± 11.5 years). Symptoms of depression and anxiety were determined using the Depression Anxiety Stress Score. Participants were groupe...

Association of cardiovascular health through early adulthood and health-related quality of life in middle age: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.

Previous studies have linked cardiovascular health (CVH) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), but only in cross-sectional analyses where temporality cannot be established. The aim of this study was to determine trajectories of CVH from early adulthood to middle age, and examine their association with HRQoL in middle age. This analysis, conducted in 2018, included 3275 participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who completed a year 30 follow-up exam in 2015/201...


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