PubMed Journals Articles About "Acyclovir Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Skin, Eye, And Mouth" RSS

00:45 EDT 24th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Acyclovir Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Skin, Eye, And Mouth PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Acyclovir Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) Skin, Eye, And Mouth articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Acyclovir Herpes Simplex Virus Skin Mouth" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,500+

Dissolving polymeric microneedle arrays for enhanced site-specific acyclovir delivery.

Acyclovir is widely indicated for the treatment of herpes labialis (cold sores), typically caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). However, topical acyclovir has poor efficacy, due to its low skin permeability. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the ability of dissolving polymeric microneedle (MN) arrays to improve the local delivery of acyclovir. Acyclovir-loaded dissolving MN arrays (0.49 cm) were formulated from aqueous blends of Gantrez S-97 with 361 needles per array (58...

Acyclovir-induced thrombocytopaenia in a patient with SLE.

Acyclovir has been used in the treatment of herpes simplex and varicella zoster viral infections for over 30 years. The side effects of oral treatment at standard doses are rare and include headache, diarrhoea, dizziness and malaise. We report a patient with a new diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed thrombocytopaenia within days on a therapeutic dose with acyclovir. Prompt discontinuation of acyclovir and treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin resulted in reversal of the above p...

Herpes Simplex Virus Shedding Rate: Surrogate Outcome for Genital Herpes Recurrence Frequency and Lesion Rates, and Phase 2 Clinical Trials End Point for Evaluating Efficacy of Antivirals.

We tested whether genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) shedding is an appropriate surrogate outcome for the clinical outcome of genital herpes lesions in studies of HSV-2 antiviral interventions.

Decompressive craniectomy as salvage treatment in herpes simplex encephalitis: two case reports.

Herpes simplex encephalitis is a rare disease with significant morbidity and mortality, although targeted therapy is widely available. We present two cases of herpes simplex encephalitis in previously healthy, young adults treated with acyclovir who developed severe brain edema. Decompressive craniectomy prevented imminent brain herniation and fatal outcome in both our patients.

The epidemiology of herpes simplex virus type 1 in Asia: systematic review, meta-analyses, and meta-regressions.

To characterize herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) epidemiology in Asia by assessing seroprevalence levels and extent to which HSV-1 is isolated from clinically-diagnosed genital ulcer disease (GUD) and genital herpes.

Herpes Simplex Virus-1 qPCR in the Diagnosis of Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Organ Transplant Recipients and Critically Ill Patients.

To determine a quantitative herpes simplex virus (HSV) DNA threshold in lower respiratory tract specimens that correlates with positive viral culture and clinical outcomes.

Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 among pregnant women and sexually active, non-pregnant women in the United States.

Neonatal herpes is a rare, devastating consequence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or 2 (HSV-2) infection during pregnancy. The risk of neonatal infection is higher among pregnant women seronegative for HSV-1 or HSV-2 who acquire their first HSV infection near delivery.

Activation of Herpes Simplex Infection after Tattoo.

Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifest...

Performance evaluation of four type-specific commercial assays for detection of herpes simplex virus type 1 antibodies in a Middle East and North Africa population.

The number of diagnostic assays for the detection of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) antibodies has increased over the years. However, their performance characteristics could vary among global populations.

Loss of ATP2A2 Allows Herpes Simplex Virus 1 Infection of a Human Epidermis Model by Disrupting Innate Immunity and Barrier Function.

Destruction of epidermal barrier function associated with atopic dermatitis or Darier's disease often causes severe secondary skin infections. Patients with skin barrier disorders often repeatedly acquire Kaposi varicelliform eruption, which is caused by herpes simplex virus, but the underlying mechanisms and effective preventive methods have yet to be found. Viral infection through an impaired epidermal barrier can be prevented by enhancing innate immunity and/or inhibiting viral entry. In this study, we e...

Comparing molecular quantification of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with quantitative structural and functional disease severity in patients with HSV encephalitis (HSVE): Implications for improved therapeutic approaches.

Herpes Simplex Virus encephalitis (HSVE) is a devastating disease of all ages. Rigorous studies correlating viral load with neuroradiological and clinical severity have not been performed, particularly in neonates. Understanding these relationships may improve therapies.

Detection of Virus Herpes Simplex Type 1 in Patients with Chronic Periodontal Disease.

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory-destructive condition of the supporting tissues of the teeth. Microorganisms found in the dental plaque were considered to be the primary local etiologic factor responsible for the periodontal destruction. It is also evident that herpes simplex viruses may have an impact in the etiopathogenesis of periodontal disease.

Efficacy of Brincidofovir as prophylaxis against HSV and VZV in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients are at risk for herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections. Routine prophylaxis with acyclovir is recommended during periods of immunosuppression. Brincidofovir (BCV, CMX001), a lipid conjugate of cidofovir, is active in vitro activity against HSV/VZV, but has not been formally studied for HSV/VZV prophylaxis. We report our clinical experience of BCV for HSV/VZV prophylaxis in HCT recipients.

Non-infectious diffuse vesiculobullous rash in a pancreas and renal transplant recipient.

Solid organ transplant patients are well established to be at risk of herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus infection and reactivation. We present a case of a 41-year-old woman with a history of pancreas and renal transplant who presented with what appeared to be disseminated herpes simplex virus or varicella zoster virus induced rash, but who was ultimately diagnosed and treated as linear IgA bullous dermatosis. This case alerts physicians to other non-infectious dermatoses as a cause of vesiculo...

Randomized clinical trial of famciclovir or acyclovir for the treatment of herpes zoster in adults.

This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of famciclovir compared to acyclovir in patients with herpes zoster to determine if both regimens are equally suited to treat uncomplicated herpes zoster patients for 7 days.

Infectious Disease in Contact Sports.

Infections are common in contact sports. This review aims to describe the epidemiology, presenting signs and symptoms, treatment guidelines, and regulations for several common infections seen in contact sport athletes. The conditions discussed include bacterial skin infections, herpes simplex virus, molluscum contagiosum, common warts, tinea, scabies, head lice, conjunctivitis, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, and vaccine-preventable illnesses.

Herpes simplex virus encephalitis temporally associated with dimethyl fumarate-induced lymphopenia in a multiple sclerosis patient.

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is approved as first line therapy for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In some (3%) patients, DMF induces a marked lymphopenia. Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) may occur in lymphopenic subjects under treatment with immune-suppressive drugs.

A VP26-mNeonGreen Capsid Fusion HSV-2 Mutant Reactivates from Viral Latency in the Guinea Pig Genital Model with Normal Kinetics.

Fluorescent herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are invaluable tools for localizing virus in cells, permitting visualization of capsid trafficking and enhancing neuroanatomical research. Fluorescent viruses can also be used to study virus kinetics and reactivation in vivo. Such studies would be facilitated by fluorescent herpes simplex virus recombinants that exhibit wild-type kinetics of replication and reactivation and that are genetically stable. We engineered an HSV-2 strain expressing the fluorescent mNeonGre...

Successful Therapy of Severe Oro-Labial Herpes Simplex With Muco-Adhesive Acyclovir.

Although muco-adhesive acyclovir 50mg tablets are only approved for the management of recurrent oro-labial HSV-1 infections, their ability to achieve extremely high concentrations in saliva and oral tissues suggests the potential for other uses. In this case, the agent was successfully utilized as a single tablet monotherapy leading to rapid clinical resolution of severe post-operative oro-labial infection. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(4):479-480..

The Skin and the Eye - Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus in a Healthy 18-month-old Toddler.

Herpes zoster, caused by reactivation of varicella-zoster virus, is uncommon in infancy. Even more uncommon is herpes zoster ophthalmicus, defined as herpes zoster of the ophthalmic branch of the fifth cranial nerve. Among healthy children, primary varicella-zoster virus infection during gestation as a result of maternal varicella or the first year of life is the major risk factor for development of herpes zoster in a relatively young age. Here we present an unusual case of herpes zoster ophthalmicus with d...

Antiviral Effect of Retro-2.1 against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 In Vitro.

Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection has been a public health concern worldwide. It is the leading cause of genital herpes and a contributing factor to cervical cancer and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. No vaccine is available yet for the treatment of HSV- 2 infection, and routinely used synthetic nucleoside analogs have led to the emergence of drug resistance. The small molecule Retro-2cycl has been reported to be active against several pathogens by acting on intracellular vesicle t...

Herpes simplex virus 1 miRNA sequence variations in latently infected human trigeminal ganglia.

Human herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) expresses numerous miRNAs, the function of which is not well understood. Several qualitative and quantitative analyses of HSV-1 miRNAs have been performed on infected cells in culture and animal models, however, there is very limited knowledge of their expression in human samples. We sequenced small-RNA libraries of RNA derived from human trigeminal ganglia latently infected with HSV-1 and Varicella zoster virus (VZV) and detected only a small subset of HSV-1 miRNA. The ...

Potential Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus Via Vaginal Seeding.

Antiviral Approaches for the Treatment of Herpes Simplex Virus Infections in Newborn Infants.

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections in newborns are associated with severe disease and death. Trials conducted by the Collaborative Antiviral Study Group have established the standard of care for the treatment of neonatal HSV disease with marked improvements in morbidity and mortality. We review the studies that have contributed to our understanding of the epidemiology and clinical course of neonatal HSV disease and discuss the landmark trials that have resulted in safe and effective treatment together wi...

Soluplus micelles for acyclovir ocular delivery: Formulation and cornea and sclera permeability.

Nearly 20% of people affected by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) suffer from vision problems. The virus can infect all layers of the cornea or cause inflammatory diseases of the sclera. The aim of this work was to test whether encapsulation of acyclovir in Soluplus or Solutol polymeric micelles increases its solubility, corneal permeability and sclera penetration. The aqueous solubility of acyclovir is known to be low, and therefore approaches that increase both its solubility and ability to penetrate throug...

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