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Addition Of Paclitaxel To High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With High-Risk Breast Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Addition Of Paclitaxel To High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With High-Risk Breast Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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This phase I study was aimed at determining the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) for oral S-1 plus paclitaxel combination therapy in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Chemotherapy-naïve patients (age, >70 years) with stage III/IV NSCLC were treated with paclitaxel intravenously at four dose levels (DLs), 60, 70, 80, and 90 mg/m, on day 1 and 8, and with S-1 (80 mg/m) orally on days 1-14 every 3 weeks. MTD was defined as the dose at which two of the initial ...
This study evaluates the efficacy and toxicity of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). We collected 23 cases of LACC treated with weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin for nine cycles: 20 patients had complete or partial response to chemotherapy and were submitted to surgery, 3 with poor response received chemoradiation therapy. Pathologic examination showed complete response in four patients, myometrial invasion 50% in seven patien...
Phase 1b/2 Randomized Study of MEDI-575 in Combination With Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Versus Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel Alone in Adult Patients With Previously Untreated Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
Platinum doublet chemotherapy has represented the standard of care in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer for decades. Targeting platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) is a potential mechanism to improve the efficacy of first-line therapy. This randomized phase 1b/2 trial investigated the addition of the anti-PDGFRα monoclonal antibody MEDI-575 to first-line carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy.
The carboplatin/paclitaxel doublet remains the chemotherapy backbone for the initial treatment of ovarian cancer. This two-drug regimen, with carboplatin dosed using the Calvert formula, yielded convincing noninferior outcomes when compared with the prior, more toxic, regimen of cisplatin/paclitaxel. Carboplatin's dose-limiting toxicity is thrombocytopenia; however, when this drug is properly dosed and combined with paclitaxel, the doublet's cycle 1 dose in chemotherapy-naive women is generally safe. Carbop...
Phase III trials have shown improved survival in ovarian cancer patients when the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy bevacizumab is added to first-line chemotherapy. However, further evidence is needed regarding bevacizumab when used with dose-dense paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer patients. This single-arm trial enrolled 184 advanced-stage (III-IV) epithelial ovarian cancer patients following primary debulking. Enrollees were treated with dose-dense paclita...
Introduction Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent inhibitor of MEK1/2, thereby inhibiting phosphorylation of ERK2. We investigated the toxicity and the recommended phase II dose of the combination of selumetinib with two platinum based first line chemotherapy combinations in non-small cell lung cancer. Methods This was a phase I trial of escalating doses of selumetinib with carboplatin (AUC 6), paclitaxel (200 mg/m) (cohort 1) or pemetrexed (500 mg/m) and cisplatin (75 mg/m) (cohort 2) in patie...
Response to Combination Chemotherapy With Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide/Platinum Versus Paclitaxel/Platinum for Patients With Metastatic, Recurrent, or Persistent Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix: A Retrospective Analysis.
Paclitaxel/ifosfamide/cisplatin triplet has shown a higher response rate than paclitaxel/cisplatin doublet, but the toxicity profile hindered the use of the triplet regimen. In this study, we adjusted the dosage of the triplet regimen and introduced carboplatin in cisplatin-intolerable patients. We tested the efficacy and toxicity of the modified triplet regimen in patients with recurrent or persistent cervical cancer.
To describe cost-effectiveness of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel) [P + C] in metastatic, squamous, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in the U.S.
Purpose Bevacizumab improves progression-free survival but not overall survival in patients with metastatic breast cancer. E5103 tested the effect of bevacizumab in the adjuvant setting in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative disease. Patients and Methods Patients were assigned 1:2:2 to receive placebo with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by weekly paclitaxel (arm A), bevacizumab only during AC and paclitaxel (arm B), or bevacizumab during AC and paclitaxel followed...
Initially unresectable colorectal liver metastases can become resectable after chemotherapy. Combination chemotherapy with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies has shown consistent high response rates in patients with all rat sarcoma (RAS) wild-type tumors.
We have previously shown that raised p-S6K levels correlate with resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. We hypothesised that inhibiting p-S6K signalling with the dual m-TORC1/2 inhibitor in patients receiving weekly paclitaxel could improve outcomes in such patients.
NSAIDs may prevent Alzheimer's disease (AD) but have failed as a treatment, possibly because only 1-2% of an oral NSAID dose reaches the brain. This minuscule dose is enough to have a preventative effect on Alzheimer's disease but not to treat it. We propose a new route of administration for drugs to treat AD: transspinal delivery by transdermal patch over the back-of-neck/cervical spine. The drug would diffuse from the patch through the intervertebral spaces, penetrate the dura, enter the CSF, and reach th...
The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of preoperative gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel-based chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), which consists of induction chemotherapy and subsequent CRT, and to determine the recommended dose (RD) of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel with concurrent radiation therapy in a phase I trial.
Purpose For over 30 years, the place of consolidation high-dose chemotherapy in Ewing sarcoma (ES) has been controversial. A randomized study was conducted to determine whether consolidation high-dose chemotherapy improved survival in patients with localized ES at high risk for relapse. Methods Randomization between busulfan and melphalan (BuMel) or standard chemotherapy (vincristine, dactinomycin, and ifosfamide [VAI], seven courses) was offered to patients if they were younger than 50 years of age with po...
The CDK 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib rapidly and reversibly inhibits the cell cycle. The goal of this study was to exploit the cell cycle through intermittent, alternating dosing with palbociclib/paclitaxel to enhance efficacy. We determined the combination dose-limiting toxicity in patients with retinoblastoma (Rb) protein-expressing, advanced breast cancer (ABC).
Paclitaxel (T) plus gemcitabine (G) is an active concomitant combination for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, the efficacy of sequential administration of these two drugs is unclear. This randomized phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of T and G administered either as a concomitant or as a sequential regimen in patients with MBC.
Dose-dense administration of chemotherapy and the addition of taxanes to anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy have improved breast cancer survival substantially. However, clinical trials directly comparing the additive value of taxanes with dose-dense anthracycline-based chemotherapy are lacking.
Peripheral neuropathy is the dose-limiting toxicity of many oncology drugs, including paclitaxel. There is large interindividual variability in the neuropathy, and several risk factors have been proposed; however, many have not been replicated. Here we present a comprehensive study aimed at identifying treatment and physiopathology-related paclitaxel-induced neuropathy risk factors in a large cohort of well-characterized patients.
There are limited data on whether to adjust high-dose chemotherapy prior to autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (autoHCT) in obese patients. This study explores the effects of dose adjustment on the outcomes of obese patients, defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m. Dose adjustment was defined as a reduction in standard dosing of ≥ 20%, based on ideal, reported dosing and actual weights. We included two groups of US patients who had received autoHCT between 2008 and 2014. Specifically, we inclu...
Paclitaxel is widely used chemotherapy drug, but development of resistance leads to treatment failure. Tumor cells that are treated with a sublethal dose of paclitaxel for a long period of time exhibit the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype, which leads to metastasis and resistance. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is always used in combination with paclitaxel and can reverse the EMT in many types of cancer cells. The ability of ATRA to reverse the EMT in chemoresistant cells is still unknown. ...
While the major Western guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for patients having Stage II colorectal cancer (CRC) with 'high-risk' features, e.g., pT4 and lymphovascular involvement, the survival benefit has not been confirmed. To understand the actual clinical practice for this patient subgroup in Japan, we performed a questionnaire survey of specialist institutions regarding two topics: institutional policy of adjuvant chemotherapy, and the percentage of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy amon...
Introduction The use of paclitaxel in pregnant cancer patients is feasible in terms of fetal safety, but little is known about the effects of paclitaxel on the placenta. Using three experimental models, we aimed to assess the effects of paclitaxel on the expression of placental drug transporters. Methods In the in vitro model (human primary trophoblast culture), trophoblasts were isolated from normal term placentas and subsequently exposed to paclitaxel. The transcriptional regulation of 84 genes encoding f...
Antineoplastic drugs induce dramatic transcriptional changes in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, which may contribute to chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. K 1.1 controls neuronal excitability by setting the resting membrane potential. Here, we report that systemic injection of the chemotherapy agent paclitaxel time-dependently downregulates the expression of K 1.1 mRNA and its coding K 1.1 protein in the DRG neurons. Rescuing this downregulation mitigates the development and maintenance of paclitaxe...
Stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with a five-year survival rate of around 1%. Treatment with Viscum album L. (VA) extracts has been shown to reduce chemotherapy (CTx)-related adverse events, decrease CTx dose reductions and improve quality of life in a number of cancers. Recent data suggest a beneficial effect of add-on treatment with Viscum album L. (VA, European mistletoe) on survival in cancer patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of VA in addition to c...