PubMed Journals Articles About "Adolescent Social Skills Training Program" RSS

04:23 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Adolescent Social Skills Training Program" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Building Skills, Confidence, and Wellness: Psychosocial Effects of Soft Skills Training for Young Adults with Autism.

Recognizing that social functioning and mental health are linked to social participation and employment outcomes, this pilot study examined the preliminary outcomes of an eight-session, work-related social skills training program designed for young adults with high-functioning autism (HFASD). Results indicate statistically significant improvements in social cognition, social function, and social confidence. Furthermore, participants (n = 26) reported statistically significant reductions in anxiety, and ...

Development, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an employment-related social skills intervention for young adults with high-functioning autism.

This article details the iterative development, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an 8-week work-related social skills intervention, Assistive Soft Skills and Employment Training, for young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. In this mixed-methods study, pre- and post-intervention surveys, interviews, and functional measures were used to gather information on the program's feasibility, user acceptability, practicality, and preliminary efficacy. Results indicate that Assistive Soft ...

Impact of a Secondary School Depression Prevention Curriculum on Adolescent Social-Emotional Skills: Evaluation of the Resilient Families Program.

School-based mental health intervention programs have demonstrated efficacy for the prevention and reduction of depressive symptoms, though the effect tends to be variable and is often unsustained longitudinally. However, it is possible that these intervention programs may have an indirect impact on adolescent functioning via positive mediators, and that this influence may predict more durable protective benefits. This study evaluated the efficacy of the Resilient Families program for improving social-emoti...

The acceptability and feasibility of a novel virtual reality based social skills training game for schizophrenia: Preliminary findings.

Social impairment is a core feature of schizophrenia that presents a major barrier toward recovery. Some of the psychotic symptoms are partly ameliorated by medication but the route to recovery is hampered by social impairments. Since existing social skills interventions tend to suffer from lack of availability, high-burden and low adherence, there is a dire need for an effective, alternative strategy. The present study examined the feasibility and acceptability of Multimodal Adaptive Social Intervention in...

A community intervention study on patients' resuscitation and defibrillation quality after embedded training in a cardiac rehabilitation program.

The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training method embedded in a cardiac rehabilitation program at enhancing patients' CPR and defibrillation skills. One hundred and fourteen participants with coronary heart disease enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program were included. Two groups were randomly allocated to different training programs: CPR-retraining based on hands-on rolling refreshers during the 2-month program (G-CPR,...

The relationship between social skills and misconduct with their teachers in high school students in the City Aligudarz 2018.

Whereas adolescence is one of the most emotional periods in every person life so having social skills and increasing awareness cause persons have beneficial and effective relationships with other people and avoid socially absurd behavior. On the other hand, with the reduction of social behavior student's communicational and the social aspects of growth will be improved: physical, psychological, mental and social. Hence, the aim of this study was to look at the relationship between students' social skills at...

Age as a Moderator of Social Skills Intervention Response Among Korean Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Few studies have investigated the effect of age on treatment effectiveness of evidence-based social skills training in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) adolescents. This study evaluated the effectiveness of Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS) in different ages of ASD adolescents. A total of 110 ASD adolescents aged 11-19 years were divided into early, middle, and late adolescence groups, and the changes in outcome measures following intervention were compared among the three...

Stand-Alone Social Skills Training for Youth with ADHD: A Systematic Review.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders, and its symptoms and impairment in multiple domains begin in childhood and can extend into adulthood as well. Many youth with ADHD experience impairment in the social domain, including social skills deficits and difficulties in peer relationships. Social skills interventions, or social skills training (SST), have been developed to target social impairment and improve the social skills and functioning of youth with...

Impact of a social skills program on children's stress: A cluster randomized trial.

Most preschool children in Western industrialized countries attend child care during the day while parents work. Studies suggest that child care may be stressful to young children, perhaps because they still lack the social skills to interact daily in a group setting away from parents. This gap in social abilities may be greater for children in lower-income families, who may face more adversity at home, with fewer resources and more social isolation.

Cluster Randomized Trial of a School Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

There are currently no empirically supported, comprehensive school-based interventions (CSBIs) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without concomitant intellectual and language disability. This study compared outcomes for a CSBI (schoolMAX) to typical educational programming (services-as-usual [SAU]) for these children. A total of 103 children (6-12 years of age) with ASD (without intellectual and language disability) were randomly assigned by school buildings (clusters) to receive the CSBI (n...

Nontechnical skills and decision making in operative vaginal delivery.

Nontechnical skills are defined as social, cognitive and personal resource skills that are necessary to conduct any technical skill safely. Whilst the skills are categorised into three domains: social, cognitive and personal resources, these are dependent on each other and the development and effectiveness of one relies on the other two. Effective nontechnical skills are essential in the safe care of patients in any setting, and their importance can be clearly demonstrated in the safe development of skills ...

Nurturing the next generation of neurosurgeons: how important are non- technical skills?

There has been a recent trend of increased awareness and push for teaching non-technical skills in the world of surgery. Whilst neurosurgery has incorporated simulation-based training as part of the training curriculum in the UK, it has yet to formally introduce non-technical skills training. This study therefore aimed to ask both neurosurgical trainees and tutors how much they value non- technical skills and their development.

Parent-Adolescent Reciprocity in a Conflictual Situation Predicts Peer Interaction in Adolescents With ASD.

Parent-child reciprocity plays a signicant role in shaping children's social interaction skills. The development of conflict management skills throughout childhood and adolescence impacts the individual's social adjustment. The increase in conflictual interaction with one's parents during adolescence affects the transformation of parent-adolescent interaction into a more mutual, equal relationship. Adolescents with ASD and their parents may struggle in this type of interaction due to the adolescents' social...

Rationale and Design of Distance-Based Training to Persuade Local Health Department Employees That Addressing Social Determinants of Health Is Their Job, Too.

Public health workers in local health departments frequently rate skills needed to address social determinants of health among their top training needs. These workers have the ability to impact social determinants of health, but many may believe this responsibility is not part of their job description or that they do not have the necessary skills or resources. Guided by the Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion and employing the case study method of instruction, the Region 2 Public Health Training Cent...

Influence of peer-led wheelchair training on wheelchair skills and participation in older adults: Clinical outcomes of a randomized controlled feasibility trial.

To estimate treatment effect size of a peer-led 'Wheelchair training self-efficacy enhanced for use' (WheelSeeU) program on objective wheelchair skills (primary); and on perceived wheelchair skills capacity and performance, wheelchair use-self-efficacy, satisfaction with participation, life-space mobility, and participation frequency (secondary); and to evaluate retention six months later (secondary).

Concomitant treatment with sertraline and social skills training improves social skills acquisition in social anxiety disorder: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial.

To examine whether: (1) sertraline (SER) + psychotherapy is superior to psychotherapy alone; (2) group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) is superior to group psychodynamic therapy (GPT) and (3) SER+GCBT or SER+GPT is superior to Placebo (PLA)+GCBT or PLA+GPT in social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Brief Report: Effectiveness of an Accelerated Version of the PEERS® Social Skills Intervention for Adolescents.

Evidence supporting the effectiveness of the PEERS® social skills intervention for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder is relatively strong. Less is known about whether the duration of the program impacts participant outcomes. The current study compared outcomes of participants randomly assigned to participate in an accelerated version of PEERS that met twice weekly for 7 weeks (n = 11) or the traditional PEERS program that met once weekly for 14 weeks (n = 10). The accelerated PEERS group ...

Teaching and proficiency assessment for arthroscopy in veterinary surgery: A 2017 survey of diplomates and residents of the American and European College of Veterinary Surgeons.

To determine current methods of arthroscopic skills training and proficiency assessment, identify skills considered fundamental to arthroscopy, and evaluate desire for a formal training and assessment program.

Playing the Surgical Technologist Role by Surgery Residents Improves Their Technical and Nontechnical Skills.

The present study was designed to implement and evaluate an interprofessional surgical technologist-to-surgical resident training program for junior general surgery residents aimed at enhancing their operating room skills. This program would be incorporated into the general surgery educational curriculum.

Cost-effectiveness of internet-based training for primary care clinicians on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in Europe.

Overprescribing of antibiotics by general practitioners (GPs) is seen as a major driver of antibiotic resistance. Training in communication skills and C-reactive protein (CRP) testing both appear effective in reducing such prescribing. This study assesses the cost-effectiveness (compared with usual care) of: (i) training GPs in the use of CRP testing; (ii) training GPs in communication skills; and (iii) training GPs in both CRP testing and communication skills.

Factors that influence the self-reported confidence of pediatric residents as team leaders during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A national survey.

The leadership skills of pediatric residents during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may have major impacts on their performance. These skills should be addressed during the pediatric residency training program. Therefore, we aimed to identify the perceptions of residents regarding their level of confidence in providing or leading a real pediatric CPR code, and to identify different factors that might influence their self-confidence when assuming the role of a team leader during a real CPR.

Development for an arthroscopy simulation program for orthopedic residents.

There are less and fewer opportunities for residents to learn and develop surgical skills in the operating room. In some parts of the world, the development and adaptation of technology for the teaching of psychomotor skills in surgical specialties appears. Arthroscopy is a surgical technique that lends itself to simulation. So far there is no such thing as a structured and validated arthroscopy training program for orthopaedic residents in Mexico.

Learning How to Make Friends for Chinese Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Hong Kong Chinese Version of the PEERS® Intervention.

This study examined the treatment efficacy of PEERS® (Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills) among Chinese adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Hong Kong. The original PEERS® manual was translated into Chinese, and cultural adjustments were made according to a survey among 209 local adolescents in the general population. 72 high-functioning adolescents with ASD were randomly assigned to a treatment or waitlist control group. The 14-week parent-assisted training signif...

Evaluation of the effects of a childhood depression prevention program.

The study aimed to design and evaluate a program for the prevention of childhood depression ("Pozik-Bizi" [in English, "Live-Happily"]), comparing its effects with a socio-emotional intervention program based on cooperative play. The sample comprised 420 students aged 7 to 10 years from the Basque Country, 51.9% were randomly assigned to the experimental condition ("Pozik-Bizi") program and 48.1% to the control group ("Play program"). Using a pretest-posttest repeated measures experimental design, 7 evalu...

Professional Identity Formation in HIV Care: Development of Clinician Scholars in a Longitudinal, Mentored Training Program.

The Clinician Scholars Program is designed to improve the capacity and quality of HIV care by training clinicians in underserved areas. A mentoring approach is used to deliver individualized educational opportunities over the course of a year focused on preparing clinicians to provide high-quality patient-centered HIV care. Evaluation of the program has illustrated increases in knowledge, skills, and practice behavior, yet critical domains remain unexplored, particularly the potential for the program to aff...

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