PubMed Journals Articles About "Adverse Child Experiences Increase Odds Obesity Early Adolescence" RSS

11:48 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Adverse child experiences increase odds obesity early adolescence" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Adverse childhood experiences and bullying in late adolescence in a metropolitan region of Brazil.

Adverse childhood experiences and bullying are factors associated with an increased risk of harmful outcomes to the physical and mental health of adolescents, which may affect their resilience.

Maternal diabetes in early pregnancy, and psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in 10-year-old offspring: A population-based birth cohort study.

Epidemiological studies have suggested that maternal diabetes in pregnancy increases the risk of schizophrenia in offspring. A recent cohort study observed that maternal diabetes in early pregnancy is also associated with psychotic experiences in the general adolescent population. However, it remains unclear whether maternal diabetes in early pregnancy is specifically associated with psychotic experiences, or is generally associated with broader mental health problems, including depressive symptoms in adole...

Associations between early life parent-child separation and shortened telomere length and psychopathological outcomes during adolescence.

Given the ethical limitations of exposing children to experimentally manipulated adverse experiences, evidence of the effects of parent-child separation on subsequent psychopathology are based mostly on animal studies. Left-behind children phenomenon resulting from rural-urban mobility in China offers unique "natural experiments" to explore the long-term physical and mental health consequences of parent-child separation in childhood.

Positive Parenting Matters in the Face of Early Adversity.

A negative relationship between adverse childhood experiences and both physical and mental health in adulthood is well established, as is the positive impact of parenting on child development and future health. However, few studies have investigated unique influences of adverse childhood experiences and positive parenting together within a large, diverse early childhood sample.

Associations between childhood deaths and adverse childhood experiences: An audit of data from a child death overview panel.

Despite strong associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and poor health, few studies have examined the cumulative impact of ACEs on causes of childhood mortality.

Changes in self-concept and risk of psychotic experiences in adolescence: a longitudinal population based cohort study.

Psychotic experiences (PEs) are commonly reported in adolescence and are associated with a range of negative outcomes. Few targets for intervention for PEs have been identified. One potential target is self-concept: an individual's beliefs about his/her personal attributes. Improvements in self-concept have been shown to reduce psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia but no study has investigated the relationship between changes in self-concept and risk of PEs in the general population. We aimed t...

Considering the role of early discrimination experiences and the parent-child relationship in the development of disruptive behaviors in adolescence.

Discrimination has been shown to be related to diminished psychological adjustment and greater risk for substance use when personally experienced by adolescents and when their caregivers experience discrimination. Our research considers the impact of primary caregiver experiences of racial- and socioeconomic-based discrimination in early (age 3-5 years) and late childhood (age 9½) on adolescent disruptive behaviors (age 14) with a large sample of diverse caregiver-child dyads (N = 634). In addition, we exa...

Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among US children.

The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among children in the United States and to examine the relationship between child and family characteristics and the likelihood of reported exposure to ACEs.

Australian parents' experiences when discussing their child's overweight and obesity with the Maternal and Child Health nurse: A qualitative study.

To explore parents' experiences when discussing child overweight issues with the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) nurse.

Birth weight, verbal cognition in early adolescence, and lexical and reading skills in late adolescence: a formal mediation analysis using a potential outcomes approach.

Oral and written language in late adolescence are influenced by many pre- and postnatal factors, including cognitive performance at earlier ages. We investigated whether the association between birth weight and lexical knowledge and reading comprehension in late adolescence (14-16 years) is mediated by verbal cognition during early adolescence (10-11 years).

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with forced and very early sexual initiation among Black women accessing publicly funded STD clinics in Baltimore, MD.

To examine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and early sexual initiation.

The relationship between adverse childhood experiences, healthcare utilization, cost of care and medical comorbidities.

Prior research suggests that those experiencing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) may be higher utilizers of the healthcare system. The frequency and financial impact of kept, cancelled and no-showed visits is largely unknown.

Children With Early-Onset Disruptive Behavior: Parental Mental Disorders Predict Poor Psychosocial Functioning in Adolescence.

Parental mental disorders (MD) and child early-onset disruptive behavior (DB) are well-established risk factors for poor outcomes in adolescence. However, it is not clear whether parental MD increases risk of future maladjustment among children who already display DB.

Adverse childhood experiences and deleterious outcomes in adulthood: A consideration of the simultaneous role of genetic and environmental influences in two independent samples from the United States.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a potent risk factor. Despite these findings, studies have also recognized the importance of considering additional sources of genetic and environmental influence that cluster within families.

Violence and Public and Personal Health: Outcomes of Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Adverse childhood experiences include direct abuse, such as emotional, physical, or sexual abuse; neglect, which can be emotional or physical; and family or household problems. Exposure to violence is one of several types of adverse childhood experiences that can affect individuals for the rest of their lives. The effects of exposure to violence during childhood include associated physical and mental health conditions, as well as concerns about involvement in intimate partner violence in adulthood. Family p...

The evidence base for routine enquiry into adverse childhood experiences: A scoping review.

Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs; e.g., maltreatment, household dysfunction) is associated with a multiplicity of negative outcomes throughout the life course. Consequently, increasing interest is being paid to the application of routine enquiry for ACEs to enable identification and direct interventions to mitigate their harms.

The emergence of psychotic experiences in the early adolescence of 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.

Individuals with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS) are at substantial increased risk of psychosis spectrum outcomes including schizophrenia. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study of the psychopathological and neurocognitive correlates of early psychotic phenomena in young people with 22q11.2DS (n = 75, mean age time 1 (T1) 9.9 years, time 2 (T2) 12.5 years). We also assessed unaffected control siblings (n = 33, mean age T1 10.6 years, T2 13.4 years). The prevalence of psychotic experien...

Behavioral, contextual and biological factors associated with obesity during adolescence: A systematic review.

Adolescence is a critical period for the development of obesity. Obesity arises from a complex interaction between several factors, which are not yet fully understood. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to identify and assess the peer-reviewed scientific literature on the behavioral, contextual and biological factors associated with obesity in adolescents.

The Prevalence of Sexual Abuse in Adolescence in Suriname.

Studies conducted to ascertain the prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) in the Caribbean are poorly synthesized. Present study reports on the lifetime and year prevalence of unwanted sexual experiences, the risk of CSA at different ages within adolescence, and differences between the three largest ethnic groups in Suriname. One thousand one hundred and twenty (1,120) adolescents completed a questionnaire on child maltreatment, including CSA. The study's stratified sample consisted of students (ages 12 to ...

Flourishing and academic engagement among adolescents with overweight and obesity.

Background Overweight and obesity in adolescence are associated with several negative health indicators; the association with flourishing, an indicator of overall well-being, is less clear. Objectives To examine associations between weight status and indicators of flourishing and academic engagement in adolescents. Subjects Analyses included 22,078 adolescents (10-17 years) from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Methods Adolescents were grouped according to body mass index (BMI) classification;...

Adverse childhood experiences and school readiness outcomes: results from the Growing Up in New Zealand study.

The Center for Disease Control's (CDC) Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been associated with adverse health consequences in adults and children, but less is known about any association between ACE and early learning skills. We investigated the relationship between ACEs and objective preschool measures of skills using the Growing up In New Zealand (GUiNZ) cohort study (n=5,562; 2009-2015).

Editorial: In the Causal Labyrinth: Finding the Path From Early Trauma to Neurodevelopment.

Exposure to traumatic events early in life has been associated with significant adverse neurodevelopmental consequences. Ideally, protecting children from trauma would prevent these consequences. Unfortunately, once a child is exposed to early trauma, the only means of prevention requires implementing effective interventions toward the mechanisms known to have caused the consequences. Therefore, it is imperative to carefully define the true mechanistic pathways from which the neurodevelopmental consequences...

Childhood obesity in New Zealand.

Paediatric obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, resulting in significant adverse effects on health and wellbeing. Early life events, including those that happen before, during, and after pregnancy can predispose children to later obesity. The purpose of this review is to examine the magnitude of obesity among New Zealand children and adolescents, and to determine their underlying risk factors and associated comorbidities.

Parental concern of feeding difficulty predicts poor growth status in their child.

Parents often express concerns about feeding difficulties in their child. We hypothesized that these parental concerns were associated with adverse growth status in early childhood. We aimed to determine the prevalence of such concerns and whether these concerns were associated with adverse growth status in early childhood.

Effects of individual risk and state housing factors on adverse outcomes in a national sample of youth transitioning out of foster care.

Compared to their peers, youth who leave the foster care system without permanency experience greater risks for adverse young adult outcomes, including homelessness, incarceration, substance abuse, and early child birth. Extant literature focuses on individual-level factors related to adversity. In this study, we estimated the impact of state and individual-level risk and protective factors on adverse 19-year-old outcomes among a cohort of U.S. transition age youth.

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