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Immunohistochemical staining against thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is often used to distinguish lung adenocarcinoma from squamous cell carcinoma and pulmonary metastasis.
This study examined the prognostic significance of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3B (LC3B) expression in oropharyngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The prognostic significance of LC3B expression in relation to human papillomavirus (HPV) status in oropharyngeal SCC was also examined.
Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression by tumor cells plays an important role in the inhibition of T cell-mediated immune response in cancer. PD-L1 expression by tumor cells has been linked to poor prognosis in a wide variety of cancers. However, PD-L1 expression in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) has been scarcely studied, and its role as a prognosis biomarker remains controversial. The association of PD-L1 expression and the metastatic risk in a series of cSCC was assessed. PD-L1 and C...
Novel treatment strategies such as immunotherapy are being evaluated to further improve the outcomes of colorectal cancer patients. To our knowledge, this is the first report to show both the successful treatment of pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with pembrolizumab alongside histological and immunohistochemical findings of resected colon cancer under immunotherapy for lung cancer.
Amino acid transporters are necessary for tumor growth, metastasis, and survival of various neoplasms; however, the clinicopathological significance of L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) and 4F2 cell surface antigen (4F2hc) in patients with pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PPC) remains unknown. The aim of this study is to clarify the prognostic impact of these amino acid transporters in PPC. One hundred and five patients with surgically resected PPC were assessed by immunohistochemistry. The expression ...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe complication and leading cause of mortality in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS). This study was to investigate the overall survival rates and the utility of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) as a potential prognostic factor of pSS-PAH. This cohort study retrospectively enrolled 55 patients with pSS-PAH who were followed up at the Department of Rheumatology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between August 2007 and May 2017. ...
At present, there is a significant lack of clinical data for patients with surgically resected stage I squamous lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of postoperative chemotherapy in this specific population.
Aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) modify carbonyl groups on aldehyde or ketones to form primary or secondary alcohols, which are then conjugated with sulfates or glucuronide for excretion. The AKR1B10 gene encodes a member of the AKR superfamily. Overexpression of AKR1B10 plays an important role in the tumorigenesis of lung cancer cells; however, the prognostic value of AKR1B10 expression in patients with lung adenocarcinoma has not been well demonstrated.
Several prognostic indicators have been used for many decades in an attempt to predict clinical behaviour of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC). The prognostic value of TSR is yet to be explored in OSCC. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of TSR in OSCC patients.
Inositol Phosphate 5-Phosphatase (INPP5A) has been shown to play a role in development and progression of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). The goal of the current study is to explore the prognostic value of INPP5A expression in cSCC.
To evaluate the expression of cytokeratin (CK)7, CK8/18, CK19 and p40 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its significances. One hundred and ninety cases of surgically resected ESCCs and 154 normal esophageal tissues as control were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in 2012.Of the 190 ESCC cases including 116 male and 74 female, aged 28-82 (60.3±8.6) years, 88 cases
There is limited evidence regarding the relationship between programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression on tumor cells (TCs) and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This retrospective study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of PD-L1 expression in ESCC. To assess PD-L1 expression, we conducted immunohistochemistry studies using a tissue microarray encompassing 233 ESCC cases, stage I, II, and III, with detailed clinical data. PD-L1 expression on TCs was observed in 55....
Head and neck cancers include carcinomas of the oral cavity, larynx, sinonasal tract and nasopharynx. Studies on molecular expression of prognostic tumour markers in Ghana are scarce. The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of p53, p16, EGFR, Cyclin-D1 and HER2 among patients with non-oropharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
Main prognostic factors of improved survival after pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) for osteogenic and soft tissue sarcomas are suggested as histological type, number and size of pulmonary nodules, and disease-free interval (DFI).
Pulmonary carcinoid tumors are often considered indolent tumors. The prognostic significance of lymph node (LN) metastases and the need for mediastinal dissection is controversial. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of LN metastases in resected carcinoid patients.
B7H4 is overexpressed in human cancers and often correlates with poor clinical outcome. There is a lack of data on the role of B7H4 as a cancer stem cell (CSC) regulator in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and its expression levels compared to other stemness genes in ESCC. In this study, we have assessed the expression of B7H4 and cancer stemness proteins in 156 paraffin embedded ESCC tissue samples using immunohistochemistry as well as in ESCC cell lines using western blotting and immunofluorescen...
Prognostic biomarkers have been very elusive in the lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and none is currently being used in the clinical setting. We aimed to identify and validate the clinical utility of a protein-based prognostic signature to stratify patients with early lung SCC according to their risk of recurrence or death.
S100A10 is one of the members of the S100 protein family and is a key plasminogen receptor. Its upregulation has been reported in many types of tumors. In lung cancer, an association between upregulation of S100A10 and poor prognoses has been reported only in adenocarcinoma. We pursued the possibility of significance in lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We first examined S100A10 protein expression by immunohistochemistry in 120 primary resected lung SCCs; 33 (27.5%) tumors showed strong membranous-immunop...
In this study, we systematically investigated and analyzed articles focusing on the prognostic value of E-cadherin (E-cad) in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
This study aimed to: (1) assess the prognostic significance of serum tumor markers in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma in lung (LA-SCCL); (2) generate a nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) and (3) identify a prognostic stratification to assist the therapeutic decision-making.
The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition has incorporated depth of invasion into TNM classification of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) due to the prognostic impact on recurrence and survival. After reclassifying our patients with T1 to T2 oral cavity SCC according to these recommendations, we intended to study the effect of adverse pathological features (perineural invasion [PNI], lymphovascular invasion, and differentiation) on overall survival (OS).
Despite the importance of immune checkpoints in immunotherapy, the prognostic value of these molecules remains controversial in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We performed a systematic review to investigate the prognostic significance of the immune checkpoints in OSCC.
Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) consisting of hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is an obstructive pulmonary hypertension caused by primary pulmonary artery hyperplasia. Both environmental and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of PPH. Genes associated with TGF-β signaling pathway including BMPR2, ALK1, ENG, SMAD8 and other genes including NFU1, CAV1, KCNK3 and TopBPl have been associated with PPH. In this review, the function and me...
In several solid tumors, an increased stathmin expression is associated with both poor prognosis and resistance to certain chemotherapy types. However, the data regarding melanocytic lesions are very limited. The goals of our study are as follows: the assessment of stathmin expression in benign and malignant melanocytic lesions, and the significance of its expression for the differential diagnostics between benign and malignant lesions; the analysis of the prognostic significance of stathmin expression in m...
To identify markers of adverse outcomes in patients with a combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF).